US 1770226 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
July 8, 1930. H. R. BLISS CRACKER CADDY Original Filed Feb. 16, 1925 5 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR.
By 5 TT NEY.
H. R. BLISS CRACKER CADDY July 8, 1930.
5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Original Filed Feb. 16, 1925 IN VEN TOR. 7252, 523??? Emma B Y 5M ATTORNEY.
July 8, 1930.
H. R. BLISS CRACKER CADDY Original Filed Feb. 16, 1925 5 Sheets-Shee 3 INVENTOR.
July 8, 1930. H. R. BLISS 1,770,22 6
CRACKER CADDY Original Filed Fb. 16, 1925 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 July 8, 1936. uss I 1,770,226
CRACKER CADDY Original Filed Feb. 16, 1925 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 I N VEN TOR. 7 575257 3?. 1505 Patented July 8, 1 930 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE HERBERT R. BLISS, F NIAGARA FALLS, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO B. R. BLISS COI- PANY, 1110., OF NIAGARA FALLS, NEW YORK, A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK GRACKER CADIDY Applioationflled February 16, 1925, Serial No. 9,417. Renewed April 26, 1929.
This invention relates to cracker caddies. It is the object of the present. invention to afford a cracker caddy which can be made with less material than the prevailing type of cracker caddy now on the market; which has a lid or cover which is permanently hinged to the body of the caddy, and which can be very inuch more satisfactorily sealed with one or two wire stitches, thereby making a ver cheaper.
The now prevailing way of manufacturing these cracker caddies is to provide a separate cover, which is made as a sort of rectangular lid having flaps on the four edges; in order to secure these flaps together at the four corners, two of the flaps have to be made double.
This is the so-called Richardson caddy, patented September 21, 1920, and March 2, 1921. These double flaps result in considerable lengthening of the blank, of which the cover is made. The cover is sealed on by means of a relatively broad sealing tape, which requires considerable sealing material, and
sealing I am about to describe. The great waste in this form of container is'that the body ortion of the container ismade of a single lank which has four overlapping flaps at the bottom. These fouroverlapping flaps at the bottom take almost twice as much material to make the bottom of the case as is actually required. This will be more clearly brought out by comparison of the structure I am about to describe.
Referring to the drawings: a Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the cracker caddy having the body of the case constructthe trade as the Bliss No. 4 box.
Fig. 2.is a perspective of the same case, showing the lid in completed relation.
Fig. 3 shows the completed and sealed con- 5 tainer. v
Fig. 4 is a plan view of the main blank. Fig. 5 is a plan view of one of the end blanks.
Fig. 6 is a section on the line 6-6 of Fig. 3. Fig. 7 is a section on the line 7-7 of Fig 3.
much more secure sealing, and .very niuc which is not nearly as strong as the form of ed along the line of what is now known to noted that the lid-flaps i and d2 on the lid Fig. 8 is detail section showing how the final sealing stitch is taken.
Fig. 9 is a Perspective of a sealed caddy of a modified orm, embodying the so-called No. 2 Bliss box construction.
Fig. 10 is a plan view of the main blank.
Fig. 11 is a plan view of one end blank.
Fig. 12 is a plan view of the other end blank.
Fig. 13 is a perspective view of this form of caddy before it is sealed. v
Fig. 14 is a section taken on the line of 1414 of Fig, 9. FFig. 15 is a section on the line 15-15 of The caddy shown in the first modification is one which is builton the Bliss No. 4 box principle, that is, a flush end box of three blanks in which the corner fla s are on" the major blank. The Bliss box 0 this general principle is shown in the Bliss Patent No. 1,37 5,127, issued April 19, 1921. The major blank comprises a strip of material scored and cut to form the side walls a and b, and the bottom wallc and lid (1. These side and bottom walls have corner flaps correspondin 1y lettered but use a 1 as exponent. The li is provided with lid flaps d (1 and d, the flaps (Z and (1 being provided with gusset-like wings d and d. The two end blanks are formed of the flat sheets 6, preferably provided with the top flaps e These two end blanks ee are set in under the corner flaps a 0 12 as clearly shown in Fi s. 1 and 2, and stitched thereto on a wire-stitching machine. This forms a box body identical with the box body shown in my prior Patent No. 1,375,127, April 19, 1921, and known as the Bliss No. 4 box. It will be This forms a box cover which is hinged on the line 9 to the body of the case, and which has the usual box cover flange to give the cover depth. These flaps are made without requiring a double amount of material, and are so made that two of the flaps, viz: d and d are cut of material that would otherwise be waste in. the blank. The other flap d alone requires extra material for the blank.
It will be apparent that this form of caddy is very much more economical than a caddy in which the body is made of a sin le blank formed into a tube by one manufacturers seam and with the bottom formed by two airs of overlapping flaps iving the bottom substantial double materia WhlOh is largely a matter of waste.
A very important feature of this construction is that inasmuch as the lid is permanently fastened at one side or the back of the Y case, the whole case may be sealed by simply turning out the sealing or top flap h on one end of the blank and dropping down the cover over the same as is clearly, shown in Fig. 8. Also the side flaps d and d? of the cover are slipped in behind a ortion of the corner flaps a thereby pine ing the rear corner of the side cover flaps between a part of these corner flaps and the end blanks e.
This is more clearly shown in Fig. 3 and inv order to allow the side cover flaps to wedge behind the corner flaps, I omit the upper stitch in stitching the corner flap a to the end blank. In this way two of the side cover flaps are bound tight against the walls of the box and the remaining side flap d of the cover is presented over the turned down seallill ing or top flap k. A blade anvil A may be inserted under these two flaps and the stitch i taken. In this way the cover is secured to the caddy box at all four sides. One side is the hinge, two sides arecaught behind the cover flaps and the remaining side is stitched to the sealing flap h, and when this cover is stitched it is impossible to withdraw the side flaps d 'and d 'from out ,behind the cover flaps without breaking the sealing stitch. This eliminates the expensive process of shipping by pasting a big wide strip of sealing tape across the top of the case and part way down the sides. Furthermore, such a sealing strip very often interferes with advertising matter either on the top of the case or on the sides.
It will be noted from Figs. 1 and 2, that a line of perforations 7' may be placed across the lid for the purpose of giving a tear line for the grocer to tear olf the lid when he opens up the case, as he very often does, and places a transparent cover over the box to prepare the contents for vending.
The modification in Figs. 9 to 15 inclusive, is one that is built along the lines of the Bliss No. '2 box, which is shown clearly in my Patent No. 1,512,157, issued October 21.
1924. This involves the same principle in caddy construction with this exception, that conformable with the principle of the Bliss No. 2 box, the'corner flaps are on the end blanks which are here designated and m. These corner flaps are designated m m m and m, and k, k and 70 In order to cause the lid flaps which are desi nated n and n to line up with the corner aps in the blank contains only the bottom 1' and two side walls .9 and t and the top flaps 8 and 6 The cover is made in the same way, having gusset-like wings 'v' v, which are folded over and stitched to the flap w and the sealing is done in the same way by stitching the flap m to the sealing flap m by the single stitch i. The fla s n and n are slipped in behind the flaps k and 70 respectively, as shown in Figs. 13 and 14 in the same way as the other form of caddy.
What I claim is: J
1. A caddy or box, comprising three blanks, some of which are provided with corner flaps and arranged to be fitted and assembled together by securing the corner flaps to the adjacent blanks to provide a flush-end case, one of the blanks being provided with a hinging lid portion having three lid flaps or flanges and one of. the blanks havin a top flap, the said lid flaps being arrange to be secured together and the caddy sealed by engaging a part of two lid flaps behind a portion of two corner flaps and by turning the said top flap under the remaining lid flap and stitching'the same together.
2. A cracker caddy or the like composed of fiber board comprising, a box body having four side walls and a bottom wall, an extension on the top of one of said side walls adapted to be turned downwardly outside the wall and substantially parallel therewith, a cover blank hingedly connected'to one of the walls which is opposite the wall having the extension, said cover blank being of a size to completely close the top of the box body, a flange on the three free edges of the cover blank composed of three flaps secured together so that the'flange 1s self-retaining adapted to lap over the corresponding three walls of the box body when the cover is in closed position with the flanged part on one edge of the cover lapping the'said extension to hold the same confined thereby, and a stitch connecting the said flange part and the said extension to holdthe cover in sealed and closed position, said stitch being independent of and outside of the adjacent body wall whereby to perm t of sealing and easily opening the caddy whilethe same is loaded.
3. A cracker caddy or the like composed of fiber board comprisin three blanks which are stitched together to orm a box body, two of said blanks forming end walls and the third blank being bent to form two side walls, a bottom and a cover, said third blank having an extension which rises from the top edge of a wall formed by said third blank, which wall is opposite the wall next adjacent the cover, said extension being adapted to be turned down outside the wall, said third blank also having extensions projecting from the three free edges of the cover which are turned to substantially at right angles and secured together at their meeting corners of the cover to form a cover flange, said flange lapping the upper edges of said walls and on the outside thereof when the cover is closed with the flange part on one edge of the cover lapping the said first named extension to hold the same confined within the flange, and a stitch connecting this flange part and first mentioned extension to hold the cover in closed and sealed position whereby to permit of sealing and easily openingv of the caddy while the same is loaded.
In testimony whereof I have afiixed my signature.
HERBERT R. BLISS.