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Publication numberUS177057 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 9, 1876
Filing dateNov 2, 1875
Publication numberUS 177057 A, US 177057A, US-A-177057, US177057 A, US177057A
InventorsWilliam Bowes
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Improvement in wind-wheels
US 177057 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



` Patented May 9, 1876.




Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 177,057, dated May 9, 1876 application led November 2, 1&75.

To all whom Vit may concern:

Be it known that I, WILLIAM BoWEs, of Pinkerton, in the Province of Ontario, Canada, have invented new and useful Improvements in Wind-Wheels, of which the following is a specication:

My invention relates more particularly to improvements in that class of wind-wheels in which the wheel revolves on a plane with the earths surface; and it consists, first, in placing one, two, or more wheels under each arm of the windmill for the purpose of supporting 4winds, as well as to provide for its safe condition when it is not in use. When in use the sails are held to the wind by the sails themselves swinging onto pivoted catch-bars, which bars are so arranged that in high winds, and as the wind increases, they can be disengaged from one sail, then from another, and so on,

each sail so freed then presenting, in any part ofthe wheells revolution its edge to the wind, thereby losing its power to help to rotate the machine. In storms or when at rest one sail is buttoned up tight, While the rest swing free, thus retaining the machine in a quiet state, only veering as the Wind veers.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure lis a side elevation, and Fig. 2 aplan, of a windwheel constructed according to my invention. Fig. 3 is a detail of the pivoted catch-bar.

A is the wheel, having four radially-placed sail-arms, B, mounted 011 a circular platform, C. This platform revolves on a center, and is supported on two sets of friction-wheels, D and E, which wheels travel on the rails D and E as the machine rotates. The inner set of wheels are flanged to keep the superstructure in position, but the outer set, E, are plain rollers; or, if desired, both sets may be without flanges, and the center of rotation conline myself to four sail-arms, as a greater or less'number can be used, if desired.

F are the sails pivoted to the outer end of the radially-placed arms B. The position of 'the pivot fis such that it divides the sail into two unequal parts or arms, one being much larger than the other. Therefore when the wind strikes the` sail the larger arm exerts the greatest leverage, forcing the sail into line with the wind. This is the governing principle of my wind-Wheel both when in operation and at rest. G are catch-bars, weighted on one end and pivoted on one side of the sail-arms, against which the sails at a certain.

part of the revolution of the machine bear. To the heavy end of these catch-bars ropes H are connected, by which the bars may be lowered to free the sails when desired. The powerdeveloped by the wheel is concentrated on the center or pivot pin I, to which the bevel-wheel J is attached. The power is then transmitted to any desired place by means of the bevelvwheel J and horizontal shaft K, or their equivalents. The power developed by the moving wheel may also be taken from its periphery, or any intermediate point, as desired.

On one of the radial arms B cleats or stops B are placed on the opposite side to the catch-bar'Gr, between which and the catch-bar one particular sail, F', may be secured when it is desired to keep the machine from rotating. At the same time all the other catch-bars G are lowered clear of the sails, allowing them to swing with the wind. The one sail being thus fastened becomes, as it were, a rudder,y

veering with the wind and preventing the machine from revolving.

The operation of my machine is as follows, and for they purpose of example we will suppose the wind to be blowingin the direction shown by the double headed arrow. The wheel will then rotate in the direction shown by single-headed arrows. y Each sail to the left of the center line, in operation, will be blown in line with the wind, offering but little resistance to the movement; but when they come around to and after passing the point X they are held in a Xed position, with their broad sides to the wind, by the catch-bars Gr during the remainder of their course, onuntil they reach the point Y. The wind then disengages them from their fastening, and, reversing them on the pivots, causes them `to present their thin edge to` the Wind, asbefore.

I propose to load the platform G With-porteble weigh ts, to secure equality of motion and to rive solidity to the machine.

I claim as my invention- 1. The horizontally-revolving Wind-Wheel A, working around `the center pivot I, the

said wheel consisting of the platform C,yfric.

tion-Wheels D and E, radially-placed sail-arms B, -pivoted `catch-bare Gr, ,sind `pivoted` sails F endF, arranged and operating Substantially as described, and for the purpose specified.

2. The sail F', in combination with the lcleats', B. and catch-bars G, arranged and operating substantially as described, and for the purpose specified.



GEO. A. Alun, `HUGH Ami).

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4180367 *Feb 10, 1975Dec 25, 1979Drees Herman MSelf-starting windmill energy conversion system
US4197055 *Nov 28, 1977Apr 8, 1980Campbell James SVertical axis windmill
US4527950 *Aug 9, 1983Jul 9, 1985Biscomb Lloyd IWind motor
Cooperative ClassificationF05B2260/72, F03D11/00