US 1770821 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F. TROISI 1,770,821 TELEPHONIC APPARATUS FOR DEEP SEA DIVING July 15, 1930.
4 Sheets-Sheet Filed Oct. 29, 1927 INVENTOR. Q 'IOZSZ,
July 15, 1930. F. TROlSl TELEPHONIC APPARATUS FOR DEEP SEA D IVING Filed Oct. 29, 192'! 4 Sheets-$heet 2 NVENTOR.
$1 .10 Tio ATTORNEY.
y 1930. F. TROISI TELEPHONIC APPARATUS FOR DEEP SEA DIVING Filed 001,- 29, 1927 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR.
Fio renino T'lo My 5, 1930. l'ROlSl 1,770,821
TELEPHONIG APPARATUS FOR DEEP SEA DIVING Filed Oct. 29} 1927 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 (117 121 Ffi lfi. 57 119 INVENTOR. .1 iorezztirw 7*1'0 ist,
A TTORNE Y.
IIIIIIII Patented July 15, 1930 FIORENTINO TROISI, OF PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA TELEPHONIC APIPARATUS FOR DEEP-SEA DIVING I Application filed October 29, 1927. Serial No. 229,677.
This invention relates to a telephonic a paratus for deep sea diving, and has for. its object to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, an apparatus of such class including tenders and divers telephone systems of the magnetic type having the transmitters and receivers thereoftof likeconstruction and of reduced sensitivity, with parts, interchangeable, and connected in parallel over a twin conductor and whereby, if desired, ar-
ticulation may be had over the receivers and heard on the transmitters.
A further object of the invention is to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, a
I?) telephonic apparatus for deep sea diving including tenders and divers telephone systems operating with clarity of sound and freedom from extraneous noises due to the reduced 7 sensitivity of the elements forming the transmitters and receivers of said systems.
A further object of the invention is to vprovide, in a manner as' hereinafter set forth, a telephonic apparatus for deep sea diving incl udi ng tenders and divers telephone systems if) having the elements of the transmitters and receivers thereof waterproof to insure at all times a satisfactory working of the systems.
A further object of the invention is to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, :0 a telephonicapparatus for deep sea diving including tenders and divers telephone systems and with the transmitterand receivers for the use of the diver arranged within his helmet in set position to enable the diver to .3 have thoroughly efficient use thereof at all times.
A further object of the invention is to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, a telephonic apparatus for deep sea diving ineluding tenders and divers telephone systems of the batteryless type and with the active elements of the system thoroughly protected from water, and further with circuit connections extending into the divers helmet 5 and attached. to the latter in a manner to prevent the entrance of water therein.
A further object of the'invention is to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, a
telephonic apparatus for deep sea diving in- 0 eluding tenders and divers telephone sys:
tems of the magnetic type connected in parallel over a twin conductor and further residing in the manner of positioning the divers transmitter within the divers helmet to enable the diver to use the transmitter, when desired, in a thoroughly satisfactory manner and without inconvenience.
Afurther object of the invention is to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, atelephonic apparatus for deep sea diving including a hood for the diver and positioned within the divers helmet and with the hood including new and novel means for adjustably positioning the receivers for the diver and further with the hood including new and novel means for attaching the circuit connections therewith.
A further object of the invention is to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, a telephonic apparatus for deep sea diving including a coupling plug in the line to permit of the tenders receivers and transmitter being disconnected from that part of the line which is to be submerged and under such conditions permitting of different lengths of line, which is to be submerged, coupled with the tenders transmitter and receivers.
Further obiects of the invention are to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, a telephonic apparatus for deep sea diving which is comparatively simple in its construc- 't-ion and arrangement, strong, durable, waterproof, thoroughly eificient in its use, readily assembled, and comparatively inexpensive .to manufacture.
With the foregoing and other objects in view'the invention consists of the novel construction, combination and arrangement of parts as hereinafter more specifically described, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein is shown an embodiment of the invention. but it is to be understood that changes, variations and modifications can be resorted to which fall within the scope of the claims hereunto appended.
In the drawings wherein like reference characters denote corresponding parts throughout the several views:
" Figure '1 is an eleVat-iOn, bro e away, 0f
the receivers of the tenders telephone system.
Figure 5 is a front elevation of any one of the receivers of the tenders and divers telephone systems.
Figure 6 is a cross sectional View of any one of the receivers of the tenders and divers telephone systems.
Figure 7 is a sectional elevation of the divers transmitter.
Figure 8 is a vertical sectional view of the socket member of the jack employed in connection with the divers transmitter.
Figure 9 is a side elevation of the tenders transmitter.
Figure 10 is a lengthwise section of the adjustable holder for the receivers employed by the tender.
Figure 11 is a section on line 1111 Figure 10.
Figure 12 is a front elevation showing the manner of connecting the circuit conductors leading from the tenders transmitter and receivers.
Figure 13 is a section on line 13-13 Figure 12.
Figure 14: is a section on line 14-14 Figure 13.
Figure 15 is a vertical sectional view of the jack for coupling the lines intermediate their ends thereof.
Figure 16 is a front elevation of the divers transmitter and further illustrating in section the coupling ack.
Figure 17 is a sectional elevation illustrating one of the adjustable holders for one of the divers receivers.
Figure 18 is-a side elevation of the holders shown in Figure 17. v
Figure 19 is a fragmentary viewin vertical section illustrating theattachment means hetween the lines and the divers helinet.
Figure 20 is an elevation looking towards the inner face of a T-coupqling employed as an elementfor connecting t--e line with the divers helmet.
Figure 21 is a sectional elevation illustrating the coupling means between the hood and the line.
A'telephonic apparatus for deep sea diving, in accordance ,with this invention, includes a tenders and a divers telephone system and each of which is of the magnetic type.
The 'tenders telephone system comprises a transmitter 1 for the use of the tender and a pair of receivers 2, 3 for the use of the diver,
transmitter 4 for the use of the diver and a pair of receivers 5, 6 for use by the tender. Both systems are of reduced sensitivity. The electrical elements of the transmitters and receivers are of like construction, with parts interchangeable, and articulation may be made over the receivers and heard on the transmitters. The systems are connected in parallel over a twin conductor and operatedwithout the employment of batteries or any other external source of'electrical power.
.As the electrical elements ofthe transmit ters and receivers are similar, it is to be understood that the showing of Figure 6 applies to both transmitters and the several 1'eceivers and each transmitter and each receiver includes a pair of field coils 7, 8 connected together as at 8, Figure 5, a pair of superposed permanent magnets 9,10 of substantially horseshoe-shape positioned on a combined supporting and spacing plate 11 and surrounding the coils 7, 8, a clamping member 12 corresponding in shape to the shape of the magnets and positioned upon the upper magnet, holdfast devices 13, binding posts 14, 1:"; in circuit with the, coils, and a diaphragm 1(3. The plate 11 is of skeleton form and carries the coils 7, 8. The coils 7, 8, magnets 9, 10, plate 11, clamping member 12 and binding posts 1 1, 15 are arranged within an open top casing 17 of annular form. The plate 11 is positioned upon the upper face of the bottom of the casing 17. The inner edge of the clamping member 12 is formed with a pair of oppositely extending apertured lugs 18. The holdfast devices 13 extend up through the bottom of the casing 17, through the plate 11 and are coupled to the lugs 18. The heads of the holdfast devices 13 are positioned against the lower face of the bottom of the casing 17.
Thediaphragm 16 is mounted upon the edgeof the body of the casing 17 and is arranged in spaced relation with respect to the coils 7, 8. Positioned within the casing 17 is a block of insulation 19 to which the binding posts 14., 15 are attached The body of the casing is formed with an opening 20 for the passage of the circuit conductors 21, 22 which are attached to the binding posts 14, 15. The circuitconnections21,22 are euclosedbyasheat hing 23 of water proof material and said connections 21, 22 are also insulated. The sheathing 23 further acts as an insulating means and is in the form of a flexible casing impervious to moisture. The sheathing 23 frictionallyengages with the wall of the opening 20. The body of the casing 17 is formed with peripheral threads for connectin therewith a clamping member orcap 24 o insulation and which acts to fixedly secure the diaphragm 16 in position. The clamping member or cap 24 is formed with a centrally dispo'sed opening 25 of appropriate diameter and the outer face thereof 15 concaye as indicated at 26. The clamping member or cap 24 is flanged as at 27 and the inner face of the latter is threaded for engagement with the peripheral threads of the casing 17. The flange 27 is notched as at 28 for the passage of a retaining screw 29 which engages in the casing 17. SeeFigure 4. The screw 29 acts as a means to lock the clamping member or cap 24 from shifting after it has been positioned or connected to the casing 11'.
The diaphragm 16 is about .0065 of an inch in thickness. Each of the field coils is about two ohms and when combined will equal substantially four ohms. The inner face of the casing 17 is provided with a coating 30 of waterproof material and said coating extends over the member 12, field coils, inner sides of the magnets and upper face of the plate 11. The elements within the casing 17, as well as the inner face of the latter, are thoroughly coated to prevent moisture or water attacking the same. The plate 11 is also connected to the bottom of the casing 17, by an upstanding screw 31 having its head positioned against the lower face of the bottom of the casing. The coil windings are of much shorter lengths of Wire and of a slightly larger size than the coil windings employed in telephones of the magnetic type.
The permanent mag-nets have a strength superior to that of the magnets of ordinary telephones. The wire employed in the coils is enameled and 30, B. S. The cores of the coils are soft iron. Any suitable means can be employed for coating the interior of the casing 17 and the elements arranged therein for the purpose of making them thoroughly waterproof.
With reference to Figures 1, 12 and 13 the casings which enclose the circuit connections from the "receivers 5, 6 and which are indicated at 32, 33 extend into a four-way coupling formed of two sections 34, 35. The circuit connections 21 projecting from the casings 32, 33 are coupled together as at 36 to a conductor 37 and leading therefromis a conductor 38. The circuit connections 22 extending from the casings 32, 33 are coupled together as at 39 to a conductor 40 and leading from-the latter is a circuit conductor 41. The conductors 38 and 41 are connected in parallel by a casing 42 constructed in the same manner as the sheathing 23. The receivers 5, 6 as before stated are a part of the divers telephone system. The transmitter- 1 has a casing 43 extended therefrom and which encloses circuit connections 44, 45. The casing 43 possesses the same characteristics as the sheathing 23 and extends-into the sections 34, 35 of the four-way coupling. The circuit connection 44 is coupled with the circuit conductor 41 as at 46 and the circuit connection is coupled with the circuit conductor 38 as at 47. The conductors 37 and 40 are secured to a block 48 of insulation which is positioned within the section 35 of .is in electrical connection with the circuit conductors 41, 38. The plug 54 of the section 51 engages a contact 55 which is electrically connected with a circuit conductor 56. forming a continuation of the circuit conductor 41. A circuit conductor 57 forms a continuation of the circuit conductor 38 and is electrically connected with the latter through the coupling 57 and plug 54. The plug 54 is insulated and is of known construction, that is to-say the plug 54 is formed of two elements, one of which is electrically connectedto the circuit conductor 41 and the other section to the circuit conductor 38. The coupling 57 is electrically connected with that part of the plug 54 which is electrically connected with the circuit conductor 38. The apparatus includes what may be termed a llne formed of two sections, one section of'which carries the plug section 50 of the jack and such line section which carries the plug section 50 extends from the four-way coupling 59 and the other line section carries the socket section 53 of the jack 51 and such line section which carries the socket section 53 extends from the divers helmet 60. By this arrangement either line section can be of any length desired, but preferably the line section which extends from the divers helmet 60 is of greater length than the other line section.
The circuit conductors 56, 57 are positioned in a casing 61 possessing the same charactermaterial- The plugs 62 and 64 have threaded engagement with the sections 50, 53 respective y.
The divers helmet 60 has its outer periphery at the rear of the top thereof squared asat 66 and abutting thereagainst is the flat inner face of the head 67 of a coupling member 68. The head 67 is formed with a pocket 69 having the wall thereof registering with the wall of an opening 70 formed in the helv inet 60. Projecting in opposite directions from the head 67 is a pair of laterally ex tending apertured ears See Figure '21.
. Theears 70 bear againstthe periphery of openings in the ears 70. Depending from the the helmet '60 and fixedly secured to the lat ter by holdfast devices extending through the pends from the stem 71. The opening formed by the member is indicated at 82 and is of the same diameter as the opening 78. The
I :head 67 is formed witha passage 83 which i also acts as a sealing means.
I registers with the opening or passage 78. The stem 71 is peripherally threaded and rengags ing therewith is an interiorly threadedcollar 84 provided with an inwardly extending flange 85 which abuts against the flange 81.
lhe collar 84-locks the member 80 to the stem 1 1.
Snugly engaging with the wall of the pocket 69, as well as the wall of the opening 70, is an inwardly extending directing member 86 formed with a curved opening 87 which registers with the opening 83 and has a flared inner end 88 attire innerend of the member 86. The opening 87 is in the shape of an elbow and the longitudinal part thereof is disposed at the longitudinal axis the member 86. The member86 projects a substantialdistance within the helmet 60 at the rear of the head part of the latter. Extending through the member 80, stem 71, opening 83 and member 86 and projecting into the helmet 60 is the casing 61 which carries the circuit conductors 56. 57. The casing 61 snugly en ages with the member 80, stem 71, head 6 and member 86. Inter posed between the inner end of the member 80 and the stem 71 is a packing washer 88 which The coupling 68 is secured to the helmet 60 in a watertight manner.
The casing 61 is arranged within the helmet 60 to extend over the top of the head of the diver and also over a hood 90 which is secured to the divers head within the helmet. The casing 61 terminates in the socket member 91 of a jack and the jack section of the jack is indicated at 92 and is disposed at right angles with respect to the socket section. The soc et section 91 is connected to a support 93 which is fixed to the helmet 60 at the front thereof of the head portion of the helmet and rearwardly of the window 94 but in close proximity thereto. The support 93 is positioned at the lower portion of the window 94. See Figure 2. The transmitter 4 is suspend ed from the socket section 91 of the jack and is disposed at a rearward inclination, that is to say it inclines rearwardly-from the socket section 91 and the latter is. provided with a sion 94 is connected; The extension 94 extends froma supporting casing 95 for the transmitter 4 and the latter is secured within the former by a flanged cap member 96 connecting therewith.
The circuitconductor'56 is connected to a binding post 97 and leading therefrom is a circuit conductor 98 which extends through a casing 99 mounted in the extension 93 and iselectrically connected to the transmitter 4.
The circuit conductor 57 extends through a binding post 100 and extending from the lat ter, through the casing 99 to the transmitter 4 is a circuit connection 101.
which is engaged by the plug 103 on the. plug section 92 of the jack and leading from the contacts 102 is. the circuit conductor 101.
Connected to the plug section 92 of the jack is a casing 104 carrying :circuit con- The binding post 97 carriesa contact memberlOl to which nections 105, 106. The casing: 104 is attached to the top of the hood by coupling members 107 and said casing 104 extends into asectional coupling107, of substantiallyT-form,
positioned upon the top of the hood 90. .Ar-
ranged within the. coupling 107 is a T-coupling 108 to which the casing 106 is attached and projecting from thecoupling 108 are casings 109, 110 having circuit connections 111 extending from the formerand 112 extendingfrom the latter. The circuit connections 105, 106 are electrically connected respectively with circuit connections 111, 112. The connection is had by any suitable means arranged within the coupling 108. The coupling 107- is formed of two sections secured together by flanged collars 113 having threaded engagement with the legs of the coupling 107. The casing 109 with the circuit connections 111 therein extend to the receiver 2 and the casing 110 with the circuit connections -112 therein extend to the receiver 3.
The hood 90 is formed of flexible material and slitted as at 114. See Figure 1. The edges of the slits are laced together as at 115 to adjust the size of the hood. The body portion of the hood is formed with perforations 116. Secured to and projecting laterally from each side of the hood is a flexible apertured tab 117 and extending through said tabs are the casings 109, 110. Adjustably connected to each tab 117 is a holder 118. Each tab, as well as each holder is provided with openings 119, 120 respectively and associated with the openings is a lacing string 121 for the purpose of adjustably conmeeting the holder 118 to a tab. The opening in each tab for the passage of a casing is indicated at 121. The holder is formed of flexible material and consists of a body portion 122 provided with an extension 123 in which the openings 120 are formed. The body portion 122 is cup-shaped for the reception of a trans'mitter 2 or 3. The body portion is.
split and formed with tabs 124 provided with coacting fastener elements 125 of the snap type for the purpose of securing the tabs together to maintain the receiver within the The body portion 122,when the tabs 125 are 1 connected together, forms a cup sha ed sup- 2o porting element for the receiver an attachment 126. The tie-strings when connected together secure aflange 128 around the attachment 126 to prevent the same from'slipping outwardly with respect to the body por- 5 tion 122 and receiver. The supporting element for the receiver 2 isconnected to the supporting element for the receiver 3 by a strap connection 129. i
The receivers 5 and 6 each has pivotally connected thereto a pivoted yoke 130. The
receivers 5, 6 are carried'by a clampingdevice for connectingthem to the head of the tender andsaid-device consists of apair of oppositely extending, opposed, circular flat v SPI'lIlgS, one indicated at 131 and the other at.
4 132. The flat springs are connected to the I yokes 130. The springs131, 132 are shiftable in opposite directions relatively to each other and are enclosed in a circular casing 133 to maintain said springs in abutting relation. Theouterend of each s ring is ofi-f set as at 134 and fixedly secured y the hold fast device 135, to a yoke 130. The clamping device provides means. for maintaining the receivers 5, 61in set position with respect to the ears of the tender.
I The transmitter 1 is' providedwith a handle 136 of appropriate length and from which extends the casing 43. The transmitter 1 is disposed at an'angle with respect to the handle 136, that is to say the transmitter 1 is so positioned that when arranged for use it is disposed at a forward inclination with respect to the tenders mouth.
The transmitter 1 is mounted in an angularly disposed casing 137 which is formed integral with the upper end of the handle 136 andsaid transmitter 1 is secured in the casing 137 by an interiorly threaded flanged cap member 138 which has threaded engagement with the casing 137;
. The receivers 5 and 6 are provided with tubular extensions 139 for'the passage of the casing 32 or 33. The extension 139 carries an 05 ,arm 140 secured'to the casing 17 by the holdfast devices 141. A closure plug 142 and a I sealing washer 143 is coupled with the extension 139. A closure plug 144 and a sealing washer 145 v is coupled to the handle 136. The casing 32 or 33 extends through the plug 143 and washer 144. The casin 43 extends through the plug 144 and was er 145. The jack section 91 is provided with a closure plug 146 and a sealing washer 147. The cas- I mg 61 extends through the plug 146 and washer 147. A sealing washer 148 is carried V by jack section 91 in collar 94' thereof.
It is thought the many advantages of a telephonic apparatus for deep sea ehving, in
accordance withthis invention can be readily understood, and although the preferred em- 'bodiment of the invention is as illustrated and described, yet-it is to be understood that changes in the details of construction can be had which will fall within the scope of theinvention as claimed.
. What I claim is:
1. In a telephonic apparatus for deep sea diving, the combination of a pair of divers receivers, adivers transmitter, a plug, a ack recelvlng sald plug, clrcult connections betweensaid plug and receivers, circuit connections'between said jack and transmitter, circuit connections extended from said jack, a second plug, a second jack receiving the latter, circuit connections leadin from the lat- .ter, coupling means between t e circuit con- I nections extended fromthe first jack and the circuit connections leading from the second jack, a pair of tenders receivers, a tenders transmitter, a cou ling member, circuit connections leading rom the tenders receivers and transmitter to said member, and circuit connections leading from said member to said second' plug.
2. In a telephonic apparatus for deep sea diving, the combination of a pair of divers receivers, a coupling member, circuit connectlons leadmg from sald receivers to -said memher, a plug, a jack receiving-the latter, circuit connections leading from said member to said plug, a divers' transmitter, circuit connections leading from said t-rans mitter to said jack, a second jack, circuit connections extended from the first-jack, circuit connections lead? ing from the second jack, a coupling member the first jack and the circuit connections-leadoperating with the second jack, a air of ,between the circuit connections extended from tenders receivers, a tenders transmltter, a
coupler, circuit connections leading from the .pler, and circuit connections leading from FIORENTINO TROISI.
tenders transmitter and receivers to said cou-