US 1771928 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. JUNG FILTER PRESS July 29, 41930.
Filed Dec. 1, 1928 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 .EIZIII M Mw 7 LWHE im fem?, lu W ngz.
H. JUNG FILTER PRESS July 29, 1930.
Filed Dec. l, 1928 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 F. Aw
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/nventon- Patented July 29, 1930 UNITED STATES PATENT, OFFICE HANS JUNG, OF STASSFURT, GERMANY s l FILTER PRESS Application led December 1, 1928, Serial No. 323,065, and in Germany May 2, `1927.
The invention relates to improvements in l filter presses and their mode of o eration, and more particularly to that type of filter presses in which a large number of porous tubular 6 lter flasks are suspended within a vertical y the inside to theoutside and removed from the cylinder or receptacle.
The filter presses with vertical filter tubes or flasks used up to now have owing to their construction and mode of operation certain drawbacks viz.- the cake formed on the filter flasks is not of uniform thickness, and cakes of comparatively considerable thickness drop off prematurely in parts, while others are not thrown off by the compressed air. My invention effectively `eliminates the just recited drawbacks and by the laid of a preferably ascending flow of liquid sweeping uniformly along the filter tubes permits the formation of cakes of uniform thickness, which are only thrown off the tubes, when they have reached a thickness of about l@ to 1 inch after blowing off :the raw liquid contained in the cylinder and opening the bottom cover, in the form of shells or peels with a low content 35 of humidity. When the surface of the tubes is washed they are likewise swept uniformly from all sides. The improved filter press according to my invention is intended for filtration on a large scale and to purify large quantities of liquid containing a high percentage of solid matter in suspension, or to collect and recover the solid admixtures, which are"periodically ejected from the press.
The embodiment of my invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings by way of example. In the drawings,
Fig. 1, a vertical section through myimproved filter press in the direction of the uper transverse channels along line A-B of Fig. 2, a section at right angles to thel section according to Fi 1 of the upper part of the press along line -D of Fig.` 3.
Fig. 3, a horizontal section through the press abovf.` the intermediate wall 9 along line E-F of F 1g. 2. o
Fig. 4, a horizontal sect-ion through the press at medium height along line G-H of Fim l.
Fig. 5, a bottom View of the press or its bottom 5 adapted to be folded downwards.
Fig. 6, a longitudinal section through a filter flasks closed at the lower free ends of about 61/2 feet length and 5 inches outer diameter. According to my invention the raw liquid is conducted parallel -to the filter tubes 2, enters the cylinder 1 through abend 3 from an axial opening 4 of the tapering `bottom 5 and is uniformly distributed over the entire cylinder area by the distributing plate 7 provided with perfcrations 6.
The filter tubes or flasks 2 are at their upper ends mounted on an intermediate wall 9 underneath the cover 8. This wall 9 is providedwith passage openings 10 for the raw liquid, which enable a uniformly distributed flow of the raw liquid parallel to the filter tubes throughout the entire apparatusand cause a relief of the wall 9 from the process pressure of the press, which rises up to about 6 atmospheres inasmuch as the pressure of the liquid Afrom the chamber 11 also acts on the upper side of the wall 9 carrying the tubes. An outlet pipe 12 at the crest of the domeshaped cover 8 with a control valve 13 permits raw liquid continuously to return to the storage tank of the raw liquid during the filtration an'd keepthe raw liquid in the cylinder 1 in such motion, that a decomposition of the raw liquid i. e. a separation of the spel 1 cifically heavier matters in suspension from the lighter does not occur and the formation of the cake takes place in equal mixture of the solid matters along the entire extent of the filter tubes or fiasks.
The filter tubes 2 are arranged in parallel rows, for instance five rows I to- V, Fig. 3. To each row of the tubes belongs a transverse channel 15 receivingthe clear liquid of the filter tubes through outlet holes 14 and dis charging it sideways. Between these `transverse channels 15 there are situated in the middle of the panel between adjacent tubes the passage openings 10 for part of the raw liquid. Coaxially with the passage openings 10 are located the passage openings 6 of the distributor plate 7 arranged in advance of the filter tubes.` All the transverse channels 15 are outside the cylinder 1 connected with a common pipeline 17 equipped with a stop valve 16. Into this collecting pipe 17 opens a compressed air pipe 18 with a stop valve 19. From the compressed air pipe 18 a branch pipe 18 With stop valve 51 leads to the upper pipe 12 at cover 8 and a branch 18 with stop valve 52 to the bottom pipe 3', 3.
The individual filter tubes 2 consist in known manner of the outer, tubular fiasks composed of piled up rings of quadrangular cross section, an inner carrier tube 21 of iron or metal with an abutment collar 22 near its upper end anda cap-shaped closing and tensioning nut 23 at the lower end. The attachment of the filter tubes 2 in the intermediate wall 9 is effected by a cap-shaped nut 20.
' In order to impart to the filter tubes the necessary greater strength against the 1nternal pressure, the filter rings areconstructed as rigid rings 25, of a stone-like porous material (quartz, infusorial earth, carbide of silicum or the like or a mixture of the nientioned or similar substances) and according to the invention reinforced by thin hide bound annular discs 26 of strong material capable of withstanding high stresses. (Fig. 8).
Thin annular discs 26, of Celluloid of a thickness of about'1/64 to 1/16 of an inch have proved eicient as reinforcing means. These discs are dipped into a celluloid solution and in the hot state forced on the faces of the filter rings. Instead of Celluloid discs discs of other suitable material, such as vul canite, bakelite, pertinax may be pressed on to the filtering material, or enamel or atomized metal may be sprayed on the faces, or any other suitable reinforcing materials may be employed, which under t-he action of heat and pressure are able to penetrate into the pores or interstices of the filtering material and attain binding capacity when cooling down. In case of filtering materials with very minute pores the faces are artificially roughened and provided with small pits into which the reinforcing material strikes roots, so to say.
A further novel feature of the improved filter tubes is, that the supporti or carrier tube 21 has no passage openings or the clear liquid discharged within the reach of the ceramic filtering wall and for the compressed air serving for the cleaning of the filter. The passage of the clear liquid or the reacting compressed air takes place through erforations 30 in a special chamber29 exten ing the annular space 28 between the filtering body and the supporting tube in a downward direction, and which consists of metal, vulcanite or another strong substance and is capable of withstanding higher pressures and rushes of compressed air without'suffering any distortion. The rushes of compressed air are caught and suppressed by the rigid chamber wall 29 and the direction of flow of the compressed air deflected in the direction of the tubes and thus tangentially to the inner filter face. The upper end of the chamber 29 is centered `by short metal sticks 31 mounted on the supporting tube 21.
The filter rings 25 are spaced from the central supporting tube 21 by elastic longitudinal rails 33 of india-rubber or the like, which are inserted into grooved bearings mounted on the supporting tube, see Fig. 7 .of the drawings. Between the filter rings 25 or groups of filter rings at a maximum spacing of about 2 inches there are, furthermore, located thin elastic annular discs of klingerite, rubber or the like not shown in the draw- 100 ings. The resilient arrangement of the filter rings imparts to the filter fiasks a certain inherent elasticity and thus ameliorates the stresses to which the filtering material is exposed by lateral oscillations during the flush- 105 ing of the outside of the filter tubes or flasks.
l To enable the thrown off cake substance to be removed from the press at the end of a working period, the bottom 5 of the cylinder or receptacle is pivotally mounted to be 110 swung downwards and provided with a suitable closing device. At an arm 38 at the shell 1 there is pivoted a double-armed lever 39. The inner end of this lever 39 carries movably the bottom 5 of the press, the outer end 115 of the lever a counterweight, not shown in the'. drawing. The rocking motion of the bottom on the supporting and swinging arms 39 is confined` within narrow limits by a transverse rod 40 connecting the arms, which 120 passes with play through an eye 42 of the bottom 5.
The closure of the bottom 5 takes place under co-operation of a packing located in the connecting. flanges by a rotatable ring 45, 12 through the bayonet teeth 46 of which the circumferential teeth 47 of the bottom are withdrawn or introduced. The closing pressure of the bottom against the cylinder is sety up by wedges 48 at the locking ring, which 130- -the press is suc that the o 1 are m ved b four h draulic press cylinders 49 with doiible-wayy agency of suitable auxi iary members.
Accordin to my invention the connection of the supp y pipe for the raw liquid with ing of hinged bottom of t e ress cylinder also interrupts or recloses sai pipe connection. For this pur ose the extreme lower portion of the supp y ipe is U-shaped, as shown in Fig. 1 of the rawings, divided at the level of the bottom gap and provided with anges 43, 44 at` the 'oint, the former being provided with a pac ing ring placed in a groove, while the latter 44 is fitted with a projecting knife edge pressing against said packingring. The lower U-shaped portion 3 of the sup ly pipe is mounted upon the bottom of t e press and participates. in its movements, and the upper porton 3 of the supply pi e is mountedupon the .stationary shell of t e press and serves as connecting member for various pipesto be connected with the bottom portion 3o t hsupply'rigpe, such as the pipe 54 with st valve 55, pipe -56 with stop valve 57, pipe stop valve 59, pipe 60 with stop valve 6 1 land pipe 18"A with stop val-ve 52. When closing the pressby the bottom plate the necessary pressure at the Harige joint 43, 44 is simultaneously produced by the axially actingY wedgelock of the bottom. f1-i The mode of operation of theimproved fil-.j
ter. press is substantiall as followsDuringc. the filtering process t e stop valverldgof.
` the discharge'pipe 17 for the clear liquid,-`.Fig.
1, is open and the valve 19 for the compressed air closed. rlheraw liquid in thepressure receptacle or cylinderl is filtered. atthelter tubes or asks 2 and escapes as clear.' liquid throughthe inner supporting tubes 21', the
transverse channelsV 15,-',.the pipetff' 1 and the valve 16.V 3Unfiltered-rawlipidi-flows, furthermore, *throu' hthe `top lpipe 12=;i nto* the storage tankto t e'enten'tin which lthevalve 13 is opened-corre'sponding with its adjustment adaptedfto the nature of vtheraw liquid.
When 'thegdepositedfcake 'has attained a thickness of. about .i1/2 4to 1 inch, the raw li uid is first removed from the cylinder. 1. or this purposecompressed air is passed into the cylinder il from the compressed air pipe 18. through the top pipe I2 and while valve 13 is closed, and this air lforces the raw liquid in the cylinder through the pipes 3, 3', 57 back into the storage tank. This compressed airl penetrates through the cakes and the porous filter walls also into the filter tubes 2 and forces the clear liquid contained in them through the inner supporting tubes 21, the channels 15 and the clear liquid pipe 17.
When passing from the filtration to the drainv ing of the cylinder l an overpressure is continuously maintained in the cylinder 1 as long istons through the ening and closas raw liquid is contained in it to prevent the l dropping olf of the cake.
As soon as all the liquid isjremoved from the cylinder 1, the bottom 5 is unlocked and folded down, the valve 16 ofthe clear liquid pipe 17 closed and the stop valve 19 of the compressed air. pipe 18opened. The compressed air flows through the pipe 17, the transverse conduits l5 and the supportin tubes 21 into the filter flasks 2, passes throug the filter walls outwards, detacheel the adhering Ycakes and breaks them up, so that the entire cake mass dro s off and out of the press through the opened bottom. The bottom 5 is then swung upward again into the closing position and locked, fresh raw liquid is again admitted through the pipes 55, 3', 3 and the filtration is continued.
If it is desired to lixiviate the cakes adhering to the filter fiasks by means of water or any other suitable liquid, the li uid employed is after the displacement oi'1 the raw liquid pumped into the cylinder from the pipe 58 through the bottom pipe 3 while preserving an'o'verpressure in the cylinder, and the lixiviationtakes place in the same manner as the .ilt-ration. xAfter the lixiviation process is finished', the lixiviation liquid, contained in the 1pylinder 1 is .forced back into its storage tan."
To. maintain the filter tubes or flasks in goodworking orderit is essential, that they should be cleaned frequently. rfhis is partly 'effected after each .Working period by the compressed air entering in the filter tubes in rushes and throwing off the externally adhering cakes. After several working hours takes place furthermore, a washing of the outer faces of the filter tubes lasting from 5 to 10 minutes. For this purpose fiushing water is conducted into the press cylinder 1 from a pipe 60 through the bottom pipe 3, 3 and compressed air then blown from the pipe 18" through the bottom pipe 3', 3, while the valve 16 is closed. rlhis air is uniformly distributed over the spaces between the filter tubes by the perforated distributing plate 7 ascends vigorously, sets the flushing water in whirling motion and thoroughly frees the filter tubes from closely adhering substances. Simultaneously compressed .air is or may be admitted in rushes or surges from the pipe 18` into the filter tube 2 to eject the particles of sludge seated in the pores or interstices of the filter body, while water is present externally. The air escapes outside at atmospheric' pressure through the bores 10 of the upper intermediate partition wall and the top pipe 12.
Although I `have described' a preferred embodimentof my invention only, it will be readily understood, that Various changes and modifications may be made Without departing from the spirit and scope of my invention, and I desire, therefore, that only such limitations shall be placed thereon as are imposed by the prior art.A
I' claim as my invention:
1. In a filter press, in combination, an upright cylinder, a partition wall located below the cover of said cylinder, a plurality of filter flasks suspended from said wall, transverse channels insaid wall for the discharge of the clear liquid, bores in said Wall for the passage of partof the raw liquid returning to the storage tank and'means for centrally introducing the raw liquid at the bottom and returning it into the storage tank at the top of said cylinder.
2. In a filterpress, in combination, an upright cylinder, transverse channels formed by parallel connecting ribs of a double wall located belou7 the cover of said cylinder, a plurality of filter flasks arranged in parallel rows opening into said transverse channels, a common discharge pipe for the clear liquid provided with a branch for the admission of compressed air in communication with said transverse channels, axial bores in said double wall for the passage of a part of the raw liquid, and means for centrally introducing the kraw li uid at the bottom and returning part into t e storage tank at the topV of said cylinder.
3. In a filter press, in combination, an upright cylinder, a partition wall located below the cover vof said cylinder, a plurality of filter flasks suspended from said wall, transverse channels in said wall for the discharge of the clear liquid, bores in said wall for the passage of part of the raw liquid returning to the storage tank, a tapering bottom at said cylinder, a transverse plate at the Widest part of said bottom and provided .with bores lo- -cated between said flasks and coaxial ,with the bores in said partition wall at the top, and
means for centrally introducing the raw,
liquid at the bottom and returning part into the storage tank at the top of said cylinder.
4. In a filter press, in combination, an upright cylinder, a partition wall located below the cover of said cylinder, a plurality of filter flasks suspended from said wall, transverse. channels m said wall for the dischar e of the clear liquid, bores in said wall for t e passage of part of the raw liquid returning to the storage tank, a' pipe'for introducing the raw liquid at the bottom, a pipe at the top for returning the raw liquid into' the storage tank, and a valve in said pipe at the top adapted to control the assage of the raw liquid through the cylin er in such a manner that the solid matter suspended in the raw liquid cannot settle out.
5. In a lter press, in combination, an upright cylinder, a partition wall located below the cover of said cylinder, a plurality of filter flasks suspended from said wall, transverse channels in said Wall for the discharge of the clear liquid, bores in said wall for the passage 'of part of the raw liquid returning to the storage tank, a central pipe at the bottom of said cylinder capable to be jointed with branch pipes for introducing raw liquid, em tying raw li uid, lixiviatm liquid, was ing liquid an compressed air, said air pipe cooperating with the washin liquid for setting it in the cylinder in whir ing motion and means at the top of said cylinder for returning the raw liquid into the storage tank.
6. In a filter press, in combination, an upright cylinder, a partition wall located below the cover of said cylinder,a plurality of filter flasks suspended from said wall, transverse channels in said wall for the discharge of clear liquid, bores in said wall for the passalge of part of the raw liquid returning to t e storage tank, and means for centrally introducing the raw liquid at the bottom, means of supplying compressed air through the top pipe to the outer surface of the filter ca es when passing from the filtration to the lixiviation or Vdrying of the cakes to prevent the pressure from dropping to zero, and means at the top of said cylinder for returningkpart of the raw-liquid into the storage tan 7 In a filter press of the class described, filter flasks consisting of an outer shell of porous material with a supporting prolongating casing of strong materials, and an inner supporting tube having passage openings only within the strong casing.
8. In a filter press of the class described, filter flasks consisting of an outer porous shell and an inner supporting tube, said shell consisting of super osed filtering rings of porous material rein orced by thin hidebound celluloid discs on its plane faces.
In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification, at Leipzig, Germany, this 13th day of November, 1928.