US 1771991 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 5, 1930.
A. A. BISSIRI 1,771,991
Filed April 25,. 1928 INVENTOR ADRIANO A. BISSIRI M A a a a: 7% T irii'i Li 2Q BY 26 27 a li i 22 ATTORNEYS Patented Aug. 5, 1930 -UN'IT1ED STATES ADRIANO A. 3158131, 01 LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA.
Application filed April 25, 1928. Serial N0. 272,595.
This invention relates to toys, and has for an object the provision of a miniature airplane adapted to be 'forciblyejected into flight from a tube, by air pressure.
3 Another object is the provision of a toy of the general character described, which is so designed and proportioned that it may be ejected from the tube with suiiicient velocity to fly for a considerable distance, even though relatively low pressure is employed, so that the toy can be operated by simply placing tube to the mouth and blowing to the toy a decided advantage as an advertising medium.
Another object is the provision of a toy as described, which, while being of very simle construction and easily operated, 1S sutciently strong and durable to withstand a certain degree of the hard usage to which it would be subjected in the hands of children.
The invention possesses other ob'ects and features of advanta e, some of which, with the foregoing, will e set forth in the following description of the preferred form of the invention which is illustrated in the drawings accompanying and forming part of the specification. It is to be understood that l do not limit myself to the showing made by the said drawings and description, as I may adopt variations of the referred form within the scope of my invention as set forth in the claims.
Referring to the drawings:
Figure 1 is a perspective view disclosing the manner of operating the toy of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the miniature v airplane forming a portion of the toyfland showing it with its wings extended for flyin position.
ig). 3 is a side elevation, the direction of view eing indicated by the arrow 3 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 1s a longitudinal, vertical sectional view of-the ejector tube, and showing the miniature airplane in side elevation therein, With its wings in folded position.
Fig. 5 is alongitudinal, horizontal sectional view of the tube, and showing the airplane with its folded wings in plan view.
Fig. 6 is a transverse, vertical sectional View, the plane of section being taken upon the line 6-6 of Fig. 4, with the direction of view indicated by the arrows.
Broadly considered, the toy of the present invention comprises a, tube, and a miniature airplane slidably receivable Within the tube and adapted to be ejected therefrom by air pressure.
Specifically describing the present embodiment of the invention, the toy comprises a blower tube 6 which may be composed of any suitable material such as cardboard, and which is preferably of such proportions that it may be readily applied to the mouth of a child or other operator for the purpose of blowing the breath therethrough.
A folding miniature airplane indicated in its entirety at 7, is provided, and is of such dimensions that it is slidably receivable within the tube 6. The miniature airplane 7 comprises a body 8 corresponding to the fuselage of a real airplane, to which preferably a pair of wings 9 is pivoted at their inner ends by means of any suitable pivot pin such as a relatively large headed tack 11, the shank 12 or which extends rigidly and vertically through the body 8 and serves as a pivot for both of the wings 9.
Preferably a single elastic band 13' is seecured at each end to one of the wings 9 at a point 14 spaced from the pivot pin 12 with the center 16 of the band 13 extending over and secured to the forward end 17 of the body 8. Any suitable means for attaching the ends of the band 13 to the wings 9 may be employed, but I have found a convenient and inexpensive means for. accomplishing this end, to be the conventional 'gummed stickers.
18, which may have their gummed surfaces moistened and then be pressed upon a surface of one of the wings with the end of the elastic band 13 positioned thereunder. When sufficient time has elapsed for the gum to dry, it will be found that the ends of the band 13 are securely fastened to the wings.
In securing the ends of the band 13 to th wings 9, the band 13 should be sufliciently tensioned so that the wings 9 are normally urged to a position wherein they extend laterally from the body 8. This is their flying position and is indicated in Fig. 2. A notch 19 is provided-in the leading'edge of each of the wlngs 9, and another notch 21 is provided in the body 8 aft of the pivot pin 12. A cord 22 of suitable length is providedwith a knot 23 at each end, and the cord 22 then has an end engaged within each of the notches 19, and the center of the cord engaged within the notch 21. The knots 23 serve to prevent displacement of the cord 22 from the notches 19, and the notch 21 is formed to slope downwards and forwards of the body 8 so that the normal tension of the cord, while it is serving to limit the act-ion of the elastic band 13 to hold the wings 9 in flying position, will tend to retain the center portion of the cord 22 within the notch 21.
A conical flange or head 26 is secured to the forward end or nose 17 of the body 8, preferably over a ortion of the elastic band 13. The nose 17 0 the body 8 may be pointed if desired, to provide a firmer seat for the conical flange 26 which flares backwards therefrom, and is so proportioned that the diameter of its after end or' base 27, establishes a sliding fit within the tube 6, as shown in Figs. 4, 5, and 6. One or more vanes 28 are carried at the after end of the body 8 to serve as steering rudders to ide and control the flight of the miniature alrplane 7 through the air; it being understood of course, that both the vane or vanes 28 and the wings 9 are slightl less in width than the inside diameter of t e tube.6, so that the airplane 7 may be slldably received therein when the wings 9 are folded back to extend longitudinally of the body 8. Preferably the vane or vanes 28 are formed of relatively stiff material such as cardboard, so that it may be bent toany desired configuration, within limits, and remain as adjusted.
The conical flange 26'may also be composed of thin cardboard; and the body 8 and wings 9 are preferably formed of light, thin wood. he manner of operating my improved toy is substantially as follows:
The airplane 7 is first thrust nose first into one end of the tube 6. As the airplane 7 is pushed into the tube 6, the leading edges of the wings 9 will engage the ends of the tube and cause the win s 9 to be folded back to a position wherein t ey extend longitudinally of the body 8 to permit the airplane 7 to be diatel upon their passing theouter end of the tu e 6 to be released thereby, are snapped into fl ing osition by the elastic band 13.
It s oul be understood that I do not wish to be limited to the specific construction of the miniature airplane herein described, but that various chan es in the general design thereof may be ma e without departing from the spirit and scope of the subjoined claim.
Another variation from the above described structure which is capable of being performed without departing from the scope of the present invention, is to rovide the blower tube 6 with any kind 0 whistle or other instrument capable of producing noise when air is forced therethrou h, such as the ordinary toy siren universzfily upon the market. Such a siren could be positioned within one end of the tube to function simultaneously with the ejection of the miniature airplane 7 from the blower tube 6 when the operator blows therethrough. This feature would considerably enhance the ap eal of the toy .to most children, because 0 the close simulation of the warning siren which is sounded at many aviation fields when a flight is about to start. However, the type of tube previously described wherein no whistle is employed, is preferable, because of the fact that the inclusion of the whistle would necessitate inserting the miniature airplane 7 into the tube backwards from the outer end of the tube 6. This would require that the wings 9 be first folded back manually; and because of the difficulty which might be encountered in inserting the conical flange 26 backwards into the tube, the toy would be more liable to damage in the hands of a child.
The toy of the present invention may be constructed very cheaply, and therefore would be highly desirable as an advertising medium. Any desired subject matter mi ht be printed or otherwise aflixed to the outside of the blower tube 6, and because of the inherent appeal of such a toy to children, a wide circulation of this subject matter throughout the surrounding community could be attained by any business house distributing the toys among the children of its patrons.
A toy comprising in combination a tube, a miniature airplane slidable within said tube, said airplane bein adapted to be ejected from the tube by air pressure and comprising a body, wings pivoted to said bodytopermit their being optionally folded to extend longitudinally of the body or extended laterally therefrom when released by the tube, resilient means ur g the wings to extended position, a flexi le cord secured at one end to said body and at the other end to each of said wings to limit the action of said resilient means a conical flange extending from said bodyto engage the sides of the tube and establish a sliding and substantially air-tight seal therewith, and a vane carried by said body to serve as a. flight-controlling rudden.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification.
ADRIANO A. BISSIRI.