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Publication numberUS1772491 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 12, 1930
Filing dateApr 2, 1928
Priority dateApr 2, 1928
Publication numberUS 1772491 A, US 1772491A, US-A-1772491, US1772491 A, US1772491A
InventorsErnest Koppl
Original AssigneeErnest Koppl
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Underreamer
US 1772491 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 12, 1930. E. KOPPL 1,772,491

UNDERREAMER Filed April 2, 192s 5 Ernes/ Kopp/ BY /f/wn/ WMM( A TTORNEYJ` Patented Aug. 12, 1930 PATENT OFFICE ERNEST KOPIEL, OF LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA UNDERREAMER Application led April 2, 1928. Serial No. 266,695.

This invention `relates to underreamers such as are used in enlarging the size of a hole. The embodiment illustrated herein is especially useful in well drilling, more par- 5 ticularly oil well drilling.

The objects of this invention are first, to provide an underreamer having a journal carrying member disposed in alignment with the drill stem and horizontal rotative cutters eccentrically disposed with respect to the axis of the member; second, to provide a tool of the character described having a plurality of such cutters staggered with relation to one another; third, to provide a tool of the character described having enlarging cutters which are eccentrically mounted on their ournals; fourth, to provide such a-tool with journals for the cutters disposed eccentric to the axis of the journal carrying member; fifth,

0 to provide a journal carrying member, journal parts and cutters, easy of assembly and disassembly; and sixth, to provide roller cutters arranged to insure the cutters taking hold of the formation with rotation of the journal carrying member.

Other objects and advantages will be made fully apparent from the following specification considered in connection with the accompanying drawing, in which Fig. 1 is an axial sectional view of an underreamer constructed in accordance with the invention; and Figs. 2 to 5 are sections taken n the lines correspondingly numbered in i 1. rihe underreamer shown herein is adapted to be connected in the drill string, and a drill or bit of any well known type may be connected to the string in advance of the underreamer. The body of the underreamer indicated by 6 is shown provided with a threaded pin 7 for connection to the rotary drill pipe. At 8 itis reduced in size and made polygonal in'cross-section, and at the lower end there is a threaded pin to which a box sub 10 may be connected A fragment of an ordinary drill or bit is indicated in Fig. 1 by 11. body yconstitutes a journal carrying member through which circulation passage 12 extends.

A bevelled guide or petticoat 13 is mount- The b ed upon the spindle 8, the bore of the petticoat corresponding in sha e to the shape of the spindle so that it may Ee slipped into position and thus held against rotation. Below the `guide and in Contact therewith is a bushing journal 14 having a bore such that it will be retained against rotation and may be slipped into position contiguous to the guide. The bushing journal is provided with a flange at one end and its cylindrical periphery is eccentric to the axis of the spindle. Rotatably mounted upon the bushing journal is a toothed roller cutter 15. The periphery of this cutter is eccentric to its jour.- nal. Contiguous to the journal 14 and at the end opposite to the flange is a washer 16. The roller cutter has its end rounded. Below the washer 16 is a bushing journal 17 like journal 14 but mounted upon the spindle so that it is staggered with respect to journal 14. A roller cutter 18 is rotatably mounted upon the journal 17 and is of similar character toroller 15 but preferably ofsmaller over-all diameter. A washer 19 is disposed against the lower end of the journal 17 The journals and washers just described are duplicates, but are mounted so that they are eccentrically offset on opposite sides of the spindle. The lower faces of the cutters are bevelled or chamfered as indicated by 20 and 21.

Below washer 19 is a bushing journal 22 which has an eccentric bearing surface staggered with relation to journal 17. Rotat- -ably mounted on journal 22 is a roller cutter 2.3. This roller cutter has a periphery concentric to the journal bearing surface. The lower face is chamfered. and a washerv 24 retains it in position upon its journal. Below washer 24 is an eccentric bushing journal 25, upon which is journalled a concentric roller cutter 26 similar to cutter 23 and preferably of smaller diameter. A washer 27 holds the cutter in position. Bushing journal 25 is staggered with relation to ushing journal 22. Below washer 27 -is another eccentric bushing journal 28 having a, roller cutter 29 concentrically mounted thereon. The journal 28 is offset with respect to the journal 25, and the cutter 29 is similar to cutter26, but preferably of smaller diameter. Below journal 28 is a washer 30 for holding the cutter in position upon'its journal. It'

will be noted that the overall diameter of the rollers preferably progressively decrease from top to bottom.

A retaining ring 31 is disposed on the spindle and in engagement with washer 30. Set screws 32 serve to hold the retaining ring in position. Mounted upon the sub 10 is a sleeve 33 having a recess to accommodate the retaining ring. This sleeve has an internal thread in engagement with the thread on the exterior of sub 10.

The parts of the underreamer may be assembled by slipping into position the petticoat guide 13, then the journal 14 with its roller cutter thereon, and next the washer 16. The remaining journals and cutters are 'then slipped into position, their washers beingl interposed, and finally retaining ring 31 is slipped over the spin e. This ring is then iixed in position by means of the set Next the sub 10 with the sleeve l screws. 33 is-screwed upon the end `of the spindle and the sleeve then adjusted. Obviously various mechanical refinements of construction may be resorted to, only the essentials of structure being shown herein.

The tool is collapsed by turning the eccentric cutters with their eccentric throw or longest arm opposite to the longest eccentric arms of their journals. In this position the tool may be lowered through the usual casing present in oil wells. When the tool has passed the lower end of the casing or shoe, the drill string is rotated. This will cause the cutters by reason of their contact with the side. of the hole to be rotated and eventually the eccentric cutters 15l and 18 reach the positions shown in Figs. 2 and 3 thereby enlarging the hole. By reason of the bevelled lower faces, rotation will be insured as the tool is advanced. In withdrawing the tool, it is lifted and rotation continued until the eccentric cutters properly position themselves with their longest arms opposite to the longest arms of their journals.

What I claim is 1. An-underreamer comprising a journal carrying member in longitudinal alignment with the drill string by which it is to be rotated and having a journal thereon, and a roller cutter having an eccentric bearing on said journal to .rotate in a plane transverse to the axis of said member so las to cause a throw in its rotation. p

2. An underreamer comprising a journal carrying member arranged in longitudinal alignment with the drill string by which it is rotated, a journal thereon eccentrically disposed in relation to the axis of said carrying member, and a roller cutter having an eccentric bearing on said journal.

3. An underreamer comprising a journal is to be rotated, a plurality of journals thereon, roller cutters mounted on said journals to rotate in planes transverse to the axis of said member one of said cutters being eccentrically mounted on its journal.

4. An underreamer comprising a journal carrying member arranged in longitudinal alignment with the drill string by which it is to be rotated, a plurality of ournals thereon eccentrically disposed with relation to the axis of said carrying member, roller cutters mounted on said journals, one of said cutters being eccentrically mounted on its journal.

5. An underreamer comprising a journal carrying member arranged in longitudinal alignment with the drill string by which it is to be rotated, a plurality of journals thereon eccentrically disposed in relation to the axis of said carrying member and staggered with respect to one another, and roller cutters eccentrically mounted on said journals.

6. An underreamer comprising a journal carrying member arranged in longitudinal alignment with the drill string by which it is to be rotated, a journal thereon eccentrically disposed in relation to the axis of said carrying member, and a roller cutter eccentrically mounted on said journal and having a bevelled lower face.

7. An underreamer comprising a journal carrying ymember arranged in longitudinal alignment with the drill string by which it is to be rotated, a plurality of journals thereon eccentrically disposed with relation to the axis of said carrying member, roller cutters eccentrically mounted on said journals, one of said cutters being eccentrically mounted on its journal and having a bevelled lower face.

8. An underreamer comprising a journal carrying member arranged in longitudinal alignment with the drill string by which it is to be rot-ated, a plurality of journals eccentrically disposed in relation to the axis of said carrying member and staggered with respect to one another, and roller cutters eccen trically mounted on said ournal, said cutters,

having bevelled lower faces.

9. An underreamer comprising a journal carrying member arranged in longitudinal alignment with the drill string `by which it 1s to be rotated, a plurality of journals mounted thereon eccentrically disposed in relation to the axis of said carrying member-and staggered with respectto one another, roller cutters eccentrically mounted on said journals, said cutters having their eccentricities progressively increasing.

10. An Aunderreamer comprising a journal carrying member arranged in longitudinal alignment with the drill string by which itis to be rotated, a plurality of journals thereon eccentrically disposed in relation to the axis of said carrying member and staggered with respect to one another, roller cutters eccen` trically mounted on said journals, said cutters having their eccentricities progressively increasing from bottom to top of the underreamer. j

11. An underreamer comprising a journal carrying member arranged in longitudinal alignment with the drill string by which it is to be rotated, a plurality of journals thereon eccentrically disposed in relation to the axis of said carrying member and staggered with respect to one another, roller cutters eccentrically mounted on said journals, said cutters having vtheir eccentricities progressively increasing from bottom to the top of the underreamer and being bevelled on their lower faces.

12. An underreamer comprising a journal carrying member arranged in longitudinal alignment with the drill string by which it is to be rotated, a plurality of journals thereon eccentrically disposed in relation to the axis of said carrying member, a roller cut-ter concentrically mounted on the lower journal and roller cutters eccentrically mounted on the upper journals.

13. An' underreamer comprising a journal carrying member arranged in longitudinal alignment with the drill string by which it is to be rotated, a plurality of journals thereon :eccentrically disposed in relation to the axis of said carrying member, a roller cutter concentrically mounted on the lower journal, and roller cutters eccentrically mounted on the upper journals, said last mentioned cutters having their eccentricities progressively increasing frombottom to top of the underreamer. f

14. An underreamer comprising a journal carrying member arranged in longitudinal alignment with the drill string by which it is to be rotated, a plurality of journals thereonv eccentrically disposed in relation to the axis of said carrying member, a roller cutter concentrically mounted on the lower journal, and roller cutters eccentrically mounted on A the upper journals, said cutters being bevelled on their lower faces.

15. An underreamer comprising a journal carrying member arranged in longitudinal alignment with the drill strin by which it is to be rotated, eccentric busing journals having slip-on mountings on said member,

= said carrying member being of such contour with respect to the b ores of said bushing journals as to prevent relative rotation, the peripheries of said bushing journals being staggered with relation to one another, rotative cutters mounted on said journals, one of said cutters being eccentrically mounted on its journal, and an end member mounted on said carrying member to prevent longitudinal displacement of said cutters.

16. An underreamer comprising a journal carrying member arranged in longitudinal alignment with the drill string by which it is to be rotated, eccentric bushing journals having slip-on mountings on said member, said carrying member being of such contour with respect to the bores of said bushing journals as to prevent relative rotation, the peripheries of said journal bushings being-staggered with relation to one another, roller cutters eccentrically mounted on said journals, and an end member mounted on said carrying member to prevent longitudinal displacement of said cutters.

17 An underreamer comprising a body for connection to a rotary drill string, a roller cutter j ournalled on said body on an axis parallel to the drilling axis of said body, the bearing of said cutter being eccentric to its cutting periphery so as to cause a throw of said rubber on rotation thereof.

In witness that I'claim the foregoing I have hereunto subscribed my name this 21st day of March, 1928.

ERNEST KOPPL.

CERTIFICATE or CORRECTION.

Patent No."1, 772, 491. Granted Auog'ust -12, 1930, to

ERNEST KOBPL.

It is herebycertified that error appears inthe printed specification of the above numbered patentl requiring correction as follows (Page 3, line 85, claim 17, for the word "rubber" read cutter; vand that the said Lettersv Patent should be read with this correction therein that the same may conform to the record of the case in the APatent Office. l K

Signed and sealed this 2lst'day of October, A. D. 1930.

M. J. Moore, (Seal) Acting Commissioner of Patents.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2528300 *Jun 30, 1945Oct 31, 1950Degner Charles FCutting implement
US2584634 *Mar 14, 1947Feb 5, 1952St Clair Machine Products CompResiliently expanded scraper device for removing carbon from valve guides
US3926267 *Jul 31, 1974Dec 16, 1975Orekhov Anatoly AlexandrovichDevice for driving holes in the ground
US3982594 *Sep 10, 1975Sep 28, 1976Bralorne Resources LimitedEccentric stabilizer
US7845432Dec 15, 2008Dec 7, 2010Vermeer Manufacturing CompanyMicrotunnelling system and apparatus
US7942217 *Dec 15, 2008May 17, 2011Vermeer Manufacturing CompanyCutting apparatus for a microtunnelling system
US7976242Dec 15, 2008Jul 12, 2011Vermeer Manufacturing CompanyDrill head for a microtunnelling apparatus
US8151906Aug 8, 2006Apr 10, 2012Vermeer Manufacturing CompanyMicrotunnelling system and apparatus
US8256536Feb 11, 2010Sep 4, 2012Vermeer Manufacturing CompanyBackreamer for a tunneling apparatus
US8439132Feb 28, 2012May 14, 2013Vermeer Manufacturing CompanyMicrotunnelling system and apparatus
US8439450Feb 11, 2010May 14, 2013Vermeer Manufacturing CompanyTunneling apparatus including vacuum and method of use
US8684470Feb 11, 2010Apr 1, 2014Vermeer Manufacturing CompanyDrill head for a tunneling apparatus
US20130112484 *Nov 4, 2011May 9, 2013Shilin ChenEccentric sleeve for directional drilling systems
DE4430960C1 *Aug 31, 1994Mar 21, 1996Juergen RabeMilling head for removing mortar etc. from masonry or brickwork
WO1989001837A1 *Aug 28, 1988Mar 9, 1989Bechem HanneloreRotating, radially impacting rollers, balls or similar for excavating/milling of rocks or other materials
Classifications
U.S. Classification175/343, 76/108.2, 175/347
International ClassificationE21B10/30, E21B10/26, E21B10/34
Cooperative ClassificationE21B10/30, E21B10/34
European ClassificationE21B10/30, E21B10/34