US 1774283 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 26,' 1930. G. w. MANNING BROOM Filed Feb. 24, 1928 GEoRGE W. iirialiivrive,y orl CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, n'ssrer PatentedY 26, 1930 WEAVER, or CHICAGO, ILLINOIS BROOIVI Application mea February 24, 192,8. semina: 72563512:y
My invention relates to articles of the broom type in ywhichbundles of broom head material are held by plates or clamps, a handle being secured in position upon the clamps.
y:[tiis one of theV objects of myy invention to provide new and `improved means for secur" ing the handle firmly inposition in such a way that the 'clamps are held rigidly so as to preventrweavingof the plates with respect to each other, Yand to provide suchia construction arranged so, that the handle can be' inserted easilyv intoxpositionby the rpurchaser and secured in position to be held with the requisite firmness. It is another robject of my inventionto providesuch a construction so arranged that the handle can be easily and f quickly removed from the clamps when desiredfso that it shall notbe necessary to pro-rv vide a new handle for every new broom pur-L chased. p Y t v It is another object of my invention to provide a construction of this ty e in which the handle comprises a non-shrin ing portion or member which will have a snug fit in the socket ofthe broomhead as originally manufactured and which will continue -to havev such snug fitregardless of any shrinkage ofv the handle itself `.which in mostcases will be made of wood.
It is another object o fmyrinvention to im- Y prove devices of this'type insundry details.
hereinafterpointed I out. Y The preferred means by which` Ihave accomplished ymy sev-v eral objects* are 'illustrated in thev drawing' and are hereinafter 'specioally described.`
' rThat which Ifbelieve to be new and'desire to y Ici isf cover yby Letters Patent is set forth inthe* claims. l
In the drawing,-
Fig. 1 is a face view of a broom embodying my improved construction, l the lower -por,`
tion kof the Ibroom headandV the vupper portion vof the handlebeing broken away.
v Fig; 2;`is ya central klongitudinalsectionv through the parts shown in Fig. 1, being sub' vstantially'asectiontaken at line of said figure.
` Fig. 3 lis a transverse vertical section",being substantially a section taken at line 3-3 off Fries i Fig. is a horizontallsection takenat line i 4 4 of Fig. 3.y f
Referring to the several figures* ofthe drawing, -in which corresponding rparts are indicated by the same reference characters,'- 10 indicates ay bundle of broom head mate?V rial such as broom-corn, held together' at their upper ends by means of clampsf'll; and'12" bundle by means of rivets 13 which inthe construction shown are inthe forml offnafifls or pins clinched at oneend, as is best indicated in Fig. 2. In the construction shown-,`fthe strengthening ribs 14VK .pressed therein, and atl their end portions the plates are' provided v with overlapping tongues 15 whichjcomplete kof one plate passing through suitable .opens ings in the edge of the armjof'theother plate, as is clearly shown in Fig. 4,'the'tongi`1esfbe'# ingbentbackwardly for holding the'arrnsH in yrigid clamped 4position with respect to movement away from each other.
At 'its lowerend, the handleliwhich yin most cases is of wood, isprovidedwith afer-v rigidly in position' upon the 'reduced Flower'` end of the handle. In the construction shown` the yferrule is 'secured in position byjinwardlyA projecting portions of the ferrul'e produced f by means of apunch,'as at the points 20;
The handle 17 with the ferrule 19 liXedlyf mounted thereonis removably secured in vpositionwithin the socket provided-bythe arms 16 by "means-of a spring latch device "carried bythe ferrule. In the construction shownl the latch' :is Iinthe form offa `flat spring 21 whichis mounted inthe ferrulebetween the which'are secured upon opposite, faces 'of the plates or clamps 11v and 12'are providedwith f rule or sleeve 19 `formed of metalso as to be nonshrinking, .suchV ferrule bein-g secured wall at one side thereof and an inwardly pressed cut-out portion 22 (see Fig. 2), the spring being held securely in position by means of friction. The free end portion of the flat spring 21 is turned outwardly in the form of a latch 23 which extends outwardly through registering openings in the wall of the ferrule and the arm 16 of one of the plates 11-12. The spring 21 is provided with an outwardly bent portion 24 at a short distance from its free end, such outwardly bent por tion being adapted to extend outwardly through registering openings in the wall of the sleeve and in the arm 16, the arrangement being such that when the bent portion 24 is pressed inwardly the latch 23 is moved out of engagement with the opening in the arm 16 so as to permitthe handle 17 and the ferrule 19 `to be withdrawn from the socket. The handle 17 is grooved longitudinally at 25 to provide for the reception of the spring 21, the depth of the groove opposite the latch 23 being such as to prevent the movement of the latch 23 out of the opening in the wall of the ferrule 19.
With the broom head prepared complete comprising the broom material held together by the plate clamps 11 and 12, and preferably stitched at a point below the clamps as indicated at 26, and with the handle comprising the ferrule 19 and the spring latch structure as described, the broom heads are packed for shipment in a box of appropriate shape, the handles separate from the head being shipped in a separate bundle, each bundle being compact and easily handled. The broom is then easily prepa-red for use by the insertion of the handle into the socket, the latch 23y being displaced for permitting the movement by the camming action of the socket upon the outwardly projecting bend 24. When in the movement of the handle into the socket the portion 24 and the latch 23 come opposite the respective openings in the arm 16, the latch springs outwardly into operative locking position as shown in Fig. 2. /Vhen it is desired to remove the handle, this can be effected by pulling the handle upwardly in Fig. 2 while the spring latch device is being moved inwardly by pressure upon the bent portion 24 for freeing the latch 23 from the opening in the arm 16.
By reason of the snug fit between the ferrule 19 and the wall of the socket, the arms 16 are held from moving inwardly toward each other. By reason of the lower end of the ferrule 19 extending into the body of the broom material as is clearly shown in Fig. 3, the handle is braced very materially with respect to the broom head and with respect to the plate clamps, this bracing effect being strengthened by the engagement of the lower end of the handle with the broom material in the ferrule, as is also shown in Fig. 3. With the parts properly tightened with respect to each other yas described, and with the. sleeve 19 of a non-shrinking form, the structure is maintained in its original tight4 ened condition for an indefinitely long time. By reason of the rigidity of the structure comprising the plates 16 yheld against outward movement by the tongues 18 and held against inward movement by the ferrule 19, the plates 11 and 12 are held very securely against elgev-f'ise movement with respect to each other and the broom-corn or other broom head material is held very strongly in position.
vWhile l prefer to employ the construction as illustrated in my drawing, I do not wish to limit the invention to such form except so far as the claims are so limited by the prior art.
I claim 1. A broom, comprising in combination ay bundle of broom head material, sheet metal clamps secured tightly about said head material, opposed arms extending from said clamps and bent toward each other at their sides for forming a socket, means for holding said arms from movement outwardly with respect to each other, a metal sleeve fitting snugly within said socket holding the arms spread into fixed spaced relation and serving by its engagement with the bentin side portions of said opposed arms to strengthen the structure against sidewise movement of the clamps with respect to each other, means for holding said sleeve removably in position in said socket, and a handle xedly secured in said sleeve.
2. A broom, comprising in combination a pair of sheet metal clamps, broom material secured between said clamps, opposed arms extending from said clamps formin a socket, a sleeve in said socket and exten ing into the body of the broom material between said clamps, means for securing said sleeve in position in said socket, and a handle fixed in said sleeve with its lower endv engaging the broom material within the sleeve.
3. A broom, comprising in combination a pair of sheet metal clamps, broom head material secured between said clamps, opposed arms extending from said clamps forming a socket, a sleeve in said socket and extending into the body of the broom material between the clamps for bracing the sleeve, a handle fixedly secured in said sleeve, and means for releasably securing said sleeve in said socket.
4. A broom, comprising in combination a bundle of broom head material, sheet metal clamps secured tightly about said head material, opposed arms extending from said clamps forming a socket, means for holding said arms from movement outwardly with ,respectto each other, a metal sleeve within said socket holding the arms from movement toward each other and serving thus to strengthen the i structure, against sidevvise l movement ofthe clamps with respect to eachother,
o a flat springoarried by the sleeve and having anl outwardly extendingflateli portion pro- Vjeoting through registering Ylatoh openings 1n the sleeve and one ofthearms'for holding the sleeve removably inl position inthepsooket,` and comprising also an outwardly bent portion extending through other openings in the sleeve rand the arm for retracting said Y latch portion from the latch-opening in said arm, and a handle Xedly secured inV said sleeve with the flat spring Working within a longitudinal groove in thehandle, they inner face of the groove beingpositioned sol asto limit the inward' movement of the spring for I preventing the latohv portion from moving 4 Y* inwardly out yof engagement Wth the 'latoh opening in the sleeve. e
Y GEORGE W. MANNING.