US 1775681 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 16, 1930.
M. MARINO d 1,775,681
HINGED DOOR 3 Sheets-Sheet l Fled- June 14 1927 Sept. 16, 1930.
M. MARIQ HINGED DOOR Filed June 14, 192'7 sheets-sheet 2 *fida/f 'Sept 16, 1930. M. MARINO l HINGED'DooR A Filed June 14, 1927 3 Shee'os---Sheevf I5 Patented Sept. 16, 1930 UNITE-D:STATES Mimiirni-.lV MARIQ' or HABANA, CUBA Linnernn Doon "Application led Jui1e114, 1927. `Serial No. 198,811.
Theinvention, relates to doorsand itsiinain object isto provide .a hinged.V door, windowfshutter, etc.,provided with a1novel closuresysteni; whereby the usual watersheds ,f oftsaid doors-becolne `absolutely unnecessary, for-.the doors are absolutely watertight and prevent theentrance of water through the ssuresor jointso the ,door leaves with the lintel, threshold., andjainbsand offering, furthermore, a complete safety Aagainst any attemptmade toorceopen with` criminal purt poses the door whereV :such closure Lsystem is s vAnotherobject of this invention ist-o pro- 1,5l Vide a hinged construction Vcontributing toithe tight -closure ofthe door leaves againstfthe door -.jambs. of the frame. vAnda further Objectis.tolprovideaholding device forthe door leaves in their closed f2s position,' with means to operatesame in order The invention. is described with .reference to the guresofthe enclosed drawing,.in Whichef Fig. lisan inside elevation of'a door vpromatter .of Ythis invention.
l `Fig.` 2 is avertical `section on'theV line 2-2 oFigl. 1 1 Y Figa-3 isa vertical section yon the line 3-3 of Fig. 1.
Fig. is4 a i. horizontal section on. the line 44of.Fig. 1. v l
Fig.f 5. isV ya horizontal section of. the joint between .twodoorleaves at Va largerscale,
showing .the .door Vleaves together.
Fig. 6 is a. horizontal section similar tothat of Fig. y5. showing the doorleaves separated. Y. Fig. .7. is a.' detailshowing. in L perspective one of the'halves ofthe. hinge. Y Y i Fig.l 8; is 1a 4,detail f showingy inV perspective the other @half of the hinge.y Y l ...Fi g.. 9.is.afront' elevationiofthe hinge in .4@ open position. Y
vided-withthe closure which is thef'subject Vfedi Fig. 10 isanelevation ofthe hinge closed in the open position of the `door leaves.
11 is an elevation of the hingerclosed inthe closed position of the doorleaf. I
12 is a horizontal section of `they .closed 50 hinge.
,F ig. 13.is .anfelevation'of a modifiedforrn l. of the ,closed hingelin the` open `position ofthe g doorq1 leaf. Y 4
Figyli is an elevation of the saineniodified` Jform-ofthe hinge in theclosed position-.of the1 doonleaf. .y f
Fig. 1.5.isy ahorizo'ntal section of thisniodiporrn of .the hinge. g F ig. 16,. is4 Vafdetail showing afront viewof w. the lever device .used torbring the door-toits closed position, Y l
AndFig'. 17 's a vertical section'on the line 174.17.03?.F;ig.,16. v '1 .InfthelFignres 1 to 4 ofthe drawings 'is g5 showna gap for a door provided with .a frame comprising. thresholdl, lintel v2, and` jarnbs 3, the gap vabove 'the'` lint-1,12 being coveredv by a shutter ,.a. and .belowv thelintel 2, by two vdoor leaveslian'd 5, which arehingedto the jarnbs zo V3 J,by means offspecially vconstructed.hinges which 'shalllbe 'describedflateron.`
The [door'leaves and 5 Vareadapted yto have a sliding motion on notchesV Brform'ed in theinner vfaces' oithejambs 3 andalsoin 7s recesses '1'. and Q ','formed in the kthreshc'nld 1 andlintelQof said Trame, thel recess A1 of the thresholdl having an inner face slightly inclinedontward and a rib 1. on same to adjustwith ai groove 4c 0125 orined5 respec- 8o tively, yon each Aof-t'he'ilovver faces-0f lthel'door leave'sland. y
j The-door leaveslland 5 `are joinedfto the" jambs ofthe frame by tWo-or'more hinges (Figs.5 toi 10) comprising two metailicrpla-tes 85 y Giand'r'? of Z. Ashape inftransverse, cross-section, a'daptedvto vover-lap one. upon the; other and to be :inserted vby one gof'itsj ,extremepor` tions and by itsv middle portion Withinlthe notch 320i the :jamb-B, theiremainingiextreme 9e portion of plates 6 and 7 projecting out of the door and the frame, the plate 6 having on its outside edge two integral bushings 6 and 6, and the plate 7 three spaced bushings 7, 7 and 7', of which bushings 6 and 7 have a complementaryY angular cut indicated by 6 and 7, and upon the bushings of plate 6 coming to register with those of the other plate 7, through the openings of the bushings is passed a pin 8 that has at an end a button 9 and at the other end has a screw thread for a nut or stud 10 to thread upon, there being a spring 11 coiled around the pin 8 and between bushings 6 and 7', which spring is adapted to force upwards plate 6, the latter Y being fixed to the side of the door 401" 5 with regard to plate 7, fixed within the notch 3 of the jambs 3 of the frame. The plates 6 and 7 have series of openings .12 and 13, suitably distributed and through which pass the screws that fix them,respectively, to the` door leaf and the frame.
In Figures 13 and 14, is shown a modified hinge, in which the coil spring 11 has been covered by a sleeve 11 fitted upon bushing T/l.
The door leaves 4 and 5 have on their free edges a deep midway cut forming a tooth 4 and an adjacent corresponding groove 4 on the door leaf 4 having their faces at anfangle and on the door leaf 5 the cut forms a tooth 5 and an adjacent corresponding groove 5, both having their faces at an angle and being adapted to clamp the tooth 4 of the door leaf 4 with the groove 5 of the door leaf `5 and just the same way, the cut or groove 4 of the door leaf 4 with the tooth 5 of the door leaf 5. (Figs. 5 and 6.) Y
Furthermore, each of the door leaves 4 and 5 is provided with a spring actuated latch 14, which cooperates with a detent 15 fixed to the jamb 3 of the frame, in order to lock in its closed position each door leaf. In
order to operate this locking latch and keep each door leaf shut, the latter has on its inner face and spaced at a certain distance be low the latch 14, a small hand lever 16 pivotally mounted upon an horizontal pin 17 fixed to the outside wall of a small box 18 fixed by means of a flange 19 integral with same and by means of a set of screws passing through holes of that flange on the inner face of each door leaf the small lever 16 having a stein 20 passing into the box 18 through an arched slot 21 formed in the outside wall of said box 18, to which stem is tied the end of a coiled spring 22 joined at its other end to a fixed point in the peripherial wall of said small box 18. The small box hand lever 16 works together with a detent 23 fixed to the side of the jamb 3 of the frame, so that when the end of said lever 16 rests against the shoulder of the detent 23 and forces the handle `of the small lever downwards, it will bring down the door leaf until the latch 14 is retained under the detent 15.
In the drawings is shown the door leaf 5 open, the groove 5 of same being separated from the rib 1 of the threshold 1 of the frame, the upper edge of said door leaf 5 resting into the recess 2 of the lintel 2. The hinges will be then in the position shown in Figures 9 and 10 of the drawings, that is, that the coil spring 11 will force the plate 6 upwards together with the door leaf 5 and the latch 14 will stay raised upon the detent l5. In order to close this door leaf 45, it will only be necessary to bring it down, which is done byvoperatingthe hand lever 16 as previously explained until the latch 14 is caught underthe detent 15 and in this closed position, the groove 5 of the door leaf 5 will adjustupon the rib 1l of the lintel 1, constituting a veritable dovetailed joint. In the hinges the plate 6 will have been forced down against the tension ofthe spring 11 until adjusting Vin a complementarywise way the angular recess 6 of the bushing 6 with the angular recesses 7 of the bushing 7 In order to open again the door leaf 5 it will suflice to disconnect the latch 14 of the detent 15 and to rotate upwards the handle of small lever 16 against the tension of spring 22 to enable the end of small lever 16 to be disengaged from detent 23 and then the tension of the spring 11 of each hinge will force the plate 6 upwards, carrying with same'the door leaf 5 until it takes the'positio'n shown in Figure 2. i
The same way the door leaf 5 opens and closes, the door leaf 4 does open and'close too, there being formed a tight joint between same by means of the cuts 4, 4 and 5', 5.
From the foregoing Vconstruction itwill be readily apparent the impossibility of the water entering the lower edge joint of the door leaves 4 and 5 with the lintel 1 of the frame, nor through the joint between that door leaves 4 and 5 and the corresponding door jambs 3 of the frame, due to the perfect closure afforded by the hinges with the door jambs 3 this invention rendering useless the water sheds of any kind heretofore employed on the outside of doors, shutters', etc.,to keep the water out.
Furthermore, the assembling between the lower edge of each door leaf andthe lintel ofthe frame provides a-V very strong grip l. A door hinged for swinging movement i and also for restricted vertical movement, and having a fixed keeper, a spring to raise the door, a spring-actuated latch to engage under the keeper when the door is in closed and lowered position, a second fixed keeper, and a lever pivotally mounted on the door and-arranged for coaction with the second keeper to force the door downwardly against the action of the first named spring and Vthereby cause the latch to engage under the rst-namedkeeper. v l
2. A door and vhinging and locking means therefor, as claimed in claim l, including also a spring active to normally disengage the lever from the `second keeper; v Y
In witness whereof I'afIiX my signature.