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Publication numberUS1776331 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 23, 1930
Filing dateAug 22, 1927
Priority dateAug 22, 1927
Publication numberUS 1776331 A, US 1776331A, US-A-1776331, US1776331 A, US1776331A
InventorsLee Charles A
Original AssigneeLee Charles A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Engine-operating device
US 1776331 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

gc, A. .LEE 1,776,331 ENGINE OPERATING DEiVIGB Filed Au'g. 22. 1927 3 Sheets-Sheet I 2 IVNVENTOR Q. Teef /y ATTORNEY Sept. 23, 1930.


ENGINE OPERATING DEVICE s sheds-sheet 3- Filed Aug. 22, 1927 INVENTOR @a/J@ da,

- ya/LW /i ATTORNEY Patented Sept. 23,

CnnRlLns ALLEE, or KANSAS ccrv, italiensK4 Y kfMy inventionrelatesto Aimprovements in 4 Y ,f f enginei operatingA devices;

j It isparticularlyf welli adapted for use'in .f connection with explosive engines.

fOne of the objectsjof myl invention is g to provide, in .aniengine having a 'reciprocative piston, novel means fori converting the' reciprocating movement yof thepiston into ro- "tary movement; yi .l v

My invention:providesxfurther ,a novel 'spiral'.driving' mechanism. .x

:v z.My .invention .provides further; novel drivingV4 means :by which the speed of, a `driven shaft may' bev increasedy without. increasing the piston speed, makingy the invention. par-` `Jticnla'rlyiwell` adaptedaor automobile or. air

` planeengines; '-1

. f "Still another .f obj ect of invention vto durable,v not liable 'to get out of'lorder, 1 and whichis eiiicient; in its operation.

` 1 Thegnoveltfeaturesof my"inventionjfarel4 I .Y hereinafterfullyfdescribed and claimed. uf

v f,Invtheaccompanying drawings; lwhich illlnstrate the preferred embodiment 1 of any fin- 'V f mvention, i Y

*Flgail'lsasectlon, partly broken away, on

alena-e 1]*-1 of rin.I 2,

' .j vFig 5 vis a section on "1 Fig. 7 is a top view, enlarged, of one of the 1 :driving rings.

g showing my improved Y engine,gof the' vexplosivey type. f i

Fi'gfZfsa section of the same,fpartly broken e laway, onthe .1linej2-2 offFig. 1

- Fig;` 3 isv'an i enlarged side elevation, part- Y v`vlyl broken away,of oney of .the pistons andA d npartsiconnected therewith. i

. 35. Fg. 4 is an-elevation of oneof gr'oove'd shafts, .tliebevfel gear'thereon beingy y ythe spirally yshown in section-IV v e the lined-50i 3, the spiral shaftbeing omitted. l p

^ Fig. 6 isa section on the line-6 6 of Fig. 7.

- lFig. 81 is a crossl'section; on the line 8-8 andspring beingf removed.

i Similar reference characters designate f `sirnilar parts inthe kdifferent views. V'l`he5inven`tion-Y illustrated comprises atwo jCylinO- ler engine,"the':cylinders being desigthe casing 14, l 4 l a view to Figli-*5, the pawl nlvciilvir ern RarinefnnvlonL estimation vmea Augst 22, 1927. seriali No. 214,602;

ynated by 1, 2 the body, 3 the cylinderhe'ad having mountedVA therein :the nsnalintake valvesy 4 and exhaust valves 5 provided with the usualclosing springs 6. 1 'a i designates the usual rocker` farms for openingthe-valves, and 8 the liftrods which il actuate the rockerk arms `7 and are adapted to crank shaft -13 rotatably mounted in the ybe lifted by anyv suitable known valveioperatj lng 4means which is operable bythe engine' body 2 below the cylinders l, Figs. 1 and 2.

v 14 designates the'crankease, and 15 afhor'ifzontal driven ,shaft `rotatably mounted inthe body 2'and extending through the` crank case 14. 16y designates a fly wheel which is fastenedon the shaft` 17, designates the two Apistons respectively reciprocative-'i'n' the cylinders 1, which v are respectivelyconnected by connecting `rods 1.8

to two cranks 19 ofthe horizontal ycrank shaft 13 which is disposed at onesideof the kcentral vertical plane-of the cylinders.r Rotatably mounted in the body 2 respectively located in the longitndinal centers ofzsaid pistons, are two driving 4shafts 15 at the outer side o'f and re;V i spectively extending into the pistons 17, and

20, each of which is providedjwithespiral driving r"means, A,which may "comprise a pe-y ri heralspiralgroove 2l. i

lliespectively rotatably mounted in the cylindersl are two ring driving members 22, which respectively encircle the driving shafts two balls igs. 5V tof), whichare` mountf ed,4 1n and have` traveling engagement ywith thegroojvved portions 21 of the shafts 20.

y2O, and yin each of which arerotatably seated 1 C ARespectively secured on `the lowerfendsof y the drivingshafts 2O are .twoV bevel` gear wheels 24, which respectively mesh` with bevelgearwheels 25, ofcorresponding diameters to the wheels 24;, and which a're'seclur'ed on the4 Ydriven.fshait15. The latter has SQL l l;

`cnred on it aspriocket wheel26, which is con,-

"nectedby chain ybelt 27k with a sprocket wheel 28 secured'n on the crank shaft 18 and",V

of twice the diameter of the sprocket wheel When either piston' 17 moves downwardly, it'will carry withrit adjacent driving rin g Y turning olockivisdas vieWedroin ab`ove,rbiit" can rotatefoounter-clockivise7 when the piston inoves upwardly. l

17, and the Vupper end otwhich bears'agai iist member VV22, the loallsQt of which, by engagL Y ing the adj aceiit drivingshaft 2O in the right ,y

' hand spiralgroovefQlyvvill c'ause'the shaft 20 A' to turn Counterfclockwise, as yviewed fronti above,v the ring member y22 beingheld from "rotation, on the down-Ward movement fof the ,piston, -byapawl or clutch-meiiiber 2.9'hav- 'ing on 'its'u'pper' side a tooth- 30, Which' is *jadaptedto enter a recess 3l in the lower side` 1(.)thfe' tooth SOfand recess Slis such? that 'the of the ring member 22. The dispositioiiof ring member` 22 is Aheldi'by j the vpawl 29' fromV TheSpaWl'29 `has' atits loiver eiidfa stein 32, livliich is vertically slidableina vertical holeiiithepistomFig. 3.,A

'Encircling thestern82 the lower` end" of AWhich, bears onthezpiston t the ui'iderI-fside of the Vpaivl 29 and normally *if forcesY the Ypa'wl into` engagementA with :the v ''ring member 22.1-Y The paWlQQ has opposite vLas latYverticalesi-des which slidably engage.y opposite sides of arecess 34in thepiston, Where-y Y bythe payvl is held from turning.

i the spiralggroove 21 of `each piston havin-g valead,y as shown, such that with a full downstroke of the piston7 the adjacent v,shaft eters, and` the: sprocket'` vWheel Y 28 i twicey j the diameter ol' the sprocket Wheel; 26,-tlie driven .shaft l5 'Willrmake two completerevolutions to one revolutionV v of the crankshaft 13 'and one full reci'procationofl the piston lVZ-,lvvlierebyvvithout increasing the pistoir speed3-`the Y Vspeed jothemajchine driven by the-:shaft 15 p 40. s l t flliecranks I9' of the crankshaft Y two cylinder engine;asshoW-ii,V vare YdisposedV diametrically opposite to'each other,Y softhat when one piston 217 is f moving inf one direction, the other piston will be moving inthe Y opposite direction] The Vfunction of*V the i YVcrankshaft 1 3 is toforee the pistons upwardly Y 'on the exhaust strokes. and downwardly on f other pistonupwardly.f

Y YY theintakestrolies# YiWheii either cylinder has a chargefired in it, the Vpistoniri.'said-'cylinder vvilllbe forced Yby the vrexplosion- 'dov/nivardly j VYin the usual manner,Y and through5 ftlieii'iter-Y m'ediacyjof thecrankshaft 13, vvillforcethe hen the pistonsY 17 ringfmembersQZ,during such direction ,of

rotation of the latter.

f "1 135' designates tWov usual sparkiplu'gs' `With v i t Y kwhich'tl'ie cy-linders'inay be provided respec- Ido not limi Y shown and descrrbed,vas many modifications, Y`

yIn testimony :'YvvliereoifY .naineYt-o this specification.. A Y.

, move' upwardly fthe Y f QOIWill .rotate the lringin'eiiiloerg@ 22" Counieticckwisslas viewers rigira i V4l'ab-ove, the'springs-B yeldingtopermit the u i `pavvls 29 to Vbe moveddownwardlybyjthe shovvmjinay be yconnected to vand operated the crank shaft 13'. V Y

While I have shownan vengine'havingk two i cylinders; it Will be obviousthatthis number'. may bevaried: j r

t iny invention tol the Vstructure` Within elastomer-the appended Cities, may

bemade Without departingfromthe spirit of luy invention- Y Y;

yVhat l' "claiiii isz-ei f i., l, linY an'A explosive enginethefcoiiibination.

with' areciprocative piston and a rotary shaft having spiral driying'means; of, aring drive t ingl member reciprooat-ive- With "and, rotative relatively .to said pistoni `and longitudinally' movable on Aand havingdrivingengagement l Y with. saidshaftandfhavinginf onefeiid a fre-1 Y cess, ap'aWlhaving a'stem'longitudinallylslidf held from" rotation in anliby said :pistonaiid being adapted toenter saidirecessffjor holding Y i said'ffriligfmember from rotation in one diieotiomYwhenf'saidpiston. ismoving on its I YV "power stroke,v and yadapted to, be forced 'out of Vsaid recess' by said ring membergivhen said 'piston isgmovinginthe opposite directiom-'J iaridresilieiit nieaiisfor normallyforcing said paWl into* lockedV engagementwvithsaid ring. Y

'ineiiiloer;I I Y, 2.1In'anexplosiveenginethecoriibinatioii` with a reciprocative plstonanda rotaryshaft having spiral :driving meansyofafringldrivlf Y i ing; member reciprocativeV Y Withv fand rotativev relatively to vsaid pist-onv and longitudinally i', i, movabley orian'dliaving drivingengagement a with said shaftfa'pawl longitudinally `"slid- 1 V"ably ittedfin and heldzfro'inrottioiibysaid iston andY havingfmearisadapted. to engage Y and hold-said ,ring member iroinrotation iiiY ingYeiigagenient,V i .r

mr, one. direction whensai'dfYpistonisfon itspovver -f 'i stroke and forced'by 'said ringl 'member from l "suchengagementzwheir,thegpiston -is moving liii theloppositeldirection, andresilientme'aiis i i V, Viloeariii'ggon'said pistonaiidagainst saidpaivl im for normally forcing said paWl YVtoapositioli Vin-#Which the pa'vv'lispadaptedffor suchhold- Y,

Iv havey signed my Y i A

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6199884Dec 23, 1996Mar 13, 20017444353 Alberta Ltd.Helical drive bicycle
US6213487Jul 21, 1997Apr 10, 2001744353 Alberta Ltd.Helical drive wheelchair
US6241565Sep 3, 1997Jun 5, 2001Helixsphere Technologies, Inc.Helical drive human powered boat
US7878318 *Jul 25, 2006Feb 1, 2011Mei, Inc.Cassette for storing bills and the like
DE1222316B *Dec 11, 1962Aug 4, 1966Rupert HollingerSchubkurvengetriebe zwischen Kolben und Welle fuer Brennkraftkolbenmaschinen
EP0584900A1 *Mar 19, 1993Mar 2, 1994Spiralex CorporationInternal combustion engine
U.S. Classification74/127
International ClassificationF01B3/00, F01B3/06
Cooperative ClassificationF01B3/06
European ClassificationF01B3/06