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Publication numberUS1776455 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 23, 1930
Filing dateDec 8, 1926
Priority dateDec 8, 1926
Publication numberUS 1776455 A, US 1776455A, US-A-1776455, US1776455 A, US1776455A
InventorsThompson Walter Van E
Original AssigneeThompson Mfg Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sprinkler head
US 1776455 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

p 1930. w. VAN E. THOMPSON 1, 76,455

SPRINKLER HEAD Filed Dec. 8, 192

TQTTOENEX daries of the lawn.

Patented Sept. 23, 1930 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFIE WALTER VAN E. THOMPSON, OF LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA, ASSIGNOR TO THOMPSON MANUFACTURING COMI'ANY, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA, A CORPORATION 01' CALIFORNIA SPRINKLER HEAD Application filed December 8, 1926. Serial No. 153,278.

My invention relates to irrigation devices and particularly to a novel s rinkler head which is designed especially or irrigating lawns and the like. In irrigation systems for lawns it is necessary to place what is known as half-circle s rinklers at the bounhe half-circle sprinklers provide a fan-shaped stream of water which is substantially a half-circle. This type of sprinkler delivers the stream of water onto the lawn but not outside the boundary thereof. If there is any turbulence of the water when it passes through the sprinkler head of the sprinkler an uneven distribution of' water results; that is,' the fan-shaped stream is imperfect and all parts of the lawn will not receive an equal amount of water.

It is an object of this invention to provide a a sprinkler head in which the water is quieted so that there will be no turbulence in the head, and so that a perfect distribution of water may be obtained.

Water sometimes carries particles of sand or gravel,which, if they lodge in the sprinkler head, cause it to clog up and operate imperfectly. This, of course, results in some portion of the lawn not receiving the proper amount of water.

It is an object of this invention to provide a sprinkler head in which particles too large to pass entirely through it are prevented from entering it. y p

A row of sprinklers is usually connected in the same supply pipe. Consequently the pressure of the water flowing through the sprinkler head at the supply end of the pipe.

will be greater than the pressure of the water flowing through a sprinkler at the opposite end. It is desirable to have an adjustment means which controls the amount of water passing through the sprinklers so that the streams of each sprinkler regardless of its position will be the same size.

It is an object of this invention to provide a sprinkler head in which the size of the stream of water issuing therefrom may be regulated.

Other objects and advanta es of theinven tion will be made evident ereinafter.

Referring to the drawing in which I illustrate my invention:

Fig. 1 is an elevational view in section of sprinkler heads of my invention installed in an irrigation system.

Fig. 2 is a plan view of the sprinkler head.

Fig. 3 is a bottom plan view.

Fig. 4 is a section taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 5 is a section taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 6 is a perspective view of a sprinkler having a sprinkler head of my invention as a art thereof. F I h l e erring to ig. 1, s ow a an i e 11 which is provided with T fitting s lg A ttached to the T fittings 12 and extended upward therefrom are nipples 13, at the up er end of which sprinklers 14 are attached. he sprinklers 14 each consist of a body 15 and a sprinkler head 16 embodying the features of this invention. The body 15 is threadedly secured to one of the nipples 13 and an upper flange 17 thereof rests in the same plane as the level of the ground as indicated at 18. The sprinkler head 16 of the invention is shown best in Figs. 2130 6 inclusive.

The sprinkler head has a body 21 which is in the shape of a cylinder and is provided at its lower end with threads 22 so that it may be screwed into a threaded cavity 23 of one of the bodies 15. The lower end of the body 21 is provided with a cavity, the lower part of which is closed by a plate 24, thus forming the cavity into a quieting chamber 25. The plate 24 is held against an annular shoulder '26 by a lip 28 which is spun into the position shown in Figs. 4 and 5 after the plate 24 has been placed. Connected to the central part of the quieting chamber 25 is an exhaust passage 30, the upper end of which terminates in v lid till! the drawings the area oi cross-section oi the spray ensuing 33 where it connects to the exhaust chamber 30 is smaller than that of the exhaust chamber 30 so that the pressure of the liquid in the exhaust chamber 30 will not drop, and so that the drop in ressure occurs when the liquid passes t rough the spray opening 33. The particular shape of the spray opening 33 is not a part oil this invention but forms the subject matter of an invention already patented.

Formed the lower end of the exhaust passage 30 and extended downward from the upper wall of the quieting chamber is an annular wall 34. 4 The annular wall 34 terminates slightly above the upper face of the plate 24 and provides an annular mouth 33 through whihc water must flow in order to pass from the quieting chamber 25 into the exhaust passa e 30. It should be noted that the mouth 36 issmall as compared to the diameter oi the exhaust passage and as to the height of the uieting chamber 25.

At one side 0 I the body 21 adjacent to the boss 31 is a threaded opening which is extended parallel to the axis of the body.

The threaded opening 40 connects to the quicting chamber, 25 andto the upper end of the body 21. Adapted to be screwed into the threaded opening 40 is a valve member 41, the lower end of which is provided with a bevel seat 42, and the upper end of which is provided with a diametralslot d3 to accommodate a screw driver or other similar tool whereby the valve member may be rotated and thus adjusted in position. Aligned with the bevel seat 42 oi the valve member 41 is an entrance port or opening 45 which is formed in the plate 24. The upper end of the entrance port 45 is provided with a we face 46. which may be engaged by the bevel seat 42. Extended downward from the lower end of the valve member 41 is a. cylindrical projection 48 which extends into andthrough the entrance port 45. The entrance port 45, therefore, provides an annular passage through which water may pass to enter the quicting chamber 25. The width of the annular passage provided by the entrance port 45 is exactly or slightly smaller than the width of the inner part of the spray opening 33 which connects to the upper end of the exhaust passage 30.

in utilizing the head of my invention the bodies 15 are first attached to the nipples 13 and then the sprinkler heads 16 are screwed into the bodies 15. This may be done by-extending a suitable tool into notches 50 formed in an upper rim 51 of the body 21. The heads are adjusted in osition so that the spray openings 33 are acing the area tobc irrigated, that is, pointing in a direction opposite from the boundary of the area which is to be irrigated. After all of the sprinkler heads 16 have been installed in place, water is supplied to the supply ipc 11 for testing. If the streams of some o the sprinklers are too large, the valve members 41 of these sprinklers are screwed downward so,.that the seats 42 move nearer to the faces 46, thus restricting the flow of water into the quieting reach the exhaust passage 30. I have found that by providing the annular mouth 36 there will be no turbulence of the. water entering the exhaust passage 30. This is one of the important features of the invention and is responsible for the providing of an even fan- .shaped stream which results in an even distribution of water.

It is quite essential to the perfect performance of the invention that the water passing upward through the exhaust chamer 30 be moving at the same rate of speed on the same diameter. In other words, the water near one side of the exhaust chamber must be traveling at the same rate of speed as the water at the opposite side. If the rate of flow on difierent sides of the exhaust chamber '30 is difierent there will be an unequal distribution of water. The chamber 25 acts as a water balance and the rate of flow of the water from alldirections through the mouth 36 inward into the lower end of the exhaust chamber 30 is e ual.

It will be noted from an 1 ection of the drawings that the spray openm 33 is connected to the up erend of the e aust chamber 30 a small distance below the upper end thereof in order to form a, pocket. This pocket is found to be essential in certain sprinklers in order to avoid the stream fluctuating and thus becomin uneven.

As previously points out the annular opening provided by the entrance port 45 and the projection 48 is not wider than the inner end of the spray opening 33. This is importtant' to the invention because it prevents gravel from entering the head 21 which cannot pass from the spray opening 33. If this arrangement or an equivalent arrangement were not provided, gravel would collect in the upper part of the exhaust passage 30 and clog it, greatl interfering wit the proper opera- Ill tion-of t e sprinkler head. The cylindrical 1 projection 48 extends through the entrance port 45 even though the valve member 40 is adiustel into diderent positions.

claim as my invention:

1. Inc sprinkler head, the combination of:

walls forming a spray opening; a'supply passaid supply passage for said spray opemng,

sage confining a stream of liqui carried thereby to prevent separation into drops; and

means formin' an annular ort, connectin sage, said ort forming means including a flat wall forming a common boundary for a side of said port and an end of said passage.

2. In a sprinkler head, the combination of: walls fornnng a spray opening a supply passagefor said spray opening, said supply passage confining a stream of liquid carried thereby to prevent separation into drops; and

means formin an annular ort, connecting with said supp y passage, an through which liquid is adapted to be forced into said pasu sage, said port opening radially inwardly into said passage, and said port forming means includin a flat wall forming a common boundar or a side of saidrport and an end of sai passage. j I

3. In a sprinkler head, the combination of: walls forming a spray opening; a supply passage for said spray opening, said su ply passage confining a stream of liqui carried thereby to prevent separation into drops; and

, means forming an annular port, connecting with said supply passage, and through which liquid is adapted to be forced into said passage, said port being relatively narrow compared with the diameter of'said supply pas- .0 sage and opening radially inwardly into said passa e. I

4'. n a sprinkler head, the combination of walls forming a spray opening; a supply pas sage for said spray opening, said su ply passage confining a stream of liqui carried thereby to prevent separation into drops; means formin an annular port, connecting with said supp y passage, and through whic liquid is adapted to be forced into said passage; means forming a quieting chamber radially disposed outwardly from said port there being a valve opening provided by sai last mentioned means connecting withsaid quieting chamber; a valve controlling said valve ening from the quieting chamber side thereof and a projection on said valve extending into said valve opening and excluda ing debris, larger than a given mm, from said sprinkler head.

5. In a sprinkler head, the combination of: walls forming an exhaust chamber confining liquid against separation into drops; walls forming a spray opening connected to said exhaust chamber; walls forming an annular quieting chamber; and ,walls forming a narrow completely annular mouth connecting said annular quieting chamber to said exhaust chamber. a

6. In a s rinkler head, the combination of: walls forming an exhaust chamber confining liquid against separation into drops, said chamber being considerably longer than its area of cross-section; walls forming a spray opening connected to said exhaust chamber;

7 C walls forming an annular quieting chamber;

and walls forming a'narrow completely annular mouth connecting said annular quieting chamber to said exhaust chamber.

7. In a sprinkler head, the combination of: walls forming an exhaust chamber confining liquid against separation into drops, said chamber being considerably longer than its area of cross-section; walls forming a spray opening connected to said exhaust chamber; and walls forming means for supplying li uid to said exhaust chamber in a non-turbu ent condition.

8. In a sprinkler head, the combination. 4

. said exhaust'chamber; walls forming an annular quieting chamber concentrically surroundin one end of said exhaust chamber; and wal s forming a narrow completely annular mouth connecting. said annular quieting chamber to said exhaust chamber.

9. In a sprinkler head, the combination of; walls forming an exhaust chamber confining liquid against separation into drops, said chamber being considerabl longer than its area of cross-section; wal s forming a s ray openin connected to said exhaust c amber; wal s forming an annular quietin chamber concentrically surroundin one en of said exhaust chamber; and wa is forming a narrow completely annular mouth connecting said annularquieting chamber to said exhaust chamber.

10. In a sprinkler head, the combination of: walls formin an exhaust chamber con: fining liquid against separation into drops; walls forming a spray opening connected to said exhaust chamber, said spray opening being of a size to maintain a li uid pressure in said exhaust chamber, the rop 1n pressure occurring when the liquid passes through said spray opening; walls forming an annular quieting chamber; and walls forming a narrow completely annular mouth connecting said annular quieting chamber to said exhaust chamber.

11. In a sprinkler head, the combination of walls forming an exhaust chamber; walls forming a spray opening connected to said exhaust chamber, said s ray opening joining to said exhaust cham er a distance from the end thereof to provide a pocket; walls forming an annular quieting chamber; and. walls forming a narrow completely annular mouth connecting said annular quieting chamber to said exhaust chamber.

. 12. In a sprinkler head, the combination of: walls forming an exhaust chamber; walls i w chamber; Walls forming an exhaust menace drop in pressure occurring when the liquid asses through said spray opening; walls orming an annular quieting chamber; and Walls forming a narrow completely annular 5 mouth connecting said annular quieting chamber to said exhaust chamber.

7 18. In a sprinkler head, the combination of: walls forming a quieting chamber; Walls forming an entrance port or said qllllieting c amber confining liquid against separation into drops, said'exhaust chamber being consid-- erably longer than its-area of cross-section,

and being" connected to said quieting chamber; an annular Wall surrounding the end of said exhaust chamber connected to said quietinjg chamber, said annular Wall projecting into said quieting chamber; and Walls forming a spray opening connected to said ex- 29 haust chamber,

14. In a sprinkler head, the combination of: walls forming a quieting chamber, said quieting chamber being comparativel large in cross-section but quite short; Wal s 25 forming an entrance port; and Walls forn1- 7 ing an exhaust chamber confining liquid against separation into drops, said exhaust chamber being connected to one of the end Walls of said quieting chamber.

a In testimon whereof, I have hereunto set my hand at os Angeles, California, this 3rd day of December, 1926.

Wan'rnn "van in 'rr-ronrson

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2591282 *Dec 10, 1948Apr 1, 1952Nelson Lewen RSprinkler head for use on underground water systems
US3323725 *Feb 1, 1965Jun 6, 1967Rain Jet CorpPop-up lawn sprinkler with regulating valve
US3650478 *Jan 21, 1971Mar 21, 1972Adrian L JonesArcuate sprinkler
US3830434 *Feb 20, 1973Aug 20, 1974Green WMultiple outlet adjustable sprinkler head
US4015614 *Aug 14, 1975Apr 5, 1977Aktiebolaget ElectroluxApparatus for washing sanitary conveniences such as bed pans and the like
US5011081 *Aug 11, 1989Apr 30, 1991Bentley Carl JIrrigation system having underhead sprinkler valve
US6095430 *Nov 27, 1998Aug 1, 2000Bailey; CharlesAnimal spray system
US6102306 *Oct 16, 1998Aug 15, 2000Odin Systems International, Inc.Multifunctional flush surface nozzle
US6227455Jan 25, 2000May 8, 2001Hunter Industries, Inc.Sub-surface sprinkler with surface accessible valve actuator components
US6443176Nov 6, 2000Sep 3, 2002Hilmar Lumber, Inc.Flush valve with rotatable grate
US8950690 *Mar 18, 2010Feb 10, 2015Wayne KraftSafety drain apparatus
US20100258202 *Mar 18, 2010Oct 14, 2010Wayne KraftSafety drain apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification239/521, 239/598, 239/582.1, 239/201
International ClassificationB05B1/02, B05B1/04, B05B1/30
Cooperative ClassificationB05B1/046, B05B1/3013
European ClassificationB05B1/30B, B05B1/04H