|Publication number||US1777982 A|
|Publication date||Oct 7, 1930|
|Filing date||Jun 10, 1929|
|Priority date||Feb 20, 1928|
|Publication number||US 1777982 A, US 1777982A, US-A-1777982, US1777982 A, US1777982A|
|Original Assignee||Popp Karl|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (102), Classifications (13) |
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
US 1777982 A
4 K. POPP HOT AIR MAT Oct. 7, 1930.
Filed June 10, 1929 Inn Patented Oct. 7,. 1930 UNITED STATES mm. rorr, or PLANITZ,-GEBIANY HOT-AIR HAT Application filed June 10, 1929, Serial No. 369,743, and in Germany February 20, 1828.
This invention relates to a hot air mat for use in the treatment of disease and also for other purposes.
The present invention seeks to remove the disadvantages of the prior art and is based, whilst avoiding any rigid frame, on the idea of placin the tube system, which was hitherto rigi and fixed to the mat, in the mat itself, in such a manner that, instead of the rigid tube according to known art referred to above, flexible metallic tubes are used and s are permanently fixed inside the mat, so that their position cannot vary.
The system of tubes is fan-shaped which,
in no wa hinders the rolling up or adaptability 0 the mat, butimparts, in the manner of the bones of a fish, and in spite of maintaining the flexibility, such a degree of permanence in shape and protection against compression, that resistance is oifered to any possible outside influence.
Thus the whole of the drawbacks enumerated above are eliminated. The patient can be wrapped in the new mat as quickly 2 and as easily as in an ordinary quilt, and also a thorough and uniform distribution a of hot air is ensured, as the distance between the top and underside of the mat is maintained constant by the flexible metal pipes 80 themselves, thereby ensuring the passage of air under all circumstances.
The metallic tubes, according to the present invention are embedded in a wire netting, whereby any heat which may naturally become stored up in the walls of the tubes is uniformly distributed and simultaneously, the certain degree of stiffness of the wire netting which exists in spite of the 1 flexibility, prevents any sagging of the covering layer of the mattress or mat which might endangerthe distribution of the air. The relatively stiff wire netting takes up uniformly the pressure of the atients body so that the patient is not trou led by localized pressure of the fish-bone-like embedded tubing.
The present invention, however, makes use of ordinary flexible metallic tubing, in the practically rigid walls of which separate oles are provided. In this way a strictly example into fifteen metallic tubes b-b (first distribution), and then passes through specially distributed holes 0 in the tubes (second distribution) into a hollow space formed by wire netting d and a removable,
'washable fabric covering 6, and in which space an additional exchange of pressures, air and heat takes place, whereupon the hot air passes out through the fabric covering in extremely fine and uniform distribution (third distribution). Both the exit and closing of the air can be effected according to requirements, on either side and in fact at any desired point. The m t fits any standard bed and any couch or standard sized sofa, whilst by means of the same warming, airing and drying and various packings and wrappings air or steam baths can be eifected. Figs. 3-10 show a number of examples of use.
Fig. 3shows the mat used as an air, hot-air or steambath. In this arrangement the hot 86 air mat may be used for warming, airing and drying of beds.
Fig. 4 shows a partial hot air bath for back, breast and body.
Fig. 5 shows the same arrangement for the 90 buttocks and the two legs (also recumbent position).
Fig. 6 shows a like arrangement for one %ig. 7 shows an arrangement for the knee, lower leg and feet of both legs (also recumbent position).
Fig. 8 shows the same arran ment for both arms. Also adaptable by r0 'ng singly for one arm only.
i The arrangements according to Figs. 3-8 may also be used with suitable packmgs,
wrappings and the like as a heat distributing layer.
Fig. 9 shows an arrangement for treating the head, neck, the wind pipes-hot an m- I halationand the shoulder, and
' Fig; 10 shows the use of the mat as hot air bed for children or prematurely born children (in this case air-douch with temperature regulator).
In adidtion the mat can'serve directly for warming the seats of motor cars, electric railways and the like and indirectly for heating the latter.
What I claim is:
1. A hot air mat comprising a covering, a wire netting therein, flexible metallic tubing embedded in said wire netting, a common hotair inlet for the tubing, and means in the wall of the tubing permitting the passage of air.
2. A hot air mat comprising a porous fabric covering, a wire netting therein, flexible metallic tubing embedded in said wire netting, a common hot-air inlet for the tubing, and means in the wall of the tubing permitting the passage of air.
3. A hot air mat comprising acovering, a wire netting therein, flexible metallic tubing spread out and fixed in said netting, outlet holes in said tubing, and at least one means for supplying air to the tubing.
4. A hot air mat comprising a porous fabric covering, a wire netting therein, flexible metallic tubing spread out and fixed in said wire netting, outlet holes in said tubing, a common air chamber connected withthe tubing, and means for feeding the air chamber with heated air.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2590026 *||Jun 14, 1950||Mar 18, 1952||Marman Products Co Inc||Vapor delivery pad for distributing moist heat|
|US2601189 *||Aug 22, 1949||Jun 17, 1952||Theodore Backer||Air comforter bed covering|
|US2758532 *||Aug 21, 1952||Aug 14, 1956||Raymond H Awe||Ventilated back rest for a vehicle seat|
|US2992604 *||Jun 9, 1958||Jul 18, 1961||Trotman||Forced air under body ventilating device|
|US3030145 *||Aug 26, 1953||Apr 17, 1962||Kushion Kooler Corp||Ventilating seat pad|
|US3181180 *||Oct 1, 1962||May 4, 1965||Northrop Corp||Restraint device|
|US3277811 *||Dec 27, 1963||Oct 11, 1966||Schildkroet Ag||Floor covering with heating means|
|US3299885 *||Sep 19, 1963||Jan 24, 1967||American Radiator & Standard||Hydrotherapeutic mat with air inlet means and means facilitating rolling into a cylinder|
|US3648690 *||Feb 18, 1970||Mar 14, 1972||Borg Warner||Hydrotherapy tank liner and method of giving hydrotherapy treatments|
|US3920006 *||Jan 2, 1974||Nov 18, 1975||Roy Lapidus Inc||Inflatable device for healing of tissue|
|US4008498 *||Jun 18, 1975||Feb 22, 1977||Thomas Stephen R||Tub pad|
|US4108146 *||May 16, 1977||Aug 22, 1978||Theodore Alan Golden||Bendable thermal pack unit|
|US4154245 *||Jul 11, 1977||May 15, 1979||Daily Pat O||Apparatus for local hypothermia|
|US4685453 *||May 14, 1985||Aug 11, 1987||Claude Guignard||Thermoformable element and use thereof|
|US4821708 *||Mar 3, 1987||Apr 18, 1989||Claude Guignard||Thermoformable orthopedic bandage and use thereof|
|US4826479 *||Jul 9, 1987||May 2, 1989||Burgin Kermit H||Pillow construction and medication dispenser|
|US4969869 *||Jan 11, 1989||Nov 13, 1990||Burgin Kermit H||Pillow construction and medication dispenser|
|US5038431 *||Sep 24, 1987||Aug 13, 1991||Burgin Kermit H||Pillow construction and medication dispenser|
|US5265599 *||Oct 1, 1992||Nov 30, 1993||Progressive Dynamics, Inc.||Patient temperature control blanket with controlled air distribution|
|US5392847 *||Nov 29, 1993||Feb 28, 1995||Progressive Dynamics, Inc.||Thermal medical blanket using internal subtube|
|US5443488 *||Aug 15, 1994||Aug 22, 1995||Progressive Dynamics, Inc.||Thermal blanket with surgical access|
|US5522871 *||Sep 6, 1994||Jun 4, 1996||Sternlicht; Andrew L.||Apparatus for controlling the body temperature of a patient|
|US5588968 *||Sep 6, 1994||Dec 31, 1996||Sternlicht; Andrew L.||Method for controlling the body temperature of a patient|
|US5632769 *||Jul 2, 1996||May 27, 1997||Mallinckrodt Medical, Inc.||Warming blanket for pediatric use|
|US5640727 *||Oct 18, 1995||Jun 24, 1997||Mallinckrodt Medical, Inc.||Contoured inflatable blanket|
|US5643337 *||Sep 11, 1996||Jul 1, 1997||Mallinckrodt Medical, Inc.||Warming blanket for pediatric use|
|US5675848 *||Oct 18, 1995||Oct 14, 1997||Mallinckrodt Medical, Inc.||Inflatable blanket having perforations of different sizes|
|US5683441 *||Sep 24, 1996||Nov 4, 1997||Mallinckrodt Medical, Inc.||Inflatable blanket having air flow deflector|
|US5716387 *||Jul 15, 1996||Feb 10, 1998||Mallinckrodt Medical, Inc.||Warming blanket for pediatric use|
|US5733318 *||Aug 2, 1996||Mar 31, 1998||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Convertible thermal blanket|
|US5735890 *||Oct 18, 1995||Apr 7, 1998||Mallinckrodt Medical, Inc.||Inflatable blanket having access slits|
|US5749109 *||Apr 16, 1997||May 12, 1998||Mallinckrodt Medical, Inc.||Inflatable blanket having selective air flow patterns|
|US5773275 *||Sep 21, 1995||Jun 30, 1998||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Inflatable thermal blanket with provision for being secured during use|
|US5792216 *||Feb 19, 1997||Aug 11, 1998||Mallincrodt Medical, Inc.||Methods of preventing hypothermia using an upper body warming blanket|
|US5800489 *||Jun 23, 1997||Sep 1, 1998||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Method for warming a patient sitting in a chair|
|US5817145 *||Nov 21, 1994||Oct 6, 1998||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Wound treatment device|
|US5824025 *||Aug 20, 1997||Oct 20, 1998||Augustine Medical, Inc.||System for convective warming of a patient during cardiac surgery|
|US5839133 *||Jul 19, 1996||Nov 24, 1998||Mallinckrodt Medical, Inc.||Warming blanket having multiple inlets|
|US5890243 *||Sep 5, 1996||Apr 6, 1999||Mallinckrodt, Inc.||Inflatable blanket having openings formed therein|
|US5941907 *||Jun 2, 1997||Aug 24, 1999||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Surgical barrier device incorporating an inflatable thermal blanket with a surgical drape to provide thermal control and surgical access|
|US5947914 *||Dec 29, 1997||Sep 7, 1999||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Wound covering|
|US5954680 *||Jan 21, 1997||Sep 21, 1999||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Near hyperthermic heater wound covering|
|US5961480 *||Mar 18, 1999||Oct 5, 1999||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Wound covering|
|US5964721 *||Oct 14, 1998||Oct 12, 1999||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Wound covering|
|US5964723 *||Jan 21, 1997||Oct 12, 1999||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic tissue heating wound covering|
|US5964792 *||Nov 6, 1997||Oct 12, 1999||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Convertible thermal blanket|
|US5968084 *||May 21, 1997||Oct 19, 1999||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Thermal blanket|
|US5974605 *||Sep 15, 1998||Nov 2, 1999||Mallinckrodt Inc.||Warming blanket having multiple inlets|
|US5986163 *||Jan 21, 1997||Nov 16, 1999||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic heater wound covering|
|US6010527 *||Nov 6, 1997||Jan 4, 2000||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Wound treatment device|
|US6013097 *||Nov 21, 1995||Jan 11, 2000||Augautine Medical, Inc.||Wound treatment device for attachment to skin|
|US6013098 *||Jul 2, 1996||Jan 11, 2000||Mallinckrodt Inc.||Warming blanket for pediatric use|
|US6036722 *||Jul 27, 1998||Mar 14, 2000||Augustine Medical, Inc.||System for convective warming of a patient during cardiac surgery|
|US6045518 *||Mar 18, 1999||Apr 4, 2000||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic heater wound covering|
|US6071254 *||Mar 18, 1999||Jun 6, 2000||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Near hyperthermic heater wound covering|
|US6093160 *||Apr 11, 1997||Jul 25, 2000||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Flexible non-contact wound treatment device|
|US6110197 *||Apr 11, 1997||Aug 29, 2000||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Flexible non-contact wound treatment device with a single joint|
|US6112348 *||Jan 19, 1999||Sep 5, 2000||Mallinckrodt Inc.||Inflatable blanket having openings formed therein|
|US6113561 *||Mar 18, 1999||Sep 5, 2000||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic tissue heating wound covering|
|US6156058 *||Sep 20, 1999||Dec 5, 2000||Mallinckrodt Inc.||Warming blanket for pediatric use|
|US6176870||Aug 13, 1997||Jan 23, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Inflatable thermal blanket with surgical access for use with patients in the lithotomy position|
|US6203567||Apr 5, 1999||Mar 20, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Surgical barrier device incorporating an inflatable thermal blanket with a surgical drape to provide thermal control and surgical access|
|US6210428 *||Jun 16, 1999||Apr 3, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||System and method for treatment of hypothermia|
|US6213966||Jan 27, 2000||Apr 10, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic tissue heating wound covering|
|US6217535||Jan 27, 2000||Apr 17, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic heater wound covering|
|US6241697 *||Oct 4, 1999||Jun 5, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Wound covering|
|US6241698||Jan 27, 2000||Jun 5, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Near hyperthermic heater wound covering|
|US6248084||Nov 4, 1999||Jun 19, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Wound treatment device|
|US6264622||Mar 9, 1999||Jul 24, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic heater wound covering|
|US6267740||Feb 29, 2000||Jul 31, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Flexible non-contact wound treatment device with a single joint|
|US6277144||Oct 7, 1998||Aug 21, 2001||Respiratory Support Products, Inc.||Thermal conditioning apparatus|
|US6287327||May 16, 1997||Sep 11, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Inflateable thermal blanket|
|US6290716||Jul 29, 1999||Sep 18, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Convertible thermal blanket|
|US6293917||Nov 4, 1999||Sep 25, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Wound treatment device for attachment to skin|
|US6309409||Dec 11, 1997||Oct 30, 2001||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Inflatable thermal blanket with provision for being secured during use|
|US6406448||Dec 26, 2000||Jun 18, 2002||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic heater covering for tissue treatment|
|US6407307||Jan 29, 2001||Jun 18, 2002||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Near hyperthermic heater covering|
|US6419651||Jan 29, 2001||Jul 16, 2002||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic heater covering|
|US6423018||Feb 7, 2001||Jul 23, 2002||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Normothermic tissue heating wound covering|
|US6465708 *||Jan 29, 2001||Oct 15, 2002||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Covering|
|US6468295||Mar 23, 2001||Oct 22, 2002||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Treatment device|
|US6524332 *||Feb 9, 2001||Feb 25, 2003||Augustine Medical, Inc.||System and method for warming a person to prevent or treat hypothermia|
|US6544283||Apr 10, 1997||Apr 8, 2003||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Thermal blanket with a drape|
|US6558413||Mar 9, 2001||May 6, 2003||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Inflatable device with exhausting apertures which vary in density|
|US6580012||Apr 11, 2000||Jun 17, 2003||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Flexible non-contact wound treatment device|
|US6605051||May 31, 2002||Aug 12, 2003||Augustine Medical, Inc.||Near hyperthermic tissue treatment|
|US6709447||Nov 20, 2002||Mar 23, 2004||Adroit Development, Inc.||Inflatable thermal blanket|
|US6840915||May 28, 2002||Jan 11, 2005||Arizant Healthcare Inc.||Normothermic tissue treatment|
|US6921374||Jul 18, 2002||Jul 26, 2005||Arizant Healthcare Inc.||Tissue treatment by normothermic heating|
|US6987209||Nov 8, 2002||Jan 17, 2006||Arizant Healthcare Inc.||Flexible non-contact wound treatment device|
|US7041122||Dec 5, 2003||May 9, 2006||Gaymar Industries, Inc.||Inflatable blanket with a tie|
|US7090692||May 13, 1997||Aug 15, 2006||Arizant Healthcare Inc.||Thermal Blanket|
|US7101389||Apr 10, 1995||Sep 5, 2006||Arizant Healthcare Inc.||Inflatable lower body thermal blanket|
|US7108713||Jan 29, 2001||Sep 19, 2006||Arizant Healthcare Inc.||Surgical barrier device incorporating an inflatable thermal blanket with a surgical drape to provide thermal control and surgical access|
|US7122046||Sep 24, 2002||Oct 17, 2006||Arizant Technologies Llc||Treatment device|
|US7291163||Nov 12, 2004||Nov 6, 2007||Adroit Development, Inc.||Inflatable thermal blanket having air flow channels for directing a conditioned gas|
|US7426766||Dec 3, 2006||Sep 23, 2008||Adroit Development, Inc.||Tufted air mattress and method of making same|
|US7871428||Aug 28, 2006||Jan 18, 2011||Arizant Healthcare Inc.||Surgical barrier device incorporating an inflatable thermal blanket with an attached surgical drape|
|US8105370||Dec 2, 2010||Jan 31, 2012||Arizant Healthcare Inc.||Surgical barrier device incorporating an inflatable thermal blanket with an attached surgical drape|
|US8893329||May 6, 2010||Nov 25, 2014||Gentherm Incorporated||Control schemes and features for climate-controlled beds|
|US20050107856 *||Nov 12, 2004||May 19, 2005||Adroit Development, Inc.||Inflatable thermal blanket having air flow channels for directing a conditioned gas|
|US20050125048 *||Dec 5, 2003||Jun 9, 2005||Paolini Raymond P.||Inflatable blanket with a tie|