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Publication numberUS1779439 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 28, 1930
Filing dateNov 1, 1927
Priority dateNov 1, 1927
Publication numberUS 1779439 A, US 1779439A, US-A-1779439, US1779439 A, US1779439A
InventorsAlexander Konoff, Samuel Marcus
Original AssigneeMarkon Mfg Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rolling eyes for dolls
US 1779439 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

0a. 28, 1930, s. MARCUS Er AL 79,

ROLLING mms FOR DOLLS Filed Nov. 1, 1927 3 Sheets-Sheet l Jwnuelm & INVENTORS Alexander 1701: 0i?

Oct. 28, 1930. s. MARCUS EI'AL ROLLING EYES FOR DOLLS I5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Nov. 1." 1927 &W% 3 MW Oct. 28, 1930. I s, cus 5! AL 1,779,439

ROLLING EYES FOR DOLLS Filed Nov. 1, 1927 I5 Sheets-Sheet 3 5anuwl liizrcasa NTORS Alxanderlfonojf AOR Patented Oct. 28, 1930 SAMUEL ivrnnous, on nnooxnyn, Ann nrinxnnnnn kononr;onNEw'YoRigfN. YlL ASQ" SIGNORS TO MARKON. mnnoraoromne col,

' v RoLIiinenYEs reaso s.

a n'iiiin aebn filed November 1927. Serial. in. 230,230.

v This invention relates to an improvement in rolling eyes for dolls. A "An Object ofthe invention is to provide an eye set in which theeyes' are capable of a 5 a generous degree of pivotal moyement'in all directions about theirspherieal centres and m which provision is made for easy and convenient universal adjustment of the eyes with respect to each 10 ical centres.

' A 'furtherobject is to provide an eye set other" about their spher} as above indicated and in which the, eyes areireadflyiadjustabl W d and away from each other. 1 i

1-5 Aiurth'erobjeqt is to proyi de an eye set in which there is employed ahor'i'zontal carrier designed'to beperinanently connected inposition within-the doll head and'hpon which the eyes are mounted for universal rotary movement and manual adjustment.

' A more specificobje'ct' is to provide an eye set"comprising a horizontal carrier designed to be. permanently connected in position within the dollhead and'haying a pair of bracket members longitudinally .slidably adjustable thereon each serving to support one of the eyes, and to providemeans con- 'necting the eye's for simultaneous oscillatory movement. i

comprising two independently mounted eyes,

a connection between said eyes by "which the eyes are caused to oscillate unison, and said connection including a-part serv- 36 mg as a bumper for limiting movement of the eyes. Y

Other objects and aims ofthe invention,

more or less specific than those referred to above, will be in part obvious a'ndin part 40 pointed out in the course of the following description of theelements, combinations,

arrangements of parts and applications ofprinciples constituting the invention; and the scope of protection contemplated will'be indicated in-the appended claims.

In the accompanying drawings which are to be taken as a part'of this specification,

and in which I have shown merely a preferredform of embodimentvof the inventl0IlZ- .\.L id:

A further object is to provide aneye set.

meg-0F EW YORK, Nis A conron'n ig. l is at rear eleigational yie'w of an eye setconstructed'inaccordance with this in- Vent1o'n,a; part of the set being brokenaway and shown in sectiongfor better disclosing the details of construction, and the whole beingfillnstrated in position within a doll headappearinginverticalsection. Fig. 2 is ahorizontal sectional View taken upon the plane of line. II ;[IofFig. 1.? 1

Fig, 3 is a yerticalsectional'View taken upon the plane of line III'III of Fig. 1.

"j-Figi 4' is a vertical sectional view taken upontlie plane of line IV IV of Fig. Fig. 5 isan enlarged fragmentary "perspective yiew 'of parts of the eyeset appear- 5 ing in the aboye figures,- f,

Fig. 6 is a iew similar to that shown in Fig. 1 but illustrating a modified form of the 'eye.set."l l I i I Fig. 7 is a horizontalsectional View taken upon the 'planeof line VIL VII of 6,. Fig. '8 iis'faf Vertical sectional View" taken lzipon the plane'of-line v IIl vlllofFig.

' Fig. 9' is horizontal, sectional view taken upon the planeof line IX-EI X-of Fig. 6. 1

Referring to the drawings fordescribing in detailthe invention. as shown therein, and referring first to the structure appearing in Fi -n 5, he ref n ch r rv ndicates a 'doll head having the usual eye openings asl and 2 therein at opposite sides 0f the central or nose portion ,The. eye set consists of a horizontal ment withthe side walls of the doll head to thereby rigidly connect the carrier in position spanning the interior of the head. Slid-- ably mounted also upon the body of the carrier G is a pair of bracket members as6--6. Theseprojeot forwardly from the carrier toward the 2 eye openings 1 and 2fan'd eachzis adapted to support one of the eye members or shells H.

The bracket members 6 may be connected wit-h the carrier in any appropriate manner but as illustrated each consists of a piece of sheet metal folded over upon itself to provide opposite legs one of which as indicated by the reference character 7 being shaped to fit about the upper longitudinal margin of thecarrier and the other as 8 beingshaped to fit about the" lower margin'of the carrier, the two legs thus so engaging the carrier as to permit the brackets to be moved longitudinally along the carrier. It is intended that the fit of the legs upon the carrier shall be sufficiently loose so that the brackets may move longitudinally of the carrier with great ease, whereby to facilitate the automatic centering of the eye shells within the eye openings 1 and 2 of the head. 7

The portion of each bracket which'extends forwardly of the carrier is provided with pivot extensions as 9 and 10 thereon. These extensions define a horizontal pivot upon which is mounted a cage 11.

The cage 11 as illustrated is formed from a single piece of sheet metal having a main part 12 and a pair of side arms as 13 and 14 extending therefrom. The arm 13 has a pivot opening as 15 for receiving the pivot 9 and the arm 14 has a similar pivot opening for receiving the pivot 10. The main part 12 has also an upwardly positioned arm '17 and a downwardly positioned arm 18 and these have pivot openings as 19 and 20 there through respectively within which is retatably mounted the upper end portion 21 ofa weight arm 22, said weight arm continuing downwardly and being connected. at its'lower end as at 23 with one side of a weightnas 24, the other side of the'weight being connected at the lower end of the second weight arm as at 25 so' that the weight is supported in common by the two weight arms and imposes its force of gravity equally upon saidweightarms, it beinghere noted that the connection at the point indicated by the reference characters 23 and 25 is in the form of a (universal, joint permitting the weight 'armsto move in all directions. with respect to tlie weiglit. U I.

'Tl1e bracket members (i'are cut away at theirforward ends as at 26 to accommodate theweight arms without interference to the freepivotal movement of the cages upon the brackets. i The eyesH may be formed in any appropriate manner and may be connected with the weight arms by any suitable means; According to the structure illustratediirFigs. 1 to 5 however each eye is'madeup of inner and outer 'semispherical shell members as 27 and .28 respectively. These maybe of any appropriate material'but usually sheet metal is employedrfo'r the inner shell and celluloid for the outer shell, the two shells being fitted snugly one within the other but there being sufficient freedom of movement between the shells so that the outer shell may be rotatably adjustedv about its spherical centre when found necessary. The inner shell is provided with a suitable number of radial slits as 29 therein rendering it of a springy character so that it will serve to apply a spring. friction resistance to" movement of the outer shell sufiicient to retain the outer shell in any position to which it is rotatably adjusted, after the manner as more fully shown and described in the pending application of Samuel Marcus and Alexander Konoff, Serial No. 216,530, Patent No. 1,727,477, dated SeptemberlO, 1929. a a

As a means of attaching theeyes on to the weight arms, each of the inner eye shells 27 is shown to be provided with upper and lower sections bent inwardly from the normal spherical contours of the eye shells arranged to provide upper and lower connecting arms as 30 and 31 projecting rearwardly from an inner point of the eye shells and each having an opening as 32 therein arranged to snugly and tightly engage upon the weight arm.

Although the connecting arms 30 and 31 are intended to engage the weight arms with suflicient rigidity to cause the eyes to at all times move with the weight arms during the normal functioning of the eyes in use, it is desirable nevertheless that the joint between the connecting .arms and the weight arms shall be such as to permitof a ready manual I adjustment of the eye shells about their re spective weight arms whenever found necessary. To this end it issuggested that the connecting arms 30 and'31 be so formed as'to provide small sleeve extensions as 33 about the openings 32 for thereby elongating the walls of the opening for engaging the weight arm, thus to increase the frictional grip of said walls upon the weight arm. In conjunction with this each of the connecting arms is provided with a slit as 34: outwardly from the openings 32 so that the walls of the openings 32 are rendered suitably resilient to thereby provide a strong spring friction engagement of said walls against the surface of the weight arm. By making the openings 32 slightly smaller than the diameter of the weight arm ample frictional grip is provided when the parts are forced together during assembly of the set.

The connecting arms 30 and 31 are spaced apart a distance slightly greater than the distance between the arms 17 and 18 of'the cage 11 so as to provide for a limited vertical movement of the eyes, withtheir connected 1 weight arms, with respect to the bracket members 6, this being a further provision for enabling the eyes to automatically find their proper centres of rotation within the eye openings 1 and 2 of the head.

The side arm 14 of each cage member is provlded with a lateral extension as 35, said EXlJBIlSlOIlS from the two eyes being directed toward each other and being slidable through of the eyes about the pivots 9 and 10,'as

clearly illustrated in Fig. 4. The extension 41 is sutficiently long so that it is of considerable'resilience thus constituting a resilient bumper for arresting pivotal movement of the eyes without noise. i

If desired a similar extension as 42 may be provided at the upper edge of the main part 38 adapted to engage the doll head for limiting pivotal movement in the opposite direction. 5

At their adjacent ends each of the extensions35 are provided with a stop lug as 43 adaptedto engage the inner surfaces of the flanges 39 and lt) to prevent disconnection of the extensions from the bumper member.

It is particularly pointed out that owing to the rectangular cross sectional contour of the extensions 35, and the fact that they engage within correspondingly shaped rectangular openings 36 of the bumper'memher it follows that the sliding movement of the extensions through the rectangular openings will permit easy movement ot'the eyes toward and away from each other'along the supporting carrier, but'will cause the rotary movements of the eyes during normal operation to be in unison.-

It is here to be noted however that the extensions 35 are readily bendable under force of manual pressure whenever it is desired to adjust the eyes with respect to each other about their horizontal pivots. A slight rotary movement of one eye, by manual pressure, with respectto the other eye may, cause a slight twistingot one or both of the extensions, but this willto no appreciable extent interfere with the normal function of the bumper member. a 1 i Inat'ta'ching this eye set'within a doll head the set is placed upon a suitable tool QThe doll head is introduced over the set in position so that the eye-openings of the head properly receive the eye shells. The shells will move toward or away from eachother to a suitable-degree to permit them to readily enter the eye openings. If the appearance of the eyes as viewed "e rlteriorly of the'head-indicates a necessity for adjusting one eye rotatively with respect to theother about the horizontal pivots 910, or about its horizontal pivot around the" inner shell inemberyor about its vertical pivot connection with the 1;

weight arm, the eyes may be relatively removed from the head, the adjustment made and the eyes-again returned. when the ad'- j ustments have been completed and the eyes a seen-to occupy theirproper positions within the eye opeii gs of the head the attachingmemhers'of the supporting carrier are then thrust outwardly to fasten the whole within the doll head; The slighttlooseness provided in the pivot connection of the eyes with the cages 11 will permit ofa smooth oscillatory movement of the eyes by gravity within the eye openings of the head at all times evenif the final positioning of the sup porting carrier is not precisely accurate, that is to say that any slight deviation of the pivots 9 and 10 from the exact spherical centre of the circle defined by the eye'openings 01- the head will be compensated for'by the looseness of connection between the eyes and the bracket members. And it is here pointed out that the pivot extensions 9 and 10 arepreferably sui'licientl smaller than the 'pivots l5 and 16 so that an appreciable amount of looseness is present.

In the structure illustrated in Figs. 6 to 9 the horizontal upporting carrier G is utilized. The slidaloly mounted bracket meml3e1's-4343, corresponding with the bracket members 6-6 oi": the previous figures are used 1 for the, same purpose as before. In this instance however they each consist of a singlerpiece of sheet metal having upper and lowermarginal parts as 44 and 4E5 bent to en gageabout the supporting carrier, and hav ing other parts struck out and bent to constitute a pair of forwardly extending arms as 46 and 47, said arms having aligned bearing openings as 48 and 49 within which enga e a pair of pivot extensions as 50and51 pro ectingfrom opposite sides of a small collar 52 which is loosely mounted upon the upper end portion 21 of the weight arm, the pivotal connection thus provided between the weight arm and the bracket members being on a horizontal plane and said bearings of thetwo eyes being in alignment and substantially-intersecting the spherical centres of the eyeshells as is the case with the pivotal connection provided between the cages 11 and the bracket members 6 6 ofthe previous figures.

The pivotal connection of the arms with the collar 52 on a horizontal axis, and of the collar with the weight arm on a vertical axis constitutes a universal pivot for the eyes upon the bracket members.

To retain the collar 52 against moving longitudinally of the Weight arm, and also to thereby retain the horizontal axis of rotation at aipoint intersecting the spherical centre of the eye shell, a back plate as 53 is provided at the rear of the eye shell serving to connect said shell uth the weight arm and providing upper and lower shoulders as 5d and spaced apart and receiving the collar 52 between them.

This back plate 53 is connected with the weight arm in a manner providing a friction grip upon said weight arm for at once permitting manual adjustment of the eye shell rotatably of the weight arm and holding the eye shell in any position to which it is adjusted rotatably upon the weight arm. The means employed for providingt iction grip of the back plate upon the weight arm may take any desired form, but in the instance illustrated in these figures it consists in reversely bending adjacent portions as 56 and 57 of the plate above and below the collar 52 so that a passage-way is provided between them to receive the weight arm, the natural tendency of the reversely bent portions to return toward their original position serving to tightly grip against the weight arm, as will be readily understood upon inspection of the drawings.

The back plate 53 may be connected with the eye shells in any approved manner but preferably is provided with a suitable number of extending parts as 58 and 59 resting against the rear annular edge surface of the eye shell, and held there by turned-over tangs as 60 provided upon the shell and engaging about the annular edge part of the back plate.

This manner of connecting the back plate with the eye shell provides for convenient adjustment of the eye shell rotatably about a horizontal axis transverse to a line extending between the two eyes, it being here noted that the extensions 58 and 59 are suitably spaced from the tangs 60, and that the tangs engage edge parts of the back plate which are concentric with the spherical centre of the shell so that the shells may be moved rotatably about the mentioned axis within suiiiciently generous limits to provide all necessary adjustment.

In this instance the representation of an iris may be carried directly upon the eye shell which is here shown as being a single shell, indicated by the reference character 61, corresponding with the inner shell 27 of the previous figures. The outer shell as 28 shown in the previous figures may be used it desired, but is not required here in-so-tar the matter of providing for adjustment about the mentioned horizontal axis is concerned.

As a means for insuring simultaneous oscillatory movement of the eyes about their aligned horizontal pivots during normal operation, the drawings Figs. 6 to 9 suggest the useof a connecting member as 62 which extends between and engages about the two weight arms. This connecting member is preferably made from a strip of sheet metal bent at its opposite ends so as to provide loops as at 63 and 64 within which the weight arms loosely engage, said loops being elongated in the direction of the length of said member, as most clearly seen in Fig. 9, so that the weight arms, with their respective eyes and bracket members, may be free to move longitudinally of the supporting carrier G. The strip of material from which the connecting member is made is of suiiicient width, and the parts comprising the loops 63 and (34 are so formed and proportioned with respect to the weight arms, that any rotary movement of one weight arm about a horizontal axis parallel with a line extending between the two eyes will be imparted by the connecting member to the other weight arm. Hence any oscillatory movement of one eye between open and closed positions will be duplicated with all necessary accuracy by the other eye.

The connecting member (32 may have a spring extension part as 65 at a proper location thereon adapted to constitute a bumper, in the same manner as described with reference to the bumper ll of the previous figures.

In all of the structures shown it is in tended that it desired a leaf spring member as 88 may be provided carried by the supporting carrier G disposed for engagement with the bracket members to insure a light frictional retention of the bracket members in any position to which they are moved longitudinally of the supporting carrier.

The connecting member 62 may be obviously it desired used in connection with the structure Figs. 1 to 5, in the same manner as in the other figures, it being in such instances merely auxiliary to the eye connecting parts and bumper member described in connection with the structure Figs. 1 to 5.

As many changes could be made in this construction without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the following claims, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description, or shown in the accompanying drawings, shall be interpreted as illustrative only and not in a limiting sense.

Having thus described our invention, what we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is 1. An eye set comprising a pair of eyes, a supporting carrier, a pair of weight arms one connected with each eye, each weight arm providing a vertically disposed cylindrical rod-like portion, the connections between the eyes and the weight arms comprising spring parts carried by the eyes and frictionally engaging about the cylindrical rod-like portions of the weight arms to thereby provide for manual adjustment of the eyes upon vertical axes about the weight arms, and means by which the eyes and weight arms are pivotally connected with the carrier.

V porting carrier and slidably mounted thereon to move toward and away from each other, said bracket and said eyes having 'co-operative pivot part-s by whichth'e eyes are universally pivotally connected with the brackets respectively, weight arms depending from the eyes, a weight connected with said arms whereby to move the eyes by gravity upon their universal pivotal supports, each eye having an arm projecting laterally therefrom toward the other eye and independent of the weight arms, and a member engaged by said laterally projecting arms to be moved thereby when the eyes are swung by the weight in one direction, said member constituting a bumper to limit the swinging movement of the eyes. 3. In combination, an eye set comprising a pair of eyes spaced apart, a supporting carrier for the eyes extending longitudinally substantially parallel with a line between the eyes, a pair of separately formed brackets one arranged adjacent each end of the sup porting carrier and slidably mounted thereon to move toward and away from each other, a pair of weight arms one for each eye, connections including parts of the weight arms by which the eyes are pivotally connected with the brackets respectively, a weight connected with said arms whereby to move the eyes by gravity upon their pivotal connection with the brackets, each eye having an arm projecting laterally therefrom toward the other eye, and a member engaged by said laterally projecting arms to be moved thereby when the eyes 'are swung by the weight in one direction, said member constituting a bumper to limit the swinging movement of the eyes.

4. In combination, an eye set comprising a pair of eyes spaced apart,ra supporting carrier for the eyes extending longitudinallysubstantially parallel with a line between the eyes, a pair of separately formed brackets one arranged adjacent each end of the supporting carrier and slidably mounted thereon to move toward and away from each other, a

' pair of members pivotally connected one with each of said brackets to swing upon a common horizontal axis, connecting means for said members having parts co-operative with said members to insure their pivotal movement unison while permitting movement of said carried by the eyes respectively engaging said weight arms to connect the eyes to swing with the weight arms, said parts being constructed 'to provide spring frictional grip-upon the weight arms for thereby aifording adjustment of the eyes with respect to'the weight arms. j

5. In aneye set, an eye, a supporting carrier, aweight, a weight'arm having a cylindrical portion, the eye having a back plate formed with reversely bent parts providing a spring socketwithin which the cylindrical portion of theweight arm engages to frictionally retain the eye rotatably and slidably adjustably connected with the weight arm, the back plate having portions constituting a pair of shoulders spaced apart in the directionof length of the mentioned portion of' upon said mentioned portion of the weight arm having a part pro ecting between-said tne weight arm, a collar loosely rotatable shoulders to'provide pivotal connectionv besaid supporting carrier upon a relatively horizontal axis.



V ALEXANDER KoNoFFI In testimony whereof we aflix our signa members toward and away from each other, a 7

pair of weight arms one pivotally connected with each of said members to swing upon vertical axes, said weight arms bemg ofi-set and weighted attheir lower ends, and parts

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6991511 *Jan 30, 2001Jan 31, 2006Mattel Inc.Expression-varying device
U.S. Classification446/344
International ClassificationA63H3/00, A63H3/40
Cooperative ClassificationA63H3/40
European ClassificationA63H3/40