Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1780195 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 4, 1930
Filing dateDec 5, 1928
Priority dateDec 5, 1928
Publication numberUS 1780195 A, US 1780195A, US-A-1780195, US1780195 A, US1780195A
InventorsKinney Fay D
Original AssigneeUnited Shoe Machinery Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sheet-separating apparatus
US 1780195 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Now r. 4, 1930 F. D. KINNEY V 1,730,195

SHEET SEPARATING APPARATUS Filed Dec. 5, 1928 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 5mmfi M Nov. 4, 1930.

F. D. KINNEY 1,780,195

SHEET SEPARATING APPARATUS Filed Dec. 5, 1928 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Nov. 4, 1930. F. D. KIN NEY SHEET SEPARATING APPARATUS Filed Dec. 5, 1928 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented Nov. 4, 1930 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE FAY n. KINNEY, OF WENHAM, ivmssacnosn'r'rs, ASSIGNOR TQ UNITED SHOE MA- GHINERY CORPORATION, or rarnnson, nnwannsny, A CORPORATION on NEW JERSEY SHEET-SEPARATIING APPARATUS Application filed December 5, 1928. Serial No. 324,028.

My invention relates to apparatus for separating sheets from one another, and particularly to means for successively separating closely adhering sheets from a stack.

Work-pieces, as parts'of shoes, are frequently cut with a die from a considerable invention is to facilitate such division of stacks or adjacent sheets of material. To this end, I provide a sheet-engaging projection or projections, which may be in the form of needles readily penetrating the 556 stock, together with means for moving the projection and sheets relatively to cause the engagement of a sheet by the projection, preferably near one edge, and means for further moving the projection and sheets relatively to draw the engaged sheet across the succeeding sheet in a direction generally opposite to the engaging movement. The disengaged sheet may be thus laid back over its companions by a separating movement between the projection and engaged sheet without disturbing the associated sheets, which are shown as held against displace ment by retaining means. The thus-separated sheet may readily be grasped and re- 31 moved by the Workman. 7 The engaging movement is best effected in two steps, one to initially produce the engagement and the second to perfect such engagement. In the illustrated embodiment of the invention, the projection or projections are moved in a direction substantially parallel to the sheet to be engaged. This, when the projection and staclrof sheets are forced together, causes the projection to enter the terminal sheet. Thereupon, revolution of the projection fixes the sheet securely upon it ready for the separating movement. The pressure be-- tween the sheet to be engaged and the projection I'prefer to obtain by a support for the sheetsto be separated, this support be:

ing under the influence of means, as a spring, which urges the supported sheet-s toward the projection. This movement of the work into position for engagement may be limited by an abutment-portion, which also furnishes the retaining means for the body of the stack upon the withdrawal of the engaged sheet. To prevent the projection from entering the sheet succeeding that to be separated, said projection is mounted upon a bar or holder, along a wall of which it extends, being spaced from the wall by a distance substantially equal to thethickness of the material to be separated. Upon engaging movement, as. of this holder, the projection effectively penetrates the contacting sheet, but is guarded against entering the next sheet. Since, as already indicated, the movement of the sheet-engaging member is a compound one, the operating cycle being made up of successive work-engaging and separating steps taking place in diiferent directions, and since I prefer to employ actuating mechanism having elements differently controlling one another during the steps, there may be employed, to insure the proper sequence of operation, means for locking an element, as the member through which the engaging projections are actuated, against movement during a portion of the cycle, it being left free to act during another portion. As a result of this, the engagement of the work may be unfailingly completed before the separating travel of the projection starts.

A particular embodiment of this invention appears in the accompanying drawings.

Fig. 1 is-a front elevation of my improved separating apparatus;

Fig. 2, a side elevation, left inl ig. 1; 1

Fig. 3, a vertical sectional detail, on; an enlarged. scale, through the sheet-engaging device; j a

Fig. t shows the operating elements more closely associated with the work inside ele vation and section, these elements being in the extreme separating position;

Fig. 5 isa top plan view of these operating elements; and

looking from the Lil Fig. 6 shows in abutment.

A. frame 10 carries at its forward extremity horizontal work-supporting table 12 which is mounted upon the upper end of a spindle 14. The spindle is guided for vertical movement in the frame and in a depending bracket 16. A vertical abutment or gage 18 furnishes a surface determining, by itscontact, the position of a stack of Work-pieces S, which may be shoe-vamps, adhering more or less closely to one another because of a coating upon one :side of each piece. Projecting horizontally from the top of the abutment, over the-stack of workpieces, is a series of limiting and retaining fingers 20, which are preferably somewhat flexible. The upper piece of the stack is forced constantly against the fingers by a spring 22 acting upon the table 12, it surrounding the spindle 14 and abutting at its lower extremity against a sleeve 24 threaded into the bottom of the bracket 16. By turning the sleeve toraise or lower it, the force exerted by the spring to urge the stack against the fingers 20 may be varied.

Operating above the table is'a device for engaging and separating successively from the stack the upper sheets. This device includes a holder furnished by a bar 26 extending transversely of the table and having its lower edge curved upon substantially the arc of a circle. Fixed to one side of the bar, and so curved that they are approximately concentric .to the lower edge, is a seriesof needles or projections 28, sharp at their free ends to facilitate their entrance into the sheets. The space between the projections and the adjacent edge of the bar is practically equal to the thickness of .one of the sheets to be separated, this allowing the projections to enter the upper layer of stock without penetrating the succeeding layer. The bar 26 is pivoted at 30 to oscillate upon a supporting arm 32 arranged to turn about a shaft 34 and also to move bodily thereon by virtue-of slots 33 in the arm, through which the-shaft passes. In its bodily move ment, on the shaft and, later in the operat ing cycle, with said shaft, the arm 32 receives the guidance of a curvectT-track 35 mounted upon the frame, and on which run rolls 31 upon the arm. The shaft 34 is rotatable in actuating arms 36 and 37 loose upon an actuating shaft 38 journaled at opposite sides of the frame. T o the projections 28 are impart-ed three distinct move ments during awork-engaging and separating cycle. The arm 32 is first movedhorizontally to'the right (Figs. 2 and to cause the projections to be forced, into the upper sheet as this is pressed"upwardlyv by h table 12. Then the projections are revolved in an anti-clockwise direction, to perfect their engagement and lock the material .tenr

perspective the work- .the slide 42travels to .thcfilleft.

porarily upon them. Finally, the arm 32 is carried upwardly and rcarwardly, as indicated by the dash-line in 4, to separate the engaged sheet from the body of the stack, it being drawn from under the fingers 20, which retain the remainder of the stack against displacement. The movements of the arm 34 and bar 26 are then reversed, to complete a cycle. An actuating mechanism by which these results may be obtained is as follows: Guided for longitudinal movement in the supporting arm 32 is a slide 42 having rack-teeth 44 meshing with a gearsegment 46 clamped by screws 47 upon the bar26. "Oath-e inner end of the slide is a yoke, in opposite arms 48, 48 (Fig. of w. ich are slots 49, 49 receiving the shaft 34, eaclrarmbeing provided with a projection 50 entering a cam-groove52i-n the inner face of a dish 54 secured .eccentrically upon the shaft The arm 32 is furnishcd with spacedyoke-portions 56, 56, similar to those of the slide, each of which portions contains one of the slots 33 and has a projection 58 operating in a cam-groove 66 in the inner face of the corresponding disk 54. Fast upon each end of the shaft 34 is .a pinion 62 meshing with a gear-segment 64 attached to the shaft 38. Also fixed to the last-mentioned shaft is an arm 66, joined by a link 68 to a pin of a crank-disk :70 upon a shaft '72 rotatable in the frame. The shaft 72 is driven from a motor '74, at a relatively slow speed, through wornrgearing 76, spur-gearing 78 and sprocket-gearing 80, a clutch 81 with a hand- ,lever 82 being included in the connections to control the operation of the apparatus. At the beginning of a cycle, the elements are as illustrated in 2 and 3. As the crankdisk 70 turns in the direction of the arrow the cam-disks 54 are rotated in a clockwise direction by the segments 64. The canigrooves 52 and 60, acting together, simultaneously move the arm 32 and the slide 42 to the right at the same speed for a sufiicient distance to force the projections 28 into the upper sheet of material. This sheet is pressed against the projections by the table 12, and the angular position of said projections and the limiting effect ofthe curved end of the bar allow the engagement of the upper sheet without penetration of the sh et below. Following this, the cam-groo' can .:e the arm 32 to beheld stationary, while This, through the toothed engagement between the slide and segment 46,, rotates the bar anti-clockwise about its pivots 30., downwardly, outwardly and upwardly in the direction of their curvature .to complete their entrance into the upper sheet, and holding it firmly upon the bar. This brings the projections .50 and 58 into contact with the .ends of the cam-grooves 52 and '60. Thereafter, the pinions 62 are locked against rotation, and

the effect of the segments 64 is to carrythe arm 32 supporting the engaging and separating device bodily to the left through a path determined by the form of the track 35.

. This path is close to the top of the stack, eX-

cept that, toward the termination of the movement, it rises sui'liciently to cause the projections 28to at all times clear the accumulating sheets as they are separated from the stack and laid back loosely upon one another. This completes the active half of the cycle,=and during the succeeding portion, the movements are reversed, the projections being first turned back clockwise to their initial position upon the arm to disengage the sheet, and thenthis arm restored to its horizontal relation, with the pro ections ready for engagement with the upper sheet of the stack.

It may be desirable to positively lock the arms 36 and 37 against movement until the cam-grooves 52 and 60 have effected the sheetengaging action of the pro ections 28. This guards against premature separating travel of the projections before thelr engagement with the upper sheet has been completed. A definite relation between the phases of the return-movement is also preferably maintained. In the absence of some special provision, the sequence of operations might be dis turbed by friction between the elements, as between the slide 42 and its ways in the arm 32, and between the projections and 58 and the correspondii'ig cam-grooves. Each of the arms 36 and 37 has,,guided to move longitudr nally in a lug 84, a latching plunger 86 forced downwardly by a spring 88. The end of the plunger of the arm 36 is movable'along the edge of a quadrant 90 fixed to the frame, and, at the beginning of an operating cycle, hes within a depression 92 near the top of the quadrant. The plunger of arm 87 similarly occupies a depression 94 in a quadrant 96 at the beginning of the second or restoring half of the cycle. At the outer extremity of each plunger is a roll 98 operating in a cam-groove provided in the'adjacent gear-segment 64, the groove receiving the plunger of arm 36 being designated by the numeral 100, while a groove 102 is associated with arm 37. Referring to Fig. 2, it will be seen that the grooves are of reverse contour. Allbut the extreme left-hand portion of 100 and the right-hand portion of 102 act to allow the plungers to be held by their springs against the edges of the quad rants, rcadyto enter their respective depressions. The end portions just mentioned diverge outwardly from the bodies 2 of the grooves, serving to lift the plungers from the depressions. Starting with the elements as illustrated in Fig. 2, the plunger of the arm 36 engagesthe depression 92, so that said arm, and consequently the associated arm 37', is

locked against rotation until the sheet-engaging action of the projections 28, under the influence of the carn grooves 52 and 60, has been completed. Then, in the travel of the seg ments, the diverging portion of the groove lOOreaches its plunger and raises it from the depression 92. During this movement, the roll of the other plunger is traveling idly upon the surface of its quadrant. As the plunger is thus lifted, the projections 50 and 58 reach the ends oftheir cam-slots, and, finding the arms unlocked, the sheet-separating movement of thearm 32, under the guidance of the track 35, may occur. Vhen the active travel of the engaging and separating device has been con'ipleted, the plunger of the arm 37 arrives at the quadrant-depression 94, enterin g this and again locking the arms, this time against turning in a clockwise direction. As a result of this, the projections 28 are restored by the cam-grooves 52 and to their normal positions-upon the arm 32, and then the end of the groove 102 unlocks the arms by removing the projection from the depression 94, allowing the bodily reverse movement of the arm 32 to be effected upon contact between the left-hand ends of the grooves 52 and 60 with the projections 50 and 58. In this half of the cycle, the plunger of arm 36 is moving idly upon its quadrant, until it reaches the depression 92 to lock the parts for the beginning of the succeeding cycle. a

To outline briefly the operation of the apparatus, a stack of Sl'lOE-VillTlPS or other work-pieces is placed upon the table 12, the spring 22 maintaining the upper sheet in contact with the abutment-fingers 20. The operator may now start the appatus in action by causing the engagement of the "clutch 81. At the beginning of a cycle, the elements occupy the positions illustrated in Fig. 2. As the first step, the sheet-engaging projections 28 are moved to the right, as a result of a movement of translation of the holder-bar 26 produced by a corresponding travel of the supporting arm 32 and the slide 42 under the influence of the cam-grooves 60 and 52, respectively. 'At this time, a plunger 86 is in engagement with the depression 92 in the associated quadrant, so the actuating arms 36 and 37,'which move thearm'32 under the guidance of the track 35, are held stationary. After the projections have entered the upper sheet, the force ex erted by the spring 22 upon the table 12 .assisting in this, the cam-groove 52 shifts the slide 42 independently of the arm 32, thus rotating the bar 26 upon its pivots and turning the projections upwardly to more positively engage the sheet to be separated. Following this, the ends of the grooves 60 and 52 reach the pins 58 and 50 in the yokes of the arm and slide. This stops the rotation of the disks 54 and pinions 62, and, the plunger 86 being withdrawn by the end portion of the camgroove 100 in the actuating segment 64, the arms 36 and 37 locked to the segments by the pinions anddisks carry the arm 32 with the bar 26 and the engaging projections bodily to the left, guided by the roll 31 operating upon the track 35. This lifts the engaged end of the sheet, and draws it inwardly from under the fingers'20, rolling it over the remainder of the stacir, which is retained by the fingers. This travel of the arm 32 may be to such an extent as to leave a portion of the sheets adhering, as appears in Fig. at of the drawings, or may be extended to completely separate the sheets. In either case, their successive disengagement from their companions is made easy for an operator. This completes the active half of a cycle. The beginning of the remainin half, or that of restoration, finds the arms 36 and 37 locked by the plunger 86 within the quadrant-depression 94. While the arms are thus retained, the cam 52 causes a revolution of the projections 28 by a turning of the bar 26 under the influence of the slide 42 in the opposite direction to that which produced the ei'igagement at the beginning of the cycle. The withdrawal of the projections from the separated sheet being completed, the left end of the cam-groove 102, acting upon this plunger, unlocks the actuating arms, and there follows complete return of the supporting arm 32 with the slide 12, the bar 26 and the needles 28 to their initial positions.

WVhile I generally prefer to employ engaging-means which penetrates the sheets to be separated, it is to be understood that a device of this character is not, in all connections, essential to the satisfactory operation of this invention.

Having described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is a 1. In an apparatus for separating successive sheets. a sheet-engaging projection, means for moving the projection and sheets relatively to cause the engagement of a sheet by the projection, and means for moving the projection and sheets relatively to draw the engaged sheet across the succeeding sheet in a direction generally opposite to the engaging movement.

2. In an apparatus for separating sheets from a stack, a sheet-engaging. projection, means for moving the projection and sheets relatively to cause engagement of a sheet near one edge by said projection, and means for moving the projection and sheets relatively to draw the engaged edge of the sheet across the 'top'c'f the stack toward the opposite edge.

In an apparatus for for separating sheets from a stack, a sheet-engaging projection, means for moving the projection and sheets relatively to cause engagement of a sheet near one edge by said projection, means for moving the projection to draw the engaged edge of the sheetacros's the top of the stack toward the opposite edge, and means for retaining the remainder of the stack against displacement.

4. In an apparatus for separating sheets from a stack, a sheet-engaging projection, means for moving the projection in a plurality of directions to cause engagement of a sheet near one edge by the projection, and means for moving the projection to draw the engaged edge of the sheet across the top of the stack toward the opposite edge.

5. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a curved sheet-engaging projection, means for moving the projection and sheets relatively to cause the engagement of said sheets by the projection, and means for producing a further relative movement in the direction of curvature of the projection to perfect such engagement.

6. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a sheetengaging projection, means for moving the projection and sheets relatively to cause the engagement of the top sheet of a stack by the projection, means for producing a further relative movement to perfect such engagement, and means for moving the stack and projection relatively to separate the engaged sheet from the stack.

7. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a sheetengaging projection, means for moving the projection in a direction substantially parallel to the sheet, and means for revolving the projection.

8. I11 a sheet-separating apparatus, a sheetengaging projection, means for moving the projection in a direction substantially parallel to the sheet to produce engagement thereof, means for turning the projection in the sheet, and means for moving the projection in engagement with the sheet in a direction generally opposite to that first mentioned.

9. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a sheetengaging projection, means for moving the projection to cause the engagement near one edge of'the top sheet of a stack, and means for moving the projection with the engaged sheet toward the opposite edge of the stack. 10. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a mov able support, projections carried by the support, means for moving the support in opposite directions, and means for moving the support in approximately the same directions as just specified but for a different distance. 11. In an apparatus for separating the sheets of a stack, a movable support, proj'ccr tions carried by the support, means for moving the support in opposite directions to cause engagement and disengagement between the projections and the top sheet of the stack, and means for moving the support in opposite directions fora greater distance than that just mentioned for separating the sheet from the stack.

12. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a movable support, projections carried by the sup.- port, means for moving the support in oppo-v site directions, means for moving the projections upon the support, and means for moving the support in approximately the firstmentioned directions but for a different distance. e i

13. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a pivoted actuating member, a supporting member movable by the actuating member, sheet-engaging means upon the supporting member, means for moving the actuating member about its pivot, and means for moving the supporting member independently of the actuating member. i

14. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a pivoted actuatin member, movable by the actuating member, sheet-engaging means upon the supporting member, means for moving the actuating member about its pivot, meansformoving the supporting member independently of the actuating member, and means for moving the projections upon the supporting member.

15. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a pivoted actuating member, a supporting member movable by the actuating member, a holder pivoted upon the supporting member and provided with projections, means for moving the actuating member about its pivot, means for movingthe supporting member independently of the actuating member,and means for moving the holder upon its pivots.

16. In a sheet-separatingapparatus, a pivoted actuating member, a supporting member movable by the actuating member, sheetengaging means upon the supporting member, means for moving the actuating member about its pivot, and a guide for the supporting member during its movement with the actuating member.

17. In a she'et-separat ing apparatus, a p1v oted actuating arm, means for oscillating the actuatingarm, a shaft carried by the actuating arm, a supporting arm under the infiuence of the shaft, and sheet-engaging means carried by the supporting arm.

18. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a'pivoted actuatin arm, means for oscillating the actuating arm, a shaft carried by the actuating arm, a supporting arm movable bodily upon theshaft, meansfor mpartmg such bodily movement to the supporting arm,

means for connecting the supporting arm to move with the shaft and actuating arm, "and sheet-engaging meanscarri'ed by the supporting arm. 7 j p i U 19. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a p1voted actuating arm, meansforoscillating the actuating arm,a shaft rotatable 1n the actuatingarm, gearingarranged to rotate the shaft, '21 supporting arm movable bodily upon the shaft, sheet-engaging means carried by the supportingarm, and a cam fixed to the shaft and co-operating with the supporting arm...

' 20$In a sheet-separating apparatus, a piv a supporting member oted actuating arm, means for oscillating the actuating arm, a shaft carried by the actuating arm, a-supporting arm under the influence of the shaft, a bar mounted to oscillate upon the supporting arm, sheet-engaging means uponthe bar,aslide movable upon the supporting arm and connected to the bar,

and connections to the. shaft for reciprocating the slide.

' 21. Ina sheet-separating apparatus, a pivoted aetuating arm, means for oscillating the actuating arm, a shaft carried by the actuating arm, a supporting arm movable bodily upon the shaft, means for imparting such bodily movement to the supporting arm, a

actuatingarima shaft carried by theactuatmg arm, asupporting arm movable bodily upon the shaft, a slide movable'upon the supporting arm, camsfix ed to the shaft and arranged to impart a bodily movement to the supporting arm and to move the slide upon said arm,,m'eans for connecting the supporting arm to move with the shaft and actuating arm, and a barprovided with sheet-engaging projections pivoted upon the supporting arm.

23. In a sheet-separating apparatus, an actuating shaft, means for oscillating the shaft, an actuating arm loose upon the shaft, a gear-segment fixed to the shaft, a shaft rotatable in the actuating arm, a pinion fixed to the arm-shaft and meshing with the seg-' nient, a supporting arm movable upon the arm-shaft, sheet-engaging means carried by the supporting arm, and a cam secured to the arm-shaftv and acting upon the supporting .24. In a sheet-separating apparatus, an actuating shaft, means for oscillating the shaft, an actuating arm loose upon the shaft, a gear-segment fixed to the shaft, a shaft rotatable in the actuating arm, a pinion fixed to the arn1-shaft and meshing with the segment, a supportingarm movable upon the arnr-shaft, sheet-engaging projections carried'by the supporting arm, and a cam secured to the cam-shaft and-acting upon the supporting arm, said cam being arranged to lock the pinion against rotation'by the segment. i a

25. In a sheet-separating apparatus, an actuating shaft, means for oscillating the shaft, an actuating arm loose upon the shaft, a gear segment fixed to the shaft, a shaft rotatable'in theactuating arm,a pinion fixed to the arm shaftand meshing with the segment, a supporting arm bodily movable upon the arm-shaft. a bar pivoted upon the sup- 7 ing arm, needles carried by the bar, a slide movable upon the supporting arm and connected to the bar, and a cam secured to the arm-shaft. and acting upon the supporting arm and slide, the cam having means for limiting the movement of the slide and the bodily movement of the supporting arm upon the shaft and for locking the pinion against rotation by the segment.

27. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a sheet-engaging member, actuating elements formoving the member in diiferentdirections during an operating cycle, and means for locking an actuating element against movement during a portion of the cycle.

28. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a sheet-engaging projection, means for, moving the projection to enter the sheet and then for separatingthe thus-entered sheet, and means for preventing. theseparating movement of the projection until the entering movement has been completed.

29. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a sheet-engaging projection, means for moving the projection and sheets relativelyto cause the engagement of the top sheet of a stack by the projection, means for producing a further relative. movement to perfect such engagement, means forv moving the stack and projection relatively to' separate the engaged sheet from the stack, and means for preventing the separating movement of the projection until after the engaging movement. V

30. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a piv oted actuating member, a supporting member movable by the actuating member, sheet engaging means upon the supporting member, means for moving the actuating member about its pivot, means for moving the supporting member independently of the actuating member, and means for locking the actuating member during such independent movement.

31. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a pivoted actuating arm, means forfoscillating the actuating arm, meansfor locking the. actuating arm against oscillation, a shaft carriedv by the actuating arm, a supporting arm under the influence ofthe shaft, and sheet-engaging means carried by the supporting arm.

32. In asheet-separating apparatus,'a pivoted actuating arm, means for oscillating the actuating arm, a shaft carried by the actuating arm, a supporting arm movable upon the shaft, a lock for the actuating arm effective during such movement, means for connecting the supporting arm to move with the shaft and actuating arm, and sheet-engaging means carried by the supporting arm.

33. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a pivoted actuating arm, means for oscillating the actuating arm, a shaft carried by the actuating arm, a supporting arm under the influence of the shaft, a bar mounted to oscillateupon the supporting arm, sheet-engaging projections upon the bar, aslide movable upon the supporting arm and connected to the bar, connections to the shaft for reciprocating the slide, and a lock for the actuating arm effective during the reciprocation of the slide.

34. In a sheet-separating apparatus, an actuating shaft, means for oscillating the shaft, an actuating arm loose upon the shaft, a plunger arranged to lock the actuating arm against movement, a gear-segment fixed to the shaft, a cam carried by the segment and acting upon the plunger, a shaft rotatable in the actuating arm, a pinion fixed to the arm-shaft and meshing with the segment, a supporting arm movable upon the arm-shaft,

sheet-engaging projections carried by the.

supporting arm, and a cam secured to the arm-shaft and acting upon the supporting arm.

35. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a sheet-support, a projection arranged to enter a sheet upon the support, and means for moving the support to force the sheet into en ment With the projection. V

36, In a sheet-separating apparatus, a sheet-support, a projection movable to enter a sheet upon the support, means for moving the. support to force the, sheet into engagement with the projection, and means co-operating with the projection for limiting the en gaging movement of the sheet.

37. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a support for a stack of sheets, an abutment adjacent to and having a portion extending over thestack, means for forcing the terminal sheet of the stack against the extending portion, and a projection movable toward the abutment to engage the terminal sheet and away from the extending portion to free the sheet therefrom.

38. In .a sheet-separating apparatus, a movable sheet-engaging projection, a stack supporting table situated below the path of movement of the projection, and a spring arranged to force the stack upon the table into eo-operation with the projection.

39. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a movable sheet-engaging projection, a stacksupporting table situated below the path of mqvement. of the projection, a spring arranged to force the stack upon the table into co-operation With the projection, and means contacting with the stack for limiting its movement by the table.

40. In a sheet-separating apparatus, a movable sheet-engaging projection, a stacksupporting table situatedbelow the path of movement of the projection, a spring arranged to force the stack upon the table into co-operation With the projection, and an abutment situated at one edge of the table and having a portion extending over the stack.

41. In an apparatus for separating sheets, a holder, and a sheet-engaging projection mounted upon the holder and extending along and being spaced from a Wall thereof by a distance substantially equal to the thickness of a sheetof material to be separated. 1

42. In an apparatus for separating sheets, a holder a sheet-engaging projection mounted upon the holder and extending along and being spaced from a Wall thereof by a distance substantially equal to the thickness of a sheet of material to .be separated, means for forcing the projection and sheet to be separated into contact, and means for moving the projection and sheet relatively to effeet the engagement of the latter.

418. In an apparatus for separating sheets, an oscillatory member having a curved edge, and sheet-engaging needles extending substantially concentric to the curved edge.

as. In an apparatus for separating sheets, an oscillatory member having a curved edge, and sheet-engaging needles extending substantially concentric to the curved edge, the distance between the curved surface of the member and the adj aeent sides of the needles being substantially equal to the thickness of a sheet of material to be separated. V

45. In an apparatusfor separating sheets, an oscillatory bar having a curved edge, sheet-engaging needles extending substantially concentric to the curved edge, the distance between the curved surface of the bar and the adjacent sides of the needles being substantially equal to the thickness of a sheet of material to be separated, means for forcing the sheet to be engaged against the needles, means for moving the bar bodily and thereby caus ing the needles to engage the sheet, and

means for oscillating the bar to complete such engagement.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification.

FAY D. KIN NEY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4283047 *Sep 8, 1978Aug 11, 1981Levi Strauss & Co.Facing ply separator
US4641827 *Jun 2, 1983Feb 10, 1987Richard R. WaltonFabric pickup and the like
US4645193 *May 30, 1984Feb 24, 1987Richard R. WaltonFabric pickup and the like
US4892298 *Sep 22, 1986Jan 9, 1990Richard R. WaltonDevice and method for pickup of sheet-form flexible fabric or the like
Classifications
U.S. Classification271/18.3
International ClassificationB65H3/22
Cooperative ClassificationB65H3/22
European ClassificationB65H3/22