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Publication numberUS1780427 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 4, 1930
Filing dateJun 22, 1928
Priority dateJun 22, 1928
Publication numberUS 1780427 A, US 1780427A, US-A-1780427, US1780427 A, US1780427A
InventorsKirkham Joseph E
Original AssigneeKirkham Joseph E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Troweling machine for concrete or other plastic material
US 1780427 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 4, 1930. J. E. KIRKHAM 1,780,427





Nov. 4, 1930. J. E. KIRKHAM 1,780,427


20' to be laid.

Patented Nov. 4, 1930 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE j JosErH E. KIRKHAM, or TOPEKA, KANSAS Application filed. June 22,

My invention relates to a troweling machine for concrete or other plastic material.

The object of my invention is to provide a troweling means for plastic concrete,the said means agitating the mass during the process of floating or troweling to a true and finished surface, eliminating longitudinal and transverse waves; a

A'further object of my invention is to provide a seriesof adjustable floats or trowels carried by a frame supported by forms, by which means the finished surface of the concrete may be crowned, or finished in straight alignment horizontally or inclined.

A still further object of myinvention is to provide a troweling means power actuated in such a way that the floats or trowels will function in any sequence, the reciprocating motion being longitudinal with the mass or road A still further object of my invention is to provide a series of floats or trowels parallel to longitudinal axis of the road andpositioned in close proximity, but working independent of each'other in their reciprocating movement.

These and other objects will hereinafter be more fully explained, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification, wherein like characters will apply to like parts throughout the different vlews.

Briefly referring to the drawings Fig. 1 is a plan view of the mechanism, showingits position on a fragmentary length of concrete road bed;

Fig. 2 is a front elevation, the road bed and forms being in cross section. I

Fig. 3 is a side view of Fig. 2. v

Fig. 4 is a view of'the cam shaft. Fig. 5 is a perspective view of one of the float or trowel members.

Fig. 6 is an enlarged detailed cross-sectional view. 7 Fig. 7 is an enlarged end view of thecam shaft.

Fig. 8 is a top view, the shaftobeing broken away.

Fig. 9 is a fragmentary plan view of thesector and its connectionto the frame. Fig.

1928. Serial No. 287,476.

10 illustrates the manner in which the lever actuated bar is hinged to the frame.

My invention herein disclosed consists of a plurality of float or trowel members 1 pendently supported on a frame 2 by means hereinafter described, the frame being mounted on wheels S, the said wheels being flanged and adapted to rotatably engage along track members l, the said track members functioning as forms for concrete 5 poured therebetween and brought to a uniform surface by the action of the trowels, .as hereinafter described.

As a power actuating means, I have positioned on the said frame an engine 6 as means to convey the mechanism along the track and actuating means for the reciprocation of the trowels simultaneously or independent of the travel along the track. The engine is equipped with theusual controlling means to govern, a clutch, transmission, and driving means, the position of the transmission being shown at 7, and the driving means at 8, the latter being connected to a rearwardly positioned drive shaft 9 the said shaft having flanged wheels 3 rigidly attached to the outer ends. thereof. The forward portion of the frame is carried on the shaft'lO having similar wheels securely attached to the outer ends thereof.

As a means to convey the mechanism along the track, a worm 11 is securely attached to the outer end of the drive shaft 12, the worm being in mesh with a worm gear 13, the worm and its respective gear being housed as shown by dot-ted lines 14.

As an operating means for the forward movement of the trowels alternately, I have trunnioned a shaft 15 to the front member of the frame 2; and adjustably arranged on the shaft is a pluralityof cam members 16, by which means the trowel members are driven forward through the medium of a pendent supporting means consisting of a sleeve 17 carried by a hinge member 18, the said member being rigidly attached to the front member of the frame, as shown in Figs. 1 and 6. Axially positioned in the sleeve is a rod 19 having threads on the opposite ends to engage :nuts 20 as longitudinal adjusting means there- 1 for, the nuts'tlghtly engaging on the1r respective ends of the sleeve, by which means the trowel members are raised and lowered. It will be understood that the said shaft is pivotally connected to the trowel, as shown at 21. The rear end of the trowels are pendently supported in a similar way, but are positioned to engage snugly against the ver-. tical side of an intermediate beam member 2, the said member being carried by the end members of the frame respectively.

By the arrangement andpositio'n of the latter mentioned pendent supports, the trowels are driven forward as the frame is conveyed, but advanced insequence by the cam shaft rotation heretofore described, the rotation of said shaft being actuated through the medium of a shaft 22 having a beveled gear 28 on the inner end thereof in mesh with a beveled gear 24 securely attached to the engine drive shaft 12. The shaft 22 is trunnioned to a beam 25 in bearings shown at 26. On the outer end of the shaft is a sprocket wheel, 27having a sprocket chain 28 in mesh therewith, the chain also being in mesh with a sprocket wheel 29, the last said sprocket wheel being firmly attached to the outer end of the said cam shaft. f

It is now readily seen how the rotation of the cam shaft is actuated independent of the forward travel of the machine, this being accomplished by disengaging the shaft at the tr; nsmission 7, untilall of the trowels have been moved forward; then by advancing the machine, the trowels not in contact with their respective cams willbe free to retract; It will be understoodthat the trowel members will retract by gravity when driven forward as indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 6, the trowels being raised from contact with the surface of the concrete.

As a means to elevate the trowels simultaneously, a bar 30 longitudinally extending from near one end to the opposite end is hingedly connected to the intermediate frame member 2, as shown'in F ig; 6 and Fig. 10; and to rock the bar forward, a lever 31 is attached thereto, and when rocked downward as shown by dotted lines the outer edge of the bar will frictionally engage against the sleeve members, holding them forward, as shown by dotted lines in Fig. 6. The lever, when driven downward, will engage with a stop 32 as securing means therefor, the said stop being integral with a sector 3.3, the sector being rigidly attached to the frame member 2 and being so arranged, the lever will spring as it passes thereover.

The operation of the machine is as follows:

In preparing to lay concrete on a highway or other place, the earth or sub-grade on which the concrete is to be laid is brought to a uniform surface and cross-section required. Forms are then placed on each side of the roadbed for three purposes: first, to align and close the sides while the concrete is being poured; second, as a governing means for the depth of the slab; and third, as a track for the wheels of the machine. As the concrete is poured, the machine, through the agency of the motor carried thereby, is driven along the rails or forms; and during the time oftravel the trowels are driven forward in sequence. At each swing of the trowels, they are raised slightly from the surface, by which meansthe aggregate concrete is worked to a ui'iifor'm and smooth surface. The forward ends of the trowels, being vertically positioned, will carry the surplus concrete before them, as shown at A in Fig. 3, by which means voids or low places in the concrete will be filled. To avoid the concrete passing be tween the vertically positioned ends in their r'ec'i'p'rocations, a web B is provided on each side of said vertical portion.

It will be understood that the machine, while standin g still, may continue to reciprocate the trowels, each member thereof retracting by means of gravity. This arrangement is found very useful should the aggregate partially set or become rather dry in its mixture. The agitation of the trowels at all times tends to cause the fluid in the concrete to rise, carrying with it the cement. Therefore, the surface is rendered more smooth than it would otherwise be. 7

Such modifications maybe employed as lie within the scope of the appended claims.

Having fully described my inventiomwhat I claimas new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: i

1. In a troweling machine for concrete and otheriplasticomaterial, a machine of the'kind described, comprising a rectangular frame and wheels to carry the same, a plurality of longitudinal trowels each having an upward eXtensiona-t its forward end, two rods threadedattheir ends and plivotally connected to each trowel, sleeves hinged to the frame and arranged to accommodate the said rods, means to adjust and lock the rods to the sleevesand means to reciprocate the trowels.

2. In a troweling machine for concrete and other plastic material, a rectangular frame having a pair of wheelsto carry the front side thereof and a pair of wheels connected by a shaft for the rear side, the frame having an'eng'ine positioned thereon and means to drive the shaft to propel the machine, a shaft rotatably carried by the frame and having a plurality of cams spaced therealong, 'ineans to rotate the shaft, a plurality of trowel-s pendantly positioned on the frame and engaging the road material, the cams engagmg the pendant supporting means of the trowels for reciprocation of the'latter, means to disengage the supporting means of the trewels' from th'ecams. 1

3. In a troweling machine for concrete and other plastic'material, a machine of the kind described having a frame and wheels ascarrying means therefor, a plurality of trowels connected to the frame by adjustable pendant supporting means comprising threaded rods pivotally connected to the trowels and positioned in sleeves pivotally connected to the frame, there being a front and a rear set of said means, a bar hingedly connected to the frame and a lever as rocking means therefor, the bar to engage on the rear set of pendent supporting means to move the trowels forward and upward, rendering them inactive while the machine is being transported.

In testimony whereof I affix-my signature.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3453654 *Apr 12, 1967Jul 1, 1969K & R Ind IncSurfacing units
US4115976 *Mar 21, 1977Sep 26, 1978John Rohrer Contracting CompanyMethod for screeding cement
US5670178 *Aug 16, 1995Sep 23, 1997West; Richard A.Method and apparatus for applying foam plastic materials to a roof deck
US5857803 *Feb 26, 1997Jan 12, 1999Davis; Larry L.Portable vibratory wet screed
US6551018Mar 29, 2001Apr 22, 2003Blaw-Knox Construction Equipment CorporationApparatus for tamping paving material
US7198429 *Mar 31, 2004Apr 3, 2007Fabcon, Inc.Segmented concrete screed
US8807866 *Mar 4, 2011Aug 19, 2014Joseph Vogele AgMethod and road finisher for laying a compacted finishing layer
US20110229266 *Mar 4, 2011Sep 22, 2011Joseph Vogele AgMethod and road finisher for laying a compacted finishing layer
U.S. Classification404/119, 15/235.4, 404/120
International ClassificationE01C19/42, E01C19/22
Cooperative ClassificationE01C19/42
European ClassificationE01C19/42