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Publication numberUS178076 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 30, 1876
Filing dateApr 25, 1876
Publication numberUS 178076 A, US 178076A, US-A-178076, US178076 A, US178076A
InventorsJohn L. Nostrand
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Improvement in metallic girders
US 178076 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 178,076, dated May 30, 1876; application filed April 25, 1876.

To all whom it may concern: 0

Be it known that I, JOHN L. NOSTRAND, of

. Brooklyn, E. D., Kings county, State of New a cross-section of a beam or column illustrating my invention. Fig. 2 is an end view of a modified form of one of my improved heads or flanges. Fig. 3 is an end view of another modified form of head, and Fig. 4 is a detail view of a clamp for the two-part head.

The object of my invention is to furnish an improved head or flange for the construction of beams, girders, columns, shafts, posts, struts, braces, compression and tension chords, &c., to be used in constructing buildings, bridges, railroads, and other structures.

The invention will first be described in connection with drawing, and then pointed out in the claim.

In the drawing, A represents the head or flange, in the neck of which is formed a longitudinal groove or channel, to receive the edge of the web B, where it is secured in place by bolts or rivets.

The head or flange A may be made in one piece, as shown in Fig. 1, or in two pieces, as

shown in Figs. 2 and 3. In the latter case the plane ofdivision may be in the center of the groove or channel, as shown in Fig. 2, or at one side of said groove-or channel, as shown in Fig. 3. With this construction it is advisable, in some cases, to clamp the two parts of the head together, to keep them from spreading apart under pressure. For this purpose a bar, 0, is bent twice-at right angles, at such points as will leave its middle part of a length equal to the width of the heads A. The bar 0 is heated, and its ends are bent down overthe edges of the said head, where it will be held securely by the shrinkage of the iron as it cools. Two of the heads A and their connect ing-web B thus form a beam which may be used as a girder, or as a post or column in building bridges, railroads, and other struc tures where great strength is required. t

By this construction, beams of a greater strength can be made by using the same quantity of iron, or of an equal strength by using a less quantity of iron than when the ordinary construction is used, By this construction, also, the strain is transferred from the rivets to the shoulders of the heads, against which the edges of the web rest, so as to greatly increase the power of resistance. 7

' Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

A girder or analogous article formed of heads A A and web B, the latter held in grooves of the former by bolt or rivet, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

. JOHN L. NOS/BRAND. Witnesses:


Referenced by
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US4080766 *Mar 4, 1977Mar 28, 1978Claremont Wall Systems Company, Inc.Demountable partition structure
US6212849 *Jan 4, 1999Apr 10, 2001Mitek Holdings, Inc.Pultruded fiberglass reinforced shear panel
US6959520 *Jul 22, 2003Nov 1, 2005Hartman Paul HDemand side management structures
US7555873Nov 30, 2004Jul 7, 2009The Boeing CompanySelf-locating feature for a pi-joint assembly
US7914223Jan 8, 2009Mar 29, 2011The Boeing CompanyDeterminant assembly features for vehicle structures
US8272618Nov 30, 2004Sep 25, 2012The Boeing CompanyMinimum bond thickness assembly feature assurance
US8403586Jan 24, 2011Mar 26, 2013The Boeing CompanyDeterminant assembly features for vehicle structures
WO2011107066A2 *Jan 28, 2011Sep 9, 2011Thyssenkrupp Vdm GmbhAluminum-titanium component
Cooperative ClassificationE04C2003/0452