US 1782175 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
I NOV. 18, 1930. J D PEARMAlN 1,782,175
ILLUMINATED SIGN Filed Sept. 2-1, 1928 2 sheets-sheet .1
Nov. 18, 1930. J. D. PEARMAIN 1,782,175
2 g Referring to 'the 'drawi'n 's',
Patented Nov. 18, 1930 c drnhis PE'ARMAIN, OF SCARBOROUGH, NEWYOFK tELIQUMINATED LSIGN c My invention i e w illiiininzitetl sign-s iif thetypein which daylight first passes through a'horizonta-llydispdsed sten cil'pldte tb 'wreflectingsurface,"and theh frdm this 5 "sirrfaeefltdtheeye o'fthe 0"bserVer 0r, frdni an inclined rni'rr'or through a stencih customerrily ctilled diy'light sighs. T-hesignis rendered more brilliantby the reflection ofthe, fisl'ft lly colored;'sterrcilinthe reflector of a darkenedchamber: P i
Siieh's'ignsare Operable only in the dim? amen ty artificial light abovethe strlictiire.
also at night, when artificial light falls from sefire distant Seance on the 1 Sign; either from one dirtefiioh or 'frbr'ii difl'erent' directions, as ffrmnQafisl-iip wifi'dhw, street151-11115, or. motor .ri i vehicl; Headlights; thus eliminating the necf my invention. t I Fig. 2 is a: tress-semen thereo'ffi 'iiithe auxiliary re ect-or ishingedj t aiso clear glass reflectors; v
le siien laawe steicfiaes deylight*paess thribngh. the ii'p'p'er', .hdr'izdntally disposed st'nc'ilplzite b and reflects the image of the stencil in the reflector or mirror cg sio' that thef stencil shows; with, greater brilliancy.
'Suchsigns' arefOnIY usedin'deylight. f
improvement s constructed so as'ito' make such signs Operable at-nighttime a ls' b the light forvillnnflinatingthem being der'iird from a distant seurce, su chi as street lamps, vihic le headlights; 'st'hr e' Windb'ws and the lie I 1 T01 aistriicture "such as above described I apply an' 0pen*frame" 7 resting on t he sigh stii'rctiire; two oplo osi te sides of which are prdi ided with slots '8 thrdu'gh which paiss slet h nd'is provided with athilm'b-nut wh reby the ang'nlarity "of the fiuxiliary I frmfie'm 'y bej'adj'nsted: with respect to the rear by reason 'of the islets. 8, b'olts'Qfand nuts1 0. The frame inay alsdbe rei-dily removed and reversed, sothatthe auxiliary refflector' 13 s will befdir'ected' toward the front. Fig; 3 the frame 7 is shown as rovided withtwd auxiliary frames 12 and 12 mounted at opposite sides of the frame 7 a ndlpro- .cvidedwith mirrors: or reflectors," One of thes rfaiugiliary frames, 12", is adjustable as m ngl -as in Fig. 1, and one of the reflectors, I
' yil it. nfl e 2,v s'f ft b an e aib ve thenthemnd is else adjustebI,]f6r-' both height and angle by slotted rods and 15. This arrangement permits light from a distant source from either or both directions to illumine the sign. The reflector 12 may be so adjusted that instead of reflecting directly through the stencil plate, it will direct light by double reflection through the plate, i. e.', rst to mirror in frame 12 and then through the plate. In this instance the sign will be seen upright in mirror in frame 12, aswell as in mirror 0. v
In Fig. 4 the frame 7 is provided with a concave reflector 19. A reverse image will also be seen in the reflector 19.
In Fig. 5 the case a is provided with a lat-' .eral flange 20, on which rests a plate21 that is rotatably fixed to the flange by a bolt or pin 22. i f I r The plate and: flange are provided with registering holes throughwhich a bolt 23 passes. The bolt is provided with a nut 24 i and holds the plate 21 in any desired rotated or sho position with respect to pin 22.
Hinges 25-connect the auxiliary reflector frame 26 to the plate 21. Brackets 27 are mounted on the platev21 and are provided with slots 28 through which pass screws 29 provided with thumb-nuts 30 for holding the frame-26 in angular relation to stencil plate I). In this case the frame 26 is hinged at the side of the casing, andthe reflector therein receives light from lights at the street curb Windows, &c. V In ig. 611 have shown the case a inverted for hanging at the front of or within a shop window by chains or, cords 31 engaged by hooks 32 or the equivalent, on the casing a. Suspended from hooks 33"by chains 34 is a frame 35 carrying a reflector 35, preferably cylindrical, to the sides of which frame are hinged auxiliary reflectors 36 adj ustably supported at the proper angle byslotted arcs 37, as in Fig.5., The frame 35 is itself adjustable to and from the casing a as well as angularly, by engaging the hooks 33 in any on'efof the links of the chains. 34.
Figure .7 shows two sheets 40 of transpar ent glass arranged at an angle to one another and closed at thesides, if desired, by a trans-' parent: sheet ofglass'41,.so, as, injeffect, to
form a prismthat effectually keeps out rain 'and'dust; This arrangement will directlight from any direction onto thestencil plate. 7
l'claimfk It is obvious that reflectors like 36 may be mounted on allfour sides of the frame .35 instead of on onlytwo sides. l
I The'top lights of ashow-window, or day.- light shines on the auxiliaryvreflectors 35 and 36that, direct the light .through thestencil ontothemirroro. I 7
, l--..Anv illuminated. sign having a stencil plate through which the daylight passes and a reflector, on' one sideot the-plate into which the stencil is projectediand in which the image of the stencil is projected and viewed; in combination with a plurality of auxiliary reflectors at different angles arranged on the opposite side of said plate to reflect artificial light from distant different sources through the plate to the first reflector normally unassociated with the sign.
2. 'The combination with a sign having a stencil plate and an associated reflector; of a plurality of auxiliary reflectors arranged to reflect artificial light from a distant source plate through which daylight passes, and a reflector in which the image of the stencil is viewed; in combination with a plurality of auxiliary reflectors on the oppositesideof the plate arranged to reflect artificial light from different directions through the plate tothe first reflector. j w a a 5. An illuminated sign having a rstencil plate through which'daylight passes,and a reflector in which the image of the stencil is viewed; in combination with a plurality: of;
auxiliary reflectors on the opposite side of the plate arranged to reflect artificial light from diflerent directions through the plate to the first reflector, means to bodily shift the auxiliary reflectors relatively to the plate and means to adjust the angularity of the auxiliary reflectors one'to the other and to'the plate 3 a 6. An illuminated signhaving a rectangular' stencil;plate, and an inclined mirror associated therewith; in combination with a frame slidable above and at oppositesides of the sign, auxiliary reflectors hingedat opp'osite. sides of the frame,rods pivotally c'onnected tothe reflectors and means to secure the rods inadjusted position to regulate the angular relation of therefiector to the frame and plate, saidreflectors arranged to be illuminated vbya distant "source of artificial light and reflect the stencilin saidmirror duringthe night.
'7. An illuminated sign having a stencil plate and. an inclined mirror cooperating therewith; in combination with an auxiliary reflectorabove the plate, and means for'permitting adjustment of'theauxiliary reflector in: angularrelationtothe plate-and as to height with respect to the'plate.
8. Anattachment 3 for day-light signs comprising a. frame for attachment to the ski) sign, an auxiliary inclined mirror mounted on the frame, and arranged to reflect light to said sign, that ordinarily does not illuminate the sign, and means for securing the frame to said sign for reversal of the auxiliary mirror with respect to thesign.
9. An attachment for daylight signs comprising a frame for attachment tosaid sign, an auxiliary mirror on the frame, and
means for varying the angularity of the mirror to the frame and sign.
10. Anattachment for daylight signs? comprising a frame for mounting on the sign, a mirror angularly mounted at one side of the frame, a second mirror mounted on the opposite side ofthe frame above the first mirror and adjustable as to height.
11. An attachment for daylight signs comprising a frame for mounting on the slgn a IIlllTOI angularly mounted at one slde of the frame, a second mirror mounted on the opposite side of the frame above the first mirror and adjustable to height, and means to adjust the angularity of both mirrors.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention, I have signed my name here- JOHN D. PEARMAIN.