|Publication number||US1782479 A|
|Publication date||Nov 25, 1930|
|Filing date||Nov 14, 1927|
|Priority date||Dec 1, 1926|
|Publication number||US 1782479 A, US 1782479A, US-A-1782479, US1782479 A, US1782479A|
|Original Assignee||Sadtler Wilhelm|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 25, 1930. w SADTLER 1,782,479
TOY WEAPON Filed NOV. 14, 192'? amw JAM@ Patented Noir. 19302 WILHELM snnfrnnn, or :EAD nomnune, GERMANY oFFlvcE TOY wEroN In all toy weapons known hitherto the pro- ,jectile is made of solid material so that there is always a danger of persons or objects being injured or damaged when the weapon is red.
n The present invention is concerned with a toy weapon wherein the projectile is constituted by a fine j et of liquid which is projected from the weapon at the target under a comparatively high pressure; the liquid is thus capable of producing' an evident eect on the target where it may, for instance, seta susipended ball in motion, knock over a light gure 6r perform some similar function. If occasion demands it` may also b used to kill small insectsand the like, suc as iiies in which case a liquid such as benzine may be employed. l
-Irr the weapon a spring isarranged-to ,act on a plunger or piston-a apted. to move in a cylinder which is filled with Water or some other suitable liquid; theplunger has a fine orifice or line through which the liquid is projected in t ne form of a'jet when the spring is released For this purpose the cylinder and plunger may be inserted as a separate small cartridge in a suitable cut away portion of the barrel of theweapon or one lor i both of them may form a part'of or be integral with the barrel. The saine e'ect may also be obtained by the impact of a cockupon Vsuch a .cartridge or on a rubber cylinder or ball.: The wea on may be constructed in the form of a pisto gun or-as a table cannon or cannon.
iie embodiment of a weapon according to this invention is illustrated by way of example in the accompanying drawing in which:
Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a pistol, 401 v Fig. 2 a view of the' barrel thereof from j above,
Fig. 3 a sectional view to a somewhat lar er.
scale of the cartridge and the mounting or the same and v Fig. 4 is a similarview of the same cartridge extended preparatory to firin- The pistol a is furnished with 't e usual powerful spring b which may be compressed by means of the cooking orsettingv member c and released by means of the trigger d. The
Application filed November 14, 1927, Serial -1v\o.4233,150, and inV Germany December 1, 1928.J
striker e atthe front end of the spring impacts, on the release of said spring, on the cartridge f 'which is disposed in a suitably shaped cut out portion of thebarrel g. Asis i clear in particular from Figs. 3 and 4 the. 55 cartridge'f consists of a cylinder L in which a hollow plunger or piston z' is guided in a "y fluid tight manner. At the forward end thisV r plunger has a fine orifice c and is adapted to lit in a suitably shaped mJountingJin the barrel. The end on, of the plunger is slightly conical and the opening n in the mounting Z is of corresponding cpnical shape sofas'to provide for precise centering of the plunger and thus of the orifice k for the e erging jet,
At its rear end o the cylinder h 1 'also conically shaped and is adapted to', lit a correspondingly tapered opening p in the striker e.`
. The cartridge is rstflled with the liquid to be projected b lwithdrawing theplunger z'- from the cylin er a and filling the-latter, wholly or, partly with the li uid. The plunger is then re-inserted an pushed into the cylinder until all theair has escaped .through the orifice le and the cylinder and plunger are completely full with liquid u to the orifice Ic.. The pistol spring b is tEen stressed by means of the cooking member c .and the cartridge fis placed in t e cut out portionof, the barrel with the rear end 0 of the cylinder 80 inserted in the conical opening p in the striker e. If the sprin b is then released by pulling the tri gein the striker e and therewith the-cartri e' as a whole' are projected for.
; Wardly. T e front conical end m of the 35 plunger z' thus comes tobearfon theconi'cal surface n of the cartridge mounting Z and the impact of the striker'forces the cylinder h 'over the plunger z' so that the-liquid is drivenwithgreat force through the orifice 99 lc towards the target -in the form of a projectile'. An ordinary sighting deviceI may provided, :f5 In'ce'rtain circumstances the cartridge ay be arranged fixed in the rear portion or muzzle of the barrel and may even form part of' said rear barrel ortion; in ,this case it is necessary to provide a closable orifice in the l cylinder for thepurpose of the ,samev im with liquid,
" The plunger z' need not be hollow but when constructed as a solid plunger the orice la will have to be connected to the rear of the plunger by a suitable passage. Naturally the orifice may also be located in thecylinder in which case the `latter must -be disposed forwardly of the plunger.
The orifice la may be replaced by several similar orifices or one or more "slits maybe provided.
It is also possible to substitute a compressed air arrangement for the spring; in this modication the compressed air will act on the cylinder or piston-or directly onthe liquid.
Finally a smalltube into which the liquid may be drawn on` compressing the spring may be mounted at the forward end of the barrel of an ordinary spring weapon; when the weapon is fired this liquid is forced out again in the form of a projectile.
What I claim is 1. A toy weapon comprising a barrel,- a firing mechanism, and a collapsible'liquid containing cartrid e having two telescoping A parts one of whic has a'discharge oriice, whereby the cartridge is collapsed by the firing mechanism to propel the liquid `from the cartridge through `the barrel.
2. A toy weapon comprising a ing a conical cartridge seat, a firing mechanism and' arellable cartridge for liquid consistin of a tubular member and a telescoping ischarge tube therein having a discharge orifice and aconical end adapted to fit said seat.
3. A toy Weapon comprisingra barrel having a conical cartridge seat a` firing mechalunger having a a rellable c arnism includin "afl firing conical cartri e seat, an
tridge for liquid, comprising a tube having a-conical end to it said tube telescoping injthe rst tube having a conical end for seating in the conical seat l inthe barrel, and anl orifice through which li uid i's ejected.
n testim -ny whereof I hereunto aixmy signature this 29th da of October, 1927.
j l LM SADTLER. I.
barrel havlunger seat and a`
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2746643 *||Nov 17, 1952||May 22, 1956||Robert S Spalding||Liquid ejection devices|
|US3042262 *||Dec 3, 1959||Jul 3, 1962||Thomas C Powell||Combined water and cap pistol|
|US3575318 *||Apr 14, 1969||Apr 20, 1971||Lemelson Jerome H||Water pistol|
|US4646456 *||Jun 12, 1985||Mar 3, 1987||Royal Ordnance Plc||Firearm with automatic ejection|
|US5284274 *||Jan 2, 1992||Feb 8, 1994||C. J. Associates||Action toy water gun|
|US5381928 *||Oct 6, 1992||Jan 17, 1995||C.J. Associates, Ltd.||Action toy water weapons|
|US5419458 *||Dec 29, 1993||May 30, 1995||Edward Mayer Design||Toy water gun|
|WO1995017936A1 *||Dec 29, 1994||Jul 6, 1995||Repicky, Paul, A.||Toy water gun|
|U.S. Classification||222/79, 222/214|
|Cooperative Classification||F41B9/0031, F41B9/0065|
|European Classification||F41B9/00D4, F41B9/00B4|