US 1785589 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 16, 1930. v E. G. MEAD 1,785,589
STREAMLINE ARROW AND STRING ENGAGING MEANS THEREFOR Filed March 1'7, 1928 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. Earl (i.Mewd
, Dc; 16, 1930. E. G. MEAD 1,785,589
STREAMLINE ARROW AND STRING ENGAGING MEANS THEREFOR Filed March 17, 1928 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.
Earl (Z. Mead BY f2? A TTORNE Y.
' lo the balance is moved forward.
Patented Dec. 16, 1930 UNITE EARL G. MEAD, OF CLEVELAND HEIGHTS, OHIO STREAM-LINE ARRO'W AND STRING-ENGAGING MEANS THEREFOR 7 Application filed March 17, 1928. Serial No. 262,396.
This invention relates to the art of archery and in its broadest aspect contemplates such a coordination of bow, string and arrow that greater accuracy and stcadier shooting is capable of attainment in target work and hunting, and greater distance may be gotten in archery golf. i i
This objectincludes reducing the weight at the rear or nock end of the arrow so that It also includes assuring proper location of the arrow on the string, and this without variation.
More particularly this invention includes the provision of such specially constructed strings and arrows that when used in con junction, the foregoing desirable results may bev attained.
Specifically, this invention consists in providing trueZstream-line arrow and a bow string having a seat therein for receiving the nook-end of the arrow so formed.
More specifically, it consists in so constructing the nock end of the arrow and its seat in the string that any tendency to rotation of the arrow prior to its release is avoided. I
Other objects will appear in the'following I detailed description anddrawings, in which so 1 is a side elevation of a bow and i arrow, in which the arrow is in position to be released, and in which is shown my stream line arrow terminating in a pin seated in a complementary eyelet secured in the bow string. 7 v v Fig. 2 is a side view of one form of my im proved arrow.
Fig. 3 is a detail of the nock-endof the 740 form of arrow shown in Figs. 1 and 2.
Fig. 4 is a front view of the form of eyelet shown in Fig. 3.
Figs. 5, ,7, 9, 11 and 1 1 are details of modified forms of nook-ends and complementary 45 sockets, while Figs. 6, 8, and 12 are front views of the eyelets or string seats shown in Figs. 5, 7, 9, 11 and 14 respectively.
Fig. 13 shows a still further modification of my invention in which for the arrow nock there is substituted an axial opening in the arrow which receives a projecting member integral with the bow-string seat.
Fig. 15 is a plan view of the nook-end and seat shown in Fig. 14.
Figs. 16, 17 and '18 are details of nook-end l members which are provided with ferrules in place of axial pins to secure them on the arrows, while Figs. 19 and 20 are details of nook seats or eyelets that may be substituted for that shown in Fig. 3.
Referring more specifically to the drawings, 25 is a bow provided with the usual string 26 engaging loop seats 27 on each end of the how. 28 is the grip suitably situated, shapedand padded. Bow string 26 at a proper location with respect to grip 28 has twisted and sewn therein an eyelet 29 which has an opening 30 therein (see Fig. 4) adapted to receive a stud or pin 31 suitably secured to the nook-end of an arrow 32. In that form of my invention shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3, stud or pin 31 is axially of the arrow at its nook-end, while in Fig. 18 pin 31 is axially secured to arrow shaft 32 by means of a cap ferrule. In either instance the pin is properly secured as with glue or ferrule cement. As shown in Fig. 3, a ferrule-like reinforcement may be provided, which may be of parchment. silk winding, or light metal such as duralumin or aluminum.
In Figs. 5 and 6, 9 and 10, and 11 and 12, the arrow shaft is tapered, either conically, as in Figs. 5 and 6, square as in Figs. 9 and 10, or triangular as in Figs. 11 and 12. It will be noted that where the nook-end of the arrow is shaped, as in Figs. 9 and 10, and 11 and 12 the arrow is held against rotation, and this also ensures proper position of feathers 34,
In Figs 7 and 8 the nock end pin is forked as at 31 eyelit 29 is provided with spaced openings 30 to receive the spacedends of the forked pin. In this form of my device the arrow is prevented from premature rotation. M
It is obvious that my stream-line shaft may 95 be provided with an eXial opening 35 adapted to receive a pin 31 formed on a member secured to the bow string in the same manner as the eyelets shown in Figs. 1 to 12, inclusive. Such a construction is shown in Fig. 13 The opening 35 may or may not be lined with metal.
It is within the purview of my invention to thread on the bow-string a bead, such as is shown at 29 in Figs. 14 and 15, and provide the arrow shaft with a nook-end forked member 31 or 31 adapted to seat in a groove 36 formed in the peripheral face of said bead.
In Figs. 19 and 20 are shown modified forms of eyelets that may be used in place of the eyelet shown in Figs. 3 and 4.
Arrow 32 is provided with a metallic point or head 33 and is so constructed that its center of gravity 37 is near the head.,
It is within the purview of my invention to armour the nook-ends of the arrows formed as shown in Figs. 5, 9 and 11. It is also within the scope of my invention to make pin 31 of angular cross section.
It will be obvious from the foregoing that an arrow constructed in accordance with my nvention'will be much more slender than those in which the shaft itself 1s grooved to provide the nook and that as a result of this stream-line slimness the desirable objects stated above are attained.
U By the expression stream line herein and in the appended claims as applied to an arrow, is meant a form wherein the greatest diameter is forward of the mid length of the arrow and in which the arrow tapers from the greatest diameter toward both ends, the rear end being of less diameter than the point end of the ar- TOW.
cant reserves to himself the right to these changes.
Having thus fully described my new and improved bow-string and arrow, what I claim and a bow-string provided with an added arrow seat symmetrically disposed with respect to the axis of the bow-string.
I 2. The combination of a nockless stream-v line'arrow and a bow string provided with an added arrow engaging elementsymmetrically socket-mounted pin of less diameter than that of the smallest part of the arrow body, and a 1 11' v now string having an arrow engaging memanertured to receive said pin. 5. The combination of a stream line arrow as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. The combination of a stream-line arrow terminating at its string engaging end in a socket-mounted pin of less diameter than that of the smallest part of the arrow body, and a bow string having a flanged arrow engaging member apertured to receive said pin.v
6. As a new article of manufacture an archery arrow terminating at its rear endin an added member of less diameter-than the ameter than the least diameter of said body, and a reinforcement for said rear end.
9. As a new article of manufacture an archery arrow whose shaft surface comprises the generatrix of a convex curve revolved about the axis of the shaft, the greatest diameter of the shaft being'adjacent the head of the arrow, the longitudinal curvature of the shaft being relatively great from said point of greatest curvature to said head as compared to the longitudinal curvature of said shaft from the point of greatest curvature to the trailing end of'the arrow, and
means on said trailing end adapted to engage a socket mounted on a bowstring'symmetri cally with respect thereto. I l
10. The combination v ofa stream line arrow with a bow string, an arrow engaging element carried by said string formed with annular flanges defining a circumferential groove therebetween.
11. The combination of a stream line arrow with a bow string, an arrow-engaging element carried by said string said element formed with peripheral flanges defining a circumferential groovetherebetween, said element lying between and embracedby the strands of the string lying in said groove and having an arrow engaging aperture in its axis.
12. The combination of a bow string with an arrow engaging element, said element formed with a circumferential groove,;said element lying between and embraced by strands of the string lying in said groove and having an axial aperture with its axis in the working plane of the string when engaged by an arrow.
EARL G. MEAD.