|Publication number||US1786945 A|
|Publication date||Dec 30, 1930|
|Filing date||Jun 16, 1927|
|Priority date||Jul 30, 1923|
|Publication number||US 1786945 A, US 1786945A, US-A-1786945, US1786945 A, US1786945A|
|Inventors||Hendry William Ferris|
|Original Assignee||Nat Carbon Co Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 30, 1930.
w. F. HENDRY METHOD OF MAKImf- DRY cmLLS Original Filed July 30, 19 23 2 Sheis-Sheet 1 Dec. 30, 1930. w. F. HENDRY METHOD OF MAKING DRY CELLS Original Filed July 36, 1 923 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I 66mm Patented Dec. 30, 1930 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE WILLIAM FER RISHENDRY, OF OSSINING, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR, BY MESNE ASSIGN- MENTS, TO NATIONAL CARBON COMPANY, INC., OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORA- TION OF NEW YORK METHOD OF MAKING DRY CELL S Original application filed July 30, 1923, Serial No.
application filed June 16,
This invention relates to dry cells and more particularly to a new and improved method of manufacturing dry cells of uniform efficiency. The present invention is a division of my application Serial No. 654,-
611, filed July 30, 1923, which has matured into] Patent No. 1,637,446, dated August 2,
In accordance with the present invention the depolarizing mixture is introduced into the dry cell structure in the form of layers, preferably consisting of relatively firmly compacted ingredients, and relatively thin layers of conducting material contacting with one of the electrodes, and projecting towards and terminating near the other electrode are provided between the layers of depolarizing mixture.
The layers of depolarizing material are preferably compacted into tablets of any suitable size. In case of a carbon-zinc-manganesedioxid dry cell, these tablets are preferably composed of manganese dioxid mixed I with a relatively small quantity of graphite. This mixture is compounded under pressure into tablets and, if necessary,a binding material may be mixed in with it. However, we have found that good results are obtained by compressing the mixture while in a dry condition and without the use of any binder. The tablets may be circular in shape and provided with a central aperture through which the carbon electrode may project.
In assembling such a dry cell, the tablets 5 are stacked one on top of themther, a thin layer of graphite separating adjacent tablets. Preferably, this thin layer of graphite is obtained by applying a thin coating of finely powdered graphite to each side of a tablet. This may be readily accomplished by permitting said tablets to slide down a board to which graphite is being supplied, or in any other suitable manner. In order to insure that said layers of graphite be conductively connected with the carbon rod, the
654,611. Patent No. 1,637,446. Divided and this 1927. Serial No. 199,341.
carbon rod is inserted in the central aperture along with sufficient finely powdered graphite, preferably by pouring such graphite argund the carbon rod, While inserting the r0 The method outlined above may be pursued where there is a variation in the diameter of the carbon pencil or of the hole in the annular tablet of depolarizing mixture. When however, the process of manufacture of these two parts are sufficiently accurate, a satisfactory result can .be obtained by merely inserting the carbon pencil into the hole, the relative sizes insuring a snug fit.
Due to the fact that said layers of graphlte are in close contact with the carbon electrode, the eflec tive surface of the latter will be materially increased, these graphite lay- A further advantage of a dry cell assembled in accordance with the present invention consists in that the tablets of depolarizing mixture may be readily made of uniform size and weight, whereby the efficiency of dry cells will be kept more nearly standard than is possible in a cell in which the depolarizing mixture is tamped down. Furthermore, the tablets readily lend themselves to some suitable automatic making, feeding and assembling processes.
It is possible to secure approximately equal operating advantages by tamping first a layer of depolarizing mix, then a layer of graphite, but such a method will not produce a uniform product and does not lend itsel to labor saving equipment.
The -invention is illustrated in the en- 5. Thetablets 3 are stacked one on top of the other and are surrounded with a suitable cellulose container 6. 'By a cellulose container is meant a container of any porous, textile, paper or fibrous material. The space 7 between the container 6 and the zinc can 1 is filled with flour paste, either by applying such flour paste to the cellulose container before it is introduced into the zinc can,'or by pouring such paste into the zinc can after the cellulose container is in place. The bottom of can 1 may be of zinc or paper and is separated from the lower end of the carbon rod 2 by means of the well known impervious bottom, e. g. of paraifined paper. A suitable electrolyte must of course be introduced into the dry cell, and it may be sealed in the usual manner by means of an absorbent cushion 10 of ground cork or sand and a layer of pitch 11.
Obviously, the invention may be subjected to numerous modifications without departing from the spirit thereof. It is applicable to dry cells of other types than the one herein disclosed, the number, shape and composi- I tion of the depolarizing tablets may be varied,
etc. The layers of graphite 4 need not be provided in the form of coatings on adjacent tablets 3. The graphite may be formed into tablets like 3, a binder such as gela-tine being preferably used. In this case tablets 4: and
3 are alternately placed over rod 2 to make up the element. In order to increase the life of the battery, blotting paper or other absorbent medium may be introduced, preferably in the form of washers or annular discs placed at certain intervals between adjacent tablets, or in any other suitable manner.
The exciting chemicals may be introduced in a dry form in the mixing of the depolarizer or they may be introduced ina liquid form and the resulting mixture dried prior to the molding of the tablets.
One of such modifications is illustrated in Figs. 2, 2a and 2b. In this case, the annular tablets 20 are composed mainly of manganese dioxid with which'a relatively small amount of graphite is mixed. The main body of graphite is introduced in the form of an nular tablets 21 of graphite having gelatine as a binder. As clearly shown in Fig. 2a, the inside and outside rims of tablets 21 are turned up, and this tablet is formed partially to enclose a tablet 20. Tablets 20 and 2.1 are stacked one on top of the other in any suitizing and able manner, and are introduced within a container 22, e. g. of iron and having a llIling 23 of carbon; A zinc electrode 24, the
cross-section of which is shown in Fig. 2b is Instead of the above mentioned ingredients, tablets 20 may be of copper oxide in which case tablets 21 will be thin films or sheets of copper and the carbon lining 23 replazed by any other suitable casingor elec; tro e. r
It should be noted also that stacks of tablets 20, 21 may be kept in stock suitably wrapped and readyfor assembly with the other elements of a dry cell. Such stacks will be somewhat in the nature of bobbins, and the central electrode may be inserted through the apertures before storin such bobbins or as a part of a battery assem ly process just prior to the insertion of the bobbin into the container. Before insertion into the container the bobbin is preferably permitted to absorb the necessary moisture essential to the operation of the battery.
In accordance with a modification of the present invention, the depolarizer 3 (Fig. 1) may be mixed in a dry condition with a substance such as glue or any suitable expansible colloid which will expand when the depolarizer absorbs moisture. The cellulose container-6 is in this case tightly wrapped around the bobbin and is made of a material sufiiciently strong to prevent the expansion of tablets 3. Originally, thetablets 3 fit rather loosely around the carbon pencil 2. When, however, the bobbin is soaked and the glue or the like tends to expand, due to the presence of the strong enclosure 6, the tablets 3 will be expanded inwardly whereby a close fit and therefore good contact will be insured between the tablets 3 and the carbon rod 2.
What I claim is 1. The method of making dry cells which consists in compacting a mixture of depolarizin and carbonaceous materials into tablets, movmg'the tablets overv a surface supplied with carbonaceous material, passing a carbon electrode centrally through a certain number of said tablets to form a bobbin, and placing. thebobbin within a zinc container electrode.-
2. The method of making dry cells which comprises compacting a mixture of depolararbonaceous materials into a plurality of t blets; rubbing at least one side of each of said tablets with graphite to produce an adherent coating thereon which is more conductive than the body of the .tablet, stacking said tablets to provide a bobbin so that at least one of said coatings lies between each adjacent pair of tablets, and placing said bobbin in a zinc container electrode.
3. The method of making dry cells which comprises compacting a mixture of depolarizing and carbonaceous materials into a plurality of tablets, moving at least one side of each of said tablets in contact with powdered conductive material so as to produce a conductive layer thereon having less resistance to the flow of electric current than the body of the tablet, assemblin said tablets to form a bobbin so that the adjacent sides of each adjacent pair of tablets are separated b 1 at least one of said layers, and placing said ohbin in a container electrode. In testimony whereof, I afiix my signature.
WILLIAM FERRIS HENDRY.
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|Cooperative Classification||Y02E60/12, H01M6/06|