US 1788173 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
- Jan. 6, 1931.
C. W. SHEVLIN AWNING Filed May 23. 1928 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 7 uqervto/f Ckw les 20 Skew) a Jan. 6, 1931. c. w. SHEVLIN AWNING Filed May 23 1928 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Jan. 6, 1931. c. w. SHEVI |N AWNING Filed May 23. 1928 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented Jan. 6; 1931 UNITED T TES P TE oFFrc-E CHARLES w. SHEVLIN, OF on IcAGo, I LinoIs, isslenon "ronlmnx M. BARKER, or
'wILME'rTE, ILLINOIS AWNING.
Application final/ra 23; 19 2s. serial No. 279,888
more effectively andwill be subject to less damage by wear'in ordinary service.
' I have also had as an object of my invention the provision of anawning structure com sisting'of a housing and very simple additional equipment which will permit of the rolling up and complete housing of the fabric or curtain portion of the awning when not in use so that the awninginstallation need I not be taken down and stored during the seasons of. the year in which such structures are not used. p
I accomplish the foregoing ob ects by means of the structure illustrated in the ac coinpanying drawings in which- Fig. l is a perspective of a window having an awning embodying my invention installed in connection therewith. I
Fig. 2 is a central vertical'transversesection of the structure shown in Fig. 1 on line 2-2 thereof, except that in Fig. 2 the awning is retracted within its housing and the stays are folded so as to bring the guides adjacent to or within the window opening. I V 1 F ig. 3 is a section similar to that shown in Fig.2 except the stays are in extended 'posltion and the awning has been drawn down into the guides and the side flaps thereof secured to the stays. f a
Fig. 4 is a horizontal cross section through the housing on line of Fig. 3
Fig. 5 is a cross section of a-guide show ng the manner in which the edge of the awning is related thereto and secured therein.
Fig. 6 isa fragmen'tal detail, partially in section, of the lower end of a guide showing the relation of the corner of the awning thereto when the awning is in extended position. v
Fig. 7 is a fragmental detail, partially in section, of the upper end of a guide showing its assembly with the housing and the relation of the 'cornerof the awning when the awning-is housed or in retracted p'osltion. I
Fig. 8 is a front view of a form of bracket employed "forholding the awning housing in position.
Fig. 9 is a cross section through the bracket shownin Fig. 8 showing the relation of the awning housing thereto.
10 is a perspective detail of a bracket rm: securing a stay to the window casin Fig. 11 is a perspective similar to Hg. 1
break instead of a hood awning.
lug. 12 1s afragmental sectional detail showingmy invention applied to a center similar to Fig.2 but of the center break awning shown in Fig. 11, and
Fig. 13 is a detailof a form of snap button for suitably securing thelower edges of the sides of a hood awningto the stays.
Similar reference characters have been employed to designate similar parts throughout the several views.
The awning housing comprises end plates '15, as most clearly shown in Figs. 4 and 9,.
of amore or less circular configuration having an outwardly extending flange 16 around the sides and top. Aboutthe flanges 16 and between the end plates at opposite ends ofthe window frame'is'an enclosing or cover plate lTwhich does not extend across the bottom and therebyprovidesan opening or fenestra through which the awning is retracted into the housing and withdrawn therefrom. This structure is secured at or adjacent the top of the window frame by screws 18, which pass through'the cover plate 17 and flanges 16 of theend plates into the window frame, as shown in Figs. 2 and 4, or by a headed through bolt 19 and nut 20 in connection with plate 21, shown in Figs. 8 and 9, which plate is horizontally slotted, at 22, to permit of some adjustment. The plate 21 is peculiar ly applicable to metallic window frames to which it can be secured by rivets or screws passing through corner bores 23.
Pivoted to the end plates 15 at a point 24:
at the rear of their lower edges are guides 25. These guides, as best-"shown in Fig. 5, are
formed with a square section having an inwardly opening slot. 26. The form of the section of these guides is not important except that whatever form is determined upon should provide the interior recess and the inwardly opening slot. The outer portion or wall 27 of the guide is extended sufficiently at the top to pivot the same to the end plate 15, as shown in Fig. 7. The edges of the front or main portion of the awning fabric 28 extend through the slots 26 and. into the re? cess in the guides on opposite sides of the window and are there provided with'suitable means for retaining them in the recesses. In Fig. 5 I have shown such retainingmeans as consisting of washers or grommet plates 29 provided on both sides'of the awning fabric 28, through which are driven a pin 30 of suitable length to easily'slide in the recess in the guide-and to prevent the withdrawal of the awning'f-abric. through the slot 26. The lower end of the guides-are closed in any. desired ,way'as, for instance,
by extending the outer wall 27 and bending it beneath the guide so that it will extend beyond the inner face of the guide to permit of its inward extension being bent downwardly into a tang or lug, as, shown at 31 in 6. I have also further reinforced the lower end of the guide with a strap 32, an end whereof is extended from the back wail of the guide to provide an ear for pivotallyattaching a stay member 34. The retaining pins 30 are disposed at suitable intervals along the longitudinal edges of the front or main awning fabric 28 and the bottom of this fab "1c isgturned over'and hemmed. as at 34, for receiving a suitable rail or batten 35.
The ends of the batten 35 are extended slight- 1y beyond the edges of the awning fabric and sufiiciently close to'the inner face of the outer guide wall 27 to engage the bottom of the end plates 15 when the awning is rolled into the housing and thereby prevent the awning from being retracted sofar into the housing that;
it cannot be readily withdrawn therefrom. This relation is shown'in Fig. 7.
l have shown washers or rommets 29 and a pin 30 located so thatthe pin will pass through the'end of the batten whereby the relation of batten and awning fabric is de pendably maintained; V
I have pierced both ends of the awning and batten closely adjacent the line at which they enter the guides and have disposed in this and pierced to form the hinges 87, as shown pletely in Fig. 10, which brackets are nipulated to roll it into and out of the housing when the stays arefolded, and the guides are close to the window frame. After the awning has been withdrawn from the housingand the rings or loops 36 have engaged the. extensions or ears 31, itis inclined with respectcto the window and tlependably maintained in such inclined position by'untolding the stays 34; and 34a. 7
For retracting the awning into the; housing any convenient means may be employed.v
I have shown in Fig. et such a means consisting of a hollow roller 10 to which the upper or inner end of the awning is attached. The roller 10 is permanently closed at one end, from the center of which permanently closed end extendsa'pin 41, which is journaled in a perforation or bore in one of the end plates 15 of the housing. A coiled spring 12. is inserted within the tube 40 and its inner end is attached or secured to the wall of the tube or who The opposite end of the spring 42 is secured to a disk't3 which is journaled to rotate'in mid close the opposite end of the tube or roller 40. From the center of the outer face of the disk extends a pinea of angular section which extends through an opening of similar section in the opposite plate 15 of the housing. The housing and the roller are preferably assembled before the housingis fixed to the window casing as the parts of-the structure are simple and dependable in action'and will function indefinitely when once installed.
I have not complicated the drawing by a showing of a pull string or other means for drawing the awning down as there are a number of such means well known, anv of which may be employed. d
When so desired the awning may have stitched to its edges, side or end pieces 45, which may be folded, asschematically shown in Fig. 1, and rolled intothe housing and -when the awning is drawn out the lower edges of these side or end pieces may be secured to the stays in any desired manner,
such as by snap buttons 46, as shown in Fig. 3 and detailed in Fig. 13. v
For certain services what are known as center break awnings are convenient and popular. My invention may be equally well applied to such a style of awning. as shown in Figs. 11 and 12, and the only changes re:
quired' from the structure heretofore described is to divide the guides 25 at the desired point and secure the portions of the guides together by hinges 47. In such case it is also desirable to provide means such as a hook and eye 48 for securing the lower end of the upper guide section closely into the window frame. \Vith center break awnings I also prefer to provide an additional cross batten 49 which will come at the lower ends of the upper guide sections when the awning is extended. Battens may also be placed advantageously at other portions than the bottoms and centers of the awnings in both types where particularly severe service is anticipated. The hood and centerbreak t ines of awnin s are ver seldom combined stalled it'need not be removed between seasons. It is obvlous that the presence of the guides, stays and battens greatly strengthen the awning structure and render its operation more secure anddependable.
Having described my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure byLetters Patent is:
' 1. An awning comprising a housing having a longitudinal opening therein, a roller revolubly mounted within said housin longitudinally recessed guide members pivoted to said housing at the ends of the said longitudinal opening therein, a fabric awning element, one end whereof is secured to said roller and the edges whereof extend into the recesses in said guides, and means carried by. the edges of said fabric awning element to prevent its-lateral withdrawal from said guides. V
2. An awning comprising a housing having a longitudinal opening therein, a roller revolubly mounted within said housing, longitudinally recessed guide members pivoted to said housing at the ends of the said longitudinal opening therein, a fabric awning element, one end whereof is secured to said roller and the edges whereof extend into the recesses in said guides, means carried by the edges of said fabric awning element to prevent its lateral withdrawal from said guides and stays pivotally related with the unattached ends of said guides for maintaining said guides at an inclined relation with the building with which said awning structure is assembled.
i 3. An awning comprising a housing having a longitudinal opening therein, a roller revoluhly mounted within said housmg,
longitudinally recessed guide members pivoted to said housing at the ends of the said longitudinal opening therein, a fabric awning element, one end whereof is secured to said roller and the edges whereof extend into the recesses in said guides, means carried by the edges of said fabricawning element to prevent its "lateral withdrawal from said guides and hinged foldable stays pivotally related with the unattached ends of said guides for securing thelower ends of said guides in desiredposition.
4. An awning comprising a revoluble roll- 7 er, mountings for the ends of said roller, longitudinally recessed guide members pivoted to saidmountings, a fabric awning element, one end whereof is secured to said roller and the edges whereof extend into the cesses of said guides and means carried by the edges of sald fabric awning element slid-a ble within the recesses of said guides for pre venting the lateral withdrawal of the edges of said awning element from said guides,and stays pivoted to theunattached ends of said guides. V j 1 5. An awningcomprising a revolubleroller, mountings for the ends of said roller, longitudinally recessed guide members pivoted tosai'd mountings, a fabric awning element one endwhereof is secured to said roller and the other end whereof is provided with a transversebatten, the edges of which awning element and batten-extelid into the recesses in said guides and means carried by the edges of said fabric awning element slidable with 111 the recessesof said guides for preventlng the lateral withdrawal of'the edges of said awning element from said guides, and stays pivoted to the unattached ends of said guides.
6. In an awning a housing having a longitudinal opening therein, hollow guides with inwardly opening slots pivoted to said housing at the ends of said opening, a roller revolubly mountedin said housing, a fabric awning element one end whereof is secured to said roller and the edges whereof extend through the slots'in said guides, means'secured to the edges of said fabric awning element longitudinally movable within said guides for preventing the lateral withdrawal of theawnmg through said slots, and stays for securing the unattached ends of said guides in a plurality of positions with respect to the, structure with which it is assembled.
7. In an awning a housing having a longitudinal opening therein, hollow guides with inwardly opening slots pivoted to said housing at the ends of said opening, a roller revolubly mounted in said housing, a fabric awning element one end whereof is secured to said roller and the edges whereof extend through the slots in said guides, means secured to the edges of said fabric'awning element longitudinally movable within said for securing the lower edges of said side memguides forpreventing the lateral Withdrawal of the "awning through said slots, stays for securing the unattached ends of said guides in a plurality of positions with respect to the structure with which it is assembled, and side fabric members secured to and extending from said fabric awning element and means bers det' chably to said stays.
8. An awning comprising afabric sheet,
A V v .a roller to whlch one end. of said fabric sheet is attached and upon which it is rolled, a
' facing surfaces thereof and a cover plate exhousin for said roller havin a lon itudina'l opening therein, guide members pivoted to said housing at the ends of said opening, said guide members being hinged intermediate,
their ends, transverse battens carried by said fabric sheet, the ends whereof and the edges of said sheet being provided with means cooperabie with said guides to prevent the lateral dis ngagen ent between said sheet and V battens and guides and stays for securing the unattached ends of said guides.
9. An awning comprising a housinghaving a longitudinal opening therein, a roller revolubly mounted Within said housing,
guide members pivoted to said housing at the ends of the said longitudinal opening therein, a fabric awning element, one end 'Whereof secured to d roller and means carried by the ed of said fabric awning element slidably co-operating with said guides'to its lateral Withdrawal therefrom.
10. An awning comprising a. housing consisting of end plateshaving flanges in the tending between said end plates and over said flanges, said sheet and flanges being bored for the passage of means for securing said plates in position and the housing to the window frame, said housing'having a longitudinal opening therein, a roller revoluoly mounted within said housing, longitudinally recessed guide members pivoted to said housing at the ends of the said longitudinal opening therein, a fabric awning element,
one end whereof is seeuredto said 'roller and.
the edges whereof extend into the recesses in said guides, and means carried by the edges of said fabric awning element to prevent. its lateral Withdrawal from said guides.
v CHARLES W. sHnvLin.