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Publication numberUS1788795 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 13, 1931
Filing dateMay 2, 1929
Priority dateMay 2, 1929
Publication numberUS 1788795 A, US 1788795A, US-A-1788795, US1788795 A, US1788795A
InventorsHoban Fairfield W
Original AssigneeFairfield Specialties Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Valve-controlled closure for bottles containing carbonated beverages
US 1788795 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 13, 1931. I w, HQBAN 1,788,795

VALVE CONTROLLED CLOSURE FOR BOTTLES CONTAINING CARBONATED BEVERAGES Filed May 2, 1929 I INVENTOR Evy 2 M/ /oba/l BY 4%!66, ATTORNEYS.

yieldable than the remaining portion of the member 18 to permit of the being readily depressed or deformed by the thumb for the purpose of actuating the valve means 22 as hereinafter described.

The means 22 for controlling the orifice 24a is disposed entirely within the confines of the member 18 within the recess and includes an elongated, slightly bowed member or strip -10 composed ofa substancecapable of being flexed such as rubb'en orlike sub;

stance. r

The member e0 18 disposed transversel of the device'centrally across the recess 20 to leave the passages at opposite sides thereof,

and with the ends 42 thereof received within the recesses 32and 34 upon the inwardly and downwardly inclined ledge portions 36. the member lO'bemg retained against displacement by the walls of the recesses 32 and 3,.

A plate or valve portion 44 carried by the member 40 is adaptedto engage and seat upon the edge of the annular entrance to close 7 the discharge orifice 2e. The memberhas the ends 42 thereof retai V higher elevation than." the; central portion thereof bythe' engagement of the plate 4A at a slightly with the annular poi-ti on 30, whereby to main? tain the member i0 normally'bowed or flexed under tens on andtexerting a spring action on the plate 44 to retain the latterin engage ment with the edge of the entrance portion 30.

' The valve portion 44 is composed of a material capable of yielding when engaged by the edge of the'annular portion 30 to providev an air-tight closure, said portion a l however. having suflicient inherent 'r' :idity to maintain its configurations when disengaged from its seat. For constructional purposes. the plate or valve is preferably formed integrally with the resilientsupporting memiber 40 to provide a unitary element :of homohportion 30.

geneons composition, andis prefer abli con nected to the member 4-0 by a flexible stem or neck e6 topermitfof the plate L4 seating evenly when the same engages the annular Thelower or base member 16 is provided with a passage 48 communicating with the recess 20' and a nose portion SO'eXtendi'ng into the latter, contiguous surfaces of the members 16 and 18'engaging each otheras indicated at152; The mcmbers16 and 18 are secured. together or nterlocked by being forced into the annular retaining member or ferrule 54. the latter being porvided witlr inwardlydirected annular ribs or flanges 56 and 58 received; into the annular recesses 60 and; (SQ-of the'meinbers 16 andfl8, The assemblyof the members 16 and :18 is facilitated because of th'e yieldability' or; resiliency thereof. k i

' Th'e'ferrule 5e has a sei -i-circular depends 7 ing portion 64; extending below the resilient g or yieldable member 16 and provided wlth an quired for use, the projecting portion 38 depressed by the thumb asshown-at Fig. 3 to of the carbonated liquid contents of a bottle after the'ordinary capor closure thereof is removed, the devicelO is applied to the'bottle by engaging themechanical securingfmeans 64: with the head 12 and imparting a slight rotary movement to the device which causes the means Gtto frictionally grip the bead yieldable material of the member 16. The gaseous pressure within the bottle exerted downwardly also forces the flap portion 68 into engagementwith-the bottle lip to form a fluid tight joint and to supplement by gaseous pressure the securing means 64; in holding the device on the bottle. By my invention the closure device is secured to the bottle in part by means which are mechanical and in part by means which are pneumatic, whereby to-prevent the closure from becoming loose due to theexcessive gaseous pressure within the bottle and to prevent said closure from permitting of leakageof th egaseo'us constituent of the beverage.

The member 40, which 1s normally ma ntamed under tension because of the elevated position of the ends 42 thereof relative to the central part thereof, tends to straighten out whereby to effectively force the plate fit underrsprlng pressureagamst the edge of the pcrtion 30. the latter biting into the yieldable material of theplate to form a very tight joint. The gas pressure withinthe bo tle also supplements the member i0 in maintaining the valve plate i l seated, the greater this pressure the greater the force acting on the valve i to retain the same seated.

The device 10, therefore, provides an absolutely air-tight closure for the-bottle, and

maintains the contents in their original condition for a considerable period of time without the same becoi'nin flat.

lVhen the'contents oi the bottle atfurther bow or flex the member 4 move the plate 4% to open the discharge ori fice'Q l, whereby to discharge the contents from the bottle. By first shaking the bottle, the contents thereof, when the valve is V. V 1 2 for mechanical securement and forcesthe lip of the bottle into engagement with the opened, will be ejected with considerable force, dueto the pressure developedby the the centering the'reofbeing most effective bea 1mm; 7 r

thereof, lt o; closed position as: shownatFig; 2.

The valveyirrieans 22 is disposed entirely within the confines 10f theidevice.andactuated by the impervions yieldable wall 'Lportion of the closure itself. My-device therefore absolutely clevoidof actuating parts passing through openings in ithe wall portion thereof,

wherebyto reducethepossibility of leakage, The valve means is also'constructed to nor- 7 many efi'ectively seat under the iaction of the member 40 toform atight closurerior the*dis charge orifice, the seating of'fthe valve and cause of the vyieldability of the valve plate 4A and the flexibilityot the stem e6 connectmg said plate to thetransvei'so member 40.

t "The subject matterof my invention. herein disclosed and not claimed is disclosed-and claimed in my copending application {Serial 3N0. 281,735, filed May 31,1928.

I claim 7 1, A device ofthe character {described comprising a'closurefor'a bottle or containerfor receiving carbonated beverages, and

' means on saidclosuresubjecttothe gaseous pressure in the container and force'd"'down-- wardly thereby against the container, whereby to apply saidgaseo'us pressure through, I Y

' V the same mechanically i-nengagement; f 'With'ia :bottleflor like; container, and" means f 3 5 said me'ans to said container in a downward direction and oppose the tendency, of said tion to loosen said closure.

' gaseous pressure acting in the oppositedirec v 2.- A' device of the character described comprising a closure for a bottle or container forrecelving carbonated beverages, and a "flexibleffiap portionfonsaid closure in posi -h tion thereonto engage-othe lip of. the con-V v miner and to be eXpos edtothe gaseous pres} J sure in the container, whereby to force the 1 flap portion against said lip.

j 3. A device of the character container having a discharge orifice, a valve [in said-recess forcontrolling said orifice, and; means on said closure operatedpne umati 'cally" by the gaseous pressure witliinfthe bottle and adapted'to be forced thereby into" engagement with the bottle to form a fluid;

tight joint. 7 V a 4Afdevice of the character described a 1 comprising arecessedjclosure for abottle-or I i V in said'recess for controlling said orificeand container having a discharge orifice, a valve normally closingjthe same, and means carried'by said closure independently ofsaid ed'to be forced-thereby into engagement with I H p beaded'formation, a relatively-rigid'portion:

thebottleto form a fluid tight joint. 5. Av device of the character described press ure 'w ithinithe bottle and forced thereby into. "engagement with-the":bottlej'to sup to engage 'abottle' orcontainert'saideflnpnot?/ j 1 7 tion and-said hodyportion ;providing;a space' therebetween win communication-with the place thereon, whereby-to utilize the. gaseous pressure within the bottle ior-forcingthe flap portion into engagement therewith.

.6'.' A; device of the character described comprising a closure forabottle or em.

tainer -having abody portion of elastic-or flexiblepportion integral there'with adapted to engage the bottle, said flexible portionlimd .terior of the bottle when .theclosurepis in do said body portion proyidingaspace 'therebe tweencommunicating with theinterior of th'e 8U bottle, :wh=ereby; to utilize j the gaseous pres comprising a body portion of elastic or yield' able composition, 'andJaninwan d ly directed V annular, flexible, flap portion thereon ,at-the 1 j; T

. base thereof forming agspace" therebetween it adapted IO communicate u vith thefinteriorfozf a: "bottle-for; container, saidj flap por ion "being forced by, thegaseous pressure in the 7 bottle into engagementswiththe lip "of "said bottlesor container.

-. 8::jiA device of the character comprising a member of resilient. ror; yield-if able composition, means" -thereon;lfor;secur:+

on -saidmember: operated pneumatica'lly by h taining the memberin placeandprowiding a fluid: tight joint between the same and'fthe bottle. I; a. g 91 A 'rdevi'cel 1 of; the; -'character -desori-bed comprising; ?a' closure, means ifor clamping means; "i onj'said closunefsubjec't to gaseous isaidclosurelin engagement with ;a bott1eor- 7' V likeacontainerkto closethemouth thereofifandi V described" comprising a recessed closurefor a bottle or bottleand the exterior thereofQ j vtainerfor -receiving-carbonated beverages, securing means at the lower end'thereof'for mechanically i'enga'ging the container at th'e" ilipft-hereof, andmeans'on saidiclosure at the lower end thereof operatedpneumaticallyby I a 7 theE aseauS pressure within{theqcontainen r D a forsealing'said-container aboutisaidvli'pa valve and: operatedpneumaticallyfby the fllfiAzf-device of the character described gaseous pressure within theb'ottle andadaptcomprising a closure of yieldable :material ,plemen-t said clamping means' andfprov Y l0. Af dvicegof the charac a for' a b'ottle or container having allip ofi v secured to the loweryend of said closure; exa

yieldablo 'composltion, andjanrelatlvelyr thm,

- coniprisinga closure forabottle or container v 124A device separated ends providing a gap of awidth substantialy'equal to the diameter of the beaded lip adapted to receive the headed lip of the container hetween'said separatedends, said channel portion upon a slight rotary movement of the" device frictionally engaging said beaded place. r

otj the character described comprising a closnre'ior a bottle or container having a lip of beaded formation, said closure including a-body portion'of lQldEI-blG or resilient com osition' a'da Jted to en 'a e the lipofthe bottle, and a depending relatively rigid channel portion'disposed about a part of the "periphery of the resilient portion and provided with'a gap of a width substantially equal to the diameter ofthe beaded lip and c'ad'aptedto receivethe: beaded lip and frictionally. grip thesaine to retain the resilient portion in engagement with said lip.

3-13.;A cle'yice of the character described haying-aheaded"lip said closure including a bodyportion Of'YlBlClilblC or resilient COHlposition having anannnlarflexihle flangev I portion at thebase'thereotproviding a l e-Q cess intermediate the'fian ge and body portions, and adapted to be forced by the gaseous pressure in the bottle against the lip there-- of; and a depending channel portion thereon 'di'sposed. about the periphery ofthe resilient body portion and'- adapted toreceive the beadedlip and frictionally grip the same.

"l4;rA-devicefof the character described comprising a pair of members of resilient or yieldable- Composition, a ferrule receiving said members and interlocking therewith to retain the same at the contiguous ends there of inflnid tight engagement with each other, said ferrule'having an integral dependlng partial channel p ortlon adapted to engage the lip of a bottle oricontainer;

1 =1 5."A device-of the character" clescrihed comprising a recessed inernb'er'of resilient or lip to retain the device in FAIRFIELD W; HoeiiN.

yieldable composition" having discharge;

orifice; 'valve' meansv disposed therein for con .t-rolling said; orifice; abase member of like material havingfl'a passage therethrongh said first inernber,'-ai ferrule receivingjsaid,

: members and interlocking therewith to reta n'tlie same against separation n fluid tight relation to each other, said ferrule having a dependingnartiahchannel portion adapted to engage the beaded lip ofa bottle orcontainer and retain said resilient base member in engagement with said 1153;

1 6. A'device of the character describec comprising a recessed member of 'resilient .er yieldable composition 7 having a discharge orifice, valve means disposed therein fori'con-V V V trolling said orifice; base meinber rof like: i 7

material: having a passage therethroufzh adapted to communicate with "the recess'in adapted to communicate with'the recess in

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2797837 *Apr 19, 1954Jul 2, 1957Buford Roberts CharlesStopper for ampoules and the like
US3050281 *Aug 31, 1959Aug 21, 1962Gilbert G BudwigDispensing valve
US7395942May 10, 2004Jul 8, 2008James MichalopoulosWine bottle closure apparatus
US7533783Dec 20, 2005May 19, 2009Camelbak Products, LlcDrink bottles with bite-actuated mouthpieces
US8622237 *Oct 26, 2006Jan 7, 2014Camelbak Products, LlcDrink bottles with bite-actuated mouthpieces
US8701910Sep 23, 2008Apr 22, 2014James MichalopoulosWine bottle closure apparatus
US8777048Jun 5, 2008Jul 15, 2014Camelbak Products, LlcDrink bottles
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/544, 215/315, 251/342, 215/270
International ClassificationB65D47/20, B65D47/04
Cooperative ClassificationB65D47/2062
European ClassificationB65D47/20E4A