|Publication number||US1789099 A|
|Publication date||Jan 13, 1931|
|Filing date||Aug 22, 1928|
|Priority date||Aug 22, 1928|
|Publication number||US 1789099 A, US 1789099A, US-A-1789099, US1789099 A, US1789099A|
|Inventors||Frank Marrone, John Fusco, John Lascari|
|Original Assignee||Frank Marrone, John Fusco, John Lascari|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (6), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
i J. FUSCO ET AL Jan. 13, 1931.
CONSTRUCTION BLOCK Filed Aug. 22, 1928 J'o ,ias
BY W ATTO n zlvvENToRs:
Joh lere lie/'forze RNEY Patented Jan. 13, 1931 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE JonN Fusco AND JOHN LAscAEr, oF 1.0m, AND FRANK MARRONE, or GARFIELD, NEW
i JERSEY Yli CONSTRUCTION BLOCK Application led August 22, 1928." Serial No.' 301,178.
' 'lhis invention relates generally to wall constructions, and has more particular reference to a block for use therein.
The invention has for an object the provision of an article of the class mentioned which is of simple durable constructlon, desirable and efficient in action, and which can be manufactured and sold at a reasonable cost.
The invention proposes the use of slabs simulating the front sides of bricks or any lother suitable design, cast into or secured on the sides of blocks shaped for interengaging each other. Preferably about one-half dozen slabs are secured onto the blocks, and arranged in staggered relations for simulating a portion of a brick wall, suitable spaces being left about each slab thru which the block may be seen for appearlng as cement used between the bricks in the formlng of the wall. The blocks may be made of sand and cement, or may be cinder blocks made of ashes, sand and cement, or may be made of clay, or terra cotta, or other su1table substances. The slabs may be made of tile, pressed brick, terra cotta, or cement, and should preferably be coloured red or another colour for representing bricks, or the like.
For further comprehension of the invention, and of the object and advantages A thereof, reference will beV had to the following description and accompanying drawings, and to the appended claims in which the various novel features of the vinvention are more particularly set forth.
In the accompanying drawing, forming a material part of this disclosure Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a block constructed according to this invention.
Fig. 2is a side elevational view thereof.
Fig. 8 shows threeblocks engaging each other in the forming of a wall.
Fig. 4 is a plan View of the block shown in Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is a vertical sectional view, taken on the line 5 5 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 6 is a bottom view Yof the block shown in Fig. 4. y i
Fig. 7 is a view similar to Fig. 5, but illustrating a modified form of the invention.
Fig. 8 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view of a form for `casting the blocks.
Fig. 9 is a similar view of the same form with different slabs thereof. Y
The reference numeral 10 indicates generally'a block having secured on its front face brick slabs 11 arranged in staggered relation and spaced. fromeach other for permitting a View of the block so as to appear as cement between'the bricks. One end of the block 10 is formed with steps 12, and the other end with complementary steps 13. These steps are arranged so that the blocks may engage each other-as shown iny Fig. 3. The dotted lines 14 in this figure indicate the lines of joining of the blocks in the forming of a wall. Y
The steps 12 and the top sides of the blocks are formed with ridges 15, While the steps 13 and the bottom sides of the blocks are formed with complementary recesses 16 for receiving the ridges of adjacent blocks in the forming ofa wall.
The block 10 is formed with pairs of openings 17 18 and 19` extending from the top to the bottom yandinclined outwards from the top to the bottom, as clearly seen in Fig. 5. During the construction of the wallithese openings `are filled with cement` for holding the various blocks together. I
In the modified form of the device shown in Fig. 7,' the openings 20 within the blocks are inclined from the top outwards vas ythey VVproceed to the bottom, and are 'of such width that the bottoms of these openingsin one of the blocks overlap with thetops of the same openings in blocks beneath. the saidV block. This is clearly seen in Fig. 7-,^where theV openings 20 are shown in yful-1 lines in the top block, overlap with the openings 20 shown in dotted lines yin the bottom block. It is pointed out that whenV cement is poured into these openings, and hardens as one integral mass it will hold the blocks in place.
This arrangement eliminatesJthe necessity of placing cement between the. lines of joining of the blocks, that is lines 14 inFig. 3.
In Fig. 8 a fragmentary portion of a form 21 has been disclosed for usein casting the blocks, and this. formhas recesses what` shown" resented are 1 preferred embodiment of our inventionfit is to be understood that we do notlimitourselves to the precise construction li'iiii" dis! closed and the right is reserved to`theuse of this construction in building chimneys,
columns; fireplaces, etc. `and Eto all ehaiiges and modifications coming within the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
Havingthus described'our invention, what we claim as new, and desire to secure by United States letters Patent is K 1: A building block of the class described comprising a base portion `andl superpesed portions integral with 'said `base portion and progressively offset with respect thereto, the base portion and each superimposed por'- tion having slots therein diverging downwardly, the top openings of said slots in each kof said portions being spaced apart the same distance as the bottom openingsoi the slots in the next succeeding portion the'reabove to forni a continuous downwardly diverging longitudinal inclined passage through the block, the slots in each ofthe portions extending longitudinally beyond the ends of the portions above and below, the'top and bottom iiaces of each 'of said portions havin"J longitudinal Vgrooves running throughout he length thereof and in align'- rnen't with said slots', `and ridges onthe up'- pei :tace 'of the top portion, 'said ridges 'be'- ing spacedapart a distance equal to the distance between the Vgrooves' on the' bottom face of the base port-ion: 'v
' 2;. A building lblock of the class described comprising a vbase portion and 'superposed portions integral with said base portion and progressively offset with respect thereto, the Ibase portion and each superimposed portion having slots therein diverging downwardly, the top openings of said slots in each of said yportions being'spa'cedapart 'the saine distance 'fas the botton openings of the slots in the 'neX-tsu'c'ceding portion thereabove to slots, and ridges on the upper face of the top portion, said ridges being spaced apart a distance equal to the distance between the grooves on the bottom face oi the base portion.
A wail construction comprising a plurlitlif ofv stiperpofsed lyers'oii building blocks of the class described, each layer comprising a seriesof said blocks, said blocks each comng" a prtin'aiid s'r'iperp'osed por'- tions integral with said base portion and progressiyely oiset with respect thereto, the
base 'Ij'iticn and superimposed portions of each bloclvr; haringslots therein diverging downwardly, the top' openings of said slots in each ofthe portions in said blocks being spaced apart thel samedistance as the botn tom openingsv of the slots in the next suc ceeding portion there'above to' i'ormj acont-inuons Vdownwardly diverging longitudinal inclined passage through the block, the slots in each of the` portions of each block eX- tending longitudinally beyond the ends of' the portions above and below, the top and bottoni faces of each of the portions oi'each block having longitudinal grooves running th'rughout the length thereof and in alignment with said slotspt-lie end faces of each Voli the portions of each block @having grooves also in alignment with said slots, and ridges on the upper face -each block, s'aid ridges being spaced apart a distance equal to the distance between the grooves on the bottoni face of the baseV .portion of each block and extending therein;
In testimony whereof we 'have aiiixed our y signatures, A
v IQHN FUSCQ. v
formA a .continuous downwardly diverging longitudinal inclinedpas'sage vthrough the block, vthe `slots iii each 'of the portions eX- tending longitudinally beyond the ends oi `theportions above and below, the top and l-btton faces of eachof said portions'having longitudinal grooves Vrunning tliioughutthe length thereof and kinalignmeiit with said slots, 'the end iiaes of 'each of said portions having grobves alsoin alignment Ewith' said
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|U.S. Classification||52/314, 52/437|
|International Classification||B28B19/00, E04C1/40, E04B2/02, E04C1/00|
|Cooperative Classification||E04B2002/0267, B28B19/0053, E04C1/40|
|European Classification||B28B19/00H, E04C1/40|