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Publication numberUS1789775 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 20, 1931
Filing dateMay 8, 1929
Priority dateMay 8, 1929
Publication numberUS 1789775 A, US 1789775A, US-A-1789775, US1789775 A, US1789775A
InventorsHepler Roy W, Russ Abram B
Original AssigneeHepler Roy W, Russ Abram B
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Lock
US 1789775 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 2o, 1931. A. B. Russ ET 'AL 1,789,775

LOCK

Filed may s. 1929 2 sum-sheet 2 lll l Gttomeg Patented Jan. 2t), 1931 nam n. nnss, or NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA-,AND Roy w. Hermagor 131mm,

` srssnerr PATENT@ OFFICE Mrs-l Loca:

application laca nay's, 1929. serial No. 361,530.'

This invention relates to locks and latches for automobile doors, and especially to that type in which the device can be used as a latch freely operableby a handle or whichcan be ,-yused as a lock requiring a key for its operation.

The objects of the invention are:

First, to provide a latch offering substantially no resistance to the latching of the Adoor in closing thus avoiding jarring the doorv arts. P- Second, to produce a tight anti-rattling holding of the door in latched position.

Third, to provide a dogging means effective within an appreciable angle of swing of the latch bolt.

Fourth, to rovide alatcll requiring a Very shallow mortlse in the edge of the door.

Fifth, to provide such a latch having means for clogging the outside operating means by manually operated means from -within the door, said -dogging means being 'operable from without the door by means of a key. lSixth, such other advantages as will appear from the construction and relation of the several parts comprising the cooperating elements of the latch and lock, as set forth by the following detailed description:

The inventionconsists of structural characteristics and relative arrangement of ele'- ments which will be hereinafter more fully described and particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

In the drawings, in which similar reference characters indicate similar parts in the sev`- eral figures: A I

Figurev 1 is an elevation of an automobile door with our lock in position thereon Figure 2 is a perspective view of a. door with the lock in place, as viewed from' the inner side and edge of the door;`

Figure 3 is a sectional view taken on lille 4III-III of Figure 1;

Figure 4 is an edge view of the lock in elevation with the face or` end plate removed;

Figure 5 is a vertical sectional View on a line taken just 4within the outer side plate shown in Figure 4;I Figure 6 is a horizontal sectionalwview taken on line `VI--fVI of Figure 5, looking in the direction of the arrows;

' Figure 7 is a horizontal'sectional View of the device showing the door partly open with 13 'of plate 12 formingthe'to plate of the casing and at its lowerend y the hollow post 16 through which one of the screw bolts extends.

The casing is mounted ina chamfer or mortise in the edge-of the door so as to lie flush with the inner surface of the door 10 and with its. edge as shown in Figures 2 and 3..

The lock casing being open at its edges, excepting the top edge, a separate covering plate 18 is fastened to the door to cover the open end of the lock. The lock casing has a plate 19 rigid therewith for fastening the lock casing tothe door by means of screws or other well known fastening means.

Between the top plate 13 and partition plate 14v is journalled the latch bolt 17mounted for swingino movement by means of a shaft 20 rigid with bolt 17. Shaft 20 has its lower end projecting through partition plate.

14 and split as at 21 to tightly receive the end of a torsion spring 22, `the other end of which is fastened as at 23to the casing wall. l

`Spring 22 normally swings bolt 17 into ythe door releasing or retracted position shown 1n Flgure 7.

.The swinging bolts 17 formed with twol -teeth or projections 24` 25, tooth 25 continuously projecting from the lock casing lnto the t path of a keeper lug 26, tooth 24 projet-.table into the path of said lug on they closing of the door so as toconfine the keeper lug 26 between teeth 25 and 24, as shown in Figure '3. The side of bolt 17 adjacent tooth 24 is arc shaped at 27 with the axis of shaft 20 as a center, While the side adjacent tooth 25 is shaped as an arc at 28 so as to allow a swinging of the bolt about 20 as a center without contacting with the sides of the lock casing.

partition pla-te 14 and is normally swun to At 29 the bolt is formed with a straight side joining the are `sha d sides27, 28,l as shown in Figure 3, an so arranged as to form an acute angle with the path of travel of a latch clogging or locking means 30 when bolt 17 has been swung into ther door looking position shown in said figure.

. Lever 30 extends through a slot 31 in the contact with the periphery of bolt 17 by a eaf spring 32 having one end inserted into a kerf in lever 3() and the other end contacting the end of slot 31, as shown. Lever 30 is pivoted on screw bolt 15 within post 16, said post being` slotted throughpart of its circumference as at 33 to allow swinging of lever 30 vthrough its arc of movement. 4

34 designates a squared handle spindle extending through the lock casing having an outer handle 35 and an inner handle 36 nonrotatably connected vthereto and journalled for rotation in apertures in casing Walls 11, 12.

Clamped to spindle 34 by set screws 39, 40 for rotation therewith are two arms 37, 38,

said arms being normally held in contact with anv abutment in the form of one of the clam ing screw bolts 15, shown in Figures 4 an 5, by .a coil spring 41 fastened at one end about the neck of set screw 40, the other end Contactin the fixed screw bolt 415.

Arm38 swings in the pathof movement of leveri30 and on rotation Oeitherhandle is capable of moving lever 30 against'the pressure of spring 32 so as to move said lever out of contact with the periphery of bolt 17.

A sleeve 42 is clamped ybetween plates 11,

12 of the casing and has reduced ends 43,44,

extending through said wall' tolsecure it against lateral displacement. Within sleeve 42 there are rotatably disposed Itwo .cylindrlcal lugs 45,46, pluo 45 having a thumb piece 4 connected wit 1 its projecting end,

and plug 46 having its outer end slotted as at 48 for the' reception of a key. Plugs'45 and 46 are independentlv rotatable and are prevented from longitudinal movement by parts 49, 50 rigidly attached to the respective plngs,'as shown in Figure 6, but allowing limited rotary lmovement in slots 51, 5 2 in 'lhe part or (logging arm 49 swingsy in the path of movement ofarln37'on handle spindle 34, its 'end being formed spatulate so 'as to be capable of securely seating in a.

notch 59 provided in, the end of arm 37' wl1en said arm is in its normal or inoperative posion in contact with screw bolt 15, las shown in Figure 5. *l designates a spring beingr bowed near its free end so as to frictionally hold arm 49 in inoperative position. The other end of spring 53- is fastened rigidlyto casing wall 11,.as shown in Figures4and 5.

leaf spring over which the'. spatula-te part of (logging arm 49 wipes said thumb turn 47 from the insi the outside of the door. Such turning move- Y `The slot in plug 46 extends I' entirely through said plug and is continued linto ther adjacent end of as 54, inserted mately enter the slot in lu 45 so as to turn both plugs together an t erefore, operate p lug 45 so that a key, such t doggmg arm 49 tooperative or inoperativeposition..

' As shown in Figure 2, the stop strip 55 of the door may be chanifered at 56 to pro-l vide Vroom for tooth 25 to swing to locking position on closing .the door, thus allowing a thinner construction of door.

The keeper lug 26 may be provided by bending a strip of .metal upon itself, thus providing at the same-time attaching ears 56,

I 56, as shown in ,Figure 8.

An escutcheon or rose plate 57 may be provided to act as a bearing for the handle 35- and spindle 34, the escutcheon being attached rough plug 46- will ultielif,

lever 30 against the tension ofsprng 32 and out of the path ofmovementof bolt 17, thus` releasing said bolt lfor swinging :movement on its pivot 20. Bolt spring 22 will tend. to turn bolt 417 sofas to lswing tooth 24 back-into the lock'casing and project tooth `25f1against the keeper lug so astoyopen 'thedoon slight pull -'on' handle 35 or pressure onhan; dle36 causing the door tofope'n, j

' When handle 35 or 3.6,'isre easedzlateh dog-fging lever 30 will bethrown in contactfwithg originalinoperative positionag'ainst stop15f` A Tolatch the door, a simple' pushingor pull: ing of the door to closed positionis sufficient, Latch bolt 17 being he d byspring keeper lug Position with 24k retracted and tooth 25 'p'roectcd, is tunedfonj to embrace lug 'es betjvyennie 241,25.'

The angle formedby t e'str'aight edge of,-

bolt 17witli the pathof movement .of dogging lever 30 is of ysuch acliteness that turn-4 ing force exerted on tooth: 24 will not move lever 30 out of bolt-dogging position, i.

The spindle 34..,and, hence, the'operatingl' handles 35 and 36 can be dtgged byftulmllg features herein disclosed and as embodied in the scope of the claims.

What we claim is: v- 1. Ina combined lock and latch, a pivoted latch bolt, 'spring means for normally moving and holding said bolt in inoperative position, keeper means for moving said bolt to operative position on closing they door, a

springpressed means-for automatically'do'gging saidbolt when moved to operative position, arotary handle spindle extending through'the closure and -having a handle rigidly attached at each end andv an arm rigidly mounted on said spindle and moving in the path of'said dogging lever to move said lever out of bolt dogging position;

2. Ina combinedlock and latch, a pivoted latch bolt, spring means' for normally moving and holding said bolt in inoperative position, keeper means for moving said bolt to operative position on closing thedoor, a

. spring pressed lever for automatically dogging said boltfwhen moved to operative position, a rotary handle spindle extending through the .closure and having afhandle rigidly attached. at each end and an arm rigidly mounted on said spindle and moving in the path of said dogging lever to move said lever out of bolt dogging position.

3.' In a combined lock and latch for closures, a lock casing, a pivoted latch bolt mounted in said casing, spring means for normally moving said bolt to inoperative position, keeper means for moving said bolt to operative or latching position by the closing movementA of the closure, a spring pressed dogging lever for automatically clogging said bolt when said bolt has been moved to operative position, a rotary knob spindlel journalled in said casing for moving said dogging lever to bolt releasing position, and key operated means in said casing for locking said knob spindle against movement.

4. In a combinedlock and latch for closures, a lock casing, a pivoted latch boltinounted in said casing, spring means for normally moving said bolt to inoperative po- I sition, means for moving said bolt to operative position by the closing movement of the closure, a spring pressed lever for automatically dogging said bolt in its operative position, knob spindle means for moving said lever to inoperative position, a dogging means for said knob spindle journalled in said casing, and means for manually operating said dogging means from inside the closure and by key from the outside.

5. In a device as described,the combination of al casing comprising side plates, an end or face plate, and a top plate, a partitionv plate in proximity tothe top plate for dividing the casing into two chambers-,means to clamp the platestogether with the side .plates in spaced parallel -relation to `each other, and

a swinging bolt journalled in one -Xchamber between the top plate and partition plate, and operating means for said bolt journalled in thefother chamber between said side plates.

6. In a device as described, lthe 'combination of a latch housing having two chambers separatedl by a slotted partition plate, and a latch bolt mounted for swinging movement in v one. of said chambers, a spring for normally swinging said bolt to inoperative position, means on-said bolt for swinging said bolt to operative position by the closing movement of the closure on which it is mounted, a dogging lever pivoted in the other of. said chambers for automatically dogging said bolt in opera-` tive position and extending through said slot in the partition plate into the path of movement of said bolt, and manually operable means journalled in said second mentioned chamber. for releasing said bolt dogging means.

sures, a pivoted latch bolt having an inclined surface, means for moving said bolt .to inoperative po. ition on opening movement of the closure, operating means on the keeper and bolt for {noving the bolt to operative position by the c osing movement of the closure, and means moving in a plane at right angles to that .of the bolt movement and having the combined function for dogging said bolt from .movement when moved to its operative -position and cooperating with said inclined surface for camming said bolt against the keeper land prevent rattling.

' 8. In a combined lock and latch for closures, a pivoted latch bolt having an inclined surface, spring means for moving said bolt to inoperative position on opening said closure, cooperating means on the keeper and bolt for moving the bolt to operative posi-l tion by the closing movement ofthe closure, and a sprmg pressed means moving in a plane at right angles totliat of the bolt movement and having the combined function for dog- 'ging said bolt from movement when in its 7; Ina combined lock and latch 'forclooperative position and cooperating with said inclined surface for camming said bolt against thekeeper and prevent rattling. 9. In a combined lock and latch for closures, a pivoted latch bolt having an inclined erative posit-ion on opening movement of the closure, cooperating means on theA keeper and bolt for moving the bolt to operative posisurface, 'means for moving said bolt to inoption by`the closing movement of the' closure,A

and means moving in a plane at rig'ht angles tothat of the bolt movement and having the combined function for automatically dogging said bolt from movement when moved to itsoperative position and cooperating with said j inclined surface for camming said bolt against the keeper and prevent rattling.

. 10. In a combined lock and latch for clo- 10 sures, a pivoted latch bolt having an inclined l surface,- spring means for movlng said bolt to inoperative position on opening said clo sure, cooperating means onthe keeper and bolt for moving the bolt to operative position i 15 .by the closing movement of the closure," and a spring pressed lever movin in a planeA at right angles to that of the olt movement and having the combined function for dog-- ging said bolt vfrom movement; when. .in its L operative position and cooperating with said inclined surface for camming said bolt againstthe keeper and prevent rattling. In testimony whereof v ve hereunto aflxour signatures.

A ABR-AM B. RUSS.

ROY W. 'HEELEIL

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2604345 *Aug 30, 1946Jul 22, 1952Roethel Engineering CorpDoor lock
US2670231 *Jul 5, 1951Feb 23, 1954Leatherman Johnnie LLatch
US2700293 *Mar 27, 1950Jan 25, 1955Chicago Forging & Mfg CompanyLock for the closures of automobile rear compartments and the like
US2719048 *Apr 24, 1952Sep 27, 1955American Hardware CorpDoor latch assembly
US2789023 *Jun 11, 1952Apr 16, 1957Jervis CorpRefrigerator and latch mechanism therefor
US2793898 *Jul 2, 1949May 28, 1957Roethel Engineering CorpDoor lock
US2814519 *Mar 15, 1950Nov 26, 1957Roethel Engineering CorpDoor lock
US2864636 *Feb 27, 1956Dec 16, 1958Ferro Stamping CoWedge type lock
US2873602 *Jun 11, 1952Feb 17, 1959Standard Products CoLock structure for a vehicle deck lid or the like
US2881021 *Jun 22, 1955Apr 7, 1959Jervis CorpLatch mechanism
US3219381 *Oct 10, 1962Nov 23, 1965Gemco Mfg CorpDrop-bottom container
US3429153 *Sep 20, 1967Feb 25, 1969Gen Motors CorpVehicle body compartment latch and lock
US4052094 *Jan 13, 1976Oct 4, 1977Gkn-Stenman AbSandwich-type motor vehicle door and flush mounted lock cassette
US6048001 *Mar 24, 1998Apr 11, 2000Miller; Seth A.Push-button actuated latching mechanism
US8720237 *Oct 19, 2011May 13, 2014Daws Manufacturing Company, Inc.Rotary latch
US8966947 *Aug 7, 2012Mar 3, 2015D & D Group Pty LtdLatches for gates and doors
US9003842Apr 29, 2014Apr 14, 2015D & D Group Pty LtdLatches for gates and doors
US9260890May 13, 2014Feb 16, 2016Daws Manufacturing Co., Inc.Latch mechanism
US20070175249 *Jan 30, 2007Aug 2, 2007D & D Group PtyLatches for gates and doors
US20130098124 *Apr 25, 2013Daws Manufacturing Company, Inc.Rotary latch
USD647779Nov 1, 2011D & D Group Pty LtdHinge
USD647781Nov 1, 2011D&D Group Pty LtdHandle
USD647782Nov 1, 2011D&D Group Pty LtdLatch
USD649007Nov 22, 2011D & D Group Pty LtdHinge
USD649008Nov 22, 2011D & D Group Pty Ltd.Hinge
USD649009Nov 22, 2011D & D Group Pty LtdHinge
USD661173Jun 5, 2012D&D Group Pty Ltd.Hinge
USD672631Dec 18, 2012D & D Group Pty Ltd.Striker for latch
USD673024Dec 25, 2012D & D Group Pty Ltd.Hinge
USD675080Jan 29, 2013D & D Group Pty LtdHandle
Classifications
U.S. Classification70/485, 70/210, 292/198
International ClassificationE05C3/00, E05C3/24
Cooperative ClassificationE05C3/24
European ClassificationE05C3/24