US 1791197 A
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Feb. 3, 1931. A. DICKSON summon FRAME FOR WALL GONSTRUC'IIONS Filed Aug. 7, 1928 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Jigsaw 72 ierJz'cZSan imme/a0 Momqp:
Feb.. 3, 1931 A. DIYCKSON SKELETONFAFRAME FOR WALL CONSTRUCTIONS Filed Au 7, 1928 1 v2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Feb. 3, 1931 Hang; r
- UNITED STATES PATENT oFFics ALEXANDER DICKSON, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK SKELETON FRAME FOR WALL CONSTRUCTIONS Application filed August 7, 1928. Serial No. 297,994.
The invention relates to walls of thetype channel metal. Each stud is formed with shown in my U. S. Patent No. 1,301,110 of vertically spaced lath-receiving openings 18 April 22, 1919, and it'aims to provide a new whose lower edge walls incline longitudinaland improved construction in which the ly in opposite directions as indicated at 1 1 laths present plastic-receiving troughs and and 14a respectively. Receivable in the inwardly declined surfaces above said openings 13, are laths 15 each formedofa troughs for guiding the plastic into them as light metal strip bent into the form of a it is applied. trough. Not only does. this construction pro- A further object is to provide unique vide upwardly opening channels or troughs means for anchoring the ends of the lath-' to receive the plastic material but it prosupportingstuds' vides the laths with inwardly declined With the foregoing in View, the invention external surfaces 16. When the plastic maresides in the novel subject matter hereinterial is applied to the skeleton framework after described and claimed, description beformed by the laths and studs, these in- 15 mg supplemented by the accompanying wardly declined surfaces 16 direct the plas- 6Q drawings. tic downwardly into the vsubjacent troughs Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a wall partly or channels.
broken away to more clearly disclose the The lower edge walls of the openings 13 skeleton framework. inclined from their centers to their ends as Fig 2 is a vertical sectional view on line indicated at 14:- and 14a, and these inclina- 65 2-2 of Fig. 1. tions are more steeply inclinedthanthe outer Fig. 3 is a horizontal section on line 33 sides 16 of the laths 15, so that portions of of Fig. 1, a said edge walls are'receivable in notches 17 Fig. 4 is a sectional perspective view of formed in the longitudinal edges of the two of the laths and a portion of one of the 'laths. These notches hold the laths against 7 studs. I endwise sliding-after they are once in place Fig. 5 is a disassembled perspective view and hence the laths serve to tie the studs 12 of a portion of one of the studs and oneof together. H I I p the stud-anchoring brackets. For anchoring the ends of the studs '12,
Fig. 6 is a sectional perspective view show- I provide L shaped' brackets 18 preferably 75 'ing the manner in'which the stud and the formed of light channel metal. The horizonbracket are secured together. i tal portion of each bracket is adapted for Fig. 7 is a horizontal sectional view on anchorage to a floor or ceilingjoist or to line-77 of Fig. 6. other support. The vertical portion of the ,Fig. 8 is a view similar to Fig. 4 but show bracket is adapted to contact with, an end of SO ing a slightly different form of construction. the stud 12 and is formed with a. lath-receiv- Fig. 9 is a sectional perspective view illusing openings 19'for alineinent with a number trating a form of stud which is preferably of theopenings 13. TongucsQO are formed employed when the wall constitutes a veneer integrally with the vertical portion of the on a pre-constructed wall. bracket at opposite sides of its openings 19. 5
- Figs. 10 and 11 are sectional perspective These tongues are bent laterally through the views illustrating further modifications. openings 13 and clinched as shownin Fig. 7
' The construction illustrated in Figs. 1 to for the purpose of securing the stud to the 7 will first be described. In these views, 12 bracket.- This bracket and its associated dedenotes the vertical studs which are of light tails of Construction provide simple and in- 9 expensive means for easily and rapidly anchoring the ends of the studs 12.
After securing the studs in place, the metal laths are slipped into the openings 13 and some of the notches 1'? are engaged with the edge walls i k-14cc of the studs, thereby effectively tying the latter together and holding the laths against accidental longitudinal movement. Plastic material is now applied to one side of the skeleton framework and during such application, the plastic is downwardly directed into the troughs of the laths by the overlying inwardly declined surfaces 16. The plastic is applied in such abundance that it runs through on the opposite side of the skeleton framework. This surplus is then roughly spread at that side of the wall and in this manner, the spaces between the laths are in a roughly filled condition, with the mortar effectively supported by the trough shaped laths. ,When this mortar has i et sufficiently, a rough coat is applied to both sides of the wall and for most uses a finishing coat is then added. The completed wall is fireproof, crack-proof, vermin-proof and exceptionally rigid. It is intended primarily for partitioning, but is not restricted to this particular field of use.
Fig. 8 discloses a construction in which the openings 13b of the stud 125 have their lower edges shaped to snugly contact with the trough-shaped laths 15?). These laths are formed with spaced openings 17?) and lugs 21 are formed integrally with the lower edge walls of the openings 13?) for reception in i said openings 17?). These lugs'2l and openings 17b perform the same functions as the openings or notches l7 and the co-acting portions of the stud 12.
Fig. 9 discloses a construction in which the openings 130 of the studlQcare in the form of notches, the stud being oflight angle metal instead of channel metal. This stud is usable primarily when veneering old walls, a number of the studs being secured to the wall and the laths being then conveniently laid in the openings 130.
In. Fig. 10, the stud 1%! is formed with a plurality of circular openings 13d disposed in vertically spaced pairs, and se1ni-cylindrical trough-shaped laths 15d are receivable in said openings. This form of construction is very analogous to that shown for instance in Figs. 4 and 8, as the lower edge walls of the openings 1365 are longitudinally inclined from their centers'to their ends, as indicated at 1461 and 140 respectively, and the laths 15d not only present upwardly opening channels but also present inwardly declined external surfaces 16d.
In Fig. 11, the laths are in the form of solid metal rods 15c supported by reception in the openings of a stud 120 which is identical with the stud 12d. The laths 156 are in such close relation horizontally that virtually a trough 15f is formed between the laths or rods of each pair, and the curved peripheral portions 166 of these rods or laths, serve to downwardly guide the plastic into these troughs as it is applied. Hence, though quite different in appearance, there is marked analogy between this form of the invention and the other forms previously described.
Excellent results are obtainable from the general construction shown and described and the present disclosure is therefore preferably followed. However, within the scope of the invention as claimed, variations may be made.
I claim p 1. A skeleton frame for wall construction, comprising vertical studs having vertically spaced lath-receiving openings, and laths passing through said openings, said laths providing upwardly opening plastic-receiving troughs throughout their lengths and inwardly declined external surfaces over the troughs, each of said inwardly declined surfaces serving to downwardly direct plastic material into the subjacent trough when said material is applied.
2. A. skeleton frame for wall construction, comprising vertical studs having vertically spaced lath-receiving openings, the lower edge wall of each opening being inclined in opposite directions, and vertically spaced laths passing through said openings, each lath being of trough-shape and presenting external inwardly declined surfaces, said inwardly declined surface of each lath serving to downwardly direct plastic material into the trough of the subjacent lath when said plastic is applied.
I 3. A structure as specified in claim 2; said laths and studs having interlocking portions holding the laths against longitudinalslid- 111g.
4. A structure as specified in claim 2; said laths having openings receiving portions of said studs to hold the laths against longitudinal sliding.
5. A structure as specified in claim 2; said lower edge wall of each opening being more steeply inclined than said external surfaces of the laths, edges of the latter being formed with notches receiving portions of said lower edge walls of the openings to hold the laths against longitudinal sliding. 7
6. A stud having vertically spaced lath-receiving openings, the lower edge wall of each opening constituting a lath support and being longitudinally inclined from its center to its ends.
7 In a wall framework, a stud having lath-receiving openings, an l..-shaped anchorbrac :et whose vertical portion lies against said stud, said vertical portion of the bracket being formed with a lath-receiving opening registering with one of the afore said openings of the stud, and a tongue integral With the bracket at the edge of its opening, said tongue being bent through said one opening of the stud and clinched to secure bracket and stud together.
8. A11 L-shaped stud-anchoring bracket having a lath-receiving opening in its Vertical portion, and an integral tongue at an edge of said opening for securing a stud t0 the bracket.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto affixed my signature.