US 1792233 A
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, Patented Feb. '10, 1931 V FRANCIS x MALOCSAY, or rsnnnnn RIVER, NEW JERSEY IJE'IE'ITEI"RING- DEVICE Application filed June 26,
' This invention relates to an improvement in a lettering device or guide, primarily in-- tended for use by draftsmen, artists, en-- gineers and others engaged in making maps,
5 drawings, or the like and has for its object to provide a device which will enable even 7 those unskilled in drawing or lettering to produce letters, figures or numerals having the appearance of those made by printing.
A'further object ofthis invention is to provideaguide for making letters and numerals, which guide shall be so arranged and disposed that it will be possible to speedily and with accuracy make fractional numerals as well. as other various signs and markings used by draftsmen in designatingall'sizes and dimensions on drawingslf In other words, the device forming the subject matter of this invention providesmeans whereby lettersand numerals of difiierent sizes and arrangements may be very speedily made and the change from a larger letter to a smaller letter or vice versa can be performed without requiring transverse shifting 'of the lettering guide-which usually tends to interruptthe drawing operation while awaiting-drying of the ink This is particularly 7 important where fractional numerals haveto be-drawn, the same being usually of smaller size than the ordinary numeral's indicating dimensions. I
' -Withthese objects andsuch other objects as may hereinafter appear, in viewyl have a pointed- Outin the claims appended hereto.- Reference'is tobe had to the accompanyin drawing, in which r igure. l is a'plan view'o-f a lettering tion;' 7
- -Figure-'2 is asiinilar viewgof a modified structure; T i 7 1 I ---Fig'ure 3 is a plan view ofia lettering guide used'solely tional-numer-als; Figure 4i is a sectional v'iew on'the line "4-4 of Figure; 3, looking in" the direction" of the arrows; I Figure @5 'sho wsthetype of fractional nu- "devised the-particular arrangement of parts: hereinafter set forth'and more particularly guide made in accordance? withv my invenfor 'thepurposeaof, making frac 1929. Serial No. 373,750.
merals capable of being made by any of the lettering guides disclosed in Figures 1 to 3 inclusive; s
Figure 6 shows other forms of numerals and signs which can be made by anyone of the three lettering guides disclosed in Figures 1 to 3 inclusive;-and
Figure '7 discloses various numerals and signs which are made by using either' of the lettering guides disclosed in Figures 1 and 2.
H Throughout the 'variousviews of'the draw ings, similar reference characters designate similar parts. 7 P i Referring to the embodiment of'my invention disclosed in Figure 1. The lettering guide there shown is preferably composed of a narrow fiat strip a which may be made of continuous velongated groove b in its under surface so thatthe strip when resting upon the drawing, may be moved over a freshly inked-surface, and since the inkletters'will lie within the area-of the groove 6, the same 7 are not likely to be blurred or smeared "during movement ofthe strip'. 1 I ."The strip is provided with a-series of' shaped perforations or openingsshown at 0, (Z, c, '7, g, h and 2'. The openings just men tioned form a part of a complete group of 'als." (For instance,'the two openings 0 and pencil first held within the opening '0 and, usinga part of the side walls of'the same as a guide is moVedto'form apart of .the" letter. "Thereupon, the guide is. moved; a predetermined distance to bring the second orcomplementary opening a to a point-adj acent" to i that where the first opening 0 letterl *When the second opening a? is so poopening c j'an'd guidingthe same:against that part of lthe wall 0f the openingasisneces- I sa-ry 'to' produce the remainingpartpf the letter to completethe same.
'will'be seen that in most instances,itw i .v openings are reqniredto produce a certain I some transparent material such as celluloid 'or the like This strip a'is provided with a V v openings u-sed'in producingvariousnumerfc' flwi-ll' produce the numeral 3 if a pen or V siti oned', the remainder 'of-theletterforfnu me'ralzis drawn by placing'thegpen in this was located informing the first part'of the letter or numeral. For instance, to produce the numeral 5, the twoopenings indicated at d are utilized. For the numeral 6, the two numerals indicated at eare used. The numeral 7 requires only the single opening The numerals 8 and 9 each require two groups of openings indicated at g and h respectively,
finds it constantly necessary to indicate required for the production of the letter into proper alignment to enable it tobe used for.
fractional, dimensions, I provide several series of openings for forming fractional numerals by providing the strip a. with two similar smaller groups of openingsas disclosed at and 7c in Figure 1. groups of openings 9' and is are so disposed in the structure shown in Figure 1 that one of said groups is located directly above'the othen i In addition to providingshaped openings for the formation of fractional numerals, I"
also provide openings shown at i and m for the formation of plus and minus signs. I also provide a slot 39 for the production of a division line for the fractions and I also provide openings 0 and p for. the formation of footage'and degree signs.
It has been heretofore mentioned that to utilize two openings for'making a single numeral or letter, first a portion of one opening is used as a guide in forming a part of thele'tter and thereupon the; strip a is slid along on thesurface of the drawing paper to bring thesecond pening in proper alignment to form the balance of the letter. This sliding movement is automatically regulated tons is freely movable. It will therefore be apparent that tofopcrate the device, the button 8 is held against one end-of the slot while one part of the letter ,is drawn inone of the openings.
' Thereupon, the finger of the draftsmanjisl placed onthe button, holding said button tightly down on the surface of the paper, whereupon the slide is moved so that the button is brought up, hard against the opposite end of the slot. This-automatically brings the second or complementary opening the'compl'eti'on ofthe letter ,startedin the Since on the'g'ulde disclosed in Figural, I
' haveprovided openings for producing figures ofdiiferent size, I have accordingly provided two shifting slots. One of said slots is indicatedrat a" andthe same is used for operating the'device to "produce the larger let- This group of openings can how- I f-spect's,-thedevice Slnce in drafting work, the draftsman These two 7 :of the'strip only. I I =2. A deviceof the class described compristers formed by the larger openings shown at the left hand end of the guide. The
2. Inthe embodiment of my invention di sclosed in Figure 2, the structure hereto- 7 fore described is utilized except that for the purpose of making a trifle stronger article, the seriesof openings j and is are placed one below the other and are staggered with respect to one another. In all other reis similarto that disclosed in'Figure 1. w
v In Figure 3, a small strip is used, the same being-used merelyforfractions and smaller numerals, the same being similar 1n all respects to thegroups located at the righthand end of Figure 1, except thatit is merely necessary to use the single slot 2% and button a rather than two. slot-s and buttons as dis-, 7
closed in Figures 1 an d2. v v c From the foregoing,the benefits and advantages of my improved lettering; guide will be readilyunderstood. -By arranging the twogroups of openings shown at y' and Is in the manner indicated, that is,with both of these groups of openings confined within the side limits of the groove 6 and with one group placed higher than the other, itis p ossible to very-readily produce fractional nu meralsand signs as isdisclosed'in Figures 5 and 6 without requiring transverse shifting.
of the guide an'dfthe consequent delayincurred in waitingfor. the inked numerals to dry. f'
7 When groupsof openings er the type shown in Figures 1 and 2 are used, it is possible to. produce numerals of diflerentj sizes including fractions, fractional markings and the like, as for example, disclosedin Figure'Z, by means of a slot 1" n which a headed but- WhileI have describedmy invention as being applicableto the making of numerals,
fractional numerals and the like, it is obvious that the same may beusedfor making letters ;of different sizes. from the same .guide,without departing from the spiritv of my inven;
NVhat I claim is;
1. A device of the comprising a'strip having :a groovedunderface, a pair of similar groups of numeralforming openings formed in said'stripand within theconfi-nes ofthe side.- edges of the groove, one of said groups being so located character described" above the, other that fractional numeralsgcan' be formed thereby with longitudinal shifting.
ing an elongated strip'having a group of larger character-forming openings and two groups of smaller character-forming open ings, one of the groups of smaller character- 5 forming openings being arranged in align:
ment above the other group of smaller. openings, the three -groups of openings being adapted for co-operative use in forming large numerals and. smaller associated fractional 1o numerals with longitudinal shifting movement of the strip only. 3. A device of the character described comprising a strip having a group of numeralforming openings in the same for forming 15 large numerals, said strip being provided with two other groups of openings for forming associated fractional numerals, said fractionforming openings being smaller than those of the first group, a slot in the strip and a 29 button in said slot for guiding in the placement of characters formed by utilizing the group of larger openings, and a similar slot and button for guiding in the placement of characters formed by using the several I 25 7 groups of smaller openings.
Signed at the city, countyand State of New, York, this 24th day of June, 1929. V
FRANCIS X. MALOCSAY.