US 1793362 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 17, 1931;
A.H.GRAVES SHIPPING CASE Filed April 1. 1929 3 Sheets-Sheet l ATTORNEY Feb. 17, 1931. GRAVES 1,793,362
SHIPPING CASE Filed A ril 1, 1929 3 Sheets-Sheet. 2
.37 as as Grok/ea; .NV'QNTOR ATTOR NEY Feb. 17, 1931. I GRAVES 1,793,362
SHIPPING CASE Filed April 1, 1929 3 Sheets-Sheet, 3
ATTORNEY Patented Feb. 17 1931 s ANDREW H. eanvns, or ARxANs'As crrxxlmsns' i sHIrPING casn' I j Application filedA pril 1,
This invention relates to shippingcases of the folding type, and it's generalobject is to provide a ease of the above'cha racter that is primarily designed foreggs but can bema'de 6 for other purposes, it being readily and easily assembled, and disassembled yet is rigidly held" in assembled position, therefore casual collapsing thereof will bepreventedi.
' Another object of the invention is to-pro-l vide a shippingcase of the folding type that is extremely light in weight and is sanitary and ventilated, with the result the contents thereofwill be retained in a fresh condition for a maximum period of time. I
A further object of the invention'is to provide a case that includes a foldable artition; sides and ends, with a flanged bottom and top, the latterbeing entirely removable, but is capable ofbeing securely fastened in operative position when" the case is in its folded or setup positions. 7 V v Q is A still further object of the invention is toprovide a case of the character set forth, that is "simple" in construction, strong and sturdy inexpensive'to :manufacture and is extremely efficient in operation and service. i This invention'also consists in certain other features of construction and in the combination andv arrangement of the several parts, to
' be hereinafter fully described illustrated in the accompanying drawings and specifically pointed out in the appended claims. v
Indescribing my invention in detail, ref erencewill behad to the accompanying draw- Vings'wherein like charactersdenote like or corresponding parts throughout the several views, and inwhich: v
Figure l is a perspective view of inlassembled or setup position.
. Figure 2-is a similar View thereof position: I 7 1 V 7 Z-EigureB isa vertical sectional View taken longitudinally through the case. t 7
Figure 4 is a sectional View taken approxi mately on line H of Figure 3, looking in thedirection of the arrows. I s
Figure 5 is-a sectional view taken approximately on line 55 of Figure 3;look-ing, inthe direction of the arrows.
I Figure 6is a view similar to Figure ,5, withi the'case in folded position.
Referring to the'drawings in detailgit will be noted that I-have illustrated my ease constructed in the form ofan eggcase, but I want it understood that it can be constructed i in other:forn1s for use for, fruits and vegetables, as well as-other'commodities without de parting from the spirit of the invention; 1 f
s The reference numeral 1 indicates the bottom of. the case as shown and the bottom has formed l therewith side "flanges 2 and end; flanges 3 which have their ends secured to gethe'r in, any well known-manner but I have llustrated tongues 4 formed with the ends of the side flanges and'these? tongues 4 are bent at rightfangles to theside'fl'anges and fixed-- to the end flanges bysolde'r'.
It is to be understood however that other securing meanssuoh as rivets or the like may beused in the place of the solder.
The bottom which includes the flanges as above set forthis rectangularin shape, and the flanges have their upper ends downturned to provide heads 5. Secured to the bottom and following the shape'thereof is a frame 6 formed from wire and this frame is braced by a longitudinally extending wire =7 and a transverselyextendingwire 8 which is looped about the longitudinally extending wire as at 9 and has its end portions looped about the side wires of the frame: 6, as at 10. The end portions of the transversely extending wire 8 arevertically extended to provide uprights 11, and the frame 6 is secured to' the bottom through the medium of substantially right angle members 12 formed from-"wire and which have their 'arms'looped about the frame 6 at the corners thereof as best shown in FigureQwith the juncture of .the' arms fixed to'th'e bottom 1 by solder 13. The longitudinally extending wire 7" is likewise'fixed to the bottom by solder and has its ends uvu.
i 'looped about the ends of the frame 6 with The looped upper ends of the uprights and side uprights 15 provide hinges whereby the side walls can be moved to'theiripo'sitions as shown in Figure 6, and the end walls also include wire frames which are indicated by the reference numeral 17 and have their lower. runs hingedly received by the end uprights 15 and the uprights 14. By thisconstruction, it will be obvious that the side and end walls are capable of being folded as clearly shown in Figurefi of the drawings. 1 h
The side and end walls also include wire mesh material which is of a shape to fittheframes as shown. The wiremesh material for the side walls is indicated-by the reference numeral 18, while that of-the end walls is 1ndicated by the reference numeral 19. I
The end walls are reinforced by space-.l parallelwires -20 havingtheir ends looped upon themselves, with one of the looped ends disposed about the outer run of the frame 17, while the other looped ends are dispc-sed 1 about the inner runs of the. said frames 17.
The side walls are likewise provided with reinforcing wires 21' arranged in spaced. parallel relation with their endslooped about the outer and inner runs of the side walls as suggested in Figure 3, and the side walls are further reinforced by strips offlwire 22 arranged between the. wires 21 and the end runs 23 of the frames 16, p
The end walls have secured at their upper ends and at the sides thereof hook members 24 that have portions looped about the frames 17 and terminate in hooked ends 25 extending outwardly of the end walls for the purpose of receiving the end runs of the wire frames 16 as clearly shown in Figure 7. The wire mesh for the side walls is recessed at its ends as at 26 to accommodate the hooked ends 25. By this construction, it will heapparent that when the hooked ends 25 are-dis,- posed in operative position, the side and end walls are held in a rigid upright position whereby casual collapsing or folding thereof will be prevented. Apartition is provided.
for the case as shown, and this partition includes a frame 27 that is of a shape to fit between the side walls as shown in Figure 3, but is foldable to lie upon the bottom 1, and for this purpose, the ends of the frame adjacent the bottom are looped upon themselves around the transverse wire 8 as at 28, and
the partition also includes bridging wires 29 that have their ends looped about the transverse wire 8 and the upper run of the frame. 1
The spaced parallel Wires of the end walls have secured between the same and adjacent the upper ends thereof eye members 30 that the bottom 1 are substantially U-shaped brackets 31 having. ears which aresoldered or otherwise fixed to the end flanges as suggested in Figure 3.
1 The top-for the case is formed substantially like the bottom and is indicated by the reference numeral 32, with flanges 33 formed therewith and depending therefrom, the flanges'being secured to each other by having tongues formedwith the end flanges and being soldered to the side flanges. i
The eye members. 30 as well as the lJ- shaped brackets. 31. provide keepers adapted to receive the hooked ends 34, of latches .35 that have one of their ends vpivotally secured to'the end flanges of the top and these latches include tongues 36 which provide finger pieces to operatethe same as will be apparent. By this construction, the top can be secured to the case when the latter is in its -assembled posi-- tion asshown in Figure 1, or when 1n its folded poistion as shown in Figure 2. The top and bottom are formed from galvanized iron or like metallic materialand may be corrugated if desired to add strength thereto.
From the above description and dis closure of the drawings, it will be ob-' viousthat I have provided a: case in the form asshown that is primarily designed for eggs and of course is adapted to receive-the usual egg fillers and separating boards between the fillers upon-opposite sides of the partition, and the case can beeasily and readily assembled and disassembled but in any event is. constructed in a manner whereby it will stand much abuse without material damage thereto or its contents when arranged in its position as shown ii -Figure 1. The reinforcing wires 21 have secured to their upper .ends hook membersl37 that include hooks 38 adapted to receive the frame 27 of the partition to hold the latter in its uprightposition as shown in Figure 8. r i
By having the side and end walls hingedly secured as above set forth, it'will be obvious that the walls are foldableand it is preferred when folding the case to arrange the partithe bottom, thenffold the end walls to their positions as shown in Figure 6 and dispose the side walls in superposed position with respect to the end walls. The top'is then secured in place through the medium of the latch and U-shape bracket 31.
While it has been stated that solder is used as a means for securing certain of the parts together, Iwant it understood that an means may be employed, or the parts may e electrically welded. a 1
tion which is likewisehingedly secured, on
It is thought from the foregoing description that the advantages and novel features of my invention Will be readily apparent.
I desire it to be understood thatI may i make changes in the constructionand in the combination and arrangement of the several parts, provided that such changes fall within the scope of the appended claims; A
What I claim is:
1. A collapsible shipping case comprising ,7 a bottom having upstanding flanges, a bottom frame resting in said bottom, side and Y r .1
tom frame resting in said bottom, side and end frames received at their lower edges by the flanges, substantially right angle members secured to the bottom and having their ends looped about the bottom frame, transverse and longitudinal extending members having their ends looped about the bottom frame and extending upwardly therefrom and looped about the lower rungs of the side and end frames to hinge and support the latter from the bottom frame, covering material secured to the side and end frames, angular shaped members secured to the vertical and longitudinal rungs of said end frames and extending outwardly to form hook shaped elements adapted to engage the vertical rungs of the side frames to detachably secure said side and end frames'together, and a cover carried by saidside'and end frames.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature ANDREW H. GRAVE S.