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Publication numberUS1793446 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 17, 1931
Filing dateSep 27, 1928
Priority dateSep 27, 1928
Publication numberUS 1793446 A, US 1793446A, US-A-1793446, US1793446 A, US1793446A
InventorsHopkins John A H, Stone Oscanyan Elsie
Original AssigneeHopkins John A H, Stone Oscanyan Elsie
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Flushing apparatus
US 1793446 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

P. C. OSCANYAN FLUSHING APPARATUS Feb. 17, 1931.

Filed Sept. 27, 1928 INVENTOR. P40; G aacfiwm/v A ORNEYS.

Patented Feb. 17, 1931 f RAUL c. OSCANYAN, on BoGo'r vnw JERSEY; ELSIE FLUSHING APPARATUS Application filed Sep'tember'27 1928'. Serial No. 308,642;

. This invention is v an improvement infiushlng apparatus, and more particularly'in'.

apparatusgof the air" compression tank type;

In the usual constructionof flushing: ap-

'kparatus of the type in question, the operatinvention is the provision inuapparatus of. the type in question,v of valve mechanism" water. 1

ing parts eXtendthrough the enclosing. wall housing the valve mechanism, and such parts must" be packed to prevent the escape of Such packings if they prevent the escape of water make the parts hardto operate and they are very liableto' deterioration.

One of the: primary objects of the presen wholly enclosed, and with operating meoha- 'nism' outside the enclosing wall, the" wall having flexible portions, in thenature of diaphragms, which are laterally movable, to enable-operation of the valve'mechanism;

Another object fisthe provision of a' dia:-- phragm operated'flush valve, whereinthe initial opening of the .flush valve admits the full water pressure to the diaphragm to opcrate the same, and wherein auxiliary mecha-- nism is provided externally operatedto'em able; the inlet of initial pressure tounseat the flush valve. Another' object is the provision of mechanism for draining the diaphragm chamber after the flushing operation to' enable seating of the flush valve, externally-operated, and without direct connection with 'the external operatingmechanism. Q Another object is thezprovision insueh ap paratus, of means facilitating inspection and removal of the operating parts.

An'otherobject is the provision ofa rela-' tively simple and relatively inexpensive ap' paratus capable of operation with the usual tank, or :with a siphon filled tank, and adapted to be arranged within the wall of the: bath-room. V v a 'W ith these and other objects in view the invention consists in'the construction and 7 novel combination of parts fully described hereinafter, illustrated in, the accompanylng drawings,- and polnted out. 1n the claims appended hereto, it beingunderstood that various changes 1n the form, proportion, size sr'o- 'n osoAivYAit AND some I and 'minor'details of constructioniwithin the scope of'theclaims, may be resorted towith out departing' frlom the spirit of the inven Inthe-drawings forming apart hereo'if:

I "Fig. 1 isa side'elev'ation of, the improved apparatus. I

' Flg'. 2"i's an enlarged detail in section of V the flushing mechanism. c i In the-present embodinfentof the inven ,tion, a valve casing l is provided having an inlet 2 atone side; which is connected by a pipe 3, with a compression tankt, the said tank being adapted to contain" a definite charge of watch-which during its entrance to the tank compresses the 'a ir'ih the top-of the tank. f I

The top of the c'asingl is closed by a plug 5 threaded intoan' opening in the top; and the' said plug has a handle6 for convenience-in manipulatingthe same. lntermediateitsitop and bottom'the casing has a partition 7w pro vided with a port 7 normally closed by avalvei in'the form of a cup 8', having a filling 9 of packing which rests upon the upper-face of the partition 7 a when the valve is in closed position. I

The valve has astem 12, which moves in a bearing 13 supported by the cap 5 before mentioned, the cap having arms 14, which are connected with thebearing'. v At its upper end the stem has a longitudinallyextending slot 15', through which passes a pin 16, the endsof the pin being entered into openings in'the re: duc'ed portion of the cap which engages with in the opening of the casing 1.v Thus. the valve and stem areconnected tothe cap with a lost motion connection, the pin limiting'the movement of the valve.

A spring 17 encircles the stem between the bearing 13 and'the valve 89,normally holding the valve to its seat,.and a guide collar 18 is threaded on to the lower end of the stem below the valve,thecollar fittingl'oosely within the port, and extending belowv thelower end of the stem as shown. v

The'lower end of the casing is providedwith a lateral port from which leads a pipe 19'to the bowl to be flushed. Water is sup plied to the chamber 10 of the casing, and to the tank 4, by means of a pipe 20 from a suitable source of supply, the pipe having a cheer: valve 21 interposed therein, to prevent return of water to the source ofsupply.

At its lower end the valve casing 1 is enlargedlaterally to provide acircular head 22, which is concav-o-convex, and arranged with its concavity downward. This head forms one wall of a diaphragm chamber, the other wall being formed by ahead 23', which issecured to the head 22 by threaded stems and wingnuts shown at 24. i

A diaphragm 25 of suitable material is arranged within the chamber, the edges of the diaphragm being clamped between the abutting edges of the heads 22 and 23, and anopening or port 26 is provided between the chamber ll'of the casing and the diaphragm chamber. Normally the diaphragm lies in con-.

cave-convex form on the inner face of the head 23, as shown in Fig. 2, and water is admitted to the chamber beneath the diaphragm when the valve 8+9 is opened, by means of a passage 27, which extends through the wall of the chamber 11, and through the wall of the head 2.3, a check valve 28 being provided v at the inlet end of the passage. Referring to Fig. 2, it will be seen that the passage27 extends outwardly and downwardly, then inwardly anddownwardly, and then vert cally upward, and that the inlet end is enlarged as shown at 29 for the check valve.

1 It will be apparent from the-description that when the valve 89 begins to lift, water will fiow through the passage 27, past the 1 the valve will be lifted through the engagement of the rod 30 with the stem 12. Thus the valve 89 is lifted by thediaphragm, but water must be admitted to the-space below the diaphragm to provide initial lifting'movement of the valve before water can enter the passage 27. In order to enable an initial flow beneath the diaphragm, a passage '33 1S provided leading from the chamber 10 to the portion 34 of a chamber, consisting of the said portion and a portion 35 of less diameter, the said chamber being provided in an extension from the casing 1.

A valveseat 36 is provided between the portions of the chamber, and a valve 37 simi lar to the valve 8 9 cooperates with the seat,

the valve moving downward to open communication between the parts 34 and 35 of the chamber, and moving upward to close the communication. The lower end of theportion 34 of the chamber is closed by a threaded bearing against the diaphragm.

plug 38, and this plug is recessed on its inner face to receive a spring 39which engages the lower end of the valve, actingn ormally to seat the same. The valve may be unseated by means of a push button 41, slidablymountedin a bearing nipple, 42 in the cap 43 which is threaded onto the upperend of the extension 40. The button bears against a diaphragm' 44clamped between the cap and the end of the extensioinjand the valve has a stem 45 provided with a head 46 at its upper end,

It will'be apparent from the description that when the button 41 is depressed, the valve will be opened, enabling water to flow from-the chamber 10, through the passage 33 and the portion 34 of the chamber into the portion 35. From this portion a passage 47 leads to the passage 27.

The operation of this part of the mechanism is as follows. In order to flush the bowl, the button 41 is depressed. This opens the valve 37, and water flows from the chamber 10 through the passage 33, the chamber.

3435, and thepassage 47,into the lower end of the passage 27 ,lifting the diaphragm 25.

and openingthe valve 8-9. The opening of the valve 89 opens the passage 27, and water may now flow directly from the chamber I '10 into the diaphragm chamber, beneath the diaphragm, andthe closing of the valve 37 under the influence of the spring 39 is no longer material to the operation of supplying water to the space. beneath the diaphragm. When the valve 89 is lifted, the water flows from the tank 4, through the pipe 19, to the bowl, thoroughly flushing the same. The diaphragm chamber, thatis, that portion of the same below'the diaphragm is enabled to drain througha passage 48 into the chamber 11. The rate of the flow through the passage 48 is regulated by a needle valve 49, which may be adjusted by a handled screw 50; Theneedle valve is in a nipple 51 extending downwardly from the head 22, and the outer-end of the nipple is closed by a cap 52, having a threaded opening through whichthescrew 50 extends. r

A diaphragm 53 is clamped between the cap and the end of the nipple. and the lower end of the needle. valve rests on the diaphragm. By turning the handled screw 50 in the proper direction, the extent of opening of the needle valve may be adjusted. In Fig. 1, the apparatus is shown arranged within the wall of a bathroom,. for instance. so that the tank andthe other mechanism is concealed. In order to enable operationof the push button 41 outside the wall, a panel opening is provided, normally closed by a panel 55. r

A bracket 56 is. secured to the inner face of the panehand an elbow lever composed'of arms 57 and .58 is pivoted to the bracket.

rests upon thepush"button- 4&1; The other arm 58'has an extension 59 passing through an opening in the panel, and provided with a 'buttontO. When itisdesired to flush the bowl, the buttoni 60*is pressed. inwardly. This presses the'button' d1 downward, and

initiates the flow of the water b'eneaththo diaphragm V a The opening 26 is a vent opening. Itwili be apparent that the tank i might supplied with water by means of a siphon, 1f desired, instead of directly through the casing 1. VVherethe water contains grit, such as" sand, it 1s advisable toapply arubber sleeve overftl'ie bearing 31, the sleeve engaging the hearing at; one end, and the rod; 30' at the; other. This W111 prevent theentrance of grit intothe di'aphragm chamber, 7 In some cases it Will be ladvis'able to place a spring above.

the'check 28. The entire mechanism is enclosed no part thereof extending beyond the casing. 1. and its associated parts. 7 V

The valve 87 is operated throughthe anphragm "44,- so that none of the connecting parts of the valveextend through the casing. This is true also of the adjusting mechanism for the needle valve."lVater pressureis re I liedv upon to openthe flush'valve. An observation opening isprovided,-indicated at 60. This is 'closediby a disk 61 of glass.

It will be apparent from the description and drawings, that the discharge isautomatically held open until the pressure in the tank reaches atmospheriqthat is, until-the tank is entirely'empty; As long as there is water in-the tank the diaphragm chamber does not drain, and it commences to drain when the tank is empty. The static head beneath the diaphragm is sufiicient to hold the diaphragm lifted. until'the chamber 10 is empty, and the tension of the spring 17 exceeds the pressure below the valve,

When the water begins to flow from the compression tanlgthe pressure gradually decreases, and near the-end there is a low pressnre,or a slight partialvacumn- In order to compensate for this, and to insure emptying of the tank, a pipe extends from the top of the compression tank to-the top of chamber 11; With. this arrangement, the entire contents ofthe tank are always discharged. The pipe 70 is provided with the usual check valve 71' toretain the pressure in the tank When it is filling;

VJ hat is claimed as new is 1-. In flushing apparatus, the combination,

With a source of Water under pressure, of a valve normally held closed bythepressure,

adiaphragm for opening the valve, manually operated means to admit pressure from above the valveto the'diaphragm to provide an initial openingfmovement of the valve, and a pressure transmitting passage normally closed by the valve and opened by the initial lifting movement thereof :to supplement the pressure on the diaphragm. v

2. In flushing apparatus, the combination withs-azsource of water under pressure, of

a valve normally held closed by the pres sure, diaphragm for opening the valve,

manually operated meansto admitpressure from above the valve'to. the-diaphragm to provide an'initial opening movement of the valve, a pressure transmittlng passa'ge normallyclosed' by the valveand opened by the ini ial lifting movement thereof to supplement the pressure on the diaphragm,and'a" spring for initiating the closing movement of-the valve.- 1

1 In flushing apparatus, the combination with a, source of water under'pressure,1of

' a valve normally held closed by the pressure,

a diaphragm for opening the valve, a passage for transmitting pressure to the-die phragm, a valve normally operativev to close the passage, manually operated-means to open the valve, and a supplemental passage normally closed-by the first named valve and opened by the initial opening movement thereof. i

2 In flushing apparatus, the combination with a source of water under pressure, of

a valve normally held closed bythe pressure,

' a diaphragm for opening-the valve, manually operated means to admit pressure from above the valve to the diaphragm to provide an initial opening movement of the valve, and 'apressure transmitting passage nortmally closed bythe valve and opened by the i initial lifting movement 'thereofto supplement thefpressure on ,the diaphragm, the pressure transmitting passages having a common outlet tothe diaphragm, and a check valve in the outlet.

- 5. In flushing apparatus, the combination with a source of water under pressure, of a valve normally held closed by the pressure, a diaphragm for opening thevalve, manually operated means to admit pressure from above the valve't'o the diaphragm to provide an initial opening movement of the valve, a pressure transmitting passage normally closed by the valve and opened by the initial flushin valve a valve controllin the other passage, a casing for the diaphragm and the flushing valve, sa1d casing having a flexible portion in its wall at the lastnamed valve,

wvith a source of water under-pressure, of

and operating means for the valve outside the casing, engaging the flexible portion;

7. In flushmg apparatus, the combination a flusl'ling valve normally held closedby the pressure, a diaphragm for opening the flushing valve, a: plurality of passages, for transmitting pressure to-the diaphragm, one of said passages being normally closed by the flushing valve, a valve controlling the other passage, a casing for the diaphragm and the flushing valve, a drain passage leading from the diaphragm, a valve for regulating the capacity thereof, said casing having flexible portions in its wall at the last named valves, and operating means for the valves outside of the casing engaging said flexible portions. 7 i

8. In flushing apparatus, the combination with a source of water under pressure, of a flushing valve normally held closed by the pressure, a diaphragm for opening the flushing valve, a plurality of passages for transmitting pressure to the diaphragm, one of said passages being normally closed by the flushing valve, a valve controlling the other passage, a casing for the diaphragm and the flushing valve, a drain passage leading from the diaphragm, a valve for regulating the capacity thereof, a diaphragm within the casing Wall at the last named valves for moving said valves, and means outside the casing and engaging the diaphragms for moving the same. I

9. In flushing apparatus, the combination with a source of Water under pressure, of a valve normally held closed by the pressure, a diaphragm for opening the valve, manually operated means to admit pressure from above the valve to the diaphragm to provide an initial openingmovement of the valve, and a pressure transmitting passage normally closed by the valve and opened by the initial lifting movementthereof to supplement the pressure on the diaphragn1,the source of Water under pressure including an air compression tank.

10. In flilshing apparatus, the combination with a. source of Water under pressure, a

flushing valve normally held closed by the pressure, a casing enclosing the valve and the diaphragm, a passage for transmitting the pressure to the diaphragm to open the valve, a normally operative valve controlling the passage, said valve having a stem, the casing Wall being provided with a diaphragm against which the stem bears, and means outside the diaphragm for moving the same.

11. In flushing apparatus, the combination with a source of water under pressure, a flush ing valve normally held closed by the pressure, a plurality of passages for transmitting the pressure to the diaphragm to open the valve, one of said passages being normally closed by the flushingv valve, and a normally operative manually operated valve for closing the otherj 12. In flushing apparatus, the combination with a source of Water'under. pressure, a flushing'valve normally held closed by the pressure, a plurality of passages for transmit ting the pressure to the diaphragm to open the valve, one of said passages being normally closed by the flushing valve, and anormally operative manually operated valve for closing the other, the source of water pressure in-; cluding an air compression tank. 1 a 13. In flushingapparatus'm flushing valve including a casing having a portedpartition,

a valve on one side of the partition fitting against the same and adaptedl to be closed upon the port by the pressure, a plug having threaded engagement with the adj aeent end of the casing, the valve having a stem' con nected to the plug by a lost motion connection, thg plug being of greater diameter than the va ve.

14. In flushing apparatuaafiushing valve including a casing having a ported partition, a valve on one side of the partition fitting against the same and-adapted to be closed upon the port by the pressure, a plug having threaded engagement with theadjacent end of the casing, the valve'having astem connected to the plug by a lost motion connection, the V plug being of greater diameter than the valve and carrying a bearingfor the stem, and a spring between the'bearing andthe valve.

15. In flushing apparatus, a flushing valve including a casing having a ported partition, a valve on one side of the partition fitting against the same and adapted tobe closed up on the port by the pressure, a plug having threaded engagement Withthe adjacent end of the casing, the valve having a stem connected to the plug by a lost motion connection, the plug being of greater diameter than the valve, the valve having an axially recessed extension passing through the partition, and a diaphragm for operating the valve, said diaphragmhaving a stem seated vvithin the recess, whereby to open the valve when the dia phragm is moved in one direction.

16. In flushing apparatus, a flushing valve including a casing having a ported partition, a valve on one side of the partition fitting against the same and adapted'to be closed upon the port by the pressure, a plug havin threaded engagement with the adjacent enr of the casing, the valve having a stem connected to the plug by alost motion connection,

the plug being of greaterdiameter than the valve, the valve having an axially recessed eX- tension passing through the part1t1on, a diaphragm for operating the valve, said dia-,

lfii

of the partition to-the opposite side of the diaphragm, one of the said passages being i normally closed by the flushing valve, and a releasable valve for closing the other.

' 1O chamber for holding the valve open until the 17. In flushing apparatus, the combination with a source of water under pressure, of an air compression tank, a valve for closing the tank normally held closed" by the pressure therein, a diaphragm for opening the valve, and a by-pass from the tankto the valve tank is empty.

18. In flushing apparatus, the combination with a source ofwater under pressure, of an air compression tank, a valve for closing the tank normally held closed by the pressure therein, a diaphragm for opening the'valve,

a plurality of by-passes from the tank to the diaphragm, releasable means normally closing one of the by-passes, the other being closed by the valve whereby to maintain pres sure on thediaphragm to hold the valve open until'the chamber is emptied, and means to I bleed the diaphragm chamber.

v 20. In flushing apparatus, the combina tion with a source of water under pressure, of

casing'wall and contacting with the valve to open the valve when said means is moved in one direction.

' 28. Inffiushing apparatus, the combination with a source-of water under pressure, of a valve positioned tobe'normally held closed by thewater pressure,,means operated by water under pressure from the source to open the valve, a passage leading from the source to said means to transmit water from the source to operate the same, said passage being normally closed by the valve, and manually operated means to provideran initial opening of the valve whereby to open said passage.

24. In flushing apparatus, a flushing valve including a casing having a ported partition, a valve onfone side of'the partition fitting against the same and adapted to be closed upon the portby the pressure, pressure operated means for opening the valve, a chamber for said means having one wall. constituted by the casing and another wall detachably connected with the casing to enable access to said means without removal of the valve, said means having a pin extending through the casing wall and contacting with the valve to open thevalvewhen' said'means is moved in closed with a transparent plate for enabling observation of the valve.

Signed at New York city, in thecounty of. New Yorkand State of New York this 19th day of September,.A.D.'1928.

1 PAUL-O; OSCANYAN.

a valve normally held closed bythe, pressure, pressure operated means foropening the valve, manually operated means to admit pressure to said means to provide an initial.

opening movement thereof, and a pressure transmitting passage normally closed by the valve and opened by the initial lifting movement thereof to supplement the pressure admitted by said first named meansr r 21. In flushing apparatus, thecombination with a source of water under pressure, a flushing valve normally held closed by the pressure, a plurality of passages for transmitting V the pressure to the other side of the valve to open the same, one of said passages being normally closed by the valve, and a manually operated valve controlling the other passage.

22. In flushing apparatus, a flushing valve including a casing having a ported partition, a valve on one side of the partition fitting against the same and adapted to be closed upon the port by the pressure, pressure operated means for opening the valve, a chamber for said means having one wall constituted by the casing and another wall detachably connected with the casing to enable access to said means without removal of the valve, said means having a pin extending through the .one direction,- said casing having an opening

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4310934 *Nov 1, 1979Jan 19, 1982Arnold HennessyWater-conserving toilet
US4407025 *Jan 4, 1982Oct 4, 1983Arnold HennessyWater-conserving toilet
US4707868 *May 27, 1986Nov 24, 1987Ahed Research And Development Inc.Toilet flushing apparatus
DE1156285B *Jan 29, 1960Oct 24, 1963Fritz E GfellerMembrangesteuerter Gasdruckregler mit durch das Zuflussmedium bewirktem Steuerdruck
Classifications
U.S. Classification4/362
International ClassificationE03D1/30, E03D3/00, E03D3/10
Cooperative ClassificationE03D1/302, E03D3/10
European ClassificationE03D3/10, E03D1/30B