US 1794158 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 24, 1931. K. G. DIETERICH 4,1
WALL FILING Filed Oct. 4, 1928 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 20 20 1 1 '8 a r z now 0 7 g J44 Qua/a4 0 mm if F 4, 1931- K. G. DIETERICH ,1 8
WALL TILING Filed 0ct.-4, 1928 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented Feb. 24, 1931 etc I KARL G. DIETERICE, F BROOKLYN, NEW YORK ALL TILING Application filed. October a, 1928. Serial No. 310,206."
This invention relates'to improvements in wall tiles. provide improved tiles suitable for covering walls and comprising a complete system of tiles consisting of fiat tiles, inner corner tiles, outer corner tiles wainscoting tiles and repair tiles for either wall or corner tiles. Another object of the invention is to provide improved tile supporting means so that the tiles may be placed quickly without the use of cement.
To this end the invention is embodied in a system of tiling comprising such tiles as are necessary to completely cover walls including corners together with supporting means therefor, all arranged and constructed as hereinafterset forth and as illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which Fig. 1 is a face view and an edge view of a wall tile embodying the invention.
Fig. 2 is a top view of the tile.
Fig. 8 is an elevation of a wall coated with the improved tiles, with parts broken away and parts omitted.
Fig. 4 is a sectional view on line 4- of Figure 3.
Fig. 5 is a face view and an edge view of a wall repair tile.
Fig. 6 is a plan view of the wall repair tile showing it in position between two adjacent tiles.
Fig. 7 is a partial face view of the upper portion of a wall coated tile in which the height of the room is not a multiple of the vertical dimension of the tile.
Fig. 8 is a horizontal sectional view of an inner corner construction near the ceiling of a room.
I Fig. 9 is a plan view of an inner corner con struction in places other than the top layer of tiles.
Fig. 10 is a view showing wainscoting construction with parts broken away and parts in section.
Fig. 11 is a face view of a wainscoting tile.
Figs. 12 and 13 are end views of the wainscoting tile.
Fig. 14: is a sectional view on line 1%14: of Figure 11.
Fig. 15 illustrates the method. of replacing a wainscoting tile.
The object of the invention is to a point intermediate tne Fig. 16 is a perspective view of one end of a wainscoting tile.
Fig. 17 is a perspective view of one end of a wainscoting replacement tile. 7
Fig. 18 is aperspective view of wainscoting tiles including inner and outer corner tiles, the parts being separated for the sake of clearness.
Fig. 19 is a horizontal sectional view of the I wainscoting tiles showing corner constructions.
Fig. 20 is a perspective rear view of an outer corner wainscoting tile.
Fig. 21 is a perspective rear view of an inner corner wainscoting tile.
Fi 22 is a perspective view showing wainscoting tiling and illustrates the method of finishing the top row of tiles.
Fig. 23 is a plan view of an outer corner construction using wall tiles.
Fig. 24 is a perspective view of a replacement wall corner tile.
Fig. 25 is a detail view ofa tile spring used in the construction.
For the sake of clearness in description, the tiles used for coating flat wall spaces are called wall tiles. The tiles used for corner construction in general are called wall corner tiles. The tiles used to finish a tile wall at floor and ceiling are called wainscoting tiles and the tiles for the corners thereof are called inner and outer wainscoting corner tiles. The replacement tiles are named to correspond.
Referring first to Figures 1 to 6, the improved standard wall tile 1 embodying the invention is of usual rectangular shape or form and may be molded or made of vany suitable material and ornamented in any suitable manner the same as ordinary tiles- The tile 1 is provided with horizontal attaching grooves 2 and 3. and vertical attaching grooves 4 and 5. The face of the tile extends beyond the body 1 below the horizontal bottom groove 8 and forms a covering flange 6. The grooves are of equal depths with respect to thebody of the tile. The wall tiles may be made inany desired surface dimensions to P e ba e b ard.- tiles. order tiles an the like. 7
In erecting or covering'awall with wall tiles 1, there is first secured to the wall near the floor a bottom Lbar 7 adapted to fit into the bottom groove 3 as shown in Figure l. The L-bar is secured fast to the wall and the base board tiles 8 are then placed thereon side by side against the wall. The upper parts of the tiles are then secured by means of a T-bar 9 which fits into the upper tile groove 2; It will here be noted that the bottom projecting flange or portion 6 serves to cover the face of the L-bar 7, and, seen at 10 in Figure 1, the fact that the tile does not cover more than the lower arm or branch of the T-bars 9 permits the latter to be fastened with screws 10 after the row of tiles has been placed.
In other words, the face of the wall tile extends below the body thereof to cover the lower securing member be it an L-bar or a T-bar, whereas the upper edge of the wall tile covers-only the lower third of the upper securing member or T-bar so as to leave the screw holes exposed for applying the screws 11. V
The coating of tiles is therefore erected or placed by positioning one horizontal row of tiles on the supporting T-bar, except for the bottom row, and thereafter secure the tiles by means of the upper T-bar. In this manner the wall is covered from floor to ceiling as will be readily understood In the event, as shown in Figure 1, a full size tile may be used in the top row, the uppermost T-bar is cut away as at 12. An L-bar is secured to the wall in the corner near the ceiling and the tiles are slid in horizontally between the last, uppermost, T-bar and the ceiling L-bar. In order to cover the latter, the top row tiles have an upwardly extending flange 14; similar to the flange 6. The finished tiling consists of horizontal rows of staggered wall tiles supported on horizontal T-bars and a top and a bottom L-bar, all the bars being directly secured to the walls of the room.
In the event a tile breaks or for other reasons must be replaced, a wall replacement or repair tile is used. Such a repair tile is shown in Figure 5 and is a duplicate of the standard tile 1 except that the top and bottom attaching grooves are omitted. The repair tile therefore comprises a body 15 having the side grooves l ano 5 and a bottom flange 6 the same as the tile 1. 16 indicates the upper part of the face of the tile. 17, 17 indicates flat bowed springs laid within the grooves 4E and 5. I
If, therefore, 10 in Figure 1 indicates a missing tile, replacement or repair is done by taking a wall repair tile 15 and pressing it into the empty space by depressing or flattening the springs 17. When the repair wall tile has been pressed-into position, the springs 17 will bend outwardly again into the vertical attaching grooves of the adjacent tiles as seen in Figure 6 and the repair is completed. Similar springs 17 may be used to secure the last tile in position in Figure 3 at 12 where the bottom supporting T-bar is cut away.
The foregoing description covers the tiles and construction required to coat and repair a fiat wall of a height permitting the use of tiles of regular vertical dimensions. If the a its head engaging the attaching groove 5 of the tile. Then the second tile 20 is placed on the T-bar and in engagement with the up right bar 21 and so on. The top row of tiles, therefore, are odd size tiles supported on the uppermost T-bar 9 and small upright T-bars 21. The last tile 20 will be cut to fit the remaining wall space and provided with a spring 17 as referred to above and the T-bar will be cut away as at 12 in Figure 3'to enable the last tile to be placed by first pushing it into the space 22 at the corner. The ordinary inner corner construction of the wall tiles 1 is shown in Figure 9 in which either one of the adjacent corner tiles 1 may overlap the edge of the corner tile.
When the tiling is to terminate at a point on the wall not at the ceiling, or where Wainscoting is desired, a wainscoting'tile is used such as is shown in Figures 10 to 17. Referring first to Figure 10 it will be seen that the wainscoting tiles 25 are of usual rectangular shape and provided with an upper ornamental rounded edge 26. The wainscoting tile is supported by the uppermost T-bar 9 and short upright T-bars 21 the same as shown in Figure 7. Each wainscoting tile therefore comprises the body 25 provided with a larger vertical side recess 27 at its one edge, and a smaller vertical side recess 28 at its opposite edge. t the bottom the tile has a longitudinal groove 3 and depending flange 6 the same as the wall tile 1. In addition the tile 25 has in each edge a socket 29. It will be noted in Figures 12,18 and 16 that thebottom groove 3 does not communicate with the side recesses, but that there is provided small bridge portions 30 at the bottoms of the recesses.
In placing the wainscoting tiles 25 in position, there is first screwed fast to the wall a small upright 21. Then the tile 25 is placed on the last horizontal bar 9 and slid into engagement with the head of the upright, the large tile recess 27 passing over and covering the upright, Figure 14. Thereafter another the tile 25.
upright 21 is secured to the wall with its head in engagement with the small recess 28 of This enables the operator to screw the upright fast to'the wall after it has engaged the tile. This leaves the larger part of the upright exposed, but this part is covered when the neXt tile is placed, said part passing into the larger recess 27 thereof, and so on. As the wainscoting tiles are slid into position along the horizontal bar 9 ant into engagement wit-n the preceding upright 21, the small bridge portions 30 engage under the uprights as is obvious and prevents the wainscoting tile from being removed by an upward sliding movement.
The reasons for the two recesses 27 and 28 being of different size will now be clear. If they were of the same size, the uprights 21 could not be screwed fast to the wall.
f a wainscoting tile breaks, repair is mane by using a wainscoting repair tile 32, Figs.
15 and 17. The repair tile is duplicate of the regular wainscoting tile except that the brid 'e portions 30 are omitted and the bottom groove 3 communicates with the recesses 27 and 28 at the side. This permits the repair tile 32 to be put into position by sliding it downward as seen in Figure 15. The sockets 29 in the repair tile contain coiled springs 33 which are depressed as the tile moves into place after which the springs expand and engage the sockets 29 in the adjacent tiles 25.
Wainscoting corners are made up of outer and inner corner tiles. The outer corner tile consists of a tile body 35 and a tile wing 36 at right angles thereto, see Figures 18, 19 and 20. The tile 35 is provided with a bottom groove 3 and flange 6 the same the regular wainscoting tile 25, except that the groove does not extend the whole length of the tile, see Fig. 20. The end of the tile body 35 is provided with a recess 28 and socket 29. The tile wing has the larger recess 2'? and a socket 29. These parts are constructed and formed like the corresponding parts in the regular wainscoting tile. In addition, the recess 27 in the corner tile has a deeper groove or cut 37.
rissuming that the wainscoting tiling is put on from left to right, the last regular tile 25 is shown as the extreme left in Figure 18. Thereafter an upright l.bar 38 is secured fast to the wall, its one wing fitting into the recess 2'? of the tile 25 and the screws being exposed for working purposes.
Thereafter the corner tile 35 is put into position by sliding it to the right on the T- bar 9 until it abuts the corner 39 of the wall. It will be seen then, that the corner tile recess 27 fits over the L-bar 38 and that the additional recess groove 37 fits over a cleat 40 on the L-bar. The corner tile further has a coiled spring 33 which engages the socket 29 in the tile 25, consequently when the corner tile has been pushed completely on to the wall corner it can no longer be moved,cbut is flocked a 'ainst slidin movement alon b O b either wall and against a lifting movement because of tie recess 27 fitting under the L- bar 38. Thereafter regular wainscoting tiles are put on to the rightof the tile 35 in the manner set forth above until the inner Icorner is reached when an inner corner wainscoting tile is used, F igsl 18, 19 and 21. The inner corner tile consists of a tile body 42 and tile wing 43 at right angles thereto. The body is provided with an upper longitudinal projection 44 and a lower grooved ledge 45 of less length than the body. The end of the wing, Fig, 18, has a recess 46 and a socket 47. Adjacent the outer corner wainscoting tile 35, as in Figure 18, or adjacent the last regular wainscoting tile 25, as in Figure 22, there is secured to the wall an upright L-bar 48 v iich carries a spring 49, Figure 25.. The inner corner tile is then placed in position by sliding it down as seen in Figure 22 be tween the upright 48 and the wall until it comes to rest on the horizontal bar 9. Thereafter the next regular upright 21 is secured to tie wall in engagement with the corner tile recess 46 and the regular wainscoting tiles 25 are placed as before described. It will be seen then, that the inner corner tile 42 is locked in position by the spring 49 which is above the ledge 45, which fits over the bar 9,
and by a spring 33 which cent regular tile 25. I
The reason for the ledge 45 being shorter than the tile is to permit the ledge to pass the upright 48 as the tile slides down into position.
The tile recess 46 is open atthe bottom so it can pass over the regular adjacent upright 21 which of course is already screwed fast to the wall in the case of the last corner to be finished- The wainscoting tiling will always preferably be finished at an inner corner. In the event the inner corner tile is too long to fit, the tile body 42 will be cut to size. The tile wing 43 needs no cutting because, in starting, the first upright 21 will be spaced the proper distance from the inner corner. The inner corner tile 42 serves both as a regular inner corner tile and for replacement thereof. The outer corner tile 35 may likewise be replaced with a similar tile in which the bridge 30 between the recess 28 and groove 3 is omitted, the same as in the case of the repair tile shown in Figure 16.
Regular corners are formed by regular outer corner tiles such as shown in Figure 23. The tile then consists of a body 50 and wing 51 having the attaching grooves like the wall tile 1, and is placed on the bar 9 the same as the wall tiles. The corner tile is locked against outward sliding movement on the bar 9 by a locking strip 52 which is pushed down to engage the groove 5 on the wing and engages the adjathe groove 4 in the adjacent tile 1. When a wall corner tile is to be replaced, a repair tile 7 55 as in Figure 24; is used having a spring 56 at the short end to engage the adjacent tile grooves. V
, From the foregoing it is clear that the system of tiling comprises all the regular and repair bile units needed. of course made right and left as desired and the corner tiles need not .be limited to right angle corners. The tiles are quickly put up at a great saving in labor, which is particularly noticeable in thecase of repairs. Another advantage is, that no particularly skilled labor is necessary.
I claim: r
1. A tile of the character described consisting of a rectangularly formed fiat tile body being provided with a continuous attaching groove on all four sides thereof and a flange portion at its lower edgeprojecting below said tile body.
2. A tile of the character described consisting of a rectangularly formed flat tile body having a groove in its two sides, and a top and bottom flange extending beyond the body of said tile, and springs inserted in the said two side grooves.
3. A tiled wall comprising a lower and an upper supporting member for a row of tiles, said members having screw holes for fastening the same with screws to the wall to be tiled, tile units adapted to be placed between said members to be supported thereon, said tile units being provided with depending flanges to cover the lower supporting memher, said tile units being of a height permitting access to the screw holes in the upper supporting member during the erection of the tiles.
KARL G. DIETERICH.
The tiles are