|Publication number||US1795277 A|
|Publication date||Mar 3, 1931|
|Filing date||Oct 16, 1925|
|Priority date||Oct 16, 1925|
|Publication number||US 1795277 A, US 1795277A, US-A-1795277, US1795277 A, US1795277A|
|Inventors||Fischer Albert C|
|Original Assignee||Carey Philip Mfg Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 3, 1931. I c H 1.795277 COMPOSITION 'SHINGLE Filed Oct. 16, 1 5
Patented Mar. 3, 1931 ALBERT C. FISCHER, OF CHICAGO,
ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR TO THE PHILIP CAREY MANU- FACTU'RING COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF OHIO GOMPOSITION snIiIGtE Application filed October 16, 1925. serial No. 62,914.
My invention relates in general to roof coverings and has particular reference to a so-called composition roofing of that type which is usually furnished in the form of shingles, shingle strips or the like.
The primary object of my invention is to provide roof covering of the above mentioned type, which may be economically manufactured and conveniently applied to a roof without the aid of special tools or the customary nailing devices, as'heretofore more or less commonly employed.
In the accompanying drawing I have shown several illustrative embodiments of the invention, which for the most part are directed to shingles and shingle, strips.
In said drawing Figure 1 is a plan view of an ordinary rectangular shingle, which fairly well represents the way that these shingles are now offered to the trade.
Figure 2 is a plan view of the same shingle after I have reconstructedthe same in accordance with my invention.
Figure 3 is a plan view of a shingle strip illustrating a part of my invention.
Figure 4 is a plan view showing how that form of my invention shown in Figure 2 will appear when laid upon a roof.
Figure 5 is a plan view of a diamond 0 shaped shingle showing the slit thatjs 'produced in the same in order to develop a pair of interlocking tabs as shown in Figure 6.
Figure 6 is a plan view of the shingle shown in Figure 5, illustrating the interlocking tabs as provided for in Figure 5. 4
Figure 7 is a plan view of a modified form of shingle showing how I may cut the same to develop interlocking tabs as'shown in Figure 8. Figure 8 is a plan view of the shingle shown in Figure 7 withthe tabs formed thereon.
Figu still another form of interlocking tabs.
Figure 10 is a plan view of a foundation member-or underlying shingle. H
Figure 11 is a plan view of a foundation member or underlying shingle having diagonal slots therein for the reception of interlocking-tabs of an overlying shin le. Figure 12 is a plan VIGW OIE a foundation re 9 is a plan view of a shingle with sheet having diagonal slots therein for the reception of overlying shingles.
' Referring now to the drawing in detail. 5
represents an ordinary form of composition shingle. In one embodiment of my invention I take the shingle 5 and turn back two of the corners thereof to provide interlocking tabs 6. These tabs, when-the shingles are laid upon the roof, are adapted to either engage diagonal slots 7 in a foundation member 8 (see Fig. 11) or in lieu of using a multiplicity of the foundation members 8 I -may use a foundation strip (see Fig. 12), the same being provided with diagonal slots 7 arranged in spaced pairs at intervals longitudinal of the strip, so that one strip may accommodate several of the shingles 5. r
In my Patent No. 1,595,080, of August 10,
1926, I have shown how it is possible to pro-' vide diagonal slots such as 7 or"? in a member such as 8, or a strip such as 9, so as to receive the corners of the shingle 5 in building up a roof covering.
The present invention, or at least that part above described, involves the same principle but distinguishes from the same in that in this case I have suggested the use of inter-.
locking tabs such as 6.
Instead of using foundation members or foundation strips I may cut diagonal slots 7 in the body of the shingles 5, so that the tabs 6 of each shingle may engage the slots 7* of each pair of shingles and thus build up a shingle roof covering, as illustrated in Figure 4. In this embodiment I would do away with the foundation members 8 or foundation strips 9.
When theshingle strip is called for I may construct the same, as shown in Figure 3, of a strip 10 out along one edge to simulate shingle members as at 11, and with the corners of.
the shingle members folded back to make the interlocking tabs 6 the same as in the case of single shingles, referred to with reference to Figure 2. In laying a shingle strip the tabs 6 may interlock with openings such" as the slots or slits 7 in a foundation member, or else the slots or slits 7 a in a foundation strip '9. For the most part, however, I would arrange slots or slits 7 'in spaced pairs in the body of the shingle strip 10, so that by overlapping a ners thus provided may be turned into a pair of interlocking tabs 14 (see Figure 6). This pair of tabs would be best adapted for the edge of an adjacent and underlying shingle rather than with slots, as heretofore referred to, although this does not mean that it cannot be used in combination with slots.
The shingle 15 in Figure 7 may be cut so as to leave projections 16 of adjacent corners, which may be later turned back as tabs 17-, as shown in Figure 8.
The shingle member 18, Figure 9, may be made with opposed projections, with the projections later turned back to make interlocking tabs 19.
s shown in Figure 10 the foundation member 22 is made with spaced parallel slots or slits 23, as compared to the diagonal slots 7 in Figure 11. These parallel spaced slots 23 are made to accommodate those interlocking tabs illustrated as at 19 in the shingle member 18.
To accommodate the tabs 17 in the shingle member 15 to a slotted foundation member,
the foundation strip slots would naturally be arranged to correspond to the relative spaced relation of the tab 17 and this same principle applies to other tab forms.
From the above it will be seen that the feature of the invention resides in interlocking a shingle strip or shingle member with an adjacent shingle member, or foundation member or foundation strip, by providing tabs on the overlapping shingle member or shingle strips which are adapted to interlock with slots in an underlying shingle member or shingle strip or foundation strip, or else interlock with the edge of an underlying shingle member or shingle strip.
For the sake of convenience in defining the invention by the subjoined claims I will refer to the foundation members or foundation strips, and the underlying shingle members or shingle strips as underlying members, as in reality they are such when the roof is covered with material embraced by this invention. This is true even though the overlying members become underlying'members when the roof is built up in horizontal rows of spaced shingles.
1. Shingles composed of flexible material, having in their body portions a pair of slots spaced from opposite edges, and a pair of retroverted tabs adapted to engage the slots of underlying shingles when laid in over# lapping relation for positively locking the tab ends of each overlying course to prevent same from lifting from each underlying course.
2. Shingles composed of flexible material, having in their body portions a pair of elongated slots spaced from opposite edges, and
,a pair of retroverted tabs conforming to thewidth of the slots and adapted to engage the
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|US8850771 *||Oct 24, 2007||Oct 7, 2014||Certainteed Corporation||Synthetic shingle or tile with stress relief spacing feature|
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|International Classification||E04D1/22, E04D1/12|