|Publication number||US1796487 A|
|Publication date||Mar 17, 1931|
|Filing date||Mar 1, 1928|
|Priority date||Mar 1, 1928|
|Also published as||DE501598C|
|Publication number||US 1796487 A, US 1796487A, US-A-1796487, US1796487 A, US1796487A|
|Inventors||Stevens Edward W|
|Original Assignee||Chicago Pneumatic Tool Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 17, 1931. E, w, fEgEN 1,796,487
COIL SPRING RETAINER Filed March 1, 1928 INVENTOR. fdwara W Jfe'uefls ATTORNEY.
Patented Mar. 17, 1931 UNITED STATES PATENT orr'ics EDWARD W. STEVENS, 0F DETROIT, MICHIGAN, ASSIGNQB TO CHICAGO PNEUMATIC TOOL COMPANY, OF NEW YORK, E. ii, A CORPORATION OF NEW JERSEY COIL-SPRING RETAINER Application filed March 1,
The present invention relates generally to percussive machines including pneumatic hammers and particularly to means for holding working tools in operative relation with such machines. More specifically it relates to coil spring retainers for such tools.
One object of the invention is to provide improved means for detachably securing t0 percussive machines working tools of all types, which means are quickly operative for removing or attaching the tool but which when in use securely hold the tool in place. Another object is to provide means for holding shanked tools in operative relation on such machines the means being arranged to permit the disposing of the tool in a plurality of positions at various angles with respect to the axis of the tool. Another object is to permit the removal or interchange of tools without removing the retainer. Other ob jects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the detailed description which follows.
In order to illustrate the invention one concrete embodiment thereof is shown in the accompanying drawings, in which;
Figure 1 is a partial side view showing the device of the invention in position on a pneumatic hammer and holding in operative relation a working tool;
Figure 2 is a transverse section view taken along the line 22 of Figure 1 and looking in the direction of the arrows;
Figure 3 is a plan view indicating forms of tools which can be used with the tool holder of the invention, as shownin Figures 1 and 2; and
Figure 4 is an end view at the shank of the tool of Figure 3.
In all of the above described views similar characters of reference are used to designate corresponding parts throughout.
Referring now to the drawing Figure 1 shows the front end of a percussive machine such as a pneumatic hammer having a cylinder or barrel A. the forward end a of which is reduced in diameter. Within cylinder A is a reciprocable hammer or piston 6 having an impact end 6a which extends into said forward cylinder end a. At its outer end the 1928. Serial No. 258,187.
bore 10 of cylinder end a is broached into polygonal form, such as four sided or square with the corners at a bezel, to receive the similarly formed shank end of a working tool. The outer surface at said forward cylinder end a has formed therein a spiral groove or thread 12 which in cross section is substantially semi-circular. Said groove 12 extends to the very end of said forward end a and is adapted to receive thereon in threaded relation the coil spring tool holder 14. The end of said holder 14, that is in threaded engagement on said forward end a, is slightly inturned and then outturned at right angles to form a locking projection or lug l6. Near the inner end of said spiral groove 12 there are formed at ninety degrees apart from each other two depressions or indents 18 and 20 which are adapted to receive said lug 16 in releasable locking engagement. Their function is to keep said holder 14 from unscrewing and to place it in locked relation in cor rect position with respect to said squared bore 10. The inner end of said holder 14 adjacent lug 16 extends outwardly to form a handle 21.
The tool stem 22 of the working tool 23, such as a spade, chisel, tamper bar, drill steel, -etc., has formed thereon adjacent to the squared shank 24 thereof a pair of oppositely placed lugs 26, 26 which are of the same width as said stem 22 and together therewith form a cross section which is substantially rectangular. The width of said square shank 24 is somewhat smaller than the width of said stem 22. Said holder 14 extends beyond said forward end A and its outermost turn 27 is formed to define a substantially rectangular opening 28 adapted to receive said stem 22 and said lugs 26, 26, but the width of said opening 28 is smaller than the distance between the outer ends ofsaid lugs 26, 26.
In use said holder 14 is arranged to remain at all times on said cylinder A in threaded relation on said outer cylinder end a thereof. To insert a tool and lock it in place on said cylinder A said holder 14 is turned or rotated until said passageway has its greater dimen si n or axis ali ned in th plane in which it is desired to have the blade of the tool 23 extend when the latter is in place on said cylinder 2-. The shank 24 and lugs 26, 26 are then passed through said opening 28 until said lugs 26, 26 are disposed inwardly there of, whereupon said holder 14: is turned by means of said handle 21 to bring said lug 16 into locking engagement with the one of said indents 18 or 20 which is aligned with said lugs 26; 26. This brings the narrow dimension of said opening- 28 adjacent said lugs 26. 526 which latter are thereby locked by the holder 14 against movement out of said cylinder end a. To remove the tool the holder is turned back to the position in which was when the tool was inserted. The angular disposition of a tool in the cylinder A can be changed by removing the tool as above noted and: then moving said handle 21 through ninety degrees to the other indent, roinserting the tool, and then turning said holder let back to lock said lug 16 in the first of the indents 18 or 20.
lVhile the invention .has been disclosed herein in what is now considered to be a prefer-red form, it is to be understood that the invention is not confined to the specific details thereof but covers all changes, modifications and adaptations within the scope of the app-ended claims.
I claim as my invention:
1. The con'ibination with a percussive machine having an exteriorly threaded barrel and a noncircnlar opening therein, of a working tool having a shank extending into and fitting said ogening, a coil spring retainer for said tool threaded upon said barrel, and means providing for interchange of tools without removing said retainer from said barrel.
2. The combination with a percussive machine having an exteriorly threaded barrel and a non-circular opening therein, of a working tool having a shank extending into and fitting said opening, a coil spring retainer for said tool threaded upon said barrel, and means providing for angular adjustment of said tool relative to said barrel without removing said retainer from said barrel.
3. The combination with a percussive machine having an exteriorly threaded barrel and a polygonal openin therein, of a working tool having a polygonal shank extending into said opening, a coil spring retainer for said tool threaded upon said barrel, and cooperating means on said tool and said retainer for releasing or securing said tool by a partial rotation of said retainer on said barrel.
t. The combination with a percussive machine having an exteriorly threaded barrel and a polygonal opening therein, of aworking tool having a polygonal shank extending into said opening, a coil spring retainer for said tool threaded upon said barrel, cooperating means on said tool and said. retainer for releasin or securing said tool by a partial rotation of said retainer on said barrel, and means for locking said retainer in, one position of angular adjustment.
5. The combination with a percussive machine having an exteriorly threaded barrel and a polygonal opening therein. of a working tool having a polygonal shank extending into said opening, a coil spring retainer for saidtool threaded upon said barrel, cooperating means on said tool and said retainer for releasing or securing said tool by a. partial ro tation of said retainer on said barrel, and means for locking said retainer to said barrel in both ts tool releasing and tool securing posi ions.
6. The combination. with a percussive machine ha. 3' an exteriorly threaded barrel provided 1b a polygonal opening in the end thereof of coil tool retainer comprising a coil spring member in threaded engagement with said barrel, said retainer being formed with an elongate opening at its outer end in line with said barrel, and cooperating means on said retainer and barrel for locking said retainer in one position of angular adjustment.
7. The combination with a percussive machine having an exteriorly threaded barrel provided with a polygonal opening in the end thereof of veil tool retainer comprising a coil spri member in threaded engagement with saidbarrel,saidretainerbeingformed with an elongate opening its outer end in line with said barrel, one coil of said retainer being deformed to provide a locking lug or projection, said barrel having a recess to receive said lug thereby to lock said retainer in one position of angular adjustment.
8. The combination with a percussive machine having' an exteriorly threaded barrel.
provided with a polygonal opening in the end thereof of a coil tool retainer comprising a coil spring member in threaded engagement ith said barrel, said retainer being formed with an elongateopening a its outer end in line with sa'd barrel, one coil of said re-- tainer being deformed to provide a locking lug or projection, said barrel having a plurality of recesses to receive said lockin g lug.
9. In combination, a pneumatic hammer having a spiral thread formed at the outer end of its cylinder and an indent sunk in said thread at an intermediate point thereof, and a tool holder therefor consisting of a heavy wire spring helically wound to adapt it to be threaded onto said thread on said cylinder end and having at its inner end a sharp turn inwardly and then outwardly to form an inner lug adapted to be locked by said springinto said indents, said spring being. of a length to extend from. said thread beyond said cylinder end and. having, at the end opposite said. lug, the wire thereof formed to define a passageway longer in one dimension than in another.
10. In combination, a pneumatic hammer, a tool having a polygonal shank adapted to fit into a correspondingly shaped receiving opening in the end of the cylinder of said hammer, a pair of lugs oppositely positioned on said shank adjacent the portion thereof which enters the opening in said cylinder end, said cylinder end being threaded on its outer surface and having a pair of indents sunk into the bottom of said thread, one at ninety degrees from the other along said thread, and a tool holder'consisting of a heavy wire spring helically wound to adapt it to be threaded onto the thread on said cylinder end and having at its inner end a sharp turn inwardly and then outwardly to form an inner lug adapted to be locked by said spring into one of said indents, said spring being of a length to extend beyond said cylinder when threaded thereon, and an outer turn of said spring being formed to define a rectangular passageway which is longer than it is wide, said outer turn being adapted to admit the passage of said tool shank and said lugs thereon when aligned therewith but to prevent the passage thereof when said shank lugs are transverse to the longer dimension of said passageway.
11. A tool holder for pneumatic hammers and the like consisting of a heavy Wire spring helically wound, the wire of said spring at one end being turned sharply inwardly and then outwardly to form an inner lug and a handle member extending outwardly therefrom, the wire at said end being adapted to fit in threaded relation on a spiral thread, and the wire at the other end being formed to define an opening which is longer than it is wide.
12. A tool holder for pneumatic hammers and the like consisting of a heavy wire spring helically wound to define a longitudinal circular chamber, the wire of said spring at one end having a sharp turn inwardly and then outwardly to form an inner lug, the wire at said end being adapted to fit in threaded relation on a spiral thread, and the wire at the other end being formed to define an opening which is greater in length than in width.
Signed by me at Detroit, in the county of lVayne and State of Michigan, this 27th day of February, 1928.
EDWARD W. STEVENS.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2444601 *||Nov 27, 1944||Jul 6, 1948||Elkhart Brass Mfg Co||Readily detachable expander in apparatus for attaching couplings to hose|
|US2445551 *||Nov 24, 1944||Jul 20, 1948||Arthur W Barry||Rivet set retainer spring|
|US3244426 *||Mar 5, 1962||Apr 5, 1966||Uddeholms Ab||Percussion drills|
|US3245483 *||Sep 11, 1962||Apr 12, 1966||Skil Corp||Pneumatic impact tool|
|US3345079 *||Oct 21, 1965||Oct 3, 1967||Black & Decker Mfg Co||Spring retainer for power-operated tool|
|US4299293 *||Dec 7, 1978||Nov 10, 1981||Nikolaev Igor V||Percussive tool angular position device|
|US5788430 *||Mar 18, 1996||Aug 4, 1998||Hawera Probst Gmbh||Drilling tool for rotary percussion drilling|
|US6213230 *||Nov 5, 1998||Apr 10, 2001||Hawera Probst Gmbh||Drilling tool especially for the rotary percussion drilling of preferably rock|
|U.S. Classification||279/19, 279/19.6, 173/206|
|International Classification||B25D17/00, B25D17/08|