US 1798612 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Mardi 31, 1931- J. D. MALcoLMsON TWO-PIECE CARTON STCHEL Filed Sept. l2, 1928 2 Sheets-Sheet l .4 f1.. ftin.....-WTE rzznhb.. c
INVENTOR Jmeslllfakolm sonJ V10 ATTORNEY March 31, 1931.
Filed Sept. l2, 1928 E E? 7 fzf e F f J. D. MALCOLMSON Two-PIECE CARTON SATCHEL 2 Sheets- Sheet 2 'INVENTOR Jamejlllfalcabnso BY M ATTORNEY Patented Mar .31,"1931 UNITED lsrra'ras PATENT OFFICE JAMES D. MALCOLMSON, OF NEW YORK, N. Yu., ASSIGNOR TO ROBERT GAIR COMPANY,
OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION F NEW YORK TWO-PIECE CARTON SATCHEL Application inea september 12, 1928. seriai no; 305,588.
The present invention relates to cartons, 'and has particular reference to an improve- `ment in cartons made of paste-board, cellboard and the like, it being understood that .r the invention is not limited to these materials.
One of themain objects of the invention is to provide a simple, yet strong container :for carrying therein weighty or bulky articles, such as bottles and the like. Y
Another iniportantobject of the invention resides in the ease of assembly of the improvedl container, the latter comprising only two coordinating members, the members being simple, blank forms, and requiring a minimum of labor and material in the development thereof.
A further object of the invention is to provide a carton of asimple type with means thereon whereby a handle grip may be 2U. formed, the grip being developed in the form of slotted openings in a pair of scored, vertical ended, opposing closure members, thereby to aiord a. convenient hand grip for portage.
Another object of the invention is to provide, a structure suitable for the carton purposes herein outlined, having the coacting parts thereof so constructed as to permit them to be shipped, in packed, large quantities in collapsed condition, and being easily and readily erectible for use, as required.
Still another object of the invention is to i provide an improved carton structure, so
. arranged and designed that the weight of the 3;, load carried therein, will cause the coordinating members of the carton to become more snugly engaged together.
And still another object of the invention is to provide an improved carton structure comprising only t-wo coordinating members, one of which functions as a carrier for such articles, as bottles, andhas means provided therein to positively maintain such articles out of jarring contact with each other while in the carton, thus lessening the breakage or apparatus of this klnd which is economical,
durable and reliable in operation, and economical to manufacture.
.The inventive features for the accomplishment ofthese and other objects are shown herein in connection with an improved carton which, briey stated, includes a carton, comprising anv outer carton or casing forming member, formed from a single blank and beinv in the form of a square tube' and readily ollapsible, said member having open ends; and an inner article carrying member, adapted to be inserted into the interior of said outer vmember through either open end, said inner member being formed, in one instance, from an elongated blank member and readily foldable, said inner member, when inserted 1n said outer member, providing a closure for the lower of said open ends, and a second split closure for said upper open end, said first closure having a dimension of a greater length than that of the corresponding dimension. of the open end whereby a wedging action therebetween is obtained, the second closure comprising two flap-like portions, said Haplike portions having associated therewith means provided with a slot adapted to receive the ngers of a hand, to form a hand-le grip, and means associated with said Hap portions to maintain articles, placed in the inner carton member, out of contact with each other, while in the carton. v
Many of the features of this invention may be used without employing all of them, as some of those which are non-essential may b e omitted without departing -from the spirit of the invention though such omission may to a, greater or lesser extent affect the quality of the product. For the purpose of describing the invention, there are illustrated in the ac- 'drawin the preferredl forms of the device,-in whic drawings,
-- containenshown in Fig. 2, ready to be packaged for shipment,
Fi 4 is'an enlarged sectional view show- -ing t eload-carryin assembly of the carton, comprising the mem ers shown in Figs. 1 and the'handle grippingV means and the various4 scoring lines to permit folding thereof into Fig. 5 is a developed blank of the inner carton member as disclosed in Fig. 1, showing carton form,
Fig. 6 is a sectional view of a modified form 4of carton, similar to that described in the foregoing figures, the handle or grip portion of the inner member being modified so as to function in a somewhat different manner,
under load, than'that described in the pre vious figures, Fig. 7 is a sectional view of another modl- 1 ed form of carton, similar to that described in Fig.'6, the inner member being so modified as to maintain the articles therein separate,
Fig. 8 is a perspective erected view of the carton shown in Fig. 7, f
Fig. 9 is a front elevation of the development shown in Fig. 10, the member portions being partially erected,
Fig. 10 is ajdevelopment in plan of the inner carton member shown in Fig. 7.
Referring to the accompanying drawings, in which like characters of reference indicate the same parts in the different views, my device comprises two carton members, substantially rectangular in their coordinating dimensions, and preferably made of suitable straw-board, paste-board or. as in the present instance, in its preferred embodiment, of cellboard. y
The latter material lends itself readily to the blanking, scoring and bending operations required to form the herein container, and at v the same time is sufficiently strong to carry a load therein without rupture or collapse.
.It is understood, of course, that other materials maybe used. The present container is especially adapted for carrying bottles of beverage, such as ginger ale, in any desired uantity. The carton is so designed that both t e inner and outer carton-forming members may be folded fiat for shipment to the distributor or retailer of bottled goods, and thereafter readily erectible into carton form for the purposes herein outlined.
Referring now to Fig.1 2, an outer cartonforming member 1 is provided,which comprises a single piece of cell-board of suitable dimension, scored at points2, 3, 4 and 5 in the usual well known manner, to form corner bends. B means of -a glued corner tape 6,
or by stap ing, or by any other desired securing means, the outer carton member 1 is thus I `in collapsed fiat shipping condition.
When thus collapsed, large quantities of these outer containers may be packed in one bundle and removed therefrom, for use as desired, with facility.
The inner carton-forming member 7, Figs.
'1 and 5, is, also, formed of a suitable cellboard or similar material. As shown in Fi 5, this member comprises an elongated blan substantially rectangular in form and embracing within its dimensions, across the narrow way at A, Fig. 5, the inside dimension of the outer carton 1. In its lengthwise dimension B, Fig. 5, it embraces within yit, the bottom-forming section 8, the side walls 9, the top cover-forming sections I' 10, and extensions 11.
The extensions 11 meet atthe center of the carton top as shown in Fig. 4. They are, further, provided with hand slots 12 therein, and when the carton is in erected and assembled position, the hinged, scored and slotted end extensions 11 stand vertically from the carton top. In this position the hand slots 12 register, thereby forming a joint gripping or handle means whereby to carry the carton lwhen in assembled and loaded condition.v
The various panels or sections of the blank 7, Fig. 5, are scored at points a which correspond to the bending lines a', Fig. 1, thereb to form a rectangular inner liner closed on a l sides which are positioned in one plane, bottom and top, but open at opposite ends in a plane transversely to the first mentioned -plane as shown. Therefore, it will be seen Ishipped in bundles, together with bundlesl of the outer carton-forming members. Thus, a
carton may be formed by merely folding the inner carton member at the scoring lines a, Flg. 1, and openln the outer carton member 1, as indicated in 1g. 2, and then assembling the inner'member 7 within the outer member 1 in position, as shown in Fig. 4. The top or lid-handle portions 10 and 11 of the inner v carton member may then be joined, the package or bottles inserted within thefassembled container, the grip portions 12 being brought together as in Fig. 4, and the package is then ready for portage, tied or untied, as desired. In addition to the foregoing, another modication may be alsoused and this is outlined in the sectional view, Fig. 6` which is a view on a reduced scale showing the outer and inner members in longitudinal section and showing their operative engaging positions; In 'the construction shown in Fig. 6, the outer carton 1 is identical with that as shown and described for Fig. 2 and, in effect, the inner carton-forming member 7 While slightly modified, is also of a' similar construction. The modification resides in the fact that the upper handle or grip portions 11 are provided eachwith an extended double intermediate flap 10 which is scored at points c between the horizontal panels 10 and the vertical grip forming members 11 instead ot immediately joining and being scored off of flaps 10. The portions 10 are connected as shown, by staples 18 to the extended grip portion 1.1. The,
members 10 are so designed relative te the height of the inner member that bottles 14 placed in the latter are eiiectively separated, the members 10 11 acting as a partition between the bottles 14, and thus preventing jarring Contact between the latter during portage.
Thus the added members 10 may be deg iiected or extended downwardly, when the members 11 are formed into grip portions, as described above. There is, moreover, obtained a wedging or outward thrusting toggle action when the package is loaded and lifted by the grips 12, which tends to cause the upper ends ofthe inner carton 7 to ex` pand outwardly against the upper lopen ends of the carton 1. The result is that the inner carton 7is tightly wedged against the outer carton 1, prevents undesirable movement,
and irml holds the two carton members in assen'ihie position, and the bottles 14 out ot' Contact with each other.
As an added means for causing intimate wedging and engaging action between the inner and outer carton members in either ot the forms described for Figs. 1 or 6. the bottom panel 8 in its outer dimension D, Fig. 6, may be laid in somewhat larger dimension than the cOrresponding inner width of the bottom of the outer container 1. Thus, when the inner member 7 is in operative position within the member 1, the bottom 8 is caused to wedge tightly within the contines of the member 1. Accordingly, as shown in the present described box in Fig. 6, the top or cover portion comprising the parts 10, 10 and the bottom 8, are caused to tightly wedge, when in operative position and loaded, and to expand against the confining wall of member 1, in a tight friction engagement.
C5 If desired, the inner and outer 'carton members may be glued together on assembly, the
outer faces of the sides 9 of both forms of e inner carton members 7 may be spotted with a suitable adheslve, as silicate of soda, when erecting, so that they will be `caused to become gunnned to the inner surfaces of the coacting,
Vouter carton member which are in contact Fig. 7 and 8. The inner member comprises a pair of rectangular blanks 16. 17 secured by staples 18. Each blank includes tive panels,
lseparated by score lines whereby the member 15 is assembled in erected form,as in Figs.
7 and 8, since the panels can be bent along lines l). The general construction of' this modificationis similar to the forms shown in Figs. 4 and 6, except for the difference to be noted hereinafter. A
In Fig. 10, the inner member 15 is shown in developed form, viewed from blank 16. A panel 19 stapled to a panel 20, both slotted as at 21 for gripping purposes, form a vertical partitioning means in the inner member 15, and corresponds to the members 11 in Fig. 6. Panels 22, 24, 25, 26, separated lfrom each other by score lines b and connected to panel 19. are bent into erected position as shown in Fig. 9. Panels 23, 27, 28, 29, connected to panel 20, are likewise bent along the lines b into erected position.
When in erected position, the entire inner melnber 15 is inserted into an open end of the outer member 1, as shown in Figs. 7 and 8 The panels 23, 22 form the bottom end closure of the complete carton; panels 27, 24 form reinforcing walls; panels 28, 25 provide the top end closure of the carton; while, panels 29, 2G form aps and means to maintain the bottles 30 in non-jarring position.
As shown in Fig. 8, the cartonis gripped at 21, when the bottles 30 are packed into the compartments F, G- formed by the panels reterred to above. As in Fig. 6. the panels 22. 23 may be of such width as to enable the bottom closure to wedge against the walls el" the. outer carton. It should be noted that, in Fig. 6, the panels 27 24 .are forced against the walls of the outer member 1, due to the toggle-like action of the vertical partition member 19, 20, when carried at 21.
As described above for the type shown in Figs. 1-6 inclusive, it is only necessary to ship the blank-s in collapsed condition. The blanks 16, l7 ot the inner member may be stapled and shipped as shown in Fig. l0. When ready for use, the outer member 1 is erected, as in Fig. 2, and the inner member folded, as shown in Fig. 9. The folded inner member is then inserted into the erected outer and the bottles are removed from-their re spcctive compartments with facility.
It will thus be seen that I have designed and developed a novel carton comprising a pair of simple, rectangular blank members,- having coordinating| carton dimensions so that one fits within the other snugly, and which carton is easy and economical to manufacture, readily shipped to the consumer for use and assembly, and comprises a unitary, novel, and rigid construction, in which the articles carried do not `Contact with one another durin portage.
The foregolng detailed description ha been given Vfor clearness of understanding. Hence, no unnecessary limitations should be understood. Further, the appended claims should be costrued as broadly as permissible in view of the priorart, since many and various changes may be made without departing from the kscope ofthe invention as defined in the broader claims.
What I desire to protect and secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A carton, of the.class described, comprising an outer carton-forming member, formed from a. single blank and being readily collapsible, said member having open ends, and an inner carton-forming member, adapted to be inserted into the interior of said outer member through either o en end,
' said inner member being formed rom an elongated lblank and being readily foldable,
said inner member, when inserted into said' outer member, including a closure means for one of said open ends, and a second closure means for vsaid other open end, said irst closure means having a dimension4 of a greater length 'than that of the corresponding dimension of the open end whereby a wedging action therebetween .is obtained, the second closure means comprising-two flaplike portions, and a handle means Aassociated with one of said closure means.
2. In acarton, an outer closure member, having open ends, Aan inner carrier member, adapted to house bottles therein, said inner member including a pair of portions to close said open ends, one of said lclosure portions comprising a pair of hinged laps, and a handle means for said carrier member, said handle means being further adapted to maintain said bottles in non-contacting position.
3. In a carton, as defined 1n claim 2, said handle means comprising a pair of contacting, slotted portions, each of 'said portions being integral with one of said a s, and the planes of said portions being su stantially normal to the planes of the remainder of the flaps when inoperative carrying position.
4. A carton of the class descr1bed,com prising an outer carton-forming member, and .an inner carton-forming member adapted to house bottles, said inner member adapted to be inserted into the interior of said outer member, said inner member being formed from an elongated single blank and readily foldable, said inner member when folded including a pair of closures. one of the closures comprising two flap-like portions, each of which portions is lprovided with a slot adapted to receive the fingers of a hand, the remainder of each ortion being substantially normal to that ci) the slot portions and so designed that when the slot portions are brought into contact with each other, said bottles are maintained in noncontacting position.
5. A carton, of the class described, comprising an'outer carton-forming member, said member having open ends, and an inner carton-forming member, adapted to be inl serted into ,the interior of said outer member through either open end, said inner member being formed from an elongated blank and when inserted in said outer member, including a closure for one of said open ends, a second closure for said other o en end, the second closure member inclu ing two Hap-like ortions, each of which portions is provi ed with a slot adapted to receive the lingers .of a hand, the remainder of each portion and said closures being so designed that when the slot portions are brought into contact with each other and moved away from carton interior, the sides of the inner` member are wedged tightly against the walls of the outer member.
6. In a carton an outer member, an inner member and. one or more outwardly and inwardly extending parts on said inner member, integral therewith, said outwardly extending parts to form a handle for said carton and said inwardly 4extending parts to form a partition in said inner member, whereby to maintain articles placed therein in non-contactingl position.
7 A carton comprising an outer member,
' open sides and closures at the top and bottom thereof, one or more of said closures being initially wider than the corresponding open end of said outer member, whereby said inner member is wedged into position in said outer member.
Signed at New York inthe county of New York and State of New York this 5th day of September, A. D. 1928.
JAMES D. MALCOLMSON.