|Publication number||US1799309 A|
|Publication date||Apr 7, 1931|
|Filing date||Dec 5, 1928|
|Priority date||Dec 5, 1928|
|Publication number||US 1799309 A, US 1799309A, US-A-1799309, US1799309 A, US1799309A|
|Inventors||Mears Norton A|
|Original Assignee||Chicago Forging & Mfg Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (6), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
N, A. MEARS April 1, 1931.
HINGE Filed D90. 5, 1928 mi I c Attorze )5,
Patented Apr. 7, 1931Y UNITED `STATES PATENT OFFICE NORTON A. MEANS,V or" cHIoAedILLINoIs, AsAsIGNORK'ro CHICAGO FORGING a MANU- FACTURING COMPANY, or CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, A CORPORATION or ILLINOIS "armen,
, Application led December 5,'1928. Serial No. 323,872.
My invention 'relates to a hinge and particularly to a hinge which may be -used to support two or more adjacently hingedmembers. Gne use ofmy invention .is `for the hinging of adjacent and-V overlying cover members. Anotlier-object is to provide a hinge in which covers or hinged members may Vbe raisedseparately or together. Anotherk object is to provide a hinge of the general type disclosed in which all the parts are made of stampings or forgings and in which castings are eliminated. Other objects will `appear from time to time in the course of the specification and claims. v
I Villustrate myinventi'on more or less diagrammatically in the accompanying drawings, `wherein--`V` `Figure 1 is a side elevation of the hinge, with parts in section; Y
Figure 2 is a plan view-with parts omitted;
Figure -3 is a rearelevation vwith parts broken away. v
throughout the specication and drawings.
Y A generally indicates the member to which the hinge may be secured andMAl indicates generally a hinge base including for examplethe horizontal flanges 4or extensions A2 adapted to restrupon theupper surface of the member A.' A3 ndicates-angupwardly extending ear or lug, upstanding from one edge ofthe horizontal base portion A2; It
includes the extreme zufpwardly extending portion A4 apertured as atA5 and' a lateral` extension A6 apertured at'its corner Vas at A7. The base portion A2 is provided with the non-circular aperture A8, herein shown as squared and thebasejA isv provided with a socket or enlargedapertureV A9, therebeneath, of corresponding form. VCentered within such enlarged aperture Agris anV aperture A1o of smaller size and herein shown as circular in cross-section.
spirit of my invention.
The member A1 isV mounted lupon and se? lcured to the'base A, as by the employment of a carriagebolt generally indicated as B, which may be described as a buttonhead bolt with square members or shoulders B1 adapted to engage aiid'penetrate the apertures A8 A9. IVhen the bolt is drawn .into position, as `by the nutB2 not only isl the member A1 firmly seated upon the base A but it is held against rotation about t-he axis of the bolt.
Mounted for rotation about an axis coincidentwith the aperture A7 is the lower Cover C. It is indicated in Figure 3 as slotted as at C1 C1 to receive, adjacent each side, one of the members A1. A pin`C2, which may be held against axialmovement by any suitable means, is passed through the aperture C3 which may ,extendthroughout the entire width of the member C. In anyc'ase a pivot member or members, herein shown tures A7, whereby-the member C isadequately hinged in relation to the base A. Y Like parts'are indicated Vby likesymbols Y p slots D1, is hinged upon the member A4 and Visshownin Figure, with a pin D2 passing The uppercover D, provided with similar through the apertures andV A5.
It will be realized'that any suitable means maybe employed for supportingfor cushion- Aing.the'cover members GV andD when in y It' will be realized that whereas I have described and shown a practical andV operative device, nevertheless many changes might be made inthe size, shape, number and disposition vof parts without departing from the l `In particular it will be realized that I do not wish to limit myself, except as specifically set out in the claims, `to the'form of hinge baseherein'shown, or to any `particular'shaping of the apertures or to any particular pivot members for the covers.
It will also be understood that where in the claims I use the words multiple covers, I wish the language to be interpreted as broad enough to cover the use of my type of hinge in any situation where a plurality of hinged members are secured to a hinge base in accordance with the teachings of the present specification.
An additional advantage in my device rests in the fact that it reduces to a minimum the exposed members and tends to give a concealed hinge eliect. In doing away with the heavy castings and cross-bar or the present conventional hinge employed for example in toilet seats, I reduce the exposedsurfac'e and limit the accumulation of dirt thereonand corrosion thereof. The entire device, the base and the hinge leaves, including the hinge, is more readily cleaned and kept clean.
1. A hinge structure for multipley covers which includes a hinge base andmeans for securing it in-` position and for preventing rotation of said base about a vertical axis, said hinge base being provided with a plurality of apertures adapted| to receive means forsecu-ring to said hinge base a plurality of hinged members.
2. A hingeA structure for multiple covers which includes a hinge base and means for securing it in position, a plurality of apertures in said hinge base, hinged members and means for securing said members to said base, including pins associated withl said members adapted toy penetrate said apertures.
3. A hinge structure for multiple covers which includes a hinge base, said' hinge base having a generally horizontal portion', a noncircular aperture in saidr horizontal portion, a generally vertical portion upstanding from said horizontal portion and a pluralityof circular apertures in said vertical portion.
4. A hinge structure for multiple covers which includes a hingebase, said hingebase havi-ng a generally horizontal portion, a non-- circular aperture in said horizontal portion, a generally vertical portion upstandin g from said horizontal'portion anda plurality of circular aperturesV in said vertical portion, said circular apertures being spaced,- apart both horizontally and vertically.
5. A hinge structure for multiple covers which includes a hinge base, said hinge base havino a generally horizontal portion, a noncircular aperture in said horizontal portion, a portion upstanding from said horizontal portion and a plurality of circular apertures in said vertical portion, said circular apertures being horizontally spaced apart.
6. AA hinge structure for multiple covers which includes a hinge base, said hinge base having a generally horizontal portion, a noncircular aperture in said horizontal portion, a portion upstanding from said horizontal portion and a plurality of circular apertures in said vertical portion, said circular apertures being vertically spaced apart.
7. In a hinge structure for multiple covers which includes a hinge base, a member upwardly projecting from said base and means for securing thereto, Jfor rotation about separate pivots, a plurality of hinged members, one of said members being adapted to overlie the other when both are in horizontal position.
8. In a hinge structure for multiple covers which includes a hinge base, a member upwardly projecting from said base and means for securing thereto, for rotation about sepa-rate pivots, .a plurality of hinged members, one of said members being adapted tooverlie the other when both are in horizontal position, the pivot point of the upper member beingy vertically and horizontally spaced from the pivot point of the lower.
9. A hin-ge structure for multi-ple covers which: includesA a hinge base, a pluralityI of hinged members, means for pivoting said hinged members to said base for rotation about pivot points both horizontally and vertically spaced apart and means for securing said base in position and for preventing its rotation about a vertical axis.
10. A hinge structure for multiple covers which includes a hinge base, a plurality of hinged members, means for pivoting said hinged members to said base for rotation about pivot points both horizontally and vertically spaced apart and means for securing said base inv position and for preventing its rotation about a vertical axis, said means including a buttonhead bolt with squared shoulders, the hinge base being apertured to receive said shoulders.
11. In a hinge and cover assembly, a base member, a pivot abutment projecting upwardly therefrom, a lower cover member pivoted to said pivot abutment and an upper cover member pivoted, at a higher level, to said pivot abutment, said covers being both slotted to receive said pivot abutment, said pivot abutment and said slots lying in generally vertical planes, and pivot members passing through said pivot abutment and said cover members.
12. In a hinge and cover assembly, a plurality of laterally spaced base members adapted to be secured to an abutment, a pivot abutment projecting upwardly from each base member, a lower cover member pivoted to said pivot abutments and an upper cover member pivoted, at a higher level, to said pivot abutments, said covers being both slotted to receive said abutments, and pivot members passing through said pivot abutments and cover members.
13. For use with a hinge and cover assembly, a base member, said base member including a base flange and a pivot abutment flange at right angles thereto, said pivot abutico ment flange lying in a single plane and being provided with pivot receiving apertures, said apertures lying at dierent heights above said base flange, and being laterally out of alignment.
14. For use with a hinge and cover assembly, a base member, a flat pivot abutment upwardly projecting from said base member, said abutment being provided with pivot apertures, said apertures being positioned at different heights above saidbase, and being laterally out of alignment.
Signed at Chicago, county of Cook `and -Y State of Illinois, this 21st day of November, 1928.
NORTON A. MEARS.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3874027 *||Oct 25, 1973||Apr 1, 1975||Stanley Works||Shock absorbing bearing assembly|
|US4688274 *||Dec 6, 1985||Aug 25, 1987||Kohler Co.||Toilet covering hinge assembly|
|US4729134 *||Aug 18, 1986||Mar 8, 1988||Kohler Co.||Toilet covering hinge assembly|
|US6763529||May 8, 2003||Jul 20, 2004||Milton Richter||Bolt assembly for toilet seats|
|US6931672||May 6, 2004||Aug 23, 2005||Milton Richter||Bolt assembly for toilet seats|
|DE1256104B *||Feb 21, 1962||Dec 7, 1967||Josef Mattl||Scharnier fuer Tueren, insbesondere Moebeltueren|
|U.S. Classification||16/365, 4/234, 4/236|
|International Classification||A47K13/00, A47K13/12|