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Publication numberUS1800254 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 14, 1931
Filing dateDec 18, 1926
Priority dateDec 18, 1926
Publication numberUS 1800254 A, US 1800254A, US-A-1800254, US1800254 A, US1800254A
InventorsFrank J Holmes
Original AssigneeFrank J Holmes
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Handle and the like
US 1800254 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A ril 14, 1931.

F. J. HOLMES HANDLE AND THE LIKE Filed Dec. 18, 1926 Patented Apr. 14, 1931 UNITED STA TES PATENT OFFICE FRANK J. HOLMES OF MAPLEWOOD, NEW JERSEY HANDLE AND THE LIKE Application filed December'18, 1926. Serial No. 155,695.

lily invention relates to improvements in handles, knobs and the like, and is more particularly directed to that type of device which is adapted to be removably connected 6 to a tool or any suitable appliance.

which is inserted therein.

Still another object of the present invention is toprovide a device that may be ad- 'usted upon the article received therein and avingmeans for resiliently supporting the article, which at the same time limits its outward movement within the device.

Another object of the invention is to provide a device that is spaced from the engaging portion of the article and resiliently held therefrom.

In the accompanying drawings Figure l is a longitudinal sectional view,

taken through the device, which I have herein illustrated as a. handle, showing the same as being applied to a suitable operating tool. Figure 2 is an enlarged detail View, in section, showing the means employed therein for retaining the tool within the handle and at the same time supporting it free of the handle bore.

Figure 3 is a modified form of the invention showing a handle having therein one retaining means, the same being constructed in such a manner that a support for the tool is rovided at two points.

igure 4 is an enlarged detail view of the retaining means illustrated in connection with Figure 3.

Figure 5 is a further modified form of a retainingmeans that may be employed in the handle in a manner similar to that illustrated in Figure 3, wherein the tool is supported at two or more points.

Figure 6 illustrates the invention as being applied to the end of any suitable device wherein a removable handle or closure is provided.

Figure 7 further shows the invention as being applicable to terminal caps and the like; and

Figure 8 illustrates a further modified form of the retaining means wherein the same result is accomphshed with one strand of wire. Referring to the accompanying drawings in detail, wherein like reference characters denote corresponding parts throughout the several views, the numeral 1 indicates the body of a device which I have herein illustrated as a handle, the same being formed of any suitable material and of any desired shape, but by way of illustration I have disclosed the same as being of a cylindrical structure.

The handle 1 is provided with a central bore or opening 2 which extends, as disclosed in Figure 1, entirely through the body, and adjacent each end of the bore 2 I have formed channels or grooves 3,within which is positioned the means for supporting the article and permitting its movement with respect thereto.

ing to receive therein the engaging portion of a suitable article or tool 7 while the former are adapted o expand under tension and retain the spring unit within the channels 3.

In usinga handle of this structure it may be desired to provide means for limiting the movement of the article with respect to the handle and to accomplish this end I have provided upon the inner end of the article a lug or'rih 8 which when the tool is pulled outward in its limit, wherein proper support is provided within the handle, the rib 8 will engage the smaller coil and thus prevent its further movement, except when manually removed therefrom by force. When an article is received within the handle and its retaining means, it will be noted thatupon the initial insertion of the article within the retalmng means, the smaller coil will be expanded sufliciently to permit the passage therethrough of the article, and yet give enough tension to maintain the article in a desired position within the handle. Further more, upon'the expansion of the smaller-coilsimilar action will be imparted to the larger coils and this action further assists in retaining the spring within its proper place in the handle. By reason of this specific structure I have provided means for retaining an article within a handle and at the same'time resiliently supporting the same therefrom to prevent any jars which may be imparted to the article from being transmitted to the handle, and at the same time providing a space around the article for the circulation of air thereabout.

As disclosed in Figure 3I have illustrated a handle having therein one retaining spring, which if desired may be positioned within the handle as shown, or at any desired pointwithin the bore, preferably at such a polntthat the article will be supported free of the handle.

In this structure I have provided a handle 9 having therein the usual bore 10 midway of which is formed-a channel or groove 11 in which the modified form of spring 12 is points within the handle,

large enough togrip handle bore may be of any desired shape and the results derived from the device will be the same, provided of course, that the retaining spring is of sufficient diameter to receive therein the article and hold the same immovably with respect thereto.

As further illustrated in Figure 5 I have provided a retaining spring 16 which may be used in such a handle as disclosed in Figure 4, wherein two or more supporting points are provided within the same spring. Such a spring being formed so that the end coils 17, and every other one thereafter is larger than the second or alternate coils 18. This structure provides means wherein the article may be rigidly supported, at two or more points, with respect to the handle and at the same time resiliently supported therein.

In Figure 6 I have illustrated the form of spring as disclosed in Figure 1 as be ng applicable a..- cap or the like 19, the spring 20 freely supporting the cap about the end'of any desired article 21 to permit the circulation of air thereabout. If desired,-the cap 19 may be in the form of a small handle as used upon heating elements adapted forheating liquids. r

Figure 7 illustrates the invention as being applied to a terminal cap 22, wherein a spring having the characteristics of those hereinbefore set forth is employed;

which accomplishes the same result as those before described, but wherein the spring is formed from a'flat wire, if desired, and provided with corrugations, thus providing large and small portions, 21 and 22, which are adapted to engage the channel of a handle or the like and the article inserted therein.

" In the use of the invention, as disclosed in Figure 1, the handle is placed upon a tool or the like in amanner set forth, which expands the smaller coil and this expansion of the smaller coil is transmitted to thelarger coils which in turn expands and grip the interior of the channel 3. thus firmly holding the tool within the handle. By reason of the fact that the bore of the handle is larger than the engaging portion of the tool, the small coil of the retaining unit will holdthe tool in a floating position within the handle, thus eliminating from the handle any shocks imparted to the tool. In cases where it is de'-- sired to use the handle in connection with heating elements, the small coil holding the element free of the handle prevents the transmission of heat thereto.

From the foregoing, it is thought that the construction, operation and many advantages of the herein described invention will be app-arent to those skilled in the art without further description, and it will be understood that various changes in the size, shape, proportion and minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention. 7

Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is j o 1. In combination, a handle member having an opening therein, a tool part projecting into said opening so as to be enclosed. by said handle member, and a spiral spring enclosing the tool part'a-nd interposed between the latter and the handle member, said spring being engaged with thetool part and having at least one turn which is of larger natural diameter than the opening in the handle member to exert an outward pressure against the handle member to aid in holding the lat-' ter in place. i I

2. In combination, a handle member having an opening therein, a tool part projecting into said opening so as to be enclosed by said In Figure 8- I have illustrated a spring handle member, and a spiral spring enclosing the tool part and interposed between the latter and the handle member, said spring being engaged with the handle member and having at least one turn which is of smaller natural diameter than the tool part to'exert an inward pressure on the tool part to aid in holding the latter in place, said tool part being free to some extent to move with respect to said handle member except as restricted by said spring, whereby the spring aflords a certain amount of resilient play between the tool part and handle member.

3. In combination, a handle member having an opening therein, a tool part projecting into said opening so as to be enclosed by said handle member, and a spiral spring enclosing the tool part and interposed between the latter and the handle member, said spring being engaged with the handle member and having at least one turn which is of smaller natural diameter than the tool part to exert an inward pressure on the tool part to aid in holding the latter in place, the wall of said opening being spaced from the exterior of the tool partto provide a ventilating space therebetween which extends to at least one end of the handle member.

4. In combination, a handle member having an opening therein, a tool part projecting into said opening so as to be enclosed by said handle member and a spiral spring enclosing the tool part and interposed between the latter and the handle member, said spring having at least-one turn which is of larger natural diameter than the opening in the handle member, and at least one smaller turn which is of smaller natural diameter than and engages the tool part, whereby the resulting distortion of the spring holds both the handle member and the tool part frictionally and yieldably in proper relative positions.

5. In combination, a handle member having an opening therein, a tool part projecting into said opening so as to be enclosed by said handle member, the wall of said opening being recessed to provide an annular pocket larger than said opening, a spiral spring enclosing the tool part and disposed in said opening, said spring having at least one larger turn engaging the wall of said opening and at least one smaller turn of smaller natural diameter than and engaging said tool part.

6. In combination, a handle member having an opening therein, a tool part projecting into said opening so as to be enclosed by said handle member, and a spiral spring enclosing the tool part and interposed between the latter and the handle member, said spring being engaged by the tool part and having a plurality of turns which are of larger natural diameter than the opening in the handle member to exert an outward pressure against the handle member to aid in holding the latter in place, said larger turns being -spaced by the other turns of the sprin to pro- 7. In combination, a handle having an.

opening therein, a tool part projecting into said opening so as to be enclosed by said handle member, and a spiral spring enclosing the tool part and interposed between the latter and the handle member, said spring being engaged with the handle member and having a plurality of turns which are of smaller natural diameter than the tool part to'exert an inward pressure on the tool part to aid in holding the latter in place, said smaller turns being spaced by the other turns of the spring to provide spaced points of engagement between the tool part and the spring.

8. In. combination, a handle member having an opening therein, a tool part projecting into said opening so asto be enclosed by the said handle member and a spiral spring enclosing the tool part and interposed between the latter and the handle member, said spring having a plurality of turns which are of larger natural diameter than the opening in the handle member and a plurality of smaller turns which are of smaller naturaldiameter than the tool part, said larger turns exerting 4 an outward pressure against the handle member and being spaced by the smaller turns to provide spaced points of engagement between the handle member and the spring, said smaller turns exerting an inward pressure against the tool part and being spaced by the larger turns to provide spaced points of enpart and the gagement between the tool spring. I

In testimony whereof I have aflixed my signature.

FRANK J. HOLMES.

lUU

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2460874 *Jul 21, 1944Feb 8, 1949Kobe IncMethod of making tool handles
US2497550 *Jun 13, 1945Feb 14, 1950Conn Ltd C GFastening device
US2560856 *Jun 26, 1947Jul 17, 1951Franta Edward JMop cleaning attachment
US2567299 *Jul 6, 1948Sep 11, 1951Dewey PastellToolholding spindle for die-lapping machines
US2610065 *May 10, 1947Sep 9, 1952Banker Oscar HAutomatic chuck
US2643019 *Apr 13, 1950Jun 23, 1953Goodrich Co B FTool for upsetting internally threaded rivets
US2701379 *Nov 1, 1951Feb 8, 1955Mildred D BalistreriHandle grip
US2890072 *Jul 10, 1956Jun 9, 1959Thor Power Tool CoRetainer for rotary power tools
US2981484 *Dec 23, 1958Apr 25, 1961Malsbary Mfg CompanySpray gun
US3157187 *May 7, 1963Nov 17, 1964Murcott Charles ETubular crutch
US3517184 *May 4, 1967Jun 23, 1970Outboard Marine CorpClamp for telescoping shaft
US3620269 *Aug 22, 1969Nov 16, 1971Lange AlfonsoPortable chain saw with antivibration handle
US4017961 *Jun 5, 1975Apr 19, 1977Merit Plastics, Inc.Method of producing drag on an operating rod
US4165194 *Oct 14, 1977Aug 21, 1979Flower Ralph F JFrictional couplings
US4227306 *Dec 7, 1978Oct 14, 1980Cbs Inc.Utility knife with improved safety feature
US4374598 *May 19, 1980Feb 22, 1983Scott Edwin CSecurity bars
US4656774 *Dec 12, 1985Apr 14, 1987Terrill Maurice WSurface engaging fishing pole holder
US5792990 *Apr 29, 1993Aug 11, 1998Bertoldo & C. S.R.L.Coupling for metal tubes
US5934905 *Mar 17, 1998Aug 10, 1999Martoral; MaximoFlexible sculpting tool for dental units
US6082771 *Aug 28, 1998Jul 4, 2000Acco Brands, Inc.Handle attachment for a folder
US6471268 *Apr 18, 2000Oct 29, 2002Peter John StenstromDevice for displacing a pipe etc
US8162683May 13, 2010Apr 24, 2012Advanced Bionics, LlcMiniature electrical connectors
US8517173 *Oct 31, 2011Aug 27, 2013Meridian International Co., Ltd.Case for holding a hand tool
US8529303 *May 25, 2010Sep 10, 2013Shaanxi Victory Electric Co., Ltd.Spring contact for conducting electricity
US20110281475 *May 25, 2010Nov 17, 2011Zhengzhou ZhangSpring contact for conducting electricity
US20120043239 *Oct 31, 2011Feb 23, 2012Meridian International Co., Ltd.Case for holding a hand tool
Classifications
U.S. Classification16/421, 16/DIG.120, 439/841, 403/229, 74/503, 30/342, 473/299, 29/4, 15/143.1, 29/450, 279/102
International ClassificationB25G3/02
Cooperative ClassificationB25G3/02, Y10S16/12
European ClassificationB25G3/02