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Publication numberUS1800556 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 14, 1931
Filing dateDec 26, 1929
Priority dateDec 26, 1929
Publication numberUS 1800556 A, US 1800556A, US-A-1800556, US1800556 A, US1800556A
InventorsMead Stuart P
Original AssigneeMead Stuart P
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1800556 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

' S. P. MEAD April 14, 1931.

SCUPPER Filed Dec. 26, 1929 INVENTOR \iPMead ATTORNEY Patented Apr. 14, 1931 UNITED STATES STUART P. MEAID, 0F TACOMA, WASHINGTON SGUPPER Application filed December 26, 1929. Serial No. 416,672.

This invention relates to improvements in scuppers such as used inconnection with all types of ships, for example, war vessels, yachts, houseboats, barges, etc., and it consists of the constructions, combinations and arrangements herein described and claimed.

An object of the invention is to provide a scupper made of yieldable material, for example, molded, reinforced rubber, which, by virtue of the combined qualities of flexibility and toughness, enables the production of such a device at a low cost as well as a more eflicient maintenance thereof inasmuch as it .will withstand blows with less likelihood of damage either to itself or to the object imparting the blow than would be the case if the scupper were made of metal.

Other objects and advantages will appear in the following specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, in which Figure l is a perspective view illustrating the installation of the improved scupper upon the side plates of a. ship.

Fig. 2 is a central longitudinal section illustrating a back check valve used in conjunction with the scupper.

Fig. 3 is a somewhat enlarged sectional view of the scupper particularly illustrating the reinforcement of the rubber.

Fig. 4. is a detail cross-section taken substantially on the line 44 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 is an elevation of a form of the scupper modified to over-reach an armor belt on the ship.

Fig. 6 is. an elevation of a modified form of the scupper assuming the shape of an elbow.

As is commonly known, especially among persons having to do with the management of ships, a scupper is a device or an arrangement of some sort for the purpose of an overboard discharge of water. Scuppers made .of metal are known and are in use and by virtue of their outstanding position on the side of the ship are subject to being struck and damaged.

In addition to being heavy, such scuppers .are costly to repair, and since these devices Hare sometim s truck with such f rce as to destroy them beyond repair, an ever higher cost is entailed by virtue of the necessity of a complete replacement.

Other disadvantages of metallic scuppers are that a trail of rust will soon appear at the sides and especially below the place of connection with the plates of the ship as well as the possibility of setting up a galvanic action. The unsightliness of streaks of rust, especially on war vessels having a project.- in armor belt is apparent enough, and in any case is objectionable because of the dis coloration of the side of the ship.

All of theforegoing objections are obviated entirely by making the scupper 1 of amaterial such as rubber. The scupper cornprises a spout 2 and a surrounding flange 3. This flange is continuous and the upper part of it bridges the opening 4, at which the scupper has communication with the outlet side of a casing 5 (Fig. 2) containing a back check valve 6. The inlet side of this casing has connection with a soil pipe 7 in the present instance, but obviously the connection of the scupper may be with anything else.

A rectangular metallic annulus 8 is made to bear against the outside of the flange 3 not only to insure pressing the flange against the side plates 9 of the ship, but also to furnish a sufficiently stout foundation or bearing for the heads of the securing means 10. The securing means may comprise screws or bolts, the preference being optional with the person making the installation.

A reinforcement 11 imparts more strength and toughness to the scupper 1 than the rubber or other yielding material ofwhich it is made possesses. This reinforcement may comprise a wire or cloth insert, a preferred disposition of the reinforcing strands being longitudinally of the spout 2, as clearly. designated in Fig, 3, and as also suggested in Fig; 4:. These strands may extend into the flange 3,in any appropriate way, but in merging the spout strands with the flange strands of the reinforcement, consideration must be. given to the possibility of the spout being struck in almost any lateral direction with a on q blin e er to a greater 9r lesser ex ent Assuming thespout to bestruck sidewise,

length, probably at a point near their connection with the flange 3. If the disposition 6f the strands was'other than longitudinah.

-the yielding the' reofeiwith the rubber spout -1..and,capab1e of enduring liard use.

'wouldiiotbe S flfiifOrm 1 m? elan i flh'fi t possibility would-be that they migh fitilto 7 flexibility of the rubberyis augmented by the "reinforcement ren function as a reinforcement. The inherent dering it extremely tough Anyfordinary blow of'suiiieient-force to merely rdonble the rubber scupper over. An 1 additional adyantage ofthe rubber. scupper f I is thatfit isfnon-corro' sive. Therefore, it is; notsubjectv 'to r ls ing and will notset up a; galyanic faction; More0yer, the rubber,

fscupper {does not require; painting. 1-; pig;

ment of a colortomatch that ofthe-ship will lt' is v erf ectly obvious alscupperlnade 1o fthe.material mentioned wiil'be much lightyer than" one made of metal. Various shapes 1 Twill be adopted, to suit particular purposes. For'exampleg in F'ig 5, the scupper 1 is particu'l'arly shape'd 1to: extend well beyond the armor belt 12, while in 6 it has the storm o f an elbow which will direct the Water in .a' downward path 'rather 7 than in .a parabolic stream, as in the instance of the. spout 2 in Figs. and 21,-. 1 it e r a The mann r ofinstallation of the soupper will begclearly understood from an inspection, "of; Figs.; 1 and Originally thefiange imperforatefand thefrequisite holesi'will' be cr 'pnnched where'needed when, the installation is made. For eXample,- if the fastening means 10 "will beQemp-loyed as the common connec- "of the l ialve (casing The same fastening means willthenbe. employedto-secure both ff? reaking. wh nfs ckby some. passing obstrl letiomasfa lighter; float, etc. ,hence the f tendencydsto make :the scupper es short fisf 1, fPQiSSiH-l However, the eare in stances when scope of theclaims.

cla'iinz p qi ,1 L' A'scupper comprising a spout of yieldemployment ofirubber or; V

of the improved scupper is'that of a general- 1y preferred form, obviously modifications and changes may be made without departing j able material, and reinforcing means emr -b odied therein running longitudinallyof the gjspout to harmoniously yield with the' spout *severely ,damage fa metallic scupp'er would when struck by' an obstruction.

2 A, scupper comprising a rubber spent with angentrance, opening, a flange made in:

tegral; with Y the spout and of the" same mate- 7 the scuppen extending longitudinally of the f i a flange dcheck yalye easing confronting one, sideof the supp o1:ting plate and having a discharge communicating with an opening in theplate, a scupper: comprising av spout from ithe spirit @f the j 1 inyentizon and 1 the s rial having aportion bridgingthe opening,

having a flange oonfrontingthe other side 'i of the supporting plate iand Communicating t s i p ew ng m an P sin through the supportingplate'and the'flanges:

of the casing andscupper to p'rovide alcom mon connector, and, ametallic ann nlus'facing the outside of the scupperflange providing a: foundationfor said securingmeansi' STUART P. MEAD.

tors-ofthe scupp-er 1 and theI yalve casing .5 Y I he holes in; theiflenge 3 w ll be punched at ,places t agr e with thejhol es in theflange: E9

other yielding material makesit'p0ssib1eto" i xtend" the s ppeif l" farther trom; the.v side ofthe shipthan, would; ordinarilyjbe V6111, f tured withmetallic scuppers.= It been state hattheeanger withthe were that t, is] d sirabl to extendfihe'scupper a con iderable distanc irom' he s de of. the ship,

11d y'lnh iIlgit-ofrubber, the danger of breakage by striking an obstructien'need not I j Q i

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US5176097 *Jul 26, 1991Jan 5, 1993Bonin Alfred OSelf bailing boat
US5293832 *Sep 15, 1992Mar 15, 1994Potter Jr William SOutboard motor mounting system
US5385108 *Jan 4, 1994Jan 31, 1995Thompson; David M.Automatic transom scupper valve
US5722339 *Sep 4, 1996Mar 3, 1998Gross; DonaldDrip control fitting
US6604481 *Dec 24, 2001Aug 12, 2003Charles E. JohnstonMethod and apparatus for permitting passage of conduits through hull of boat
US7204198 *Apr 30, 2004Apr 17, 2007Anderson Paul AMethods and apparatus to reduce formation of streaks on a wall
US20050241557 *Apr 30, 2004Nov 3, 2005Anderson Paul AMethods and apparatus to reduce formation of streaks on a wall
WO2009157900A1 *Jun 26, 2008Dec 30, 2009Jeffrey Paul MayRoof drain receiver
U.S. Classification114/182
International ClassificationB63B13/00
Cooperative ClassificationB63B13/00
European ClassificationB63B13/00