US 1801223 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 14, 1931. H. v. CLAUSEN EXERCISING APPARATUS Filed July 15. 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR Holyer V CZaascn ATTORNEYS MgVlll'pNESSE? [54 02w April 1931- H. v. CLAUSEN EXERCISING APPARATUS Filed July 15, 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 i a 1 5 W m a M: m w
INVENTOR fiogyer V C lausen ATTORNEYS III'QIESSES' Patented Apr. 14, 1931 PATENT OFFICE HOLGEB V. CLAUSEN, 0F BUCARAMANGA, COLOMBIA nxnacrsme APPA ATUS Application filed July 15, 1929. Serial No. 378,516.
Thisinvention relates to an apparatus designed" andadapted to be usedby a person for thepurpose of taking different and beneficial forms of physical exercise.
The principal object of the'invention is the provision of a novel form of apparatus which embodies a combination of appurtenances enabling a person to exercise muscles of the body, legs and arms, whether standing, sitting, lying prone, or hanging by the hands or feet.
.The nature of the invention and its distinguishing features and advantages will appear when the following specification is read in connection with the accompanying drawing, in which 7 Figure l is an elevation of the apparatus constructed in accordance with the invention.
Fig- 2 is a sectional view taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a section of the movement control and. friction device, the section being taken on the line 3.3 of Fig. 4.
Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken on the line 4-4.0f Fig. 1, the section being shown on an enlarged scale. a
Fig. 5 is a detail sectional View taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 3. 1
Fig. 6 is an elevation of ing or casing.
Referring now more particularly to the several views of the drawing, it will be apparent, that the apparatus includes a structure 10 in the form ofa ladder having side rails 12 and rungs 13 connecting the rails 12. A special rung 14 disposed substantially. midway of the ends of the structure 10 has the opposite ends thereof respectively loosely' mounted in the rails 12. The rung 14 is preferably of metal and may be in the form of a tube or-solid rod. An arm 15 is connected with each of the projecting ends of the rung 14 and maybe disposed at any preferred. angle with respect thereto. In the present instance each arm is. securely fastened to the run 14 to cause the latter to turn therewith. his is accomplished, by threading the arm 15 on the threaded end. 16 of the rung 14 with a nut 17 threaded on the end 16 at one side of the arm, and jam nuts the ratchet hous- 18 threaded on the end 16 at the opposite side of the arm.
In order to control the rotatory movement of the rung 14 and therefore the movement of the arms 15, and also to set up frictional pressure on the rung of various degrees, there is provided a device presently to be described. The device includes a friction sleeve 19 which surrounds the rung 14 adjacent one of the rails 12. The sleeve 19 has a ratchet wheel 20 secured to or formed on one end thereof. A housing or casing 21 surrounds the ratchet wheel 20, and said housing or casing is provided with apertured lugs 22, each of which accommodates a suitable fastening element such as a screw 23 for the purpose of attaching or securing the housing or casing to the related side rail 12.
A pair of pawls 24 are each adapted to co operate with the ratchet wheel 20. Each pawl. is arranged interiorly of the housing 21, and one end is supported for pivotal movement as at 25, and the opposite end has secured thereto a flat spring 26 provided with a longitudinally disposed slot 27. Each spring has associated therewith a pin 28 having a reduced portion 29 which extends in the slot 27', and a head 30 on the inner extremity thereof engageable with the spring. It will therefore be understood that the pin 28 is movable longitudinally of the spring 28. The pin 28 extends through a keyhole slot 31 in the housing 21. It will now be understood that either one of the pawls 24 may be brought to a position to cooperate with the teeth of the ratchet wheel 20 to allow the latter and therefore the sleeve to rotate'or turn in one direction, and to prevent both from rotating or turning in an opposite direction. This is accomplished by bringing the pin 28 in the enlarged area of the slot 31.
19 is split as at 32, and has laterally projecting flanges 33 provided with holes for the accommodation of bolts 34 or the like having nuts 35. The nuts 35 may be tightened or loosened to vary the amount of frictional contact of the sleeve 19 with the rung 14:.
"Arranged in thespaces adjacent the rung 11 are seat members 36 which are connectedwith the side rails 12. v 7
From the foregoing it will be obvious that an apparatus having the features set forth may be used in the manner of a rowing machine, when the structure 10 is placed on a horizontal support or on a floor. vA person may then be seated on the members 36 while gripping the free ends of the arms 15, and thus swing the arms 15 back and forth, in
which exercise will be obtained by overcoming the resistance offered by the friction of the sleeve 19. i
In accordance with another feature of the invention, one end of the structure 10 has positioned thereon a rung 37, and said rung is supported by hook-like members 38 respectively connected with the side rails 12.
When'thestructure 10 is placed on the floor,- the feet of a person lying prone may be engaged with the rung 38 to hold them when raising and lowering the-body. This extra rung 37 may also be used as a support for the hands when a person lies face downward,
while the toes are held against one of the 38 overthe same. A person may then oper- 7 ate the arms 15 while standing to obtain benefits from this form of exercise, or may use the apparatus in any other manner afforded by the appurtenances thereof.
What I claim is:
1. An exercising apparatus comprising the combination of a supporting structure have mg means for securing 1t in a fixed positlon,
an element on said structure having rotatory movement, a ratchet device positioned on said structure, friction means which coopere ates with said element and said ratchet device to restrain said element when it is rotated in one direction and allowing free rotation of said element in an opposite direction, and'manipulatable members secured to said element. 1 l
'2. An exercising apparatus comprising the combination of a supporting structure, a'rotatory element on said structure, a sleeve in frictional engagement with said rotatory element, a ratchet wheel fixed to said sleeve, a pawl operatively supported from said structure which coacts with said ratchet wheel to prevent rotation of the latter in one direction, and a manipulatable member secured tosaid rotatory element.- g i 3. An exercising apparatus comprising the combination of a supporting structure, a rotatory element on said structure, a sleeve in frictional engagement with said rotatory element, a ratchet wheel fixed to said sleeve, pawls operatively supported from said structure, onepawl being-movable to a position for the purpose of preventing the rotation of said rotatory element in one direction and the other'pawl being movablefto a position for the purposeof preventing the rotation of said rotatory elementin an opposite direction, cooperable meansfor each pawl tooptionally hold the pawl in an inactive position or active position with respect was ratchet wheel, and manipulatable means secured to said rotatory element. V i f 4. An-exercising :apparatus having the combination of a supporting structure, a ratchet and friction device. onsaid structure, and manipulatable members acted on by said ratchet and friction device to restrain the free movement .of said manipulatable -mem-. bers. 7
5. An exercising apparatus comprisingthe combination of a supporting structure hav-.
ing means for securingit in a serviceable position, an element on sald structurehaving rotatory movement, rotatory friction means constantly acting on said element, means adapted to prevent the friction means from rotating with said element so as to restrain the rotation ofsaid element when said element is rotated in one direction, and. allowing said friction means to rotate Withsaid element when said element is rotated inan opposite direction, and manipulatable members rigidly secured to said element to rotate it subject to the action of said friction means.
- 6. An exercising apparatus comprising the combination of a supporting structure having means for securingit'in a serviceable position, an element on said-structure havingrotatory movement, rotatory friction-means. constantly acting on said element, a ratchet adapted to prevent th-efriction means from rotating with said element so as to restrain the rotation of said element when said element is rotated in one direction, and allowing'said friction means to rotate with said element when-said element is rotated in an opposite direction, and manipulatable'members rigidly secured to said element to" rotate it subject to the action of said friction means. I V 4 7.1 An exercising apparatus comprising the 7 combination of a supporting structure hav-' ing'means forsecuring it in a serviceable posi- HOLGER V. CLAUSEN.