|Publication number||US1801875 A|
|Publication date||Apr 21, 1931|
|Filing date||May 29, 1930|
|Priority date||May 3, 1927|
|Publication number||US 1801875 A, US 1801875A, US-A-1801875, US1801875 A, US1801875A|
|Original Assignee||Melcher Franz|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
AprilZl, 1931. F. MELCHER HULL OR BODY OF CRAFT Filed May 29, 1930 Patented Apr. 21, 1931 PATENT @FFlC'E r nan'z Marianna, on VIENNA, Aus ralia HULL 0R BODY OF CRAFT Application filed. May 29, 1930, Serial No. 457,143, and in Austria May 3, 1927.
This invention relates to an improved hull or body for wateror aircraft with lateral propelling screws, and consists in the provision on the said hull or body of stream- '5 line furrowed guiding members of a certain definite construction, which are built into or applied to the said hull or body in a certain position in regard to the propelling screws, and are designed to influence and to regulate the flow of the medium concerned up to and past the said screws. Y
The contours of a ships hull as alsothe constructional appendages such as frollchecking fins or bilge keels, stem-shaft bosses, and the like pertaining thereto influence the flow of the water to the screws merely as an expedient for enabling, especial- 30 ly in connection with shallow-draught river craft, the largest possible propellers to be employed; the degree of propelling efficiency in the case of all such designs is unfavourable,
since the flow to the propeller is impeded. in the furrowed hull designs hitherto made known the depressions provided are directed downward so that the screwwater is brought I to the screw mainly from below, which implies an increase in the consumption of power; moreover these de )ressions or hollows are seldom designed in accordance with correct stream-line principles.
The above-mentioned bottom screw-tubes and the lateral or other recesses in the V cinity of the propellers are deleterious to the propelling eficiency in addition to increasing the resistance of the ship, for which reason their employment has been generally abandoned in naval architecture and is only resorted to in particular exceptional cases.
for shallow-draught vessels. Attempts have also been made to employ longitudinal guid-.
ing channels or furrows of cylindrical crosssection and with a lateral slot or opening for the accommodation of propellers, but these again have proved to lead to a disproportionate increase in the resistance of the ship. The unfavourable effect of all these hitherto known expedients is also in part due to the unevenness set up thereby in the flow of the propeller stream and inthe freeing of the tailavater, which in its turn gives rise to the formation of eddies and to the increase of the thrust deduction. The proposal has also been made to apply longitudinally finlike excrescenoes to the hull or body of Water and aircraft in front of the propeller for the purpose of influencing the flow; in this case, however, the sharp longitudinal edge give rise to disturbing eddies which increase the resistance of'the ship. Appendagts of his nature as hitherto proposed are not adapted to the natural conditions of flow, and can therefore give rise to disturbances in connection with the freeing'of the stream from 75 the hull. Y Further the incorporation of jspecial jet-shaped guiding-members of restricted length for the guidance of the propeller stream has also been proposed, but; these also produce a disproportionate increase in re-. sistance. I I
A truly efiective guidance of the propeller stream is not ensured by any of the manifold constructional proposals hitherto made in this direction. 8;";
The present invention has for its object to provide, primarily in connection with multiple-screw and especially twin-screw ships or aircraft, longitudinal gliding furrows disposed in the range of the flow to and'from the propelling member and of a particular design calculated to guide the screw-jet as unobstructedly as possible and to isolate the same as far as possible from the disturbing influa ence of the adjacent structural portions or appendages of the ships hull, independently of the, trim of the latter, and thus to reduce the thrust deduction (resistance to the indraft or suction of the propeller, the so called thrust deduction) and to increase the degree of propelling efliciency. A further object of the invention is so to construct that portion of the hull of the water or airship which is most exposed to the impact of the propeller stream that the liquid particles travel through the shortest possible course to and from the propeller along the ships hull, whereby the vertical stream component is reduced to a minimum. 7
An example of the embodiment of the invention in a. ship with two lateral stern propelling screws is shown in the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. 1 shows in side elevation the portion of the ships hull concerned, while Figs. 2, 8, and l are transverse sections on the ines a a, b b, 0-0 respectively of Fi. 1.
T he side walls 1 of the hull are provided in the region of the propelling screw 2 with longitmflinel furror-Js 5 which serve for the guidance of the propeller stream. Each of these guiding furrows 8 is constituted by the fiormation (.11 or application to the ships hull of excrescences l which proj ct slightly beyond the mean girth of the ship and are provided with a very gradual transition into the sides of the hull, so that the re stance of the ship is not appreciably increased thereby.
The profile of the inner surface of the furrow or depression thus formed becomes gradually shallower and broader towards both ends away from the propeller in accordance with the reduction in the cross-section of the screw-jet in the vicinity of the propeller. The distance between the resulting areshaped longitudi: al ridges 5 thus increases gradually from the position occupied by the propeller towards each end of the furrow. These longitudinal ridges must as nearly as possible follow orthogonal trajectories.
It is advisable to employ the excrescences forming the guiding furrows to encae as much as possible of the propeller-shaft supports 6 (see Fig. 3) and of any other auxiliary structural parts included in the design; any longitudinally disposed structural members of the hull or body, such as roll checking fins 7, shaft boss fins or the like, (see Fig. 2) are so placed and constructed that their contours gradually merge into those of the excrescences.
T he profile of the guiding furrow in crosssection is a varying are which in the immediate vicinity of the propeller is concentric to the shaftofthc latter. Forward and astern of the propeller this profile is flattened out gradually and finally passes intothatofthe skin of the hull. The breadth of the furrows is also reduced from the ends towards the propeller in accordance with the gradual acceleration of the propeller stream up to the propeller and with the deceleration of the screw-jet after the propeller, and is least in the region of the greatest constriction of the screw-jet behind the propeller. The described method of con.- struction has the effect of deflecting the propeller stream gradually, and without in any way disturbing or counteracting the natural. flow, into the direction of the axis of the propeller before the latter is reached. The screw-jet is directed unobstructedly into comparatively quiet water.
hen the distance from the propeller to the stern-post 11 is relatively slight the excrescences forming the guiding furrows can be tapered off at the stern ends by the hollowing-in of the transitional surfaces 9 and 10 between the excrescence proper and the hull skin to form sharp edges 12, whereby the danger of the development of any drag effect at these points is eliminated.
The described means are capable of i11- creasing to a considerable extent the propelling effieiency of ships of every kind, and in particular of such as are provided with latoral stern propelling screws.
Guiding surfaces or furrows constructed on the same principle can also be used in aircraft within the range of the propeller current. No use has hitherto been made at all of guiding furrows for the propeller current in this connection.
I claim 1. In the hull of a ship of the type having lateral propelling screws, guiding furrows with restricted portions formed by excrescences on the said hull following orthogonal trajectories, said excresccnces being adapted to project slightly beyond the mean girth of the said ship in such a manner that the cross-section of the said furrow exhibits the greatest curvature adjacent the position of the greatest constriction of the screw-jet and becomes gradually wider and shallower towards both ends of the said furrow, for the purpose of causing the water flowing towards the said propeller to be gradually and without violence deflected into an axial direction before entering the said propeller.
2. A hull or body as in claim 1, in which said excrescences encase screw shaft supports of the hull or body at the base of said shafts and within and by the excrescences.
3. A hull or body as in claim 1 in vhich the stern end of the excrescences form a sharp edge.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification. H
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2756713 *||Dec 10, 1952||Jul 31, 1956||Ludwig Kort||Methods of and means for reducing noises and vibrations produced by screw propellers of ships|
|US2784691 *||Jan 21, 1953||Mar 12, 1957||Cargill Inc||Water craft hull tunnel and propeller arrangement|
|US4363630 *||Oct 17, 1977||Dec 14, 1982||Vigano Giovanni B T Di||Ship's hull with a helical channel ahead of each propeller and method of establishing the shape of the same|
|US4804312 *||Oct 2, 1987||Feb 14, 1989||Herbert Schneekluth||Flow guide for ship propellers|
|US4953812 *||Nov 13, 1987||Sep 4, 1990||The Boeing Company||Aircraft configuration with aft mounted engines and method|
|Cooperative Classification||Y02T70/128, B63B1/08|