|Publication number||US1802000 A|
|Publication date||Apr 21, 1931|
|Filing date||Sep 17, 1928|
|Priority date||Sep 17, 1928|
|Publication number||US 1802000 A, US 1802000A, US-A-1802000, US1802000 A, US1802000A|
|Inventors||Brooke Frank W|
|Original Assignee||William Swindell & Brothers|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 21, 1931. F. w. BROOKE FURNACE Filed Sept. 17, 1928 O E v 2 INVENTOR Patented Apr. 21, 1931 UNITED STATES PATENT lorries,
1 mm; winnooxn, on rir'rsnuaen, rnunsynvamanssmnon 'ro WILLIAM SWIN- DELL a nruornnas, or PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA, A CORPORATION or PENN- SYLVANIA FURNACE The present invention relates broadly to the artof heating furnaces, and more particularly to a furnace adapted for the carrying out of heat treating operations in a gas at 6 mosphere capable of being controlled orv changed at will during the heat treating perio. v Heat treating operations of the generalna- "ture herein contemplated are usually carried out by placing the work to be treated in a separatereceptacle having a gasket sealed closure, and bodily putting the sealed receptacle into a suitablefurnace for the heat treating partition 7 preferably'at the bottom of the 'period, This method has not been entirely satisfactory not only because of the difiiculty ofobtaininga gasket suitable for the high temperature conditions to which it must be subjected, but because of the inability to examine the receptacle for leakageduring the heat treating operation and the difiiculties incident to providing the necessary connections for the maintenance of the desired atmosphere within the receptacle.
In accordance with thepresent invention there is provided a furnace of improved construction overcoming the difficulties 'hereto- Q .in more orless diagrammatic form, a, pre-i ferred embodiment of the presentinvention, it beingv understood that the embodiment shown is susceptible ofvarious changes with out departing either from the spirit of the invention or scope of my broader claims.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a Vertical longitudinal sectional view through a furnace constructed in accordance with my invention, and Figure 2 is a partial sectional view similar to Figure 1, illustrating the furnace in F condition'for chargingor discharging. 9 In carrying out the present invention there maybe utilized any standard furance construction comprising an outer steel shell 2 with a refractory inner lining 3 of fire brick,
7 there being any suitable heat insulation at between the fire brick and the outer shell.
Cooperating with the refractory lining is a plurality of heating units 5 of any desired type and constructon, electrical units being preferred due to the ease of arranging and controlling the same for the most advan tageous operation.
Within the lining 3 is placed a metallic receptacle 6 of some material suchas nickelchromium iron or steel sheets having such 7 analysis as to withstand the temperature conditions to which it is subjected, and also reaction of the gas atmosphere hereinafter,
described. Within the receptacle 6 is a false receptacle, although it may be arranged at any of the other sides of the receptacle as desired; Inany case, the partition will be arranged to form a narrow chamber subjected to the full temperature conditions withinthe furnace, and effective for preheating any fluid passing therethrough.
Attached tothe receptacle 6 in such manner as to extend through the back wall of the furnace and communicate with the chamber 8 is a pipe 9 connected at its outer endto a suitable gas supply, and effective for delivering such gasto the chamber 8. This gas in traveling through this chamber is raised to the full furnace temperaturebefore being discharged into the receptacle through the openings 10. In this manner I effective- 1y obviate the objectionable cooling effect incident to passing gas at substantially room temperature directly into the :heat treating chamber. The disposition of the preheating chamber will be determined largely by the character and nature of the heat supply.
Circulation of the gas atmosphere from the furnace to permit continued renewal thereof may be obtained by providing a second pipe '11 preferably connected to the receptacle at thermocouples, not shown, by which the temperature conditions may be continuously observed. 7
The rece tacle 6 is provided with'an extension 18 t rough the throat of the furnace,
formed with a flange 14. This flange is 1 adapted to receive a suitable gasket 15 by means of which the joint between the receptacle and its cover 17 may be effectively sealed. It will be noted that the cover and gasket are both located exteriorly of the furnace, thereby enabling a loW temperature gasket material to be utilized, and enabling the joint to be observed throughout the heat treating operation.
Within the receptacle extension 18, which is preferably shaped to provide a tapered seat 18, is a plug door 19 having proper heat insulation and of such material as to withstand both the temperature and gas conditions within the furnace. This plug door has a pivotal mounting 20 so located and arranged that upon removal. of the cover 17 the door may be pulled out and dropped to the position shown in Figure 2, entirely clear of the furnace.
The provision of the heat insulating door- 19 prevents such a heat loss through the extension and gasket joint as to cause lack of uniformity in the work near the cover.
The present invention is thus seen to provide a furnace which may be easily charged and discharged, which may have the desired gas conditions easily maintained therein or renewed as necessary, which obviates lack of uniformity in the temperature of the work being treated regardless of its location, and which precludes cooling of the work by the gas being admitted. It also provides a gasket susceptible of inspection at will, and which may be of such characteristics as to most effectively seal the joint against leakage or air infiltration, thereby further assisting in the maintenance of the required conditions throughout successive heat treating cycles.
It will be further understood by those skilled in the art that the drawings do not define the limits of my invention, itbeing apparent that changes in the construction and arrangement illustrated are contemplated within my invention.
I claim 1. In a furnace, a heating chamber integral with the furnace and having a charging opening, a heat insulated closure in said open ing, and sealing means for said chamber eX- teriorly of said closure and unconnected therewith.
2. In a furnace, a heating chamber integral with the furnace and having a charging opening, a heat insulated closure in said opening, and sealing means for said chamber exteriorly of the furnace and of said closure said sealing meansbeing unconnected with said closure.
3. In a furnace, a heating chamber integral with the furnace and having a charging opening, a heat insulated closure in said opening and sealing means for said chamber exteriorly of said closure, the closure and sealing means being unconnected, there being means cooperating with said chamber for introducing a gas thereinto.
l. In a furnace, a heating chamber having a charging opening, a heat insulated closure in said opening, and sealing means for said chamber exteriorly of said closure, there being means cooperating with said chamber for supplying gas thereto and preheating the supplied gas within the confines of the chamher but maintaining it separate from the gas contained in the chamber until it is heated.
5. In a furnace, a heating chamber having a charging opening, a heat insulating closure in said opening, and sealing means for said chamber exteriorly of said closure, there being means cooperating with said chamber for supplying gas thereto and preheating the supplied gas, said means including a preheating chamber through which the supplied gas must pass before entering said. heating;
6. In a furnace having a throat, a receptaole'within said furnace having an enlarged extension through said throat, a heat insulated closure for said extension located with v in said throat, and a sealing cover exteriorly of said closure.
. 7. In a furnace havinga throat, a receptacle within said furnace having an enlarged extension through saidthroat, a heat insu cle and preheating the supplied gas before 1 delivery thereto.
9. In a furnace having a throat, a receptacle within said furnace having an extension through said throat, a heat insulation closure for said extension, and a sealing cover exteriorly. of said closure, there being means for supplying'gas to said receptacle and pr heating the supplied gas before delivery thereto, said means including a thin preheating chamber substantially coextensive with one dimension of the receptacle.
10. In a heat treating furnace, a metallic receptacle having an extension thereon projecting through the furnace wall, a heat insulated plug closure for said extension movably cooperating therewith, and a-sealing cover for said extension exteriorly of the plug closure and susceptible of inspection at will with the furnace in operation, said sealing cover being unconnected with said plu 11. In a furnace, a heating'chamber integral with the furnace and having an opening, a heat insulated closure therefor, and sealing means for the opening spaced from the closure and unconnected therewith.
12. In a furnace, a heating chamber in tegral with the furnace and having an opening, a heat insulated closure therefor, and sealing means extending across the opening exteriorly of the closure and unconnected therewith.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand.
FRANK W. BROOKE.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3800716 *||Feb 16, 1973||Apr 2, 1974||R Berger||Furnace closure|
|US3804580 *||Oct 24, 1972||Apr 16, 1974||Actric Ltd||Apparatus and method for generating protective atmospheres|
|US3980028 *||May 30, 1975||Sep 14, 1976||Leon Ginsburg||Interchangeable see-through and opaque inserts for muffle furnace|
|US4597736 *||May 3, 1985||Jul 1, 1986||Yield Engineering Systems, Inc.||Method and apparatus for heating semiconductor wafers|
|U.S. Classification||432/198, 266/249, 432/250, 49/62|