US 1803514 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
y 1931- v G. THOMAS 13 03,514
BUILDING CONSTRUCTIQN Filed Dec. 19, 1928 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 /a z i /5 y 1931. e. w. THOMAS BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Dec. 19, 1928 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 m -M HUW NNW HHMHHwmuumn f m \0: Na NW m xv \w l 1 S u w m n m a? m n m; w T u 5.? m m m m A @i mm vg m \w \w 1 m m T m m 1 "m n J F \A EH1 9W. 4 m Q m E rk? m m 3 T m m 1 m Q. m m I TIN m \$N\IIRN m .w .R E m r n u m A Q BR; v 1
.0 a Q m 6 W W d May 5, 1931. G. w. THOMAS BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Dec. 19, 1928 5 Sheets-Sheet /7zvenii) r. I
Patented Mays, 1931 r Hair erres PATENT :OFFECE' e'nonen w. THOMAS, or rrr'rsnnnen, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR TO H. H. RoBEn-rson' .eJYLTIANIA, GGIRFQRATEON OF PENNSYLVANIA Application filed December 19, 1928 Serial No. 327,085.
This invention "relates to building constructionand is herein shown as embodied in a glazing construction capable of being-used in the roof orside wall of the building.
The invention will behereinafter pecifically described with. reference toa glazing construction and has for its object to provide a glazing unitwvhioh can be substituted for the stationarypanes of glass of a window sash andparticularly of a stationary, window sash forming part of the side wall or roof of a'building, whereby the sidewalls or roof may be provided with movable panes of glass for ventilating the building.
The invention also has for its object to accomplish this result without change in the construction of the window sash and at a minimum expense and in a minimum time. j
pivoted to the supporting'frame and pro vision is made for preventing the entrance of rain, snow, dust, etc. when the movable glass carrying frame is in its closed position as willbe described.
These and other features of thisinventionj will be pointed out in the claims at the end of this specification.
In the accompanying drawing illustrating the invention Fig. 1 represents a portion'of aside wall of a building provided with a glazingconstructlon havlng stationary'panes of glass and glazing units embodyingthis invention;
Fig; 2, an enlarged section on tlie'line 22,;
Fig. 1 through adjacent stationarypanes of glass I 7 r r 3, an enlarged section on the line 3-3,
Fig. 1 through a movable glazing unit to illustrate the substitution of the said unit for a stationary pane of glass; I i
Fig. 1,:a front elevation of the open sup-.
portingframe of the improved'glazing unit the glass carrying frame is movably mounted.
'Fig. 5, a side elevation ofthe frame shown in Fig. 4c;
Fig. 6, a front elevation of the movable glass-carryingframeof the glazing. unit;
- Fig; 7, a side elevation of the same; Fig. 8, an enlarged section on line 88, Fig.4;
Fig. 9; an enlarged section on line 9-9, Fig. 4:;
Fig. 10, an enlarged section on line 1010, Fig.6; V "L Fig. li an enlarged section on line 1111, Fig. 6; 3
Fig. 12, an enlarged centralsection ofthe glazing unit with the glass-carrying frame in its closed position, taken on the line 12-12, Fig.1,and I T- Fig. 13, a side elevation of a portion of the glazing unit on an enlargedscale, with the glass-carrying frame in its open position. Referring to the drawing 10 represents a side wall of a building provided with a glazing construction comprising stationary glass panes 12 and movable glass panes 13 of glazing units embodying the present invention and shown as two in number.
Each glazing-unit embodying the present invention comprises a glass carrying frame 14 and an open supporting frame 15 in which i "The open supporting frame 15 shown separately in Figs. 4: and 5is constructed so asto enable it to replace a stationary glass pane'12 withoutchangingthe construction of the sash or framework to which the stationary glass pane 12 is secured.
. The open supporting frame 15 is also construeted so as to enable the "glass-carrying frame ll to be mounted therein and to be moved with relation thereto when it is desired to ventilate the building through the side wall. f i
The frames 14, 15 are also preferably constructed so as to obtain aweather-tight fit or joint between the frames when the movable glass-carrying frame 14. is in its closed position. The frames 14; 15 are also preferably constructedso that the glass-carrying frame may be qnickly and easily inserted into or removed from the supporting frame 15.
To these ends, the frames 14, 15 are prefer ably constructed as will now be described and as shown in Figs. 4 to 12 inclusive.
The supportin frame 15 is provided with a top member, fibottom member, and side members.
These members may and preferably will be cast in one piece of aluminum or other metal.
In the preferred construction herein shown, the top member comprises a bar 20 (see Fig. 12) having at its rear end an upwardly extended flange 21 and at its front end a depending flange 22 from which extends rearwardly a horizontal flange 23 forming with the bar 20 and with the flange 22 a channel 24, which is open at its rear end and closed at its front end.
Each side member comprises a bar 25, which extends for the full length of the side member, and is provided at its rear end with an outwardly extended flange 26 (see Figs. 5 and 8), which forms a vertical continuation of the flange 21 of the top member, and extends the full length of the bar 25. The front end of the bar 25 is provided with a flange 27 (see Fig. 8), which extends laterally inward and has at its end a rearwardly extended flange 28. The flanges 27, 28 are extender from the top member for a portion only of the length of the side bars 25, and form with the upper portion of the bar 25 a channel 29, which is open at its rear end and closed at its front end.
The lower part of the side bar 25 is not provided with a channel and is made narrower than the width of the front flange 2? of the upper part of the side bar. The lower part of the bar 25 is made thicker than the upper part as shown in Fig. 9 and is provided with the'external flange 26 and with a forwardly projecting flange 30.
The bottom member comprises a bar 31 (see Figs. 9 and 12) having at its rear end a downward extended flange 32 and an upwardly extended flange 33, and having at its front end a forwardly extended flange 34.
The flange 21 of the top member, the flan es 26 of the side members and the flange 32 or the bottom member are located in the same vertical plane and are of the same thickness and substantially the same thickness as the stationary glass panes 12 used in the window sash or framework, so that when a stationary glass pane 12 is removed from the window sash or framework, the sup porting frame 15 can be subtituted therefor without change in said framework, and said supporting frame can be secured to the framework or sash by the same means with which the stationary pane 12 is secured.
The side bars 25 are provided with rearwardly extended ears 36 to which the glasscarrying frame 14 is pivoted.
r The ears 36 are attached to the lower un channeled part of "the sidebars 25 and said lower part terminates a short distance above a horizontal plane 37 through the center of the pivot holes 38 in said ears, and the flange 27 of each side bar is provided atits lower end with a curved portion 39 having the pivot hole 38 in the car 36 as a center.
The curved portion 39 terminates substantially in the same horizontal plane as the upper ends of the unchanneled lower part of the side bar 25, whereas the flange 28 which is extended rearwardly from the flange 27, terminates a substantial distance above the horizontal plane 37, so as to leave a space 40 between the lower end of the flange 28 and the upper end of the front extension or flange 30 on the lower part of the side bar, which space is of suflicient width or size to permit the lower part of the glass-carrying member 1.4 to be passed through the space 40 and into position to be pivotally secured to the ears 36 by pivot pins 41, after the manner represented in Figs. 12, 13.
The glass-carrying frame 14 comprises top and bottom members and connecting side members. The top member-comprises a cross bar 44 (see Figs. 10 and 12.) having at its front end an upwardly extended flange 45 and at its rear end a downward extended flange 46.
The side members of the frame 14 are provided with an unchanneled upper portion and with a channeled lower portion.
The unchanneled upper portion comprises a substantially wide bar 47 (see Figs. 6 and 10) having at its front end an outwardly extended'flange 48 and at its rear end an inwardly extended flange 49. p
The channeled lower portion comprises extensions of the bar 47, the inwardly extended flange 49, and of the outwardly extended flange 48, and the latter is provided at its outer end with a rearwardly extended flange 50 (see Figs. 10 and 11), which forms with the bar 47 a channel 51, which is open at its rear and closed at its front by the lower part of the flange 48.
The bottom member comprises a horizontal bar 52 (see Figs. 10 and 12) having at its rear end an upwardly extended flange 53, and at its front end with a downward extended flange 54, which latter is provided with a rearwardly extended flange 55, which forms with the bar 52 a horizontal channel 56 which is open at its rear and closed atits front by the flange 54.
The side members of the glass-carrying frame 14 are provided with cars 58 having holes 59 for the reception of the pivot pins 41, by which said frame is pivoted to the ears 36 on the supporting frame 15.
The flange 50 of the channeled lower part of the frame 14-is extended above the pivot 41 and the front flange 48 is provided with a curved projection or lug-6O which co-operates with the curved: portion 39 of thelsupporting frame 15. I
The inwardly extended flanges 16, $9, 53 are in the same plane and form abed for supporting the pane 13 of glass or like light-transmitt-ing material. The glass pane 13 may be secured to the-bed 'by' means of clamping 'ing members 63 and the glass and between the bed and the glass. The cushionsyieldir y support the glass and the clamps permi'tthe glass to be readily removed in case of breal age.
The clamping members 63 i and cushioning members 66 maycooper'ate withall of the flanges comprising the bed but in the pres ent instance are shown in Fig. 12 as co-o1 erating with the top and bottom'fianges i6,,53.
From the above description, it will be ob 1 served that the glass pane 13 is carried by a frame 14, which 1S movably mounted 111 an open supporting frame 15, and that the latter frame is provided with outwardly ex tended flanges which are located in the same plane and are made of a thickness equal or substantially equal to the thicknessof'the stationary glass panes 12, and the dimensions of the supporting frame are the same or f' substantially the same as those of the stationdescribed.
other portion of a building which is pro ary glass panes 12, so that a side wall or vided with a stationaryglazing construction having a plurality of stationary glass panes 12, and which affords no opportunity for-ven-' tilating the building through such glazing construction, may have one or more of the stationary glass panes removed and replaces scribed without necessitating any change in the stationary glazing construction, and said glazing unit enables the bu loing tobe ven tilated in the sidewall. V i
The improved glazing unit may be substituted for the stationary glass pane in its assembled condition, shown in Fig. 12, or as is preferred, the open supporting frame may be first secured to the sash or frame from which the stationary glass pane 12 has been removed, and the glass-carrying frame 14 insorted lnto the'stationary frame and pivotally secured thereto.
that the portion of the stationary frame 15 above the pivots 11 and on the outside of the building is channeled and co-operates with the unchanneled upper portion of the movable glass-carrying frame '14. to form a practically weather-tight fit or joint between the" sired.
upper portions of said frames, when the 1nov able frame is in its closed position.
It will also be observed that the portion of the movable frame 14 below the pivots, which is also on the outside of the builningis chan neled and co-operateswith the unchanneled lower portion ofthe supportingframe 15 to form a practically weather-tight'fit or joint between the lower portions of said frames when the movable frame is inits closed posi-, tion. y
The glazing unit above described is capable of replacing a stationary glass pane in window'sash' or frame made of wood, and
in which the stationary glass pane is retained by brads or like devices andfputty, but itis especially adapted for use in factories and like buildings having the window sash or frame composed of metalbars. I
In Fig. 2, is illustrated in cross section a portion of a known glazing construction having a metal sash, said portion comprising substantially parallel metal members shown as angle members which are vertically arranged and each of'which is overlapped on its front face bytwo'of the stationary glass panes 12,which latterare pressed against'a metal member 70 by a cap member 71, which 'is held in place by a nut 72 on a threaded stud 73 projecting from the metal member 70, said glass members being cushioned and sealed by strips 74:, 7 5 ofasphaltic felt, orthe like.
In Fig. 3, is illustrated the same glazing construction, with one of the stationary glass panes l2 replaced by tl'ieglazing'unit herein Byreferenceto Fig. 3, it willbe seenthat the supporting frame 15 has its-side flanges 26 overlapping theadjacent metal sash member 70 and eachside flange 26 has co-operating with it the cushions 7 75' and cap member '71, the-same as these parts co-operate with the stationary glass pane 12 in Fig.- 2. by the -glazing unit herein shown and de-' t will-alsobe observed that nochange in the stationary metals-ash 70 or-in the parts cooperating' therewith is required to enable the substitution to be made andthe permanently closed 'orstationary non-ventilating glazing construction'to' be converted into a' The ventilating construction can be removed from one location inthe building and used in a different location in the building, when necessary or'desired, or. it may be re- By reference to Fig. 12, it will be observed placed by a stationary glass pane 12 if de- The invention. has been particularly Ide- SCIllOQCl w th reference to a glazing constrnc- 'tion, but'it is not desired to limit the invention in" this respect, as the glass member 13 may replaced by an opaque memberand the construction employed for ventilating portions of the building in which a glazing construction is not required or desired.
In the present instance the movable frame of the ventilating construction is shown as pivoted to the open supporting frame between the ends of the latter, but it is not desired to limit the invention to any particular location of the pivots.
One embodiment of the invention is herein shown, but it is not desired to limit the invention to the particular construction shown.
lVliat is claimed is:
1. In a glazing construction, in combination, an open supporting frame provided with an external flange for attachment to a window sash, and a glass-carrying frame pivoted to said supporting frame and movable with relation to the said supporting frame to open and close the opening therein said flange being of a thickness substantially that of the glass pane of the window.
2. In a glazing unit, in combination, an open supporting frame having top, bottom and side members provided with external flanges for attachment to a window sash, and a glass-carrying frame movably mounted on said supporting frame and co-operating with the latter to open and close the opening in said supporting frame, said flanges being of a thickness substantially that of the glass pane of the window.
3. In a building construction, in combination, two sets of substantially parallel metal supporting members, one set extending at right angles to the other to form a series of open frames, a plurality of glass panes fitting said open frames, metal clamping members secured to the supporting members and cooperating with the glass panes to clamp them in said open frames, and a glazing unit capable of being substituted in said construction for one of the glass panes, comprising an open supporting frame having a mar inal portion capable of fitting into one of the aforesaid open frames and to be clamped therein by said clamping members, and a glass carrying frame movably mounted upon the supporting frame to open and close the opening in the supporting frame and cooperating with the latter to close said open frame.
4. In a building construction, in combination, two sets of substantially parallel metal supporting members, one set extending at right angles to the other to form a series of open frames, a plurality of glass panes fitting said open frames, metal clamping members secured to the supporting members and coopcrating with the glass panes to clamp them in said open frames, and a glazing unit capable of being substituted in said construction for one of the glass panes, comprising an open supporting frame provided with a marginal flange of a thickness substantially that of the glass pane for which the glazing unit is substituted and capable of fitting into one of the aforesaid open frames and to be clamped therein by said clamping members, and a glass carrying frame movably mounted upon the supporting frame to open and close the opening in the supporting frame and cooperating with the latter to close said open frame.
5. As a new article of manufacture, a glazing unit capable of being bodily substituted for the glass pane of a window, comprising an open supporting frame of substantially the size of the glass pane and whose marginal portion is of a thickness substantially that of the glass pane to enable it to be set in the window in the same manner as the glass pane, and a movable glass carrying frame mounted within the open supporting frame to form a unitary structure therewith.
In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification.
GEORGE W. THOMAS.