US 18042 A
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nmris. PHOTOUTMOGRAPHER. WASHINGTON. D. CA
WM.. B. FARRAR AND JONTHN.y H. FARRAR, OF EVANS MILLS, NORTH CAROLINA.
Speccation of Letters Patent No. 18,042, dated August 25, 1857.
To all whom t may concern Be it kuownwthat we, WILLIAM B. FAR- RAR and JONATHAN `H. FARRAR, of Evans Mills, in the county of Chatham and State of North Carolina, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Self-Waiting Dining-Tables; and we do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the annexed drawings, forming part of this specification, in which- Figure l is a top view, Fig. 2 an 1nverted plan, and Fig. 3 a vertical central section of a table constructed with our improvement. Fig. 4 is a detached view of the central revolving portion of the same. Fig. 5 is also a detached view of the central revolving portion; it being inverted and shown in perspective.
Before stating the nature of our invention we deem it prudent to state that we are aware that it is not new to have a circular hole formed in a table, and a circular disk, without an overlapping lip, fitted so as to revolve within the same. We are also aware that a circular disk has been arranged slightly above the solid top of a table with a view of revolving, and overlapping the outer cloth. Therefore the nature of our invention does not consist in either of the above devices but it consists in constructing the central disk, when fitted down into the circular hole, with a thin lip projecting horizontally from the upper portion of its circumference, and with a circular rib projecting vertically from its underside, all around and near its circumference; whereby the top can be fitted into a circular hole cut in the top of 'the table and still overlap the outer portion of table cloth, and when thus fitted in the hole can .be convenient-1y turned from the underside byany person around the table.
To enable others skilled in the art to make and use our invention we will proceed to describe it minutely.
A, in the accompanying drawings represents the frame of the table; B, C, the tap of the same. The part B, is fastened permanently to the frame A, and has a circular V, hole a, formed in its center as shown in Figs. 2 and 3. The part C, is of circular form and is tted loosely in the hole a, of the part B, as shown in Fig. 3, It is supported bya vertical shaft D, which has its bearing in a stirrup E, set in the cross pieces I), b, of the frame. The shaft D, is capable VC, of the top may be turned within the outer part B.
F, is a lip formed around the entire circumference of the part C, of the tables top; it extends some distance on to the part- B, of
the tables top but is kept slightly above it by the shaft D. Under this lip the inner edge of the cloth d, which is spread on the part B, is inserted loosely as shown in red, and thus a liability of this part of the top of the table being exposed, when the cloth d, is but slightly shifted, is avoided. The lip F,- also serves to prevent the plates which rest on the part B, from bearing on the part C, and thus interfering with its turning.
G, is a rib of ring form secured fast on the underside, and near the circumference, of the part C. This rib serves a very useful office besides that of bracing the part C; it providing a hold all around the table, whereby any person can turn, and control the extent of the movement of the central part C, from the undersides of the table, and thus bring opposite 'to himself any dishes desired, with the greatest ease, convenience, and regularity. Self waiting tables without this rib are usually operated by friction of the hand being brought into contact with friction of the underside of the part C; and, owing to thus operating, much inconvenience is experienced, and often jarring occurs, owing to the part C at first sticking, and resisting the force of the hand, and then suddenly giving way. The operator cannot cont-rol the movement, as he has nothing whereby to hold, and the desired dish often goes far beyond the desired distance, and the part C, has, consequently, to be moved back again, when which is done it is just as likely to go too far back, and thus much annoyance to others around the table is caused. The practice of moving the part C from the upperside is also prevented and thus the cloth is saved from being soiled thereby.
In using this table two cloths, d, and e, shown in red, are used. The inner edge of the cloth d, as shown in the drawing, fits loosely under the lip F, of the part C. The edge of the cloth e, hangs down over the edge of the lip F, just even with the Surface of B, as shown. The part C, moves free of the part B, even when covered, it
being caused to do so by the shaft D, Which as before stated, elevates it slightly abovev the same.
Having thus fully described our invention We Wish it distinctly understood that We make no claim to a table made With a central revolving part C, as this is common, but
What We claim as our invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
The central revolving "disk C (When fitted ydovvn into the circular hole a7) constructed With a thin' lip F, projecting horizontally from the upper portion of its circumference, and With a rib of ring form projecting from its underside,. and-near its circumference substantially as and for the Y purposes set forth.
WM. vB. FARRAR. J. H. FARRAR.
Witnesses: JQHN S. HOLLINGSHEAD, CHARLES KEMBEL.