US 1804356 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 5, 1931 A. M. LOWENTHAL 1,804,356
HBADWEAR Filed Aug. 9, 1927" 2 sheets-sheet 1 INVENTOR /S/fwfv /7 owe/135ML BY`7 v/ is ATTORNEY May 5, 1931. A. M. LowENTHAL HEADWEAR Filed Aug. 9, 1927 sheets-sheet 2 ,ad ATTORNEY l' is Patented May 5, 193i.
rArsr OFFICE ARTHUR ivi; LOWENTHAL, oE RocHEs'rER, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR To MAX yLOWENSLHAI. a sons, a corARrHERsHIr coMrosEn oE HARRY M. LOWENTHAL, EUGENE M.
LOWENTHAL, ANR ARTHUR 1v1. LOWENTHAL I HEADWEAR f vAppliatnm mea August 9, 1927*. serial isravznzz'` t' n The present invention relates to headwear l and' an object thereof to provide a construction having on the crown member, members which will protect the neck and throat 'of the wearer, 'and which may be folded onto the crown member when not in use and held in such'l folded Aposition without the use of buttons or'other'fastening devices. 'Another object of the invention is to provide a rearneck member adapted to it snugly above the neck." Still 'another object of theinvention is to providefa rearlneck member having its freer edge under tension, soy that the neck member will lit snugly about the neck when in lowered position and about the crown memberwwhen in itsfupper position. Still Vanother,object of Vtheinvention is to provide a knitted neck member having end portions securedf on the inner edge of each toV the crown member and having the rows of knitting at angles to the rows of knitting in its central portion'. ',A yfurther objectof the invention is to provide an elongated throat "member hinged to the crown member substantially 4parallel to the lower edge of the latterand atan oblique angle to the longitudinal axis of the throat member, so that it 'may be swung below the crown'member or (below thev latter.` Another andstill further object 'of thelinvention is to provide a throat member `formed of knitted material vwith its end: portions securedjto theZcrown member andhaving the rowsfknitting atoblique angles t0 the rows of knitting in the central portion; i
To these and other ends, the invention con- "sists of certain ,parts and combinations of parts all of 'which' will be hereinafter depointed out scribed; the novel features being in the appended claims. 'f In thedrawings: y 'K Fig. l shows afront view of the headwear with the rear-neck 'andthroat members in positions of non-use5 Fig. 2 is a side view7 of the headwear with the rear-neckand throat members in posi*V tions of non-use ;4
" Fig.y k3 is a central section ofthe headwear [with the rear-neck and throat members in their positions of non-.use
b Fig. 4 is a plan view of the rear-neck memer; Y K Fig. 5 Vis vai front viewof vthe heardwear showing the throat and the rear-neck members in positions of use; Fig. 6 is aside view of the parts in the positionsv illustrated in Fig. y5; t
Fig'. 7 is a plan view of the throat member; and
Fig. 8 is a side View yof the headwear showing the rear-neck member inits position of use and the throat member thrown to its position of non-use.r
` In the illustrated embodiment of the inven# tion, thereis employed a crown member to 'it the head of the user@ ,This crown t member maybe formed of any suitable material, but, in the present instance, this crown is a knitted structure. The style of knitting in the upper portion 1 may be half cardigan, while the" lower portion Zmay be racked. `An inner layer 3 of knitted material, formedpin any suitable manner,.maybe employed for giving added strength and warmth to the crown rear-neckmember is elongated ywith tapered ends' and is formed of knitted material with a central portion of full cardigan stylev racked, and end portions 7 of full cardigan style racked every half round. With this arrangement, the rows of knitting in the central portion extend'longitudinally while the rows of knitting in the end portions are at oblique M angles to the rows of knitting in the central i portion. The opposite sides of the endl portions converge from the longitudinal edge of the central portion but one edge of each end portion is at a greater angle to the longitudi-L nal` axis of the neck member than the other. One longitudinal edge of this rear-neck member is stitched or otherwise secured to the lower edge of the crown member adjacent lto Y and parallel with the 'edge of the latter. `As
member. A visor may be provided by turni vao the adjacent edges of the end portions 7 are slightly inclined on the edge of the central portion, there is produced in the free edge of the rear-neck member a slight tension, which has a tendency to cause the rear-neck member to snugly lit about the neck of the user when in its position of use, and also to snugly lit about the crown member when in the position of non-use. The inclining of the lines of knitting in the end portions also' tend to resist the movement of the neck member. This arrangement makes it possible to do away with the fastening devices for holding said rear neck member, either in the position of use or in its position of non-use.
With the end in view. of protecting the throat and face of the user, there is provided an elongated throat member which, in this embodiment, is movable from its position of use to its position of non-use, or vice versa, independently of the rear-neck member. This member may also be formed of any suitable material, but in this embodiment, it is formed of knitted material having a central portion 8 of full cardigan style racked, and
end portions 9 of full cardigan style racked every half round, so that the rows of knitting extend at oblique angles to the ro'ws of knitting in the central portion 8. The end portions are tapered, their opposite sides converging and being at angles to the longitudinal axis of the central portion 8. The end portions 9 of this throat member are secured at 10 Vby vstitching to the crown member preferably in rear of the forward ends of the rear-neck member. The lines on which the throat member' is secured to the crown member is oblique to the longitudinal axis of the throat member. Between its two secured end portions, the throat member is free ofthe vcrown member. lVhen the throat member is in its position of non-use, it lies in front of theV crown member above the visor portion, with its two ends extending downwardly and rearwardly from the center of the front central portion of the cap, and, when the throat member is in its position of use, it lies under the j chin of the wearer with its two ends extend- Y ing upwardly and rearwardly. The angular arrangement of the knitting in the end kportions tends to `place the outer edge of the throat portion under tension and to resist the movement of such throat member from its position of non-use to its position of use or vice versa, thus giving to the throat member a tendency to maintain the position to which Yit is adjusted, and dispensing'with the necessity of fastening devices or buttons to hold it in its different positions.
From theA foregoing there has been provided lheadwear which will give'protection to the throat,face and the neck of the wearer by members which may be thrown to positions of non-use. The adjustable members are neat V`in appearance and inconspicuous in both positions. No buttons or metallic fasteners are required for holding the adjustable members in either of their positions. The headwear, while being capable of being formed of any material, is especially adapted to be formed on knitting machines now in use.
What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
l. VHeadwear lcomprising a crown member, and a hinged rear-neck member having a central portion stitched to the rear portion of the crown member along the lower edge of said crown member and having end portions, also stitched to the lower edge of the crown, the inner Vor stitched edges of the end lportions being at slight angles to the sea-med edge of the central portion, so as to place the free edge of the rear-neck member under tension when in its upper or lower position.
2. Headwear compri'smg a crown member, 35
throat member but being spaced between its ends from the crown member and of such a length that, when in the position 'of nonuse, it will vfit snugly about the front of the crown member with its ends extending downwardly and rearwardly from the centrali!i front portion of the cap and when in the position of use with its ends extending upward- Yly and rearwardly from its central portion.
3. Headwear comprising a crown `member and a knitted elongated continuous throat, 10
member having Va central portion with theH- rows of knitting extending longitudinally of the member'and the end portions with the rows of knitting lying obliquely to the longitudinal axis of the member, said end por-Il tions of the throat member being hinged to* and in line with the lower edge of the crown member on lines at oblique angles to the longitudinal axis of the throat member, the
intermediate portions of the inner edge offllo said throat member being spaced from the" lower edge of the crown member and the length of the throat member being such that,
when in the position of non-use, it will fit snugly about the front portion of the crown 1,15
4. Headwear comprising a crown member, an elongated rear neck member hinged at one edge to the lower edge of the crown member, and a continuous elongated throatrlzo member hingedat its ends to the lower edge of the crown member in rear of the forward ends of the rear neck member on lines at oblique angles'to the llongitudinal axis of the throat member and being spaced from the 7125 crown member between the hinged portions, and of such a length that it will fit snugly about the front port-ion of the crown member when in the `position of non-use.
l 5. Headwear comprising a crowny member ,1,30
formed of knitted material and havingits forward lower edge turned upwardly at a slight angle to the lower edge of therear portion of the crown to provide a visor, and a continuous elongated throat member having its ends hinged to the crown member on lines oblique to the longitudinal axis of the elongated member Vat and in line with the lower edge of the crown member, and in rear of the vends of IJthe visor, having its inner edge spaced from the lower edge of the crown member between said ends, and lying in its position of non-use immediately above said visor and snugly about the front of the member with its end portions extending downwardly and rearwardly.
6. Headwear comprising a crown member, a separately knitted rear neckrmember having a central portion with rows of knitting extending longitudinally of the member and having end portions with rows of knitting extending at angles to the rows of knitting of Vthe central portion, the ends of lthe last mentioned rows of knitting lying adjacent one side of the rear neck member but atslight angles to said side edge, the central portion of the rear neck member being stitched to the rear lower edge of the crown member and the end portions of the rear neck member being stitched tothe crown member adjacent the ends of the knitting and in line with the adjacent sides of the central portion so that the free edge of the rear neck member is under tension greater than the other portions of said member. ARTHUR M. LOWENTHAL.