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Publication numberUS1804943 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 12, 1931
Filing dateSep 7, 1928
Priority dateSep 16, 1927
Publication numberUS 1804943 A, US 1804943A, US-A-1804943, US1804943 A, US1804943A
InventorsLouise Maillard Cecile Marie
Original AssigneeLouise Maillard Cecile Marie
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dispenser for pulverulent substances and the like
US 1804943 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 12, 1931. c. M. L. MAILLARD 1,804,943

lDISPENSER FOR PULVERULENT- SBSTANCES AND THE LIKE Filed-sept. 7, 192e s sheets-sheet 1 May 12, 1931. n c, M, MAILLARD 1,804,943

DISPENSER FOR PULVRULENT SUBSTANCES AND THE LIKE Filed Sept. 7. 1928 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 May l2, 1931. A c. M. L. MAILLARD '1,804,943

4DISPENSER Foi: PULVERULENT s'UBsTAN'cEsAND-THEL1xE Filed sept. v'7, 192s s sheets-sheet vs Patented May 12, 1931 TE T cciLii MARIE LOUISE MAILLARD, or NOGENT-Lenoir, rennenv DISPENSER Foa rnLvERLnN'r. SUBsfrANcns AND Tini. niiiiV v lApplication filed September 7, 1928, Serialv No. 304,406, and in FranceSepteniber 16, 1927.

My invention has for its object a dispensei` more particularly adapted to be used in connection with pulverulent substances such as talcum powder, face powder,soap and the 15" like, and from which the dispensing of said substances `is effec-ted automatically.

The container preferably comprises a sta'- tionary cap-shapedv upper portion having an apertured flat bottom, and, below .this upper portion is a movable frame whose center'is provided withv a inemeshed wire-cloth.A This movable frame is operatively connected. to the cover of the container.v i

The subst-anceV to be dispensed is put into d the container through its bottom portion from where itis pushed against the upper apertured part by a coil spring.

. Vith'this and other objects in view the invention consists in theconstruction, combination and arrangement of parts as will be more fully hereinafter described, illus'- tratedin the accompanying drawings, and pointed out in the hereunto appended claims. Inthe drawings, illustrating by way of eX ainple'several embodiments of the invention, Figure 1 is a'section andV Figure 2 a plan view in partial section vof the container with open lid; Fig. Sis a plan view showing the details of the bayonet-joint of the movable 3@"lowerpart; Fig. 4 is section of another embodiment comprising a device whereby the outlet of thepowder takes place only from the ycentral portionV of the container, and .in which the bottom part is provided with an Aup-turned ythreaded, rim; Fig. 5 is a plan viewv in partial section of the container shown in Fig. with open lid partially broken away Fig. G is a section through its lower part;

; Fig. v7 is-a plan view in partial section of a container .with pinion driven operating mechanism; Fig. 8 is a .vertical partial section through the operating mechanism shown y in Fig. 7 Fig. 9 is a plan view in partial sec- 455 tion of a container in which the distributing mechanism is operated by a hinged handle; Fig.v 10 is a part vertical section of the mechanims shown in Fig. 9;l Figs. '11 and 12uarepart .vertical sections illustrating an'operating mechanism comprising blocks mounted for sliding movement upon appropriately shaped slides. I

ln a preferred construction shown lin Figs. 1 to 3, the container comprises a main body y l portion 1, a stationary cap-shaped upper part 2, and a bottom part4,removably connectedv to the mainvbody portion by means of its rolled Vedge 5.

Connected for free rotary movement to the bottom part l by means of a pivot 8,1 6.0"

provide a. disc 7 carrying a coil spring 6, the upper end of which is connected to a groo-ved piston 9 provided with rubber 4packing 10i The powder or other substance to be distrib- 1 uted is laidvout upon the upper face 11 of 65 this piston which, under the action ofthe spring 6, is urged against the aperturedflat bottom of part 2. Preferably the upper face of the piston is suitably roughened or coveredkvvith a suitable vfabric or the like, so as to .hold the powder inplace and prevent its f following the movement of the frame 12, andthus provide afregular and unobstructed passage 'of the powder through the apertures 3. As shown in Fig. ofthe movable framev 12is provided with teeth 13 while its central portion is made up of ine-meshed wirefcloth 1/1, or the like.

The frame itself is mounted for rotary move-y mentwithiii the groove l'provided in the 80 bodyof casingl so that the' same shall at all times remain in'close Contact with the lower apertured face ofQthe'cap-shaped part 2. Y. The hinged part 16 of the cover-17 is con-r nected to the frame 12'bymeans of a lug l18 85 extending from the latter and through a slot 19 provided in the main body portion 1 ofthe container; a sliding plate 2O is provided to close the slot`19 so that no spilling 1 of powder may occur through this opening. 90

The lower joint ofthe hinge 16 is rigidly fixed to the sliding plate 20. p The cover portion 17 is recessed in its'cen-` tral part so asto form a receptacle 21 to hold rouge ror a powder puff, or rlhis receptacle is closed by the lid 22'wliich latter may, if desired, carry a mirror.4

In a preferred embodiment the closing and opening ofthe lower part of the container maybe effected as follows: the rolled edge 100 2, the inner periphery V 3 kindred articles.

5 of the bottom rplate 4 is provided with notches 24 and 25 (Fig. 3) adapted to engage corresponding ears 26 and 27 upon the main body. Then now rotating the bottom plate, said ears will enter the groove formed by the rolled edge 5, while the spring 28 penctrates into the cut-out 29 securely locking the bottom plate in position; to unlock the same a slight pressure is exerted upon the spring 28 and the plate is turned in the oppo- V site direction until the notch-es and 253 vare opposite the Aears 26 and 27.

In a modiied construction illustrated'in Figs. l and 5 l have shown the holes provided in the upper cap-shaped portion occupying only a restricted area in the centr-al part thereof: In this way the powdeil will not be wiped off 'by the powder puita and spilled outside the container as often happens when the holes `are divided over the full areaof the bottom of the cap.

In order to prevent the powder from becoming clogged beneath the plain portion of the cap 2, the movable fra-me ll2comprises helicoidally shaped arms or scraper.,4 30, 8l {iX-ed -to sai-d frame (Fig. These arms, upon rotating the device, continuously return the Vpowder from beneath the plain `to- 'B Wards the central apertured vportion of the cap 2. D ue .to the particul -r shape of the arms it will `be read-ily seen that,l in order to return the powder to the central part, the

rotation of the dev-ice can tahe place in one direction'only. lith this result in View., l preferably provide upon the outer periphery of the fra1nel2ia series of saw teeth 32 cooperating with Aa. pawl 38 mounted -upon the hingefl of the cover 17 in such way, that, upon imparting a back and Yforth .movement to the latter, the trame will be rotated inr the desired direction. In this embodiment also, the slot 19 is closed by the slidingf 'plate 20.

f As shown in AFigs. 4t and 6, 'thefbottom plate 4t, insteadoibeing connected to the main body portion l by bayonet oint may be Vfixed thereto by either *inner or outer thread connection.

.7 and 8 show in detail a modiied device w iich lmay be used in controlling,` the movement of frame 12. In this device as in the others the loose powder is held `aga/in st the movable trarne 'by -inoa'ns of a vpiston 9 (sce Fig. l) with ia `spring G vand carrying disc 7'. In this -case the movable frame l2 carries a flat extension 18 which is enclosed within a corresponding protuberant hollow part 60 ot the main body l. rlhis lboss is so dimens-ioned as to allow for 'free back fand forth movement beiner controlled Aby means of a pinion vengaging in holes 100 provided upon the extension 18.

The shaft llt) carrying the 'pinion 1410 eX- tends through an opening 120 cut in the embossed part-60. The inner endcf theshaft is ycarried upon a support 180, while its outer end is provided with a control knob 150 of which the inner face is hollowed out so as t0 embrace the shape of the protuberant part 60 and bear upon the recesses 170 formed therein. ln this way the prominence of the knob is reduced to a minimum, While the free space upon its periphery 160 to be -gripped by the fingers is at the saine time incr-cased.

W'hen turning the button alternately towards the right and the left, the movable trame l2 `will describe a back `and forth movement and nause the powder to escape through the holes '3 of the cap-shaped part 2.

F 9 .and l0 show in detail a further modiied control device for use on a container with a spring; pressed piston and plate 7 l(lsee ig. In the modified control device the bach and forth mov-ement ot' the movable frame 121s eliiected by means of a handle 230 which is connected byva hinge 16 -to a flat portion 1S eXtendiirg` from the fra-ine l2. Asl-Ot 1.9 provided the main body part l ctor the passage of the port-ion 18 is closed .up by a slidinp late 2OM When not in use.J the handle lded (flown and securely locked against rotary movement by means ofthe hook 250 formed upon ltlie outer point of the handle and engaging' in this position the roll-ed edge 5 of the bottom plate Ll.

ln a further modified construction :of the con-trol device :for traine l2 yshown `in Figure 1l, the wall of the main body partis `constitut l bythe cir-cular parts 18th 270 and T260 ch are a-'bly conn eoted to the lup per an d 1' parts respectively of the container. A handle J30 with 'hing-w24() is connectedto the part 280,290 which in turn is connected by a plateSOQ to abolt 340 Venclosed Within a circular channel termed on one side by the -inclined branches 260 and 270 and on the oppositesid-e bythe wahl-80. ,l Tghe movable frame 12 is connected in any suitable mann-er, preferably here. shown by r-iveti-r-igg` thereto -a plate 32@ and the powder is held in place against the trame bythe spring pressed-.piston and plate 7 (see Fig. l) l Fig: l2-shows still another ormof control device in which the circular wal-l of the main body is formed by .a 4hollow part 350, 360. Arranged for sli-dino' -movement Within the part 350, 360, l lprovide a guide 39 of which an extension, protruding through a slot carries. lined upon its outer edge, the :hinged handle 23 A plate l0 provided upon the opposite edge of the guide 39 extends through a slot 38 to the interior of the Ebody portion l and is connected in any-suitable manner to `the movable vtrame. The powder is held in p'lace against trame l2by the spring pressed piston and plate '7 (see 1').

Bv rotatingi handle`230 'of the device shown in l1 and l2 the powder `or other fsub- .stance in the container is ,pushed upward towards and through the fholes f3 provid-ed in the capesha-ped part 2.

y 65. foraminous top wall, a lid for said container It is well understood that the movable r0- tating or sliding frame inserted between the substance which is to `be distributed, and a perforated plate, may be either round, reotangular or any other shape desired and that such plate may describe either a rotary, rectilinear, or any other -desired movement.

By turning the container upside down, the

spring may be dispensed with as in this case. the proper weight -of the powder will be sufIic lowing claims.

Having thus described my 'inventionh declare that what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

l. A device of the character described having, in combination, a container for pulverulent and like material having a stationary foraminous top wall, a follower piston in said container, spring means for urging said piston toward said foraminous top kwall whereby to force said pulverulent material against said wall, a frame rotatably vsupported in said container,`said frame carrying a screen substantially in contact with the under p side of said foraminous top-wall, and oscillatory means projecting laterally from said container at one side thereof for impartingA rotative movement to said frame. i

2. A device of the character described having, in combination, a container for pulverulent and like material having a foraminous top' wall, a follower piston in said container, spring means for urging said piston toward said foraminous top wall whereby to force lsaid pulverulent material against said wall,

a" frame rotatably supported in said container, said frame carrying a screen substantially in Contact with the under side of said foraminous top wall, and means including a lid for said container for imparting rotative movement to said frame from the eX- terior of said container.

3. A device of the character described having, in combination, a container for pulverulent and like material having a foraminous top wall, a follower piston in said container, spring means for urging said piston toward said foraminous top wall whereby to force said pulverulent material against said wall, a frame rotatably supported in said container, said frame carrying a screen substantially in contact with the under side of said mounted thereon for oscillatory movement, and'means including a pawl-and-ratchet connection between said lid and frame for iinparting rotative movement to the latter from the exterior ofv said container.

4; A device of the characterdescribed having, in combination, acontainer for pulverulent and .like material having a stationary Y foraminous top wall, a follower piston in' said container, spring means for urging said piston toward said foraminous top wall whereby to force said pulverulent material against saidk wall, a frame rotatably supported in said container, said frame carrying scraper means and a screen substantially in contact with the under side of said forami-v nous top wall, and oscillatory means projecting laterally from said container at one side thereof for imparting rotative movement to said frame. '1

5. A device of the character described having, in combination, a container for pulverulent and like material havingV a foraminous top wall,-a follower piston in said container, spring means for urging said pistontoward said foraminous top wall wherebyv to force said pulverulent material against said wall, a

screen,y substantially in contact with the under side of saidforaminoustop wall, and

frame rotatably supported in said container c `said frame carrying scraper means and a means including a lidk for said container for 'y imparting rotative movementto said framey from the exterior of said container.

6. A device of tlie'character described having, in combination, a container for pulverulent and like material having a foraminous top wall, a follower piston in said container,

spring means forurging said piston toward said foraminous top` wall whereby to force said pulverulent material against said wall, a frame rotatably 'supported in said container, said frame carrying scraper means and screen substantially in contact with the un-r,

der side of said foraminous top wall, a lid for said container mounted thereon for oscillatory movementand meansy including a pawland-ratchet connection between said lid and frame forimparting rotative movement to the Alatter from the exterior of saidl container.

7. A device of the character described having, in combination, a container for pulverulent and like material having a stationary top .wall which is provided with a centrally situated foraminous portion, a follower piston in said container, spring means for urging said piston toward saidtop wall whereby toforce said pulverulent material against said wall, a f 'frame rotatably supported in said container;

said frame carrying a screen substantially-in contact with the under side of said top wall at the foraminous portion of the latter, and also carrying scraper members for feeding ymaterial from theperipheral portion of said top wall toward Vthe :central port-ion thereof upon rotation of said frame; and oscillatory means at the exterior of said lContainer for imparting uni-directional relative moves ment to said frame.

8. A device of the character described having, in` combination, a container for pulverulent and like material 'having' a top Wall which is provided With va centrally situated` lo foramfinous portion, a follower piston in said container, spring means for urging said piston :toward ysaid top Wall whereby to force said :pulverulent material against .said wall,V a lframe rotatably supported in said contain- 15' er ;said frame carrying` a screen substantially in contact with the under side of said ttop Wall at the oraminous Aportion of the latter, and also-carrying scraper members for feeding material from 'the peripheral portion of 2 said top Wall toward the central portion thereof upon rotation of said frame; and

means including' a lid for said container for imparting vuni-directional rotation to said c frame from the exterior of said container.

g 9. A .device or the character `,described having in combination, a container or'pulverulent and like material having a top Wall which is ,provided with a Centrally `situated foraminous portion, a fol-lower piston in said Y 3., container, spring means for urging said piston toward said top wall Wherebyto force said y pulveryulent material against .said -Wa-ll, a'. frame vrotatably supported in sa-id container; said frame caifi-ying` a screen substantially in Contact with the under side of said topI Wallrat the oraminous portion of the Blatter, and :also carry-ing scraper' members Afor feeding material from the peripheral portion of said ytop wall toward the central portion thereof upon n, rotation of said frame; a lid for said container mounted thereon oroscil-latory movement, :and means including a paWl-andratchet Connection between said lid and frame for impartingluni-directional rotation ..5 to said frame from the exterior of said container. f

In ytestimony whereof, I have sig-ned my name to this specification this 27th day of August, 1928.

39' CECILE MARIE LOUISE MAILLARD.

CERTlFCATE 0F CORREGTEON.

Patent No. 1,84,943. Granted May 12, 1931, to

CEClLE MARlE LGUISE MAILLARD.

It is hereby certified that error appears in the printed specification of the above numbered patent requiring correction as follows: Page 4, line 4, claim 7, jlor the Word "relative" read rotative; and that the said Letters Patent should be read with this correction therein that the sante may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Office.

Signed and sealed this 7th day of July, A. D. 1931.

M. J. Moore, (Seal) Acting Commissioner of Patents.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2746462 *Nov 27, 1951May 22, 1956Majestic Metal Specialties IncLady's face powder compact
US5107871 *Sep 3, 1991Apr 28, 1992Revlon, Inc.Compact container
US5603340 *Apr 26, 1995Feb 18, 1997L'orealPowdered product packaging and dispensing unit
US7699062 *Mar 13, 2006Apr 20, 2010Tokiwa CorporationSolid cosmetic material container
EP0685181A1 *Apr 12, 1995Dec 6, 1995L'orealPackaging and dispensing unit for a product, particularly a cosmetic, in powder form
Classifications
U.S. Classification132/299
International ClassificationA45D33/00, A45D33/02
Cooperative ClassificationA45D33/025
European ClassificationA45D33/02C