Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1805227 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 12, 1931
Filing dateMay 27, 1929
Priority dateMay 27, 1929
Publication numberUS 1805227 A, US 1805227A, US-A-1805227, US1805227 A, US1805227A
InventorsWalter S Rugg
Original AssigneeWestinghouse Electric & Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Multiple-car elevator
US 1805227 A
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 12, 1931. w, 5, uss 1,805,227

MULTIPLE CAR ELEVATOR Filed May 2'7. 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 75 confrolfur both cars.

' ll "20 /9 II /5 NVENTOR Wa/ferfi E099 BY I May 12, 1931. w. s. RUGG 1,805,227

MULTIPLE CAR ELEVATOR Filed May 27, 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR AT'TORNEY n LA} Patented l t lay 12, 1.231

U t ll? rrs par orrlcr VIALTER EUGG, OF PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOB TO WESTINGHOUSE MULTIPLE-CAR ELEVATOR Application filed May 27,

Another object of my invention is to prevent an upper car from falling on a lower car in a multiple-car elevator.

It is also an object of my invention to provide for disconnecting the power for operating a plurality of cars mounted in the same hatchway when they approach too closely to each other.

()ther objects of my invention will, in part, be obvious and will, in part, appear herein after.

For an illustration of one of the many forms my invention may take, reference may be had to the accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a diagrammatic representation of a inultiplecar elevator embodying safety apparatus constructed in accordance with my invention; and

Fig. 2 is an enlargedview of the means shown in Fig. 1 for controlling the operation of the safety devices on the car when they approach each other too closely.

The drawings illustrate two elevator cars A and B, respectively, disposed to operate in a single hatchway between a pair of cooperating guiderails and 11.

The car A is suitably suspended by a cable 12 that passes over a hoisting drum DA to a suitable counterweight CVJ, the cable being connected to the center of the top of the car and to the center of the top of the counterweight.

As shown, the car B is suitably suspended by a pair of cables 13 and 14 that pass over a pair of hoisting drums DB and DB to a 1929. Serial No. 366,347.

counterweight (ll/V through the center of which counterweight the cable 12 passes.

The cables 13 and 14 for car B are disposed to operate along'the sides of car A and may be arranged in any suitable manner within the hatchway that will provide the necessary space for the car A.

As shown, the cars A and B are provided with the usual safety devices 15 and 16, respectively. The safety device 15 on the car A is provided with cooperating jaws 17 and 18 for gripping the guide rails 10 and 11 when the safety device is operated. The gripping jaws 17 and 18 are disposed to be operated by a safety drum 19 that it actuated by a safety rope 20 which is attached to a governor rope 21. The governor rope 21 is releasably attached to the car A by a clutch 22 and passes over a sheave 23 at the upper end of the hatchway and under an idler sheave 2. at the lower end of the shaft.

The sheave 23 is rigidly secured to a shaft 25 that is disposed to operate a governor 26 at a speed that is proportional to the up and down movement of the car. Connected with the governor 26 is a lever 27 that is attached to a pivotal lever 28 for tripping a pair of jaws 29 to grip the governor rope 21, when the car A exceeds a pedetermined downward speed, in such manner that the governor rope will be pulled loose from the releasable clutch 22 on the car and, through the safety rope 20, operate the safety device 15 to bring the car to a stop.

The safety device 16 on the car B is similar to the safety device 15 and is operated by a safety rope 30 that is attached to a governor rope 01. The governor rope 31 is releasably attached to the car B by a clutch 32 and passes around a pair of sheaves 33 and 34:.

The sheave 33 at the upper end of the hatchway is mounted on a shaft 35 that operates a speed governor 36. Associated with the speed governor 36 is a lever 37 that is attached to a pivotal lever 38 for tripping a pair of clamping jaws 39 to grip the governor rope 31 and thereby cause the application of the safety device 16 to stop the car B when it exceeds a predetermined downward speed.

Inasmuch as safety devices, similar to those described as mounted upon the cars A and B, are old and well known in the art, a further detailed description thereof will be omitted.

In the operation of two or more elevator cars in the same hatchway, it is necessary to make provision not only for preventi the falling of the cars but also for prevent m the cars from colliding with each other and for shutting off their power when they approach each other too closely. I have, therefore, provided auxiliary safety apparatus that is operably responsive to the distance between the cars for operating the safety devices 15 and 16 and for cutting otlf power to the cars whenthey approach each other too closely.

The auxiliary safety apparatus comprises a movable member, such as a rotatable drum 4-1, mounted upon the top portion of the car A and a cooperating movable menjiber, such as a rotatable drum 45, that is mounted upon the upper part of the car B. The rotatable drums 4d and 45 are operated, in accordance with the distance between the cars, by means of a pair of ropes 47 and 4-8. The ends of the rope 47 are fastened to drums t-ft and l?) in such manner that they will be wound upon the drums as the drums are rotated when the cars approach each other.

The rope 48 is disposed upon a plurality of idler sheaves 49, 50, 51 and that are mounted on the walls of the h atchwa and the ends thereof are secured to, and wrapped around, the drums 4'4: and 45 in oppositioi'i to the ends of the rope 4:7. The tworopes t? and 4S cooperate with each other in such manner that, when the cars A and B more toward each other, the rotating drums 4 1 and 45 are caused to rotate by the pull exerted on them by the unwinding of the ends of the rope 1S and thereby wind up the ends of the rope 47 so that when. the cars again recede from each other, the drums 44c and 45 will be rotated in opposite directions by the pull exertcd on them by the unwinding of the ends of the rope 47.

The drum l-t is provided with a left-hand screw-threaded central aperture in which is disposed the screw-threaded end of a long tudinal slidable shaft 53. The outer end of the slidable shaft is rectangular in crosssection and is mounted in a cooperating rectangular opening 5% in a bracket that is mounted on the top of the car A The rectangular shape of the slidable shaft 53 prevents the shaft from rotating but permits it to slide back and forth in the opening 54-. Therefore, when the drum 4L4: is rotated by the ropes 47 and 4-8, it will cause the shaft by reason of its screw-threaded connection therewith, to more to the right or to the left, in accordance with the direction of rotation of the drum.

Mounted on the slidable shaft is an arm 56 that is disposed to engage a switch 60 and separate its contact members 61 and 62 when the shaft is moved to the left a predetermined distance by the rotation of the drum i t.

he drum 45 on the car B is similarly provided with a right-hand screw-threaded cen tral aperture (not shown) in which is disposed the screw-threaded end of a longitudinal shaft (53. The outer end of the shaft ('38 is rectangular in cross section and slidably mounted in a cooperating rectangular opening (it in a bracket 65 that is mounted on the top of the car B.

Mounted on the slidable shaft 63 is an arm (36 that is disposed to engage a switch 67 and separate its contact members 68 and (it) when the shaft is moved to toe left a predetermined distance by rotation of the drum 453,

In order that the auxiliary safety apparatus may set the safety devices 15 and 16 into operation to stop the cars A and B when they approach each other too closely, the contact members 61 and 62 of the switch (30 and the contact members 68 and 69 of the switch 67 are connected in series with a circuit for controlling the operation of a pair of electromagnets 70 and 71 that are associated with the safety governors 26 and 36. The electromagnets 70 and 71 are disposed above a pair of weighted members 72 and 73 in such manner as to lift the weighted members and hold them in a suspended position when energized. hen the electromagnets 70 and 71 are deenergizcd the weighted members 72 and 7'3 fall and bias the pivotal arms 28 and 38 to close the clamping jaws 29 and 39 on the governor cables 21 and 31. However, as long as the cars A and B remain a safe distance apart, the contact members on the switches 60 and 67 will remain closed and maintain the circuit for energizing the electromagnets 7 O and 71 to restrain the weights 72 and 73 from actuating the gripping jaws 29 and 39.

It will be noted, by referring to the drawings, that the control circuit for both cars is also connected in series with the circuit through the contact members of the switches 60 and 67 and, therefore, that the power for operating the cars will be cut off when either one or both of the switches 60 and 67 are moved to open position by the cars ap preaching too closely to each other.

The operation of the apparatus is as follows:

Assuming that the cars are moving at a safe distance apart in the hatchway, then power for energizing the electromagnets 70 and 71 and for operating the control means for the cars will be supplied by way of a circuit that extends from supply conductor L1, through conductor 75, the contact members 69 and 68 of switch 67, conductor 76, the contact members 61 and 62 of switch 60 and conductor 77, to a junction point 78, one branch extending, through conductor 79, the

coil of electromagnet 71, conductor 80, the coil of electrom'agnet '70, and conductor 81, to supply conductor L2, and the other branch extending, through conductor 82 and thence, through the control means (not shown) for both cars and conductor 83, to supply conductor L2. 7

Assuming now that the cars approach each other closely, as they come into close proximity, the drum is rotated in a clockwise direction, as illustrated in Fig. 2, by the pull exerted by the unwinding of the lower end of the rope 48, while the drum 44 is rotated in a counterclockwise direction by the pull exerted by the unwinding of the upper end of the rope 48. As the drums 44c and 45 are rotated by the unwinding of the ends of the rope 48, the shafts 53 and 63 by reason of their screw-threaded connection to the drums, are moved to the left. As the cars continue to approach and arrive at a predetermined distance from each other, the arms 56 and 66 mounted on the shafts 53 and 63 move to such points that they bear upon the switches 60 and 67, thus causing them to separate their contact members to break the circuit for operating the cars and also that for energizing the elcctromagnets and 71.

Upon the magnet 70 being deenergized, the weight 7 2 drops and actuates the pivotal arm 28 to apply the gripping jaws 29 to stop the governor cable 21. When the governor cable 21 is stopped by the action of the jaws 29, it is pulled loose from the releasable clutch 22 on the car A, and a further descent of the car A will thereupon pull the safety rope 20 from the safety drum 19, thus rotating .it and thereby causing the gripping jaws 17. and 18 tobe applied to the guide rails 10 and 11 to stop the car.

At the same time, the deenergization of the electromagnet 71 permits the weighted member 73 to drop and thereby actuate the pivotal arm 38 to set the gripping jaws 39 against the governor cable 31. Thereupon, downward movement of the car B will cause the governor cable 31 to be pulled loose from' the releasable clutch 32 on the car B. Any further descent of the car B will then pull the safety rope 30 from the safety drum on the safety device 16 and thereby cause its gripping jaws to be applied to the guide rails 10 and 11 to stop the car.

inasmuch as the control circuit for supplying power to the cars A and B is also connected through the contact members 61 and 62 on the switch 60 and the contact members 68 and 69 on the switch 67. the opening of these contact members will also open the control circuit for the cars and thereby cause the cars to be disconnected from their source of power when they approach too closely.

It will be observed, therefore, that I have provided auxiliary safet apparatus for multiple-car elevators that will prevent the cars from colliding and will cause their operating power to be cut off when they approach each other too closely.

Vfhile I have illustrated and described only one specific embodiment of my invention, I realize that it is susceptible of wide application and I do not desire to be limited to the precise system illustrated and described.

I claim as my invention:

1. The combination with a plurality of elevator cars operable in the same hatchway and motive means for actuating said cars, of a safety mechanism therefor comprising a movable member disposed on each of said cars, means connected to each of said mov: able members and operably responsive to relative motion of said cars for operating said movable members, and means responsive to operation of said movable members for rendering said motive means inoperative when said cars approach each other within a predetermined distance.

2. The combination with a plurality of elevator cars operable in the same hatchwa-y and motive means for actuating said cars, of a safety mechnism therefor comprising a. rotatable member disposed on each of said cars, means connected to each of said rotatable members and operably responsive to relative motion of said cars for operating said rotatable members, and means responsive to operation of said rotatable members for rendering said motive means inoperative when said cars approach each other within a predetermined distance.

3. The combination with a plurality of elevator cars operable in the same hatchway and motive means for actuating said cars, of a safety mechanism therefor comprising a drum disposed on each of said cars, a flexible member connected to each of said drums and operably responsive to relative movement of said cars for rotating said drums, and means responsive to the rotation of said drums for rendering said motive means inoperative when said cars approach each other within a predetermined distance.

4. The combination with a plurality of elevator cars operable in the same hatchway and motive means for actuating said cars, of safety mechanism therefor comprising a drum rotatably disposed on each of said cars, a plurality of rotatable members mounted on said hatchway, a flexible member directly connecting said drums, asecond flexible member disposed over said rotatable members and connected to said drums, said flexible members being connected to said drums in such manner as to cause the drums to rotate upon relative movement of tie cars and means operably responsive to rotation of the drums for rendering the motive means inoperative when the cars approach each other within a predetermined distance.

5. The combination with two elevator cars operable in the same hatchway and motive means for a tuating said cars, of a safety mechanism therefor comprising a movable member disposed on one of said cars, neans connected to the other car and to said movable member and operably responsive to relative movement of the cars for operating said movable member, and means operably responsive to operation of said movable member for rendering said motive means inoperative when the cars approach each other within a predetermined distance.

6. In a safety mechanism to an elevator having a. plurality of cars disposed in the same hatchway the combination with a safety device disposed on each car of controlling means therefor comprising a movable member disposed on each of said cars, means connected to each of said movable members and operably responsive to relative motion of said cars for operating said movable members, and means oporably responsive to operation of said movable members for actuating said safety devices to stop said cars when they approach each other within a predetermined distance.

7. In a safety mechanism for an elevator having a plurality of cars disposed in the same hatchway, the con'ibination with a safety device disposed on each car, of controlling means therefore comprising a rotatable member disposed on each of said cars. means connected to each of said rotatable members and operably responsive to relative motion of said cars for operating said rotatable members, and means opcrably responsive to operation of said rotatable members for actuating said safety devices to stop said cars when they approach each other within a predetermined distance.

8. In a safety mechanism for an elevator having a plurality of cars disposed in the same hatchway. the combin ation with a safety device disposed on each car, of controlling means therefor comprising a drum rotatably disposed on each of said cars, a flexible member connected to each of said drums and operably responsive to relative movement of the cars for rotating said drums, and means responsive to rotation of said drums for actuating said safety devices to stop said cars when they approach each other within a predetermined distance.

9. In a safety mechanism for an elevator having a plurality of cars disposed in the same hatehway. the con'ibination with a safety device disposed on each car, of controlling means therefor comprising a drum rotatably disposed on each of said cars, a plurality of rotatable members mounted in said hatchay, a flexible member directly connecting said drums, a second. flexible member disposed ovcr said rotatable members and connected to said drums, said flexible members soaeev being connected to said drums in such manner as to cause the drums to rotate upon relative movement of the cars, and means 0perably responsive to rotation of the drums for said safety devices to stop said cars when they approach each other within a predetermined distance.

10. In a safety mechanism for an elevator having a. plurality of cars disposed in the same hatchway, the combination with a safety device disposed on each car of controlling means therefor comprising a movable member disposed on one of said cars, means connected to said movable member and to the other of said cars and operably responsive to relative movement of the cars for operating said movable member, and means operably responsive to operation of said movable member for actuating said safety devices when the cars approach each other Within a predetermined distance.

11. The combination with two elevator cars operable in the same hatchway, motive means for actuating said cars, and a safety device disposed on each of said cars, of an auxiliary safety mechanism comprising a movable member disposed on one of said cars means connected to the movable member on the one car and to the other car and operably responsive to relative movement of the cars for operating the movable member, and means opcrably responsive to operation of the movable member for rendering said motive means inoperative and actuating said safety devices to stop the cars when they approach each other within a predetermined distance.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto subscribed my name this 20th day of May, 1929.

WALTER- S. RUGG.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5419414 *Nov 18, 1993May 30, 1995Sakita; MasamiElevator system with multiple cars in the same hoistway
US6854564 *Oct 11, 2002Feb 15, 2005Thyssenkrupp Elevator AgElevator system
US7353912May 6, 2005Apr 8, 2008Thyssenkrupp Elevator AgElevator system
US7650966Jun 21, 2004Jan 26, 2010Otis Elevator CompanyElevator system including multiple cars in a hoistway, destination entry control and parking positions
US7650967Feb 17, 2005Jan 26, 2010Otis Elevator CompanyCommunicating to elevator passengers re car movement to pit or overhead
US7753174Sep 7, 2007Jul 13, 2010Thyssenkrupp Elevator AgElevator installation
US7753175Feb 25, 2005Jul 13, 2010Otis Elevator CompanyElevator car having an angled underslung roping arrangement
US7784588Feb 4, 2005Aug 31, 2010Otis Elevator CompanyCalls assigned to one of two cars in a hoistway to minimize delay imposed on either car
US7819228Feb 17, 2005Oct 26, 2010Otis Elevator CompanyCollison prevention in hoistway with two elevator cars
US7917341Nov 24, 2009Mar 29, 2011Otis Elevator CompanyElevator system including multiple cars in a hoistway destination entry control and parking positions
US8087497Dec 29, 2004Jan 3, 2012Otis Elevator CompanyCompensation in an elevator system having multiple cars within a single hoistway
US8136635Dec 22, 2006Mar 20, 2012Otis Elevator CompanyMethod and system for maintaining distance between elevator cars in an elevator system with multiple cars in a single hoistway
US8292038Dec 5, 2007Oct 23, 2012Otis Elevator CompanyControl device for operating two elevator cars in a single hoistway
US8307952 *Dec 16, 2004Nov 13, 2012Otis Elevator CompanyElevator system with multiple cars in a hoistway
US8439167Dec 8, 2008May 14, 2013Inventio AgSpacing control for two elevator cars in a common shaft
US20120097484 *Oct 25, 2011Apr 26, 2012Elena CortonaElevator installation
CN101945817BDec 8, 2008Apr 3, 2013因温特奥股份公司Elevator system with distance control
EP0867395A2 *Mar 27, 1998Sep 30, 1998Otis Elevator CompanyRope climbing elevator
EP1700809A1 *Mar 12, 2005Sep 13, 2006ThyssenKrupp Aufzugswerke GmbHElevator system
WO2006065241A2 *Dec 16, 2004Jun 22, 2006Otis Elevator CoElevator system with multiple cars in a hoistway
WO2006071222A1 *Dec 29, 2004Jul 6, 2006Richard FargoCompensation in an elevator system having multiple cars within a single hoistway
WO2006097140A1 *Oct 28, 2005Sep 21, 2006Thyssenkrupp Aufzugswerke GmbhElevator system
WO2009080478A1 *Dec 8, 2008Jul 2, 2009Inventio AgElevator system with distance control
Classifications
U.S. Classification187/249, 187/293, 187/305
International ClassificationB66B1/14, B66B1/24
Cooperative ClassificationB66B11/0095, B66B5/0031
European ClassificationB66B5/00B3D, B66B11/00R8D