|Publication number||US1805292 A|
|Publication date||May 12, 1931|
|Filing date||Apr 24, 1929|
|Priority date||Apr 24, 1929|
|Publication number||US 1805292 A, US 1805292A, US-A-1805292, US1805292 A, US1805292A|
|Inventors||Fred A Mosher|
|Original Assignee||Logan Long Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (16)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
May 12, 1931. F. A. MOSHER 1,805,292
SHINGLE AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME Filed April 24. 1929 Patented May 12, 1931 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE FRED A. KOSHER, OF GRAND RAPIDS, MICHIGAN, ASSIGNOB TO LOGAN-LONG COMPANY,
OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, A CORPORATION OF OHIO SHINGLE m mnon or name SAME Application filed April 24,
This invention relates to improvements in shingles and method of producing same and 1t consists of the matters hereinafter described and more particularly pointed out in the apof the dwelling upon which they are used because such regularity does not harmonize with the architecture of said dwellin One of the greatest obstacles to the larger use of composition shingles has been the lack of that artistic touch or element often referred vof producing same which shall to as character or beauty.
The general object of my invention is to provide a composition shingle and a method present an artistic appearance when laid.
It is also an object of my invention to provide such a shingle and a method ofproducing same which shall not destroy the utilitarian characteristics of the shingle.
Again I aim to provide a method of producing such improved shin les, which method shall be simple, easily uniiarstood and practiced andwhichshall add little to the cost of the shingle while greatly improvingits appearance.
The foregoing and other objects are accomplished by providing a shingle having an artistic and pleasing appearance,whether it be rectangular, hexagonal or other shape, which shingle has its exposed bottom edge formed in an irregular and wavy shape, so-
that when laid upon a roof, the weather or butt edge of the shingles present an irregularity which avoids the severe straight line efifect usually presented by composition.
The objects of the invention are also accomplished by providing a shingle having an irregular bottom edge of no particular pattern and one which is charred to slightly swell the same, thereby increasing high-light eflt'ects and diminishing there larity of appearance so that the shingles will more readily fit in It relates more particularly method.
fgles is slow, laborious and costly and as op- 1929. Serial No. 357,726.
with the appearance of a dwelling regardless of its architectural lines or characteristics.
To accomplish the foregoing objects of the invention I also provide a simple and efiicient method for so treating shingles and especially when arranged in bundle form as to impart a novel contour and appearance to the weather or butt ed es thereof. I
These 0 jects of the invention as well as others, together with the many advantages thereof, will more fully appear asI proceed with my s ecification.
In the rawings Fig. 1 is a view in elevation of a plurality of shingles embodying my invention as when laidin order upon a roof.
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a bundle of shingles being operated u on in accordance with one o the steps 0 my improved Fig. 3 is a similar View to Fig. 2, illustrat-v ing the shingles 'as being operated upon in accordance with another one my improved method.
Fig. 4 is a detail sectional perspective View through'the weather or butt end of a shingle made in accordance with my invention.
The shingles with which my invention is of the steps of concerned and which are known as composi-- tion shingles, include shingles having a fibrous and asphaltic base or. body "with or without the usual protective covering or coating of granular substances employed in shingles of this kind.
In carrying out the improved method, the shingles may be operated upon either individually or collectively with the same results but as operating upon individual shincrating simultaneously upon'a plurality of shingles is simpler and more economical, I will describe the method as" when operating .simultaneously upon a plurality of shingles.
Shingles of this kind usually come in bundles or bunches and are normally bound together in that relation. In Fig. 2 isillustrated a bundle of shingles 11 bound together in bundle form by metallic bandsor wires 2 2. I take such a bundle of shingles 1'00 and stand them on a suitable support with those edges which are to form the weather or butt edges thereof, uppermost.
Thereafter I take an implement or tool such as a hatchet or axe 3 and chop or hack said uppermost end of the bundle, promiscuously to mutilate the same. In this chopping or hacking no regularity is sought and some of the cuts made will cross each other and in some instances chunks will be cut out of said edges to leave notches 44 insaid edges. Thereafter I remove the loose particles and dbris from said bundle end in any suitable manner'as by brushing or sweeping the same and the bundle end Wlll then appear as having notches of V-shape and otherwise together with cuts and slashes, distributed indeed irregularly over the entire area of said bundle end as in Fig. 3.
I next char the bundle end in any suitable manner as by playing the lame from a torch 5 thereover and this rounds off all the sharp corners of the cuts and recesses. In shingles having granular protective coatings 7 imressed into the more heavily asphalted surace thereof, I find that such a surface burns or chars farther back than does thefibrous bod so that the more heavily asphalted sur ace slightly swells and thus forms a thicker ridge 8 along said edge. Again a slight discoloration of the granular protective particles adjacent said edge takes place but this discoloration merges so gradually into the undiscolored part that it assists in further reducing the regularity of appearance to better attain the irregularity desired. In this charring or burning) of the ends of the shingles, the same ma e carried down the side edges of the shingles for a short distance, enough to reduce the regular or straight edges formed by cutting the strips into shingles.
'When the shingles are laid upon a roof as in Fig. 1, the exposed edges of one course are not so severely straight and regular but have undulatory edges which include irregularly shaped and spaced recesses 9 without harsh Thus the shingles may be square corners. employed upon any type of dwelling and are universal so far as layingvhem for any desired efiect is concerned. hen laid the charred edges produce better high-light effects so that the laid roof will have a distinguished and pleasing appearance and character and will not be severe in its regularity.
While in describing my invention, I have referred in detail to the form, arrangement and construction of the various parts thereof, as well as to the steps by which the shingles are produced, the same is to be considered merely as illustrative so that I do not wish to be limited thereto except as may be pointed out in the appended claims. For example the irregular or wa edge may be provided at the time the shingle is cut instead of after ithas been formed. The sequence of other of the steps may also be modified.
I claim as my invention:
1, The steps in the manufacture of composition shingles having at least one edge thereof in regular outline, which steps consist in mutilating said edge and then charring the same.
2. The steps in the manufacture of composition shingles, which steps consist in providing a plurality of shingles in grouped face toface relation, which shingles each has at least one edge of regular outline, and simultaneously mutilating said edges and then charring the same.
3. The steps in the manufacture of composition shingles which consist in providing a plurality of shinglesin grouped face to face relation, which shingles each has at least one edge of regular outline, mutilating saidv edges, removing the dbris and particles formed by so mutilating said edges and then charring said edges.
4. The step in the manufacture of composition shingles which consists in swelling one edge thereof by charring the same.
5. The steps in the manufacture ofcomposition shingles-which consist in mutilating one edge thereof and swelling said edge by charring the same.
6. A composition shingle having a mutilated and charred edge.
In testimony whereof, I have hereuntoset my hand, this 20th daly of April, 1929.
F ED A. MOSI-IER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2718721 *||Aug 18, 1952||Sep 27, 1955||Bacon & Edwards||Apparatus for applying stripes to poles|
|US5611186 *||Nov 30, 1994||Mar 18, 1997||Elk Corporation Of Dallas||Laminated roofing shingle|
|US5666776 *||Aug 30, 1995||Sep 16, 1997||Elk Corporation Of Dallas||Laminated roofing shingle|
|US7670668||Dec 30, 2005||Mar 2, 2010||Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc||Roof coverings made without roofing granules|
|US9212487||Sep 28, 2005||Dec 15, 2015||Elk Premium Building Products, Inc.||Enhanced single layer roofing material|
|US20060172643 *||Dec 30, 2005||Aug 3, 2006||Greaves Gerald G||Roof coverings made without roofing granules|
|USD369421||Mar 17, 1995||Apr 30, 1996||Elk Corporation Of Dallas||Random cut laminated shingle|
|EP0894590A1 *||Jul 24, 1998||Feb 3, 1999||Steenfabrieken Vandersanden-Vijf V.D.S.-Vijf naamloze vennootschap||Ageing process for brick|
|U.S. Classification||52/518, D25/139, 428/155, 52/748.1, 428/143, 144/365, 428/408, 428/489, 264/29.1|
|International Classification||E04D1/28, B28B11/08|
|Cooperative Classification||E04D2001/005, B28B11/0818, E04D1/28|
|European Classification||E04D1/28, B28B11/08B|