|Publication number||US1808530 A|
|Publication date||Jun 2, 1931|
|Filing date||Apr 15, 1929|
|Priority date||Apr 15, 1929|
|Publication number||US 1808530 A, US 1808530A, US-A-1808530, US1808530 A, US1808530A|
|Inventors||Herbert E Cooley|
|Original Assignee||Herbert E Cooley|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 2, 1931. H. E. COOLEY Filed April 15. 1929 Patented June 2, 1 931 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE HERBERT E. COOLEY, OF WEQ'I' BEND, WISCONSIN cnnnsn comanma Application am April 18, 1929. Serial noi'amoas.
which makes them diflicult to handle and increases the cost of shipping, and finally the difiiculty of opening such nailed wood boxes.
' The provision of a satisfactory type of container for drum cheese presents a rather diflicult problem as the container must be resistant to andnon-softening under the action of moisture or the action of grease, butterfat or paraflin and further must be of light weight and of comparatively inexpensive material and yet have the capacity of reheving the cheese of any load or weight. The latter ises ecially important as, if the cheese is weighte the upper portion thereof will be blackened and hardened and its qualities will be impaired. This not only means loss butmakes the cheese less attractive to the trade.
The resent invention proposes the provision 0 a com osite type of container especially designed and adapted for use in storing, stacking and shipping drum cheese, and which is comparatively inexpensive to produce and light in weight, and yet efiective' to protect t e cheese and relieve it ofload es ecially when stacked.
' carrying out the present invention a container is provided which com rises an outer fiber cartonwhich may be 0 an ap-' pro riate form or construction but which is pre erably of rectangular form and provided with suitablerflaps' to permit of ready and convenient access to the interior of the container. A bottom plate of thin sheet-like wood is disposed flatl against the bottom of the carton and is pre erably the same sha 'asv the bottom and co-extensive therewit The drum cheese is placed in the container and rests directly on the bottom plate. Surrounding the cheese is a ribbon of thin sheetlike wood set on edge within the carton}, that is, with its lower edge engaging the bottom plate. The ribbon is constructed so that the gram of the wood of which itis made up I runs vertically in the assembly. A top plate of thin sheet-like wood directly engages the U6 -u per edge of the ribbon and is supported t ereby and is also flatly en aged with the undersurface of thetop of t e carton .with which it is preferably co-extensive. The ribb on is of curved formland may consist of a no single piece of wood having-substantially the form of a circle or annulus, or it may be made up of axnumber of sections of arcuate form. Due to the curved formation of the ribbon and to the engagement of its ed with the top and bottom plates the rib n is held' against any lateral displacement and this,
coupled with the vertical dis osition of the a grain of the ribbon} provi es a structure which is capable of withstandin high com- 10 ressive stresses without eformation.
referably the ribbon is of slightly greater height than the drum cheese so as to relieve. the cheese of all load. This is especially de- I sirable when the containers are stacked, as 15 they always are during shipment and in storage, since it prevents the blackeni and hardening of the upper portion of the c eese.
In eneral the plates and ribbon when assem ledwith the carton reinforce the carton 00 and are in load sustaining and protective relation to the cheese contained therein. Being constructed of wood the top and bottom plates in the ribbon preclude the softening or breaking down of t fluence of grease, butterfat or paraflin which might otherwise find their way to the carton from the cheese. The also protect the carton from softening un er the. action of moisture or sweat of condensation on 'the'cheese 90 resulting from temperature changes incident to refrigeration.-
7 Other objects and advantages reside in certain novel features of the construction, arrangementand combination of "partswhich 96 will be hereinafter more fully described and particularl pointed out in the appended claims, re erence being bad to the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification, and in which: 1
ercarton under the in- Fi re 1 is a group view in perspective showing the elements of one type of container prior to assembly;
Figure 2 is 'a fragmentary view in trans verse vertical section showing how the elements are assemfbled in the carton; and
Fi re 3 is a agmentary perspective view show iiig a slightly different form of the invention.
Referring to the drawings and more particularly to Figures 1 and 2, the numeral 1 designates an ordinary fiber carton having a rectangular bottom wall 2, vertical side walls 3 and vertical end walls 4. Pairs of flaps 5 and 6 are connected to the side and end walls respectively and are adaptedto be folded overto close the opening in the top of the carton, the flaps 6 being folded inwardly into horizontal a 'nement and the flaps 5 being folded down on top of the flaps 6. A bottom plate 7 of thin sheet-like wood is pro: vided and is disposed flatly against the bottom wall 2, as indicated in Figure 2. This plate 7 may be of the same shape and size as the bottom wall-2. A ribbon 8 of thin sheetlike wood is next positioned in the container and has its lower edge resting on the bottom plate 7. The drum cheese is then inserted in the container and restson the bottom plate 7 and is substantially surrounded by the ribbon 8 which approximately, parallels the periphery of the cheese. The wood of which the ribbon 8 is constructed has its grain running vertically. A'top plate 9 of thin sheet-like wood is then placed on top of the ribbon 8 so as to be directly engaged with the upper edge of the ribbon and entirely sup orted on the ribbon. The top plate 9 is pre erably of substantially the same size as the top of the carton so that when the flaps are folded down to closed position they will be engaged with and supfported upon the top plate 9.
From the oregoing it will be understood that the top and bottom plates and the ribbon reinforce thecarton and are in protective and load sustaining relation to the. cheese since they complete y enclose the cheese and relieve it of any-weight or load that may be applied to the carton. Thus, when the containers are stacked, the weight of one container is transmitted to the other through the plates 9 and 7 and ribbon 8. The cheese is relieved of all load and the fiber carton will not be deformed or collapsed. Because the plates and ribbon entirely enclose the .cheese and separate all portions thereof from the carton, any moisture, grease, butterfat or parafiin from the cheese will not soften or break down the carton.
Theiorm of the invention shown in Figure 3 is identical with that just described except that the ribbon is made up -of a pluralit of arcuate sections designated at 8 and 8. his type of. sectional ribbon is especially advantageous when used with the carton constructien shown in Figure 3, which has'its flaps 5' and 6' provided at the ends instead of at the top of the carton. Only one set of flaps 5' and 6 are shown but usually these flaps are provided at both ends although one set may be permanently secured in closed osition. As in the other embodiment. of the lnvention, there is a bottom plate 7 and a top plate 9 between which the ribbon sections 8 and 8 are interposed. The ribbon sections 8? and 8 act exactly like the ribbon 8 and are similarly constructed and differ only in fact that they consist of sections rather than a single piece. plates are in reinforcing relation to the carton and in load sustaining and protective relation to the cheese contained therein.
Another important advantage resides in the fact that the cartons are collapsible and when collapsed are flat. The collapsed cartons may be very compactly bundled for As before, the ribbon and shipping and the plates and ribbon may also be shipped flat. This represents a real convenience and economy in'connection with the shipping and yet at the place where the containers are used the cartons may be easily set up and the plates and ribbons easily and readily assembled therewith.
The invention claimed is: q
1. A container for drum cheese comprising an outer fiber carton having a rectangular top and bottom and vertical sides and ends connected to each other and to the top and bottom, a rectangular bottom plate 0 thin sheet-like wood co-extensive with the bottom of the carton and lying flatly thereon, a ribbon of thin sheet-like wood vertically disposed within the carton with its lower edge engaging the bottom late, said ribbon being of curved form and a apted to approximateliy parallel and surround the periphery of a um of cheese set in the container and resting on said bottom plate, the u per edge of the ribbon being located above th drum of cheese, and a top late of thin sheetlike' wood co-extensive with the top of the container and set on the upper edge of the ribbon and supported thereby and engaged with the underslde of the to of the carton.
2. A container for drum c eese comprising an outer fiber carton having a rectangular.
top and bottom and vertical sides and ends connected to each other and to the to bottom, a rectangular bottom plate 0 thin sheet-like wood co-extensive with the bottom of the-carton and lying flatl thereon, a ribbon of thin sheet-like woo vertically dise top of the and posed within the. carton with its lower edge engaging the bottom plate, said ribbon being of curved form and adapted to approximate- 1y parallel and surround the periphery of a drum of cheese set in the container and resting on said bottom plate, the u per edge of the ribbon being located above the topof the drumof cheese, and a top plate of thin sheetlike wood co-extensive with the top of the container and set on the upper edge of the ribbon and supported thereby and engaged with the unders1 e of the top of the carton, the
5 sin of the ribbon runmng vertically wherey the ribbon is adapted to coact with'the p ates to reinforce the" carton and protect the cheese and relieve it of load when'the containers are stacked. a 7 1o 3. A container for cheese comprising -an outer fiber carton of rectangular form, a bottom plate of thin sheet-like wood corresponding 1n outline to and lying flatly a inst the bottom of the carton, a ri bon m e up of a 15 plurality of sections of thin sheet-like wood,
said sections being of substantially arcuate form and bein vertically disposed within the cartonwith t eir lower edges engagin the bottom plate andbeing arrange wit rego spect to each other so as to be a apted to approximately paralleland surround the peri hery of cheese set on the bottom plate and within the container, and a top plate of thin sheet-like wood set on the upper edges of the g ribbon sections and sup rtedthereby and engaged with the underside of the top of the carton whereb the plates and ribbon are in reinforcing re ation to the carton and in load sustaining and protective relation .to the 3o cheese contained therein.
In witness whereof, I hereto aflix my signature.
HERBERT E. GOOLEY.
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|US2660298 *||Sep 3, 1947||Nov 24, 1953||Field Jacob M||Form for textile material or the like|
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|US3181696 *||Jun 2, 1961||May 4, 1965||Chapman Chem Co||Applicator bandage for tops of poles|
|US3648920 *||Nov 20, 1968||Mar 14, 1972||Clevepak Corp||Tubular member|
|US3938730 *||Jul 22, 1974||Feb 17, 1976||Lever Brothers Company||Food container|
|US5881950 *||Oct 28, 1997||Mar 16, 1999||R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company||Rotary materials organizer|
|US20060000732 *||Jul 1, 2004||Jan 5, 2006||Wayne Wei Shen||Ribbon packaging device|
|U.S. Classification||229/122.33, 229/199.1, 229/940, 426/124, 206/446, 229/939, 206/591|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S229/94, Y10S229/939, B65D5/5092|