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Publication numberUS1809651 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 9, 1931
Filing dateJun 27, 1927
Priority dateJun 27, 1927
Publication numberUS 1809651 A, US 1809651A, US-A-1809651, US1809651 A, US1809651A
InventorsAmburg Otto H Van, Lieberum George W
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combined switch and seat operating means
US 1809651 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 9, 1931. o. H. VAN AMBURG ET-AL 1 COMBINED SWITCH AND SEAT OPERATING MEANS Filed June 27. 1927 dilllllllm;

Inventor's Otto H. Van Amburg,

b Their Attorneg George W. Lieber'um,

Patented June 9, 1931 I UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE OTTO H. VAN AMBUIG AND GEORGE W. LIEBERUM, OF BRIDGEPOR'T, CONNECTICUT, ASSIGNORS TO GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK COMBINED SWITCH .AND SEAT QPERATING MEANS Application filed June 27,

Our invention relates to combinedswitch and seat operating means and especlally to such means for use with signal systems for indicating in an auditorium, such as a theater or the like, vacant or. occupied seats, or both,

the foregoing requirements, and for a consideration of what we believe to be novel and our invention, attention is directed to the following specification and the claims appended thereto.

In the drawings, Fig. 1 is a perspective view 5 of adjacent seats equipped with combined switch and seat operating means embodying our invention; Fig. 21s a face view on an enlarged scale of one of the comblned switch and seat operating means, the seat, being shown in raised position; Fig. 3s'is an en-, larged detail view of the circuit making and breaking elements of the switch; Fig. 4 is a detail perspective view of a part of the contact making element of the switch; Fig. 5

" is a sectional view of the combined switch and seat operating means, the seat being shown raised in full lines and lowered in dotted lines, and Fig. 6 is an enlarged detail view of .a bar which forms a part of a plunger mechanism. 7 6

Referring to the drawings, 54 and 56 indicate adjacent seats having a common side frame 55 and provided with combined switch and seat operating means 53 and 57 embody mg our invention. Attached to side frame 55 by a bolt 59 is ayoke 58 to which the lower ends of thecombined switch and seat operating means arepivoted by means of bolts 75 and. 60.

The combined switch and seat operating 1927. Serial No. 201,678.

means comprises a socket 61 which forms the lower end of the combined switchand seat operating means and which is pivoted to the side frame of the seatv as before referred to, the socket having an offset ear provided with an opening through which the bolt, such as the bolt 60, extends. Slidably mounted in socket 61 is aplunger arm 62 which atits upper end is connected to a plunger 63, it-

being shown in the present instance as having a.

threaded engagement therewith. Plunger 63 is located in a plunger casing 64 which in turn is carried by an angular bracket secured to the bottom of the seat as shown particularly in Figs. 1, 2 and 5.

Transverse the plunger casing 64 near the lower end thereof, we provide a bar 65 which serves as a stop for the plunger when the seat is raised as indicated in Fig. 5. The

ends 66 and 67 of the bar 65 project beyond the walls of the plunger casing. Bar 65 is shown in cross-section in Fig. 5. Between the plunger 63 and the end of the'cylinder 64 we provide a compression spring 68 which serves to force the piston 63 down against the stop 65 and against the circuit closing contact element 69 (see Fig. 3). This circuit contactelement is mounted in a metal element 70 shown in detail in Fig. 4 and is adapted to slide axially therein. Within i'i the cavity 71 in the element 7 0' we provide a compression spring 72. When the seat is raised the spring 72 operates to raise the contact 69 (see dotted lines in Fig. 5), and

allows the contact 69 to follow for a limited distance in engagement with the piston 63 as the latter rises. When the piston returns to the position shown in Fig. 5 it engages the contact 69 before it reaches its seat against the stop 65. This arrangement insures a good contact surface and connection between the piston 63 and the contact 69. Also the point at which the circuit should be closed or opened as the seat is raised or lowered may be adjusted by using contacts 69 of different lengths. 'Or the same result may be accomplished by threading the contact and providing it with a nut near its lower end. The length of the stroke of the contact 69 may be thus adjusted. As shown-in'Fig.

5 iii 3, a conductor 73 is connected electrically with the element 7 by means of a screw 7 4. A bushing 70a maintains the element 70 and its connection insulated from the casing 64.

Connected to casing Sit and through it and spring 68 to plunger 63 is a second conductor 73a, Fig. 3.

It will be seen, therefore, that with the device described whenever the seat is oceupied, i. e., is in the down position as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 5, plunger 63 separates from the contact 69, Figs. 3 and 5, breaking the circuit between conductors 73 and 73a. On the other hand, when the seat is in raised position the plunger returns into engagement with the element 69 thereby closing the circuit between conductors 73 and 7 311.

hen the seat becomes unoccupied the compression spring 68 expands forcing the seat upward into the position indicated by the solid line in Fig. 5, and at the same time bringing plunger 63 and contact 69 into engagement, thereby closing the circuit between conductors 78 and 73a. Conductors 73 and 73a may lead to any suitable signal indicating means such as an electric lamp.

With the arrangement shown, it will be seen that when the seat is unoccupied and in raised position the circuit through the signal lamp is closed so that the lamp burns while when the seat is lowered the circuit is open so that the signal lamp is extinguished.

From a consideration of Figs. 1 and it will be seen that our combined switch and seat operating means is mounted close to the bottom of the seat, the pivot for the socket 61 being directly adjacent to the seat pivot, and the casing 64, plunger arm 62 and socket 61 being in alignment and making but a small angle with the bottom of the seat. In other words, the structure is brought up close to the bottom of the seat where it is quite out of the way. The socket arrangement illustrated serves to give a loose connection between the rod 62 and the socket 61 which is rigidly pivoted and permits of a certain downward movement of the seat before the spring 60 comes into play. This means that the first movement of the seat is easily etfected and it is not until the seat is part way down and pressure can be readily applied to it that the spring 68 comes into play. Spring 68 is sufficiently strong so that when the seat is released it is automatically raised to effect opening of the circuit.

Our combined switch and seat operating means comprises few parts all of a simple character and capable of being manufactured at low cost. Also the structure is easily installed and, as stated, occupies a position close to the bottom of the seat. At the same time, the construction is reliable in opera tion and not likely to get out of order.

While we have shown and described our invention in connection with the specific form of apparatus shown in the drawings, we do not wish to be limited to such form of apparatus inasmuch as in view of the disclosure other forms may be readily produced without departing from the spirit of the invention or from the scope of the claims contained herein.

What we claim as new and desired to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is

1. The combination with a chair having a. frame and a pivoted seat, of a combined switch and seat operating means comprising a socket pivoted to the frame adjacent to the seat pivot, a casing fixed to the under side of the seat, a plunger in the casing, a plunger arm connected to the pliiuiger at one end and having its other end located in said socket and adapted to slide therein, said casing, plunger arm and socket being in alignment and making a small angle with the bottom of the seat, a circuit closer in said casing controlled by movement of the plunger and a spring between the end of the casing and the plunger and acting in a direction to raise the seat.

2. The combination with a chair having a frame and a pivoted seat, of a combined switch and seat operating means comprising a socket pivoted to the frame adjacent to the seat pivot, a casing fixed to the under side of the seat, a plunger in the casing, a plunger arm connected to the plunger at one end and having its other end located in said socket and adapted to slide therein, said casing, plunger arm and socket being in alignment and making a small angle with the bottom of the seat, a spring between the end of the casing and the plunger and acting in a direction to raise the seat, and a circuit closer in said casing comprising a spring pressed contact adapted to be moved by the plunger.

3. The combination with a chair having a frame and a pivoted seat, of a combined switch and seat operating means comprising a socket pivoted to the frame adjacent to the seat pivot, acasing fixed to the under side of the seat, a plunger in the casing, a plunger arm connected to the plunger at one end and having its other end located in said socket and adapted to slide therein, said casing, plunger arm and socket being in alignment and making a small angle with the bottom of the seat, a spring between the end of the casing and the plunger and acting in a direction to raise the seat, and a circuit closer in said casing comprising a spring pressed contact carried by and insulated from the easing and adapted to be moved by the plunger.

In witness whereof, we have hereunto set our hands this 22nd day of June, 1927.

OTTO H. VAN AMBURG. GEORGE V. LIEBERUM.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3111185 *Jun 30, 1961Nov 19, 1963Oscar ButlerControl system for public carrier vehicles
US4806713 *Mar 30, 1988Feb 21, 1989Daimler-Benz AktiengesellschaftSeat-contact switch
EP0285793A2 *Feb 26, 1988Oct 12, 1988Daimler-Benz AktiengesellschaftSeat contact switch
Classifications
U.S. Classification200/85.00A, 200/61.58R
International ClassificationH01H35/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01H35/003
European ClassificationH01H35/00B