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Publication numberUS1809754 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 9, 1931
Filing dateMay 13, 1929
Priority dateMay 13, 1929
Publication numberUS 1809754 A, US 1809754A, US-A-1809754, US1809754 A, US1809754A
InventorsSteedle Joseph J
Original AssigneeSteedle Joseph J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electrostatic reproducer
US 1809754 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jun 9',- 1931.

J. J. sTEl-:mLEv

ELECTROSTATI'C REPRO'DUCER Filed May l5, 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR Josyeph J ,Sieedle UNITED STA Patented June A9, 1931 TES PATENT OFFICE JOSEPH LSTEEDLE, OF SCRANTON, PENNSYLVANIA ELEGTROSTLATIC REPBODUCR Application filed May 13, 1929. Serial No. 362,681.

This invention relates to electrostatic reproducers.

It is among the. objects of the present invention to provide a novel and improved elec- 5 trostatic speaker which is simple 1n construction to provide an electrostatic speaker, the

diaphragm surface of which is of greater area than the area of the device, whereby increased volume may be obtained.

A further object of the present invention is to provide an electrostatic speaker which will propagate sound waves over a wider vhorizontal angle, thus avoiding the. beam propagation of sound waves usually accompanying such devices.

A further object of the present invention is to providean electrostatic speaker within which a plurality of small area propagating surfaces are provided, thus reducing the normal self-resonance tendency of such devices.

A further object of the present invention is to provide an electrostatic speaker which is of improved sturdy construction whereby lighter' and less expensive material may be em loyed vin its construction. ther objects of the present invention are to provide an electrostatic speaker concentrating a greater area of conducting electrostatic eld within a given space and to provide a speaker with means for adjusting the electrostaticl capacity of the reproducer to conform with variable attendant apparatus.

Another object of the invention is to pro- A vide an electrostatic reproducer having means for varying the tension of the vibratingeleall audible frequencies.

Numerous other objects and features o the present invention will be apparent from a consideration of the following specification taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which l Figure 1 is a cross sectional view of one form of .my invention illustrating the associated circuit therefor;

ment whereby the same may be adjusted for Fig. 2 is a plan view of one embodiment of -reproducer speaker;

Fig. 3 is a front elevation of the device as shown in Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is a sectional View taken on lines 4-4 of Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 is a diagrammaticillustration showing the vibration of the propagating areas;

F 6 is a sectional view of a modiiie'dform of the reproducer; l

Figs. 7, 8 and 9 are views similar to Fig. l,

showing various modiications of the invention and its associated circuit.

As shown in Fig. 1, the electrostatic reproducer consists essentially in a pair of conducting 'plates 10 and 11, associated with opposite sides of the output circuit including the conductors 12 and 13 of a transformer 14, the primary coil of the transformer being arranged in the receiving circuit, whereby alterv nating electrical current of speech frequency will be impressed upon the plates 10 and 11 to charge them in responsethereto. Between the plates 10 and 11, a sound propagating diaphragm 16 is mounted, which i-s arranged for high potential polarization through the conductor 17, rectifier 18, and step-up trans'- former 19, the circuit being. completed through the conductor 20 which is associated with one side of the transformer 14.

The present invention relates speciically to the structure of the reproducer. By reerring to Figs. 2, 3 and 4, it will be seen that the plates 10 land 11 are angularly formed, the angles being .here shown as degrees, and are'fpositioned -so thatv their alternate peaks and` depressions it within one another, whereby the adjacent surfaces of the sides of the angles are parallel.l The plates 10 and 11 are also provided with punched apertures 21 to permit the free passage of the sound waves set up by the diaphragm; thus each aperture is provided lwith a peripheral ex-` truded portion 22 which materially strengthens the structure, thus permitting the use of thin inexpensive material.

spaced adjustable relation through screws .24, which permit a variable spacing of the gap between the plates to .allow a latitude of adjustment in the electrostatic capacity and in the tension on the diaphragm.

The diaphragm 16 preferably consists of metal foil 26 carried between flexible dielectric sheets 27, thus insulating the diaphragm from Ithe plates 10 and 11. It will be understood that the diaphragm is stretched between the plates, thus providing a plurality of angled longitudinal independent propagating areas. By referring to Fig. 5, it will be seen that with a high potential applied to the diaphragm, the undulating polarity of the side members 10 and 11 will attract and repel the diaphragm 16 to cause its vibration, as'indicated by the dotted lines in Fig. 5, which vibrations will be seen to be at speech frequency and which will thus propagate sound waves. Each area will be seen to propagate sound waves at an angle from its adjacent area and thus the usual beam effect of sound will be avoided.

By referring more particularly to Fig. 6, it will be seen that the invention may undergo numerous modilications-without departure from the spirit or scope thereof. In the modiiication shown in Fig. 6, the upper and lower yplates. 10 and 11 are formed in a curved manner, the crest of one plate being received in thetrough of the adjacent plate, and the diaphragml being tensioned and contacting with the various crests.

Referring again to the circuit shown in Fig. 1', it will be understood that the step-up transformer 19 will have its primary coilv connected to the alternating current light circuit and one side of its secondary is connected with the secondary ofthe transformer 14, while the other side of the secondary is connected through the rectifier 18 to the diaphragm 16. It will be seen that the polarizing current applies a positive potential n the diaphragm with respect tothe plates 10 and 11, so that the fluctuating signal current making the plates alternately positive andl negative, will` cause the diaphragm to be attracted first by one and then by the other plate and thus set up t-he desired sound vibrations which will correspond in frequency and amplitude to the signal current..

Referring more particularly to Fig. 7 of the drawings, it will be seen that in this form,

of the device, the lower plate 11 is not used and ,in place thereof a plurality of transversely extending bars 30 are provided which provide the tension for the diaphragm. Referring to the electrical circuit disclosed in this ligure of the drawings, it will be seen that 'a step-up transformer 31 is associated with up transformer with the opposite side of the secondary of the input transformer. Thus the diaphragm will be polarized and will, at the same time, be influenced by the sound modulated current from the transformer 33, and thus the vibrations of the angularly related areas of the diaphragm will be in accordance with the impressed voice currents as in the manner of the device shown in Fig. 1.

Referring more particularly to Figs. 8 and 9 of the drawings, two forms of self-polarizing circuits for use with the electrostatic reproducer, are here shown, in which cases trielement full-wave rectifiers are utili-Zed, the cathode of which is associated with the diaphragm while the signal current i's directed from center taps o'n the transformer to the plate or plates of the reproducer. These lig ures are presented to show the wide variety of electrical circuits` which may be utilized in connection with the reproducer. Thus the invention is subject to various modifications and changes both in the structural details presented and in the electrical circuits shown in association therewith, and the'invention is thus not confined to the specific embodiments herein presented, but numerous changes and modifications and the full use of equivalents may be resorted to without departure fromthe spirit or scope of the invention as outlined in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. An electrostatic speaker, including a plurality ofl angular plates, and a diaphragm angularly disposed therebetween, whereby a plurality of angularly related propagating areas are formed by said diaphragm.

l 2. An electrostatic speaker, including a plurality of angular plates, a diaphragm angularly disposed therebetween, whereby a lplurality ofangularly related propagating areas are formed by said diaphragm. and means for variously polarizing said plates and diaphragm.

3. An electrostatic speaker, including a plurality of angular plates, a diaphragm angularly disposed therebetween, whereby a plurality of angularly related propagating areas are formed bv said diaphragm, means for variously polarizing said plates and diaphragm, and means for undulating the polarization of'one of said members by voice currents.

4; In an electrostatic reproducer, a corrugated plate forming angularly-related sections, an'd a movable diaphragm disposed across said plate having portions angularly related to the angular portions of said plate.

5. In an electrostatic reproducer. a corrugated'plate forming angularly-related sections, a movable diaphragm disposed across said plate having portions angularly related to the angular portions of said pla-te, and

` means for -holding the diaphragm in normal Cil Y tween the position.

6. In lan electrostatic reproducer having two plates, each with a plurality of angles and a propagating diaphragm positioned beplates and in close proximity thereto.

7 An electrostatic reproducer having two angular plates, and'apropagating diaphragm disposed between the said plates and supported thereby. 1

8. An electrostatic reproducer, including two plates, each with aplurality of angles, and a propagating diaphragm disposed betwen the said two plates and in conta-ct therewit 9. An electrostatic reproducer having two angular plates, a propagating diaphragm disposed between the said two plates and in contact therewith, and means to move one of the plates 'relatively .to the other plate to adjust the tension of the propagating diaphragm.

l0. -An electrostatic reproducer having two plates, each with a plurality of angles, and a propagating diaphragm disposed between the said plates and engaged by the angular portions of the latter to hold the propagating diaphragm at a plurality of angles.

11. An electrostatic reproducer, including a plurality of apertured angular plates, a

propagating diaphragm positioned between.

the plates and in contact therewith, and means for. positively polarizing said diaphragm.

12. An electrostatic reproducer having two plates, each with a plurality of angles, a propagating diaphragm positioned between the plates and in contact therewith, means for positively polarizingv said diaphragm, and means for impreming voice currents upon said plates.

13. An electrostatic reproducer having two plates, each with a plurality of angles, a propagating diaphragm positioned between the plates and in contact therewith, means for positively polarizing said diaphragm, and mean-s for impressing voice currents upon said plates, said first mentioned means including'a step-up transformer and rectifier.

14. An electrostatic reproducer, including two plates, each with a plurality of angles, a propagating diaphragm positioned. between the plates and in contact therewith, means for positively polarizing said diaphragm, and means for impressing voice currents upon said plates, said first mentioned means including a .step-,up transformer and rectifier and said second mentioned means including the output circuit of a voice-transmitting device.

15. In an electrostatic reproducer, a corrugated plate forming angitlarly-related sections, a movable diaphragm disposed across lsaid plate and having portions angularly re-- lated to the said angular portions of said plate, and means for holding the diaphragm with portions disposed against portions of the corrugated plate.

16. In an electrostatic reproducer, a corrugated plate-forming angularly-related sections, a movable diaphragm disposed across said plate, and means for holding the dia-` phragm in contact with the said corrugated plate. y I

s 17. An electrostatic reproducer, comprising a corrugated apertured plate forming angularly related apertured sections, and a movable diaphragm stretched. across said plate having portions angularly related in similar manner to the angular relation of the portions of said plate.

18. An electrostatic reproducer,comprising a corrugated apertured plate forming angularly related apertured sections, Aa movable.,

diaphragm stretched across .said plate having portions angularly related in similar manner Lto the angular relation ofthe portions of said plate, and za second corrugated apertured plate having its crests in staggered relation with respect to the 'crests of the irst-mention' l ed plate.

19. An electrostatic reproducer, comprising a corrugated apertured plate forming angularly related apertured sections, a movable diaphragm stretched across said plate having portions angularly related in similar manner to the angular relation of the portions of said plate, and a second corrugated Ahaving portions-angularly related in similar manner to the angular relation of the portions of said plate, and a second corrugated apertured plate having its crests in staggered relation with respect to the crests of the firstmentioned plate, said plates co-operating to tension said diaphragm therebetween` where-` by said 'diaphragm is corrugated in conformity with the corrugations of said plates.

21. An electrostatic reproducer, comprising a corrugated apertured plate forming angularly related apertured sections, a movable diaphragm stretched across said plate having portions ,angularly related in similar manner to the angular relation of the portions of said plate, and a second corrugated apertured plate having its crests in staggered relation with respect to the crests of thefirstmentioned plate, said plates co-operating to tension said diaphragm therebetween, whereby said diaphragm is corrugated in conformitywith the corrugations of said plates, said diaphragm thus providing individual sound propagating portions angularly related to each other.

22. An electrostatic reproducer, comprising a corrugated apertured plate forming angularly related apertured sections, a movable diaphragm stretched across said plate having portions angularlyl related in similar manner to the angular relation of the portions ot said plate, and a second corrugated apertured plate having its crests in staggered relation with respect to the crests of the firstmentioned plate, said plates co-operating to tension said diaphragm therebetween, Whereby said diaphragm is corrugated in conformity with the corrugations of said plates, said diaphragm thus providing individual sound propagatingr portions angularly related to each other, every other angular portion of said diaphragm being parallel.

23. An electrostatic reproducer, comprising a corrugated'apertured plate forming angularly related apertured sections, a movable diaphragm stretched across sald plate 'having portions angularly related in similar manner to the angular relation ot the portions of said plate, a second corrugated apertured plate having its crests in staggered relation with respect to the crests of the irstmentioned plate, said plates Co-operating to tension said diaphragm therebetween, whereby said diaphragm is corrugated in conformity with ythe eorrugations of said plates, said diaphragm thus providing individual sound propagating portions angularly related to each other, every other angular portion of said diaphragm being parallel, and adjustable connecting members between said plates whereby their spaced relation. maybe varied to adjust the tension applied to said diat phragm. v

JOSEPH J. STEEDLE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3135838 *Dec 10, 1958Jun 2, 1964Wright St George Lab IncElectrostatic loudspeaker
US4006317 *Feb 14, 1975Feb 1, 1977Freeman Miller LElectrostatic transducer and acoustic and electric signal integrator
US6175636Jun 26, 1998Jan 16, 2001American Technology CorporationElectrostatic speaker with moveable diaphragm edges
US6188772Jun 26, 1998Feb 13, 2001American Technology CorporationElectrostatic speaker with foam stator
US6201874 *Dec 7, 1998Mar 13, 2001American Technology CorporationElectrostatic transducer with nonplanar configured diaphragm
US6304662Jan 7, 1998Oct 16, 2001American Technology CorporationSonic emitter with foam stator
US6535612 *Aug 16, 1999Mar 18, 2003American Technology CorporationElectroacoustic transducer with diaphragm securing structure and method
US6870942Sep 3, 2003Mar 22, 2005Curtis H. GraberLoudspeaker for line array sound system
US7142688Jan 22, 2002Nov 28, 2006American Technology CorporationSingle-ended planar-magnetic speaker
US7564981Oct 21, 2004Jul 21, 2009American Technology CorporationMethod of adjusting linear parameters of a parametric ultrasonic signal to reduce non-linearities in decoupled audio output waves and system including same
US8184832Apr 12, 2007May 22, 2012Harman Murray RElectrostatic loudspeaker capable of dispersing sound both horizontally and vertically
US8199931Apr 21, 2008Jun 12, 2012American Technology CorporationParametric loudspeaker with improved phase characteristics
US8275137Mar 24, 2008Sep 25, 2012Parametric Sound CorporationAudio distortion correction for a parametric reproduction system
US8670581Apr 20, 2012Mar 11, 2014Murray R. HarmanElectrostatic loudspeaker capable of dispersing sound both horizontally and vertically
US8767979Feb 7, 2013Jul 1, 2014Parametric Sound CorporationParametric transducer system and related methods
US8903104Apr 16, 2013Dec 2, 2014Turtle Beach CorporationVideo gaming system with ultrasonic speakers
US8903116Jun 14, 2011Dec 2, 2014Turtle Beach CorporationParametric transducers and related methods
US8934650Jul 3, 2013Jan 13, 2015Turtle Beach CorporationLow profile parametric transducers and related methods
US8958580Mar 15, 2013Feb 17, 2015Turtle Beach CorporationParametric transducers and related methods
US8988911Jun 13, 2013Mar 24, 2015Turtle Beach CorporationSelf-bias emitter circuit
US9002032Jun 14, 2011Apr 7, 2015Turtle Beach CorporationParametric signal processing systems and methods
DE1098541B *Nov 26, 1956Feb 2, 1961Fritz PatlokaDruckkammerzellenlautsprecher, insbesondere mit elektrostatischem oder elektrodynamischem Antrieb
WO2001013678A1 *Aug 16, 2000Feb 22, 2002American Tech CorpElectroacoustic transducer with diaphragm securing structure and method
Classifications
U.S. Classification381/191, 381/411, 381/117
International ClassificationH04R19/00, H04R19/02
Cooperative ClassificationH04R19/02
European ClassificationH04R19/02