Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1810597 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 16, 1931
Filing dateMar 1, 1930
Priority dateMar 1, 1930
Publication numberUS 1810597 A, US 1810597A, US-A-1810597, US1810597 A, US1810597A
InventorsCorwin David Stanley
Original AssigneeCorwin David Stanley
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building construction
US 1810597 A
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

` June 16, 1931. D- s, coRwlN 1,810,597

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed March 1, 1959 2 sheets-sheet 1 June 16, 1931. D. s; coRwlN 1,310,597

` BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Y Filed -March 1, 1930 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 zo a S51# www..

Patented `June 16, 1931 stares DAVID STANLEY CORWIN, F GRE'ENPORT, NEW' YORK BUILNG CGNSTRUTION Application mea Marchi, 1930. serial no. 432,535.

This invention relates to building constructions and has' particular relation to those building constructions wherein the material maybe prepared in a shop or factory and e readily assembled at thevpoint Where the building is to be erected. l

In the building industry there has come to be a need for fabricated constructions which are constructed prior to the time of erection and which may be erected by unskilled labor.

This need has been brought about by the increased cost of labor, the desire or need of an owner to erect his Yown home, by theV "i necessityof erecting houses 1ny places Whereskilled labor is not available and in places Where the time elementhas to be considered. The primary object of this invention is the provision of an improved building construction which will permit of a building to be erected quickly by unskilled labor. n

Another object of the invention is the provision ofan improved building constructionV Wherein'a frame member and a strip on a 5 previously constructed Wall member have co- Y acting means to secure the Wall member 1n market under'various names.

lace.

A further object of the invention is the y provision of a frame and Wall construction 33 fora building wherein, a framemember is provided .vithopenings and a Wall member is provided withy projections to cooperate With the openings to hold the members together.

Another and further object of the invention is the provision of a frame and Wall construction for a building wherein a Wall is vprovided with a strip secured to the Wall l member and a frame member With means to w coact with the strip to hold the Wall member and frame together, the strip being secured in placethroughout its length.

' Other and further objects Will be apparent to those skilled in the art from a reading of i5 the complete specification and claims.

Referring to the dra-Wings wherein I have illustrated an embodiment of my invention; Figure l is a perspective of the invention as applied to an upright Wall of a house and Y Showing the studding- 'Figure 2 illustrates the(k method of applying the` strips to'y thewall member. n

Figures 3 and 4 are enlarged fragmental perspective views of the strip before and after it is secured tothewall member. Y

Figure 5 is an illustration of the use of my invention both in upright Walls and in the Wallsof roo-finge." n

Figure 6 is a modied form of the invention.

Figure 7 fis a detail View of parts illustrated oli-Figure 5.r Q

Figure Sis a view similarjto Figure', but of a modified form. j i

Similar reference lcharacters refer to the same or similar parts throughout the figures of the drawings. i

ln using my invention, `l'may use any suitable Wall constriction wherein the Wall sections or boards are prepared in a factory or mill. One very suitable material Which I have found to be advantageousis a Woody' fibrous material about ve eights of an inch or more in thickness, Which has a rather open texture and has great heat insulation value. This material Vis yplaced upon the My invention not only makes a Warm, strong constructionk When erected. but the Wall sections are sofprepared inthe shop or factory that they are stronger because of the preparation and are more easily handled Without injury. Y My first step in the preparation of the Wall, as far as the'inside surface next totheframe is concerned, is to coat the same with a suitable flexible WaterA proof covering. Such a suitable covering I have found to be emulsified asphalt. This emul- Y sified asphalt is applied `'by any suitable method, as by a trovvel or by dipping. To this surface Which is Water-proof and whichA does not get hard or brittle are applied strips which serve in several capacities. In the first place theyr furnish a means for securing the boa-rd to the frame Which is quickly applied to the, Wall member` and `which at the same time locates a ,plurality of securing means in their proper relative location.

In addition, the strips form a reinforcing means for the l'Wall members and also when along the edges, the strips tend to prevent accidental injury at these edges, due to careless handling.

The board I have designated by the reference numeral 10. 'Ihe coating of emulsilied asphalt I have designated 11. The form of strip illustrated in Figures 2, 8 and 4 and at the left on Figure 1, I have designated by the numeral 12.

This strip preferably of metal has coacting means, as the tongues 18 extending therey from and in position to cooperate vvitn complementary means to be described. In order to secure the strip 12 in place on the Wall member 11, I have provided suitable securing means. These securing means may be of any suitable character as screws or nails to coact with the holes 14 shown in Figure 3 or the prongs or t-angs 15 shown in Figures 2, 3 and il. rIhe prongs or tangs 15 are preferably not at the same angle'ivhen driven into vthe Wall member and are preferably placed to extend some slightly toward one end and some toward the opposite end as shown in Figure 2. lVhen the strip is forced down and the prongs enter the Wall member there will be a clinching action by the prongs. This Will be assisted if the ends of the prongs are slightly bent asshown in Figure. 3. The prongs at one end may be made i straight to assist in getting the strip properly started when being attached. One of the characteristics of a material as emulsifiedesphalt is that it does not dry and harden nnmediately. In this Way, Whenthe strip is forced downwardly and against the asphalt, the latter rby its adhesive action, holds the strip and furnishes an additional holding means to retain the strip in place.

The frame member which supports the Wall members or boards maybe of any suitable construction. The illustrated embodiment shows this member as a channel having a the openings 17. The openings 17 are spaced similarly to the spacing of the tongues 13 and are positioned relative to the tongues 18 that when assembled, the Wall member or boa-rd 10 Will be in its proper relation to the frame members 16. The complementary coacting members 13 and 17 are preferably so constructed thatY movement in one direction tends to cause the Wall member to come closer to the'framemember 16 and movement in the opposite direction causes a separa-tion of the two members. In practice of course unless there is some special reason, the parts are arranged so that gravity will assist to keep the parts together.

In Figure 1 I have shown a strip 12'a Which is retained in place solely by screws or nails.

At the near side of the right hand frame member 16 (F ig. l) I have shown an additional strip 12a in place to indicate how tWo opposite Walls would be connected tc opposite sides of the same frame member 16.

In the preceding` description I have described an embodiment of an upright wall in which the frame members are studs. I desire to have it understood that the invention is equally applicable to roof construction or ceilingand floor construction or any other place Where applicable.

In Figure 5 is a cross section of a roof and side Wall construction. In this construction, the frame member 16a performs a function of the usual studding with an outside Wall member or board 10EL which may have any suitable `or desirable finish as an imitation of stone or brick, an inside Wall 10b which may be provided with any suitable finish. Both of these Walls are preferably constructed with the Waterproof covering as already described for the board 10 having the covering 11.

Similarly at the upper portion of Figure 5, the frame member 1Gb performs the function of a rafter and has secured thereto the Wall members or boards 10c, 10d. rl`he Wall member 10C is preferably finished as a roof to simulate shingles or in any other suitable manner.

The Wall member 1()d may be finished on its under side in any suitable manner. These members 10c and 10,d are preferably provided with Water proof coatings on their surfaces next to the frame member 161.

In the actual construction of houses, various designs and details of construction may be used. For example, in Figure 5 is illustrated the construction of parts at the corner of a small house. At the top of the frame members `or studs 16a is placed a channel member 20 which is run longitudinal of the tops of the frame members 16u. In order to properly support the member 20, a portion of the end of the frame member or stud 16a, is cut and folded down as shown at 16 in Figure 7. The member 20 is then put in place as shown in Figure 5.

Y To support a ceiling,a frame member 16C is placed on the top of the longitudinal cha-nnel member 20.

In the erection of the building, it Would be convenient to place one Wide strip l0, 10EL or 10b of the Wall flat on the ground or floor, the strips 12 having been previously putV in place in a shop. The studs 16 or 16"L would noW be placed with their coacting means in operative relation Y to the complementary mea-ns on the strips 1Q. The Whole strip with its studs could then be raised together. After being secured in position,the remainder of the side of the building Would be put up in a similar manner. If the inside Wall 10b is raised with the studs 16 kor 16a, the outside wall 10'a would not be applied until later, leaving the studs exposed for the purpose of connecting any necessary securing means which may be located between the inside and outside walls.

The top longitudinal member 20 may now beput in place with one flange inside of the inside flange of the studs.

' Upon this member 20 may be placed the ceiling wall supporting frame member 16@ and upon these members 16C, may be placed the frame members l6b,wsuitably shaped at their ends-to coact with adjacent members. These frame members 16b are secured in place by any suitable means, not shown. After the lower portions and the ceiling supporting members 16C are secured in place, the outer wall 10a is placed in position, if not already there. The roofing member 10c may then be placed. l Y

In placing the roofing member 10c, itis convenient to place the upper edge so that the strips with the coacting means are along the frame members 16h. Then by sliding the roof member toward and a little beyond its proper place', the tongues will all register with the proper openings. The roof is then slid downward to cause the tongues to lock in place.

The roof lining wall 10d may now be put in position and thenthe ceiling member 10. If a floor member 10f is used, this is applied last. On the top of this floor member may be placed a flooring 10g.

In Figure 8 is a cross section of a roof and side wall construction of a slightly different type from that shown in Figure 5. In this construction, the frame member 216et performs a function of the usual studding with an outside wall member or board 210a which may have any suitable or desirable finish as an imitation of stone or brick, an inside wall V210b which-may be providedwith any suitable finish.

Both of these walls are preferably constructed with the water-proof covering as already described for the board 10 having the covering 11.

Similarly at the upper portion of Figure 8, the frame member 216b performs the function of a rafter and has secured thereto the wall `members or boards 210, 2101. The wall mem- -faces next to the frame member 16h.

At ,the top of the frame members or studs 216:L is placed a plate member 220 which as shown,"is,constructed of wood and is run longitudinal of the tops of the frame members 216% In order to properly support the member 220 a portionof .the end ofthe frame member or stud y2163is cut and folded down as shown at 216. The member'220 is then` put in `place as shown in Figure 8. Two superimposed boards 221, 222'and a finishing strip 223 furnish a cornice.

To support a ceiling, a frame member 216c is placed on the top of the longitudinal `cornice member 222. f

A convenient method of erecting this wall islas follows f After-,the foundation and first iioor are in place, the shoe 224 is laid on its edge adjacent to the'place it isto occupy when the wall is erected. l

The studs 216a are Anow put in vplace in a horizontal position on ytheffloor with the opening at the bottom of the stud 216a, provided by the folded portion 216', in-proper ref lation tothe shoe 221i'.r rlhe studs are now secured to the shoe 224 and spacedv so thatthe coacting strips .ofthe wall member 210 will register with the openings in the studs 216% The top plate 220 is now putl in place in the openings at the top of the studs. The

' shoe and to-p plate are secured in position in any suitable manner as by screws or bolts or nails through holes or slots in the metal studs.

The cornice members 221, 222, 223 are now nailed screwed or bolted to thetop plate 220, after which the wall member 210a is put in place and the whole assembly raised.

After the side'is erected, the shoe is secured to the floor and ioor beams. When all four sides are erected, the partitions are erected in asimilar manner. rIhe ceiling frame members 216c are now put inkplace and secured to the cornice members 222, 221 in any suitable manner. The rafter frame members 216i) are now put in place and secured to the ceiling frame members 216by bolts or screw or nails through openings in the rafter frame members.

The roof andinner lining wall members 210, 210d may now be put in place after which the inner wall member 210b and the moulding member 225 may be installed.

It is understood that the proper finishing stripson the roof at corners and between sec-l tions would be applied. n Y

In Figure, I have shown a modified strip and frame member. In this form, the strip 112 has prongs 115 .struck up and into position to be secured to the wall board 110. Nail or screw holes 114 are provided. An-open-v ing'113 of the frame member 116 is provided, to the upper edge of whichl the tongue 117 secures itself when the parts are assembled. It will be noted that the strip 112 is of such a shape thata space is provided at the rear., of the openingA 113. Furthermore, this illustrated shape gives the strip 112 additional stiffness.

lhile I have shown Vand described embodiments'andY adaptations of my invention, it is to be understood,- that these are merely illusy trative and modifications vand changes. in shape construction and material may be made Without departing from the spirit ot the in- Y vention and Within the scope of the appended claims.

VIrlaving described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is 1. A building construction comprising a frame member having spaced openings on o-pposite sides thereof, a strip of metal having a plurality of projections extending therefrom in the same General direction and at a distance apart equal to the distance apart of the openings in the frame member, the strip having means for attachment to a Wall board said projections and openings interlocking when in operative position.

2. A building construction comprising a trame member having a series of openings spaced along its side, a strip of metal having a plurality of projections extending therefrom in the same general direction and at a distance apart equal to the distance apart of the openings in the frame member said projections and openingsinterlocking when in operative position.

3. A building construction comprising a frame member having a series of openings spaced along its side, a strip of metal having a plurality of projections extending therefrom in the same general direction, on one tace and at a distance apart equal to the distance apart of the openings in the frame I member and projections extending from the other tace, for, attachment to a Wall board said projections and openings interlocking when in operative position.

A. A building construction comprising a frame member having a series of openings spaced along its side, a strip of metal having a plurality of projections extending therefrom, on one face, and at a distance apart equal to the distance apart of the openings l in the frame member and projections extending from the other face at other than a right angle and'in the same general direction, for attachment to a Wall board.

5. A building construction comprising a frame member and a strip iior attachment to a Wall board, a` series ot openings in one and a. series of projections on the other, and eX- tending in substantially the same direction. the openings and projections being spaced correspondingly on their respective members.

61A building construction comprising aV frame member and a strip having means for attachment to a Wall board, a series oi separate, but complementary means on the strip and frame member for attachably securing the two together.

7. A building construction comprising a frame member and a strip for attachment to a Wall board, a series of separate, but complementary means on the strip and trame member for detachably securing the two together in substantially parallel relation, the strip having projecting means for attachment to a Wall board.

8. A building construction comprising a frame member in the shape of a channel iron and a strip having means for attachment to a Wall board, a series of separate, but complementary means on the strip and channel iron frame member for detachably secu ing the tivo together.

9. A building construction c-omprisiiig a frame member in the shape of a channel iron and a strip having means for attachment to a Wall board, a series oi' openings in one and a series ot projections on the other, the openings and projections being spaced correspondingly on their respective members.,

l0. A building construction comprising a frame member in the shape of a channel iron, the channel iron trame member having a series et openings along tivo of its sides, and a metal strip ter attachment to a Wall board and having a plurality of projections eX- tendng therefrom cnone face and at a dis- Y tance apart equal to the distance apart of the cpenings in the frame member and projections extending trom the other face at other than a right angle, for attachment to a Wall board. i

ll. A building construction comprising a frame member in the shape of a channel iron, the channel iron frame member having a series of openings along its opposite sides and ametal strip Jfor attachment to a Wall board and having a plurality or" projections extending therefrom on one tace and at a distance apart equal to the distance apart of the corresponding openings in the frame member and projections `extending from the other face, or attachment to a Wall boa-rd.

l2. A buildingconstruction comprising a framemember in the shape of a channel iron, the channel iren frame member having a series of openings along its side, a strip of metal having a plurality of projections eX- tending therefrom and at a distance apart equal to the distance apar-t ot the openings in the frame men ber and to secure the channel member and strip in substantially parallel relation. j

13. A building construction comprising a frame member in the shape of a channel iron, the channel iron frame member having a series of openings on opposite sides thereof, a strip of metal having a plurality of projections along its length and extending therefrom and at a distance apart equal to the distance apart ot the openings in the channel iron trame member, the strip having means for attachment to a wall beard.

i-l. A building construction comprising a trame member and a strip for attachment to a` Wall board, a series of separate, but complementary means on the strip and frame member for detachably securing the tWo together in substantially parallel relation, the complementary means being so constructed that movement, relatively, in one direction Will tend to bring the strip and frame member into closerrelationshipto each othen 15. A building construction comprising a frame member, a Wall member, a viscous Inaterial on the frame side of the Wall member, a strip secured on the frame side of the frame member and complementary means on the strip and frame member for detachably'securing theV two together.V

16. A building construction comprising a frame member having a plurality of projections extending` therefrom and in the same general direction, a strip of metal having a series of openings spaced along its side and at a distance apart equal to the distance apart of the projections, said projections and openingsinterloeking when in operative position.

17. A building vconstruction comprising a frame member'having a plurality of projections extending therefrom and in the same general direction, a. flanged strip of metal having a series of openings spaced along its side and at a distance apart equal to the distance apart of the projections, said projections and openings interlocking when in operative position. f`

In testimony whereof, Ihereunto affix my signature.

DAVID STANLEY coRWIN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2755893 *Aug 24, 1951Jul 24, 1956United States Steel CorpGutter board for building composed of prefabricated panels
US3230684 *Dec 7, 1962Jan 25, 1966Vinje Anders BMethod for attaching wall panels
US3686810 *Nov 5, 1970Aug 29, 1972Allen Charles RSnap on drywall fastening system
US3705471 *Jan 14, 1971Dec 12, 1972Allen Charles RSnap on drywall fastening system ii
US3722157 *Mar 15, 1971Mar 27, 1973Fruehauf CorpPanel assembly system
US3753325 *Feb 7, 1972Aug 21, 1973Mann BDemountable wall structure
US3906695 *Apr 22, 1974Sep 23, 1975Bpb Industries LtdPartitions
US3948011 *Aug 14, 1974Apr 6, 1976Reginald Stanley PricePartition system for a building
US4128979 *May 26, 1977Dec 12, 1978Price Reginald SSuspension assembly for partition panel
US4222211 *Feb 14, 1979Sep 16, 1980National Gypsum CompanyStraddling stackable stud
US4245448 *Aug 13, 1979Jan 20, 1981Robert S. Agar, Inc.Modified suspension assembly for partition panel
US4471592 *Dec 10, 1982Sep 18, 1984Mackinnon Jr Donald JStrapping band for retaining insulation between wall studs and method of manufacture and use
US4480416 *Oct 28, 1982Nov 6, 1984Judkins Thomas EFastener strip for building wall constructions
US4976083 *Jan 23, 1989Dec 11, 1990National Gypsum CompanyPanels with laminated strips for clips
US4995215 *Sep 21, 1989Feb 26, 1991National Gypsum CompanyPanels with laminated strips for clips
US5058354 *Oct 1, 1990Oct 22, 1991National Gypsum CompanyPanels with laminated strips for clips
US5060434 *Aug 8, 1990Oct 29, 1991Allison Ronald JDemountable wall system
US5216859 *Apr 29, 1991Jun 8, 1993Hugh L. PayneDemountable wall system with single piece horizontal support members and an open wall cavity
US5531052 *Dec 28, 1993Jul 2, 1996Agar; Robert S.Unitary suspension clip for supporting partition walls
US5632128 *Jun 7, 1995May 27, 1997Gravity Lock Systems, Inc.Unitary suspension clip for supporting demountable partition walls
US5953876 *Mar 31, 1995Sep 21, 1999Agar; Robert S.Wall framing system and method for its manufacture
US7225590 *Jul 14, 2003Jun 5, 2007The Steel Network, Inc.Brick tie
US7721400 *Jun 16, 2003May 25, 2010Ellis Enz Splits, LlcSpiked plate
WO2001027403A1 *Oct 13, 2000Apr 19, 2001Bengt AnderssonDevice, arrangement and method for mounting a building element on a base
WO2006027180A1 *Sep 3, 2005Mar 16, 2006Rockwool MineralwolleDevice for fixing insulation elements to a roof support and building roof
WO2006027181A1 *Sep 3, 2005Mar 16, 2006Rockwool MineralwolleDevice for fixing insulation elements to a roof support and building roof
WO2013189855A1 *Jun 14, 2013Dec 27, 2013Knauf Gips KgDry wall
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/489.2, 52/700, 52/714, 52/DIG.600
International ClassificationE04B2/78, E04B2/74
Cooperative ClassificationE04B2/7854, Y10S52/06, E04B2002/7466, E04D3/3602, E04B2002/7475
European ClassificationE04D3/36A1, E04B2/78C