|Publication number||US1810891 A|
|Publication date||Jun 23, 1931|
|Filing date||Nov 20, 1926|
|Priority date||Nov 20, 1926|
|Publication number||US 1810891 A, US 1810891A, US-A-1810891, US1810891 A, US1810891A|
|Inventors||Albert F Bemis|
|Original Assignee||Bemis Ind Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
A. F. BEMIS BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Nov. 20, 1926 June 23, 1931.
patented .lune 23, 1931 UNITED STATES PATENT* OFFICE ALBERT F. BEMIS, OF NEWTON, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR T0 BEMIS INDUSTRIES, INC., OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS, A CORPORATION OSL1 DELAWARE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Application led November 20, 1926. Serial No. 149,766.
This invention relates to an improved type of building construction which is adapted to permit greater facility in building and to provide a highly satisfactory type of structure Which'may be adapted to a Wide variety of different requirements and conditions. More particularly the present invention relates to an improved type of Wall, either vertical, inclined or horizontal, Which may be composed of a series of comparatively light,
rather closely spaced studs having slabs of fibrous, cementitious or other material assembled thereupon and keyed thereto in a manner which Will provide a high degree of rigidity Without necessity for careful fitting or shaping in situ. Preferably a building construction of this character may be readily assembled from units Vand parts which have been preformed in a manufacturing establishment to suitable standarized dimensions,
and, in its preferred form, the presentin vention disclosesmeansvvhereby a Wall built in this manner is adapted to receive an intermediate mineral core or seal such as cementitious material of the order of gypsum, ordinary hydraulic cement, etc. or, if desired, the intermediate spaces provided by this construction may be left unfilled or fllledwith heat insulating material to provide the Wall With additional heat insulating capacity'. Use of the intermediate mineral seal affords a Wall which resists the penetrationof moisture orhumidity, and which provides a reproof or a semi-tireproof construction. While the slabs may be formed of a Wide variety of materials, for example dierent types of fiber board formed of `Wood, or other vegetable fibers With or Without asbestos, gypsum, concrete or the like, ory ordinary boards, or fibrous material made of partially cooked bagasse fibers; the studs themselves preferably may be light Wooden pieces or metal members is of relatively small cross section which are comparatively inexpensive and lwhich require the provision of little or no Wood for the completed Wall, While the intermediate mineral filler, as previously indicated, may be any one of a Wide variety of materials or may be omitted in certain installations;
Further aspects of the invention pertain to means of combining a Wall ofthe preferred form with suitable aligning means and with adjoining parts of the building frame and structure; it being further understood that the features of thisl invention may be variously combined in many advantageous Ways With'the constructions disclosed i in my copending applications No. 33,173, filed May 27, 1925; No. 36,857, filed June 13, 1925; and Nos. 72,673; 72,674 and 72,6782, all filed December 2, 1925.
Further objects and advantages ofthe invention Will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon a reading of the subj oined description and claims in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is a horizontal cross section of one form of Wall construction; and i Fig. 2 is a similar vieW of a slightly dierent Wall construction.
Referring to the accompanyingdrawings, and more particularly to Fig. 1 thereof, it may be seen that the present invention relates to the provision of a Wall formed about a series of rather small and closely spaced studs 11; preferably these studs are metal members I of standardized cross-sectional form, having the larger dimension disposed is a direction normal to the plane of the Wall.
Disposed upon the studs are suitable slabs 2 ofbuilding material. These slabs may be of various convenient dimensions, With greater dimension disposed either vertically or horizontally, often being made of a story in height and of a Widthequal to the distanceA of the studs 1 are so proportioned that'a space l 7 is provided between the slabs, which maybe of comparatively restricted width or of width to conform to any strength or other requirement and is adapted to receive any suitable material which may be poured therein, preferably to provide a mineral seal. Ordinary cement, gypsum or the like, are suitable for this purpose. The slabs may be secured to the studs by any suitable means, as by Lio-shaped staples 54, passing through openings 56 in the slabs and straddling the studs, with their ends clenched over upon the slabs, as designated by numeral 55, or by wire fastenings 29 (Fig. 2) which extend between portions of the slabs intermediate the studs. t
Analternative form 'oit the invention is disclosed in F ig. 2, the studs 2l in this wall construction being of substantially square cross-section and having their surfaces disposed diagonally in relation `to the plane of the wall so that corners of the studs are adapted to interlock with suitable recesses 24 provided upon the slabs, which are beveled at their vertical edges, as designated by the numeral 25, fora similar purpose. Fig. 2 al-so discloses the manner in which the space 'between opposite layers of slabs may be left unfilled to provide heat insulation, such an arrangement being especially satisfactory in a buildingr of one story. u
The various elements of the Wall construction may be `formed of any suitable material.
' Often the upstandingstuds will be of wood Y fire and moisture resistant seal.
and often of steel, while the slabs may consist ot any conventional fiber beard, Mgypsum slabs, or the like, and in many cases preferably may be Iformed 'of partially cooked bagasse iibers, or of synthetic lumber such vas disclosed in my copendingapplication. l
The intermediate cementitiousfiller which provides a practically continuous mineral sea-l may also be oi any suitable material, gypsum or concrete being especially desirable for this purpose in many installations. Vhen a filler .of this character is used in conjunction withmetal studs, the wall may be provided with a continuous intermediate I claim:A i
l. AV wall construction comprising a row vof parallel studs, a layer of slabs upon each side ot the row, said slabs having intermedie ate grooves in interlitting engagement with certain of the studs, and having marginal portions cut away to engage studs at their edges. v c Y 2. A wall construction comprising a row of parallel studs, a layer of slabs upon each Vside vo the row,lsaid slabs hav-ing intermediate grooves in interlitting engagement with certain of t-he studs, and having marginal portions cut away to engage studs at their edges, saidl cutaway marginal portions being in staglgered :relation upon opposite sides of the Wa 8. A'building construction comprising a row of studs of rectangular cross section, said studs having their larger cross-sectional dimension disposed vertically in relation to the plane of the row, slabs of building material upon either side `of the row, said slabs being grooved to interlit with and to enclose the studs and being spaced from slabs upon the oppositeside of the row. y
QA building construction comprising a plane of the row,lslabs of building material upon either side of the row,rsaid slabs. being grooved tointerit with the studs, and having edge portions rabbeted'to tit thecorners `f studs, said rabbeted edge portions occurring in staggered relation upon vopposite si'desfef the wall. p l' I Y y 6, A wall construction comprising arow of parallel "metal studs, a layer of slabs upon each side of the row, and-spaces between the layers 'of slabs and between the st'uds,'sa`id spaces being filledwith fire-resistant, cementitious) material fof mineral origin, whereby the wall is provided with a continuous, intermediateinineral seal.y y 7. A wall-construction comprising a Y'row ofparallel metal studs, a rlayer of slabs upon each side ofthe row, said slabshaving aninteritting engagement with portions yor' vthe studs,1an'd spaces between the layers of slabs and between the studs lilledwi'th fire-'resistant cementiti'ous material, wherebya continuous intermediate iireand "moisture-resistant seal is providedl i i i `8. A wallconstruction comprisin a row of parallel metal studs, a layerfof s abs upon 'foo 'fio
each side of therow, and spaces between the posed grooves in adjacent faces thereof, and
studs` disposed in the grooves.
l0. In a building construction, the combination of spaced walls comprising slabs in end to end abutment, means providing opposed grooves in adjacent faces of the` slabs,
one of the grooves extending along theline of Teo abutment of slabs of one wall, and studs disposed in the grooves.
l1. In a building construction, the combination of spaced Walls comprising slabs in end to end abutment, the lines of abutment of slabs of one Wall being staggered with respect to the lines of abutment of slabs of the other Wall, means providing pairs of opposed grooves in adjacent faces of the slabs, some of the pairs of opposed grooves extending along the lines of abutment of the slabs of one Wall, others of the pairs of opposed grooves extending along the lines of abutment of the slabs of the other Wall, the remainder of the pairs of opposed grooves being disposed between said some and said others of the pairs of opposed grooves, and studs disposed in the pairs of opposed grooves.
Signed by me at Boston, Massachusetts, this fourth day of November, 1926.
ALBERT F. BEMIS.
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|US5505031 *||May 4, 1994||Apr 9, 1996||Heydon Building Systems, Inc. Of California||Building structure and method of use|
|US20130291470 *||Jul 1, 2013||Nov 7, 2013||István Antel||Lightweight building structure produced by using a mortar|
|U.S. Classification||52/426, 52/481.1|