|Publication number||US1811322 A|
|Publication date||Jun 23, 1931|
|Filing date||Jan 11, 1929|
|Priority date||Jan 18, 1928|
|Publication number||US 1811322 A, US 1811322A, US-A-1811322, US1811322 A, US1811322A|
|Inventors||Arthur Eichengrun, Richard Rohm, Siegfried Klausner|
|Original Assignee||Arthur Eichengrun, Richard Rohm, Siegfried Klausner|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 23, 1931. s. KLAUSNER ET AL 1,811,322
OPAQUE WASHABLE PLAYING CARD AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME Filed Jan. 11, 1929 Patented June 23, 1931 melanin KLAUBNEB, or VIENNA, AUSTRIA, AND ARTHUR nrcnnnonfln, or
GEABIDTTENBUM, AND BICHABD R5151, OF TROISDOBF, COLOGNE, GER
OPAQUB WASEABL'E PLAYHVG CARD AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME Application. filed January 11, 1929, Serial 110. 381,946, and in Germany January 18, 1928.
substitute for this purpose, ecause the requisite materials such forexample, as thin metal sheets, impregnated or varnished papers, dressed fabrics or the like differ too much in character from the usual cardboard pla 'ng cards. The best results have hitherto can obtained by using thin sheets of celluloid or analogous materials containing a large .proportion of white or light-coloured mineral powders, and closely resembllng g0 cardboard playing cards in thelr external appearance. In spite of numerous attempts, however, these celluloid playing cards have not beencommercially successful because they did not fulfill the most important requirement, namely preventing the markings on the cards from showing through. It has hitherto been impossible to make any card of celluloid or similar artificial substances, without such card being highly permeable to light rays, and revealing the markings on the card immediately, or at least in the event of a source of light being present in the vicinity of the player, that is to say, when striking a match or when switching-on a table lamp. This was due to the fact that the celluloidlike compositions were incapable of taking up more than a certain amount of filling inredients and that any excess involved the oss of strength, the material becoming brittle or easily tearable. On the other hand, the usual pigments, such as zinc white, lithopone, calcspar, talc, magnesium carbonate and the like, do not ossess suflicient covering power. Whereas t ere is no difficulty in rendering plates of a thickness of one or more millimetres completelopaque it is impossible, with the usual 'ng materials, to impart opacity to sheets of a thickness of a uarter of a millimetre, such as re uired for t e. manufacture of playing car s. Even when the illumination, and. thus render the markings.
sheets which contain or more of theirweight of zinc white are permeable to light are held up against a source of on a card recognizable.
It has now been ascertained that this permeability to light can be obviated by employing as pigments, mineral powders of low specific gravity, which are very voluminous and therefore have a high covering power in association with powders of higher specific gravity which, in general, do not have suflicient covering power or which cannot be incorporated with the celluloidlike materials in sufiicient amounts. Such mineral powders comprise for example, bismuth oxychloride, bismuth sub-nitrate, antimony oxide, mercurous chloride, titanium oxide, zinc sulphide, and the like. Certain quantities of such pigments can be added to the usual filling ingredients without altering the properties of these latter in other respects and particularly without increasing their brittleness; and in this manner, an astonishingly high covering ower is obtained. Thus for example, 5 eets 0.25 to 0.8 mm. thick can be made by known' methods, from nitro-cellulose, cellulose acetate, alkyl cellulose, alkyl-cellulose acetate and similar pastic compositions, by the addition of a mixture of 4; parts of zinc white and 1 part of titanium white; and such sheets will no longer allow light to pass through even from a strong source of illumination.
By adding other mineral pigments, or also solu 1e colouring matters, these card blanks can be coloured as desired, in lighter or darker tones; they can be easily printed without any need for fixing the impression by subsequent varnishing, and the resulting cards are very diflicult to distinguish from those printed on cardboard. They are as opaque as the latter, but are superior in respect of strength (especially resistance to creasing) moreover they are impervious to water and dirt and have the advantage of being less easily torn or buckled.
The surface of the card blanks produced in this manner is preferably rendered matt before printing, whereby it takes the printing inks far better, and readily enables multi-colour impressions to be obtained by the offset process, in power presses.
After rinting, the'matt surface m ay "if desired, e made semi-glossy or highly glazed by calendering, or with the aid of a surfacing press, or in any other way.
The accompanying drawing illustrates a playing card made from a blank prepared in accordance with the present invention.
We claim 1. An opaque washable playing card blank consisting of a sheet of cellulose derivative composition of a thicknes of below about 0.35 mm. with which has been incorporated a mixture of powdered mineral filler of low specific gravity and high covering power and a powdered mineral filler of high specific gravity and low covering power.
2. An opaque washable playing card blank consisting of a sheet of cellulose derivative composition of a thickness of below about 0.35 mm. with which has been incorporated a mixture of powdered zinc white and a less quantity of powdered titanium white.
3. An opaque washable playing card blank consisting of a sheet of cellulose derivative composition of a thickness of below about 0.35 mm. with which has been incorporated a mixture of the order of 4 parts of powdered zinc white and 1 part of pow- ,dered titanium white.
4. An opaque washable playing card blank consisting of a sheet of cellulose derivative composition of a thickness of below about 0.35 mm. with which has been incorporated a mixture of powdered mineral filler of low specific gravity and high covering power and a less quantity of a powdered mineral filler of high specific gravity and low covering ower.
In testimony w ereof we afiix our signatures.
SIEGFRIED KLAUSNER. ARTHUR EICHENGRUN. RICHARD RfiHM.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2600951 *||Aug 12, 1947||Jun 17, 1952||Benjamin F Edwards||Card game equipment|
|US3068010 *||Mar 24, 1958||Dec 11, 1962||Hagopian Jacob J||Game card|
|U.S. Classification||428/220, 273/295, 106/169.56, 106/198.1, 106/170.58, 106/204.1, 106/204.2|
|International Classification||A63F1/00, A63F1/02|