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Publication numberUS1811394 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 23, 1931
Filing dateMar 8, 1930
Priority dateMar 8, 1930
Publication numberUS 1811394 A, US 1811394A, US-A-1811394, US1811394 A, US1811394A
InventorsHarold Hornsby
Original AssigneeHarold Hornsby
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Internally driven power roller
US 1811394 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 23, 1931. H HORNSBY INTERNALLY DRIVEN POWER ROLLER Filed March 8, 1930 2 Sheets-Sheet l //wE/v7v/& #1916040 h o e/vsey 57 ,1"

June 23, 1931. H. HORNSBY 1,811,394

INTERNALLY DRIVEN POWER ROLLER Filed March 8, 1950 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 fie. 2.


Patented June 23, 1931 UNITED STATES HAROLD HORNSBY, 0F SCUNTHORPE, ENGLAND INTERNALLY DRIVEN POWER ROLLER Application filed March 8, 1930. Serial No. 434,422.

This invention relates to a power-driven roller suitable for rolling paths, lawns and any other surfaces, and concerns rollers of the kind wherein a power unit and drivmg gear are contained wholly within the roller and supported on a weighted body freely suspended from the roller. axle, and wherein the steering handle and its frame are connected to the said internally disposed drivlng gear for causing the same to operate on the roller for driving the same selectively in opposite directions as and when required.

My invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, wherein Figure 1 is a sectional plan View of the roller.

Figure 2 is a sectional front view thereof.

Figure 3 is a sectional plan view.

, Figure 4 is a cross-section of the roller, 11- lustrating a form of braking mechanism that may be employed.

Like numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several figures.

In carrying out the invention and referring to the drawings, an internal combustion engine 1 is mounted on a heavily weighted body 2 freely suspended by arms 3 from the axle 4 of the roller 5, said axle 4 being fitted with opposed arms or levers 6 to whlch the handle 7 of the roller is connected.

The gearing, which is of the friction type, comprises a pair of rollers, respectively 8 and 9, each of which is rotatably mounted on a displaceable element 10 adapted to swing about the axis ofshaft 4, and rigidly fixed to said shaft, said element 10 being hereinafter more particularly described, and a pair of greater diameter rollers 11 and 12 respectively, each rotatably mounted in bearings mounted onthe weighted body 2 aforesaid.

Of the rollers 11 and 12, which are always in contact with one another, the roller 12 is driven from the engine 1 through suitable reduction gear indicated at 13.

The roller axle 4 at one end is provided 7 with a longitudinal and central bore which communicates with the interior of one of the roller arms 6 for the passage of the carburetter control wires, fuel being drawn from a tank (not shown) inside the roller and mounted over the gear box.

For a forward rotation of the roller 5, the arms or levers 6 are depressed to turn the axle 4 and, by the resultant movement of the displaceable member 10, bring the roller 8 into close contact with the inner surface of the shell of the roller 5 and the roller 12, whilst the roller 9 remains clear of the inner surface of said shell.

That is to say, the drive from engine 1 to roller 5 is by way of reduction gear 13, roller 12, and roller 8, and the shell of the roller 5 aforesaid, the roller 11 running idle.

For a rotation of the roller 5 in reverse direction, the arms or levers 6 are swung over in the opposite direction and depressed to turn the roller axle 4 and displaceable member so as to bring the roller 9 into close contact with the inner surface of the shell of the roller 5, whilst the roller 8 remains clearof the inner surface of the shell aforesaid.

That is to say, the drive from engine 1 to roller 5 is by way of reduction gear 13, roller 11 and roller 9 and shell of the roller 5 aforesaid.

The roller 5 is provided with suitable openings in both ends thereof for access to engine and other parts, and the controls, not shown in the drawings, are conveniently mounted on the handle of the roller.

- The displaceable member above referred to is constituted by a rigid arm 14 fixed to the axis 4 of the roller drum, and to the outer end of said arm 14 is pivotally connected at its centre a rocker 15 carrying at its respective ends the'rollers 8 and 9 adapted to cooperate with the friction discs 11 and 12 in the manner hereinbefore set forth. Each of the elements 14 and 15 is, in practice, of double-cheek formation, i. e. composed of identical spaced-apart members. The formation of the T-shaped displaceable member formed by the members 14 and 15, and the consequent'positions of the rollers 8 and 9 is such that when either one of said rollers is in driving position (e. g. the roller 8 as shown in Figure 1) the other roller (e. g. roller 9, Figure l) is out of contact with the interior of the drum and also out of contact with an internal tyre 16 formed on the interior of the drum. The pivotal supporting of the rocker 15 on the arm 14: allows of the said rocker adjusting itself to a most convenient position for driving when either roller 8 or 9 is in use.

The internal. tyre l6 upstands from the main periphery of the drum 5 and since said tyre 16 forms the actual contacting surface for the rollers 8 and 9, the latter are kept out of contact with the inner surface of the drum shell itself so that any oil or greasy foreign matter which may become deposited on said drum shell will not be transferred to the rollers 8 and 9 and interfere with the friction gripping thereof. l f

I may, if desired, provide braking means for arresting: movement of the roller and guarding against unintentional rolling there- :of when out of use, which conveniently may be of the form illustrated in. F igure 1. The said braking means comprises a brake shoe l7 shaped to conform to the contour of the drum and screwed or otherwise securedupon an operating rod 18 slidably mounted in the weighted body 2, which latter is, for a suitable length, enlarged in bore in order to accommodate a coil compression spring 19.

which bears against a collar 20 screwed on to the upper end of the rod 18 and thereby urges th-ebrake shoe to an innermost position. In

a bracket 21 mounted upon the weighted body 2 there is pivotally mounted a lever 22, one end of which isfurnished with asetscrew 23 adapted to bear upon the end of rod 18 and to be adjusted by rotational move ment. To the 'otherend of lever 22 is connected an actuating wire 24 which passes through a flexible tubular casing 25into and along an axial bore in the shaft 1 from which it emerges'outside the boundary of the drum' 5, said wire then extending up one of the handle shafts to and being'connected to any suitable hand-operated actuating-device on the handle in the proximity of the operators hands. It will befollowed that a pull on said wire 24 impartedby the actuating device will result in the lever 22 being rocked and the rod 18 depressed, with resultant application of thebrake shoe on to the inner surface of the drum. 7 i Y The above-described mechanism therefore provides a manually-operated brake which can be applied whilst the angle of the handle 6 with respect to the ground remains constant, i; e( the most convenient position in use, but I also provide for actuation of the brake automatically by swinging movements of the-handle 6'in such a mannerth at'whilst the said handle remains held by the operator in the requisite inclined position during roll 1ng operations, the brake remains released, whereas, when the handle is allowed to swing up to vertical position, the'brake is automatically applied. This is effected by forming the axle. 4, at each position where the suspension brackets 3 for the weight 2 are mounted thereon, with a fiat 26 on its periphery, and by forming the bearing apertures 27 in the brackets 3'suiiiciently large to allow rotational movement of the axle 4: therein and with a configuration which permits a flat at the top ofthe aperture. It will therefore be realized that when the axle is in a position where its flattened peripheral portions are uppermost and horizontal, thus corresponding toa vertical position of the handle "6', the flat portions of the apertures 27 wilbbear on said flat axle portion, and the weight 2 is then in a position in which the brake shoe'll' bears against the drum, the

mass of the'weight, 2 and associated parts thereon being utilized to exert'thebraking effort 6 in a direction on either side of a vertical upstanding. position will cause the flats 26 onthe. axle to incline from the horizontaland the remaining circular portion of the axle periphery which then approaches the flat portions ofthe aperturesy27 will cause-the brackets 3 and consequently the weight 2 and brake shoe 17 to be lifted, with resultant release of the brakingefiort. 7

It will be followed also that owing to the aforesaid arrangement of flats on the axle and weight-suspension brackets there will be atendency for the handle to swing upwardly automatically when out of use, due to the mass of the weighted body as affected by gravity. Thus, except when rolling operations areactually in progress, the roller will be automatically braked. V

lclaim:. g V v Y 1. A power-driven roller for the purposes specified, having contained within the drum asuspended weighted body on which are mounted a power unit and rotatable friction discs constantly driven by said'p ower unit, and having a displaceable element carrying rollers adapted tobe brought, into use Swinging movement of thehandle selectively to 'frictionally transmit the drive means for exerting a brakingelforton the roller drum automatically by movement of the guiding handle to out-of use position, and for automatically releasing such brakingeffort, by movement of said'handle toa position for use.- y 1 I 3. In a power driven roller of the character described, a brake adapted to operate on the roller drum, means for applying said brake v automatically by movement of the guiding handle to out-of-use position, and for automatically releasing said brake by movement of said handle to a position for use, and other means for applying said brake by manual control independently of movement of the guiding handle.

4. A power driven roller of the character described, characterized in that the axle which forms the axis of the swinging movement of the handle and moves therewith, is formed with a flat on its periphery, a weight and means for suspending the weight from said axle said means including a bearing aperture for said axle having a flat in its configuration adapted to co-act with the flat on the axle in such a manner as to raise the weight when the guiding handle is swung down to a position for use and lower said weight when said handle is swung up to outof-use position, the said downward movement of the weight and mass thereof being utilized for applying a braking effort on the drum.

5. In a power driven roller of the character described, a weight, a brake shoe carried by the suspended weight and adapted to operate on the inner periphery of the drum, means for automatically raising the weight and brake shoe by movement of the guiding handle to position for use, with resultant release of the brake and for automatically lowering the weight and brake with resultant brake application when the guiding handle is moved to out-of-use position, and means operable from the guiding handle independently of swinging movements thereof for moving the brake shoe relative to the weight and pressing it into contact with the roller drum for braking purposes.

6. A power driven roller for the purposes specified comprising in combination a rotatable drum having contained therewithin a suspended weighted body on which are mounted a power unit and rotatable friction disc constantly driven by saidpower unit, a displaceable element also contained within said drum and adapted to swing about the axis of the drum and comprising an arm secured to the drum axle, a rocker pivotally attached to said arm and a pair of friction rollers mounted one on each end of said rocker adapted to be brought into use selectively to transmit the drive frictionally to the roller drum to rotate same in one or the other direction, a guiding handle for the roller adapted to swing about the drum axis and transmit its movements to the displaceable element in order to elfect driving of the roller in the direction required, a brake shoe carried by the suspended weight and adapted to operate on the inner periphery of the drum,


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2588889 *Jul 22, 1948Mar 11, 1952Adrienne M SherwoodMotor wheel and mounting strut
US2716031 *Feb 27, 1953Aug 23, 1955Benjamin RoesslerHand operated brake for wheelbarrow
US3052167 *Oct 17, 1958Sep 4, 1962Warren Brothers Roads CompanyPower rolling apparatus
US3053476 *Jan 30, 1959Sep 11, 1962Mohar Jack LSpace vehicle
US3192838 *Jan 2, 1962Jul 6, 1965Cook Andrew GLand packer
US3750777 *Apr 7, 1972Aug 7, 1973R ThompsonPropulsion unit for skier
US3897165 *Jul 19, 1974Jul 29, 1975Koehring GmbhVibratory roller
US4208151 *Nov 16, 1978Jun 17, 1980Cross Andrew CYard roller
US5887845 *Apr 30, 1997Mar 30, 1999Scarab Manufacturing & Leasing, Inc.Universal mounting assembly
US6505698 *Mar 2, 2001Jan 14, 2003Randy L. MillerEnd-weighted vehicle
U.S. Classification180/19.3, 404/122, 180/10
International ClassificationE01C19/22, E01C19/26
Cooperative ClassificationE01C19/262
European ClassificationE01C19/26B